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most sedulous and sagacious of po- fame would dwindle with the delitical or literary inquisitors.

velopement of the mystery. There In the solution of this literary appears then a coincidence between problem, the guess is best directed the text of Junius' Letters, and the to Gerard Hamilton, a man of pow- context of this man's lile and chaers but partially discovered, (like a racter. rich mine found, and then lost); Were any intrinsic evidence want. rarely appearing in public, but when ing, to prove that Mr. Boyd was not appearing, exquisitely elaborate ; the author of Junius, the following now dazzling all eyes with the splen- letter would supply it, and bis exdid effulgence, then, for long pe- travagant admiration of Burke exriods, retiring into dark and frigid pressed in a part of it, would solitude; a man who was well and strengthen the conclusion. Yet this deeply initiated in his knowledge of was the era of Burke's life to be aricourtiers, and in the personalities of mired and respected. As for Bord, cabinets; a man who made a rapid he was not remarkable so much for rise, and as rapid a decline in po- any original genius, as for baving lirical distinction; who was siip- what may be called a tasteful memory, planied by the versatile and omni. lle was imbued with the light of lie farious Burke; and who, although berty from the luminaries of the mehe bal determined to give utterance tropolis, and this light he gave out to the discontent, “alla mente re- again in the dark corners of the counpostum,” vet from personal reasons, try. He repeated the orations of might have been induced to put on Burke, and of Fox, and of Lord Chat. an impenetrable masque, least his ham, and the audience were willingcharacter might be blasted by his ly astonished with the mimetic thunformer associations, and perhaps from der and lightning. This letter of his insight into human nature, that his his contains an anecdote or two, and real name would lessen the dignity of some reflected flashes of eloquence, bis assumed one, and his literary which appear worth preserving in a

repository «f literary scraps.

We may perhaps be led, by the shameful to see what praise such a miser- perusal, to look back to the situaable picture of humanity, (whether true or false), has extracted from philosophic

tion, at that time, both of this counand philanthropic reviewers. One spe- ty, and of this country; and thea cimen is enough. Nothing,” says this

draw either the comparison or the hero, “could be more brilliant or contrast with our present inertness, sanguinary. How strangely one may find or indifference, toth as electors, and amusement amidst scenes of the greatest horror! I shall never forget the appeare tine, a representative vas returneri


as inembers of the empire. At that ance ard grimaces of the Jews, who were compelled to throw into the Danube, the (in spi e of those junctions of perbodies of twelve thousand men, killed on sonai intërests, whose object it is to both sides, to spare the trouble and ex- convert a sound county into a rolpense of burying them.”

If these memoirs be authentic, it will appear, that (vill more) was supported in pariia

ten boroughi), tree of expeuse, aud many of the great exploits, and famous battles of those days were decided by the

ment by the voluntary contribuhelp of gold, rather than by stret. Brave

tions of his constituents. Mr. Bord armies tought and sell at the mercy of

was at that time the lawyer employ. tpies and courtezans. “ I made presents," ei, and served the public cause weil, savs augene. “There is scarcely any thing buih with his tongue, and with his but what may be bought in England.”

pen, in a series of well-written les




ters, subscribed, “A Freeholder.” with change and revolution, and thie llis superiority on every occasion to United States are about to command the counsellor on the opposite side, its destinies, “by an enlarged phie

was manifest. Mr. Dunkin appear- lanthropy, and an enlightened forered a knowing attorney, rather than cast," a ministry of " existing cir

an intelligent lawyer; yet, when cunstances," without views, either these antagonists sought for fortune retrospective, or prospective, and fame in India, this same Mr. continuing the very same system of Dankin worked his way to the se- provocation which was pursued in cond seat on the bench, and the ho. the vear 1777, and pertinaciously nonr of knight-hood; while Boyd, repeating the same process in aliena man of great endowments, and ating Ireland, which once before attended with large expectations, dissevered the empire, and lost AMEwhether by not having furnished

A. P. himself with an East indian conscience, or from want of patronage, London, Norfolk-St. Feb. 28th, 1777. or from private imprudencies, dwine DEAR SIR, dled at length into the publisher of I am much obliged to you for

your a periodical paper, and died in the

very friendly letier, which I receive midst of increasing embarrassments. Such is the Phantasmagoria of hu- and which I should certainly sooner

ed the beginning of this month: man life, nor do I wish to draw any have acknowledged, if I had time or resemblance that may have taken

matter to send you a letter, such as place between the downward fame

you pay me the compliment of ex. of the county, and the declining pecting. But my time has been character of the individual.

very little my own, lately at least; With respect to the country at

among other reasons from the hurry large, and particularly its relation of removing from the country to our to America, the following letter was

present residence in London, an penned just before one great crisis, opera:ion which even in small faand this empire seems now to be on milies is attended with not a little the use of another, and both occa

trouble. sioned principally by the interte

As to materials for writing, the rence of France. Much is it to be political world, instead of its usual feared, that the same systematic fruitfulness of events in this busy perverseness which drove America

season of the year, has been almost to the necessity of constitutional, barren. At best, the few matters may force her, less unwillingly, to

that are brought forth, are of such the practical display of commercial

uncertain nature and appearance, independence, that is, a self-depen- that they may rather be called false dence founded on the product of her conceptions, than any thing to decide own agriculture, and the increasing or depend on. When a ship arrives, . activity and supply, of her own from America, pregnant as the public manufactures. I well know that expect with intelligence, the minisanalogies between the individual

terial midwives contrive at least 'to and the nation are often more fancia

main it, if not stille it in its birth ; ful than philosophical; yet America, or if they cannot effect that, they in its adolescence when the letter swatbe and swaddle it so in their was written, is advancing fast to the gazette,--cradle of state, that it is immaturity of manhood, While the possible to discover it clearly or sawhole Western world is labouring tistactorily.

iistactorily. And this wulairness,

Not a

not confining it to the enemy, they teaux, which Clinton had applied practice, more criminally perhaps, for to Parker, for the purpose of even against their own arms, and carrying over the troops. their own generals. A remarkable syllable of these explanatory, and instance of this occurs in the misre- indeed praise-worthy particulars, appresentation of General Clinton, by peared in the Gazette; but one or a mutilated publication of bis own two naked paragraphs, cut out of a letter on the aitack of Charlestown, long letter, throwing by this “sup. when be and Parker were repulsed pressio veri," a false and calumnious by Lee. Probably you remember suggestion on a brave officer. But the circumstance : if not, it is worth I have involved you in a longer de. referring to in the Gazeties of that tail than I expecied. To atone for time. I mention it now, because its tediousness, let me wind it up Clinton is

every day expects with Charles Fox's sarcasm on the ed from Rhode Island in the Asia; subject. He asserted, “that the miand will probably hint to some of nister who authorized the publicaour state-publishers bis displeasure at tion of that scandalous Gazette, being so injuriously treated. You'll was himself either criminally ignosee that only two paragraphs of bis rant, or wickedly malicious :-ihat leiter are stated in the Gazette, ex. it was the coward's characteristic 10 pressing some mistake or misinforma. traduce the brave, and that none tion of ihe depth of the water he was could do so, who were not insensible to cross. The universal inference to the merits of character, and careon reading this candid Gazeite, was less of military honour.” (You know a severe censure on General Clinton, that Ld. G. Germaine is Secretary for this criminalignorance, which was for the Colony-department) supposed to have ruined and disap- This session has been less adorned pointed the whole measure of the ai- with eloquence than any I rememtack. How provoking this unjust cene ber for some years. Mr. Burke has sure must have been to Clinton and bis spoken but once, I need not add, friends, you will judge when you know that he spoke incomparably well. that the insinuation was totaily false; Besides the superior brilliancy of his and that Clinton, instead of remain- style and sentiment, he is so much ing in an ignorance which would more comprehensive, so much wider have been criminal, lost not a mo- in bis range, both of fact and argument in informing himself of the ment, in short, so much more nassituation, and actually tried it bim- ter of his subject, and of all the pos. self, walking in up to the chin, till sible methods in which it may be be found it impassable. The officer treated, than any other speaker, that, whom he at first sent to sound it, in my mind at least, comparison is had made a mistake, and sent totally out of the question. The de. word it was only 17 inches deep bate was an unexpected one, and in crossing; thinking he had got. therefore perhaps the more anima. ten on the island, when in fact ted; on a motion from the minority, he was only on a bank of sand : but for Parliament to adopt a lenient Clinton guessed the account to be proclamation of the Howes ; which erroneous, and instantly satisfied promised to the Americans, " a rehimself. The failure was owing not visal of certain instruciions to the to any ignorance or inactivity of bis, governors, on the part of the King, for the contrary were remarkable, and his concurrence in revising the but to the miscarriage of some bat- grievous Acts of Parliament.” The


proclamation certainly was selves dependent upon, that is the decent and equitable than most of subjects of England :—that it was their productions; though by no incumbent ou them therefore to de means suficiently explicit. Ex- fend themselves by declared indeplained, however, and confirmed pendency, to resist our force with by Parliament, it might have oper- their force, and against our squirrel ated very beneficially, in showing to and grey-hound to oppose their Althe Americans that there was at last FRED and COLUMBUS.” He proved a little remission from the uncon- that the declaration of independence ditional tyranny of administration. was the result more of ministerial But the adoption of it was therefore misconduct, than of Américan ambirefused: and its sentiments disclaim- tion: for that it was a measure in ited. No admission for it, into their self so evil to them, that nothing sanctum sanctorum of intelligence, could make them adopt it but its the Gazette! On the contrary, the being a necessary evil :—that they High-priests of the Cabinet took par- postponed it as long as was possible, ticular care to purify themselves anxiously waiting for the promised from the crime of anything like commission, which was to accomoequity or moderation. The perpe date and to pacity." Why was tual theine of their abuse and mis- that boasted commission delayed, representation is the independency of seven months after it received the America.

sanction of parliament?-Because it They beat the old ground over and was the object of your systematical over, " that it was always the object tyranny, 10 drive America, by seveof the colonies, and now that theyrity on one hand and delusion on the have thrown off the mask, and are other, into a conduct which might hardened in their guilt of rebellion, to justify a continuance of they deserve no defence, and admit your violence.- Why, waen the no palliation.” Mr. Borke said, Commissioners were at last sent out, " he did not rise to defend nor to were they not invested with suffpalliate their conduct :- that he cient powers? Why were not the could neither justify it nor blame it little powers with which they were in argument.--Why? Because it invested, communicated to Parliawas necessary: and necessity was ment, to give a respect, a credit, the object neither of praise nor of an effect to the transaction? 'Becensure. That their independency cause our violent and unconditional was necessary, and their declaration administration wished not any corof it equally so, was obvious from ciliatory or equitable effect to the the first principle and right of na- commission. If they hal, they ture, se f-defence.

For that when would have used arguments, not arms: England proscribed them and their they would have offered terms, but property, deprived them of the pro- not at the point of the sword and tection, and put them under the Ban the bayonet.” He took a very wide of the empire; authorizing every pic view, and stated in the strongest ratical adventurer to rob and pillage light, both the injustice and impothem by sea and land, they had no licy of the public proceedings arefuge but resistance, and no gainst America. To the latter consource to make that resistance effect- sideration, the danger of a war with ual but independency: for they France concurred. An evil, which could not hope for aid from foreign stated was necessarily to fall on tates, if they acknowledged them: this country, and suspended only




by the accidental derangement of to the same symptoms; whereas, in French politics; but that the natu- fact, no two things in nature or in ral disposition of France, her parti- ari, cau be more dissimilar than Bos. cular resentments for the disgraces tou, for instance, and a French or of last. war, and her general inte. Spanish colony :—that no arguinent rest, must concur to take advantage therefore can dissuade the house of of our calamity.”

Bourbon, France particularly, Whether it be the interest of France but that many, both of interest and that our colonies should be detached glory, impel her to wish America from us, is a point much disputed for ever severed from Great Britain. Those who maintain the affirmative, These considerations, i confess, argue, that whatever depresses Eng- appear to me to have great weight; land, must elevale France in the especially as they are opposed ra. same proportion, rivals as they are ther by ingenious than probable surin power and dominion, and in ma- mises; which seem to arise more from ny branches of trade :--that the free a wish to conquer America, than to ports of America would communi- save England : the formor idea at cate with France many commodi- least is uppermost. But it defeats itljes nuost important to boib those self in some of the arguments on countries; receiving from France this subject. It is said, for instance, her wines, silks, &c. and sending in that France must object to the indeexchange, corn, fish, and all sorts pendence of our colonies, in consis of natal stores : that with that un- deration of her own future security, limited opportunity of cheap importuin for that America will have such artion, unil the concomitant encrease of vantages, when an independence of her trade, France would soon become situation shall permit' her to expand the greatest maritine power in Eu- herself, that her superior power shall rope; which, with her extraorılinary endanger any other country she inland udtantages, would give her may choose to oppress. This, you such a decided pre-eminence as might see, admits the extraordinary growing realize eren the ambition of the Itih power of the continent, and her Louis, and invest her with uncontrolled great capabilities within herself : an und universal monarchy: that the sup- admission they by no means make, posed danger to her colonies, from when in pursuit of their favourite the independence of ours, would not idea, they allege the certainty of exist in so greai a degree as their de- subduing her. It is said, and partipendence, that is their union with cularly by the Abbè Raynal in his England, creates; for that so uniier, celebrated work of the European selthey are stronger, and therefore tlements in the Indies, that danger more formidable to their neighbours: would arise to the French colonies that the other danger apprehended, from the independence of ours; from the example of rebellion ex- for though, as before observed, unittending, and alluring by its successed with England they be stronger, the colonies of other poners, is also and therefore might be more formidagroundless; for 10 make it real, it ble to France, yet they are cloggel must be supposed that other colonies in their operations by that union : are similar in their nature to ours, for England who has so many obcapable of the same ideas, the same jects of care, so much to defend and spirit, and the same conduct; con- so much to lose, in Asia and Africa, stitutions must resemble, to be liable is obliged to attend to the balautt

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