Imagens das páginas



good mau, and to join to the puNOVATION.

rity of an upright heart, prudence, A writer in the Gentleman's Ma. genius, talent, knowledge and ad

dress, which alone can render the gazine, while opposing, some years ago, the introduction of the Vaccine practical application of his art pro

Quctive of real utility. inoculation, remarked, “ that he was determined to go to church through A PRACTITIONER OF PHYSIC FOR LONthe saine dirty road, where his an

DON; BY DR, AIKIN. cestors trudged before him; that if

In London, a man may almost inhis ancestors had worshipped Bele fallibly succeed in this honourable zebub, he would have worshipped profession, if be possess in it great Belzebub also; that he wishes to skill, unwearied diligence, patienco practice physic, as he always has to await chearfully the slow appractised it; and that he is a sworn proaches of encouragement, vigilance enemy to all innoration in religion, to watch and seize its slightest tiapolitics, and physici". Many would vours, humility to disdain no hogo as far in bigotry, though but few

nest gain of which he is in want, as would have equal candour in avow- too mean or small; ambition at the ing it, as this redoubtable champion same time, sufficiently bold and loffor things as they are.

ty to aspire to all that is, in honour A PRACTITIONER OF PHYSIC FOR or emolument, the greatest; modes.

ATHENS; BY HIPPOCRATES. ty to withhold him from offending A physician should be decent in the pride, the prejudices, the jeahis external deportment. His man

lousies of those with whoin he may ners should be grave and his con

have to contend, and converse in duct moderate. In the intimate re

his professional career, yet such love lations to which he is placed by of fame as to suffer none of his his profession, with regard to the sex,

merits of any sort to miss of notice; it is incumbent on him to show good health withal, and an inextina great reserve and respect, and to guishable ambition of excellence have the sanctity of his function als still higher than what he has attaire ways before his eyes. He ought ed, and this even independently of not to be envious or unjust towards regard to the extrinsic advantages bis brethren, nor absorbed in the which may be connected with it. love of gold. He must avoid show. Only this rare assemblage of qualiing himself a great talker, but, at

ties existing in complete and harthe same time, be always ready to

monious union cau absolutely enanswer the questions which are asked

sure success. It becomes doubtful him with mildness, and simplicity. if but one of these be wanting. lle ought to be modest, suber, pa

NATURE OF SOILS. tient, dextrous, and ready to per- By the supply of animal or vegeform every oltice appertaining to bis table manure a temporary food only art withont feeling in the least dis- is provided for plants, which is, in composed, or hurrying from timic all cases, crhausted by means of a dity, and following rather than pre. certain nomber of crops; but when ceding nature. He ought to be pic a soil is rendered of the best possi. ous without superseition, and honest ble constiunion or iexture, with rein all:he atlair's of life as well as in gard to its earihy parts, its fertility the exercise of his profession. In may be considered as permanently short, he ought to be a perfectly established. it becomes capable of


Some re


attracting a very large portion of easily find room to perform the bavegetable nourishment from the ar- siness of the day. The whole nummosphere, and of producing its ber is, according to the meaning of crops with comparatively little la. the term aggregate, to be divlje), bour and expense. The earths com-. like the Merino sheep in the pasi tres posing soils are chiefly silex, alu- of Spain, into distinct flocks. The mine or clay, calcareous, magnesian, petition may be recited by speaking animal and vegetable matter in a trumpets from a balloon held at i decomposing state--saline proper heig lit by cords, and floating pounds and oxide of iron, but great along to different quarters. Vores differences obtain in the proportions to be collected by casting shamrock even in the same field, particularly leaves into large baskets in vallies, and where the beds of ments of horse may scour ibe outrivers have changed one part of the skirts of the plain to preserve the ar. field may be silicious and anoiher der of the day, and ihen the jseople calcareous. In plains greater simi- may follow in the trodden path, and larity takes place. Clayey soils disperse to their respective bomes. most absorbent and retentive of water, next to these the calcareous, and

No one read, or rather recited (for least of all the siliceous. Magnesian

he was blind) in a more seductie, lime is bad for cultivation, slowly

and fascinating manner : gliding rasoluble in acids and very hard. Too

pidly and with a low voice over the much vegetable matter a cause of

feeble passa. e: dwelling with 11barrenness, until removed by mich

telligence, though without affectation, pulverization, and exposure to the air by paring and burning, and by giving to bis recitation, that kind of

upon the happiest parts ; finals, fresh quick-lime. The most pro- delicate punctuation which renders ductive soils depend on a properly sensible, escellencies of different proportioned mixture of clay and

species by nice and varied inflex. calcareous matter in a a finely diridd

ions; and avoiding, with the greatest state along with a certain quantity

care that emphatical manner which of vegetable and animal matier.

disgusts the hearer by attempting Clay , river sand g, lime stone for wheat. Bulbons roots require misses its effect by endeavouring

to command their acquiescence, or soil more sandy, and less absorbent

to augment it. than grasses. In rich soils there is found phosphat of lime ; and bones make a good manure.

The degree of intelligence in different animals, is in proportion to the bulk of the brain compared with

that of the nerves. Man has the It is proposed that to avoid the penalties of the convention act, in the

most voluminous brain and the pero choice of delegatesor representatives,

ves comparatively very small. The the Catholic community should nieet

Ass has large nerves and a very small

brain. under the sanction of Mr. Pole, in the Curragh of Kildare. This fine plain consists of about 4000 acres ; Poetry. science, letters, when there are about 4840 square yards in they are not made the sole busine's each acre, so that allowing wo or of lite, may become its ornaments in even three square yards to each in- prosperity, and its most pleasing colle dividual, 5 or even 6 millions will solation in a change of fortune ; bui,





if a


man adicts himself entirely to promised to bring the drum required; learning, and hopes by that, either upon which the arm was bound up to raise a family, or to acquire what immediately. This plan has been so many wisti for, and so few ever frequently pursued with success. aitain, an honourable retirement in . “A notable method ibis of conhis declining age, he will find, when verting these poor people from Pagan ir too laie, ihat he has inistaken superstitions, and of exemplifying his path; that other labours, other the mild and just spirit of the Chrissturlies are necessary, and that une tian religion ! This bleeding was less he can assert his own indepen- as efficiual as that practised by the dence in active lile, it will avail grand inquisitor upon a king of Spain, him little to be favoured by the wbo showed suinptoms of humanity learned, esteemed by the eminent, at an Auto da fè; even without the or recommended even by Kings. flogging superadded in the latter It is true, on the other hand, that case, which the pions crusader no external advantages can make against Lapland drums did not find any amends for the loss of virtue necessary. and integrity, which alone can give

'Limaus' Tour in Lepland. a perfect comfort to him who pos. sesses them. Let a man, therefore,

“The poor Laplanders find the who wishes to enjoy. what no fortune church festivals, or days of public or honour can bestow, the blessing thanksgiving, in the spring of the of self-approbation, aspire to the

year. very burthensome and opglory given to Pericles, by a cele- pressive, as they are in general brated historian, of being acquainted obliged to pass the river at the wih all useful knowledge, of ex- hazard of their lives. The water pressing what he knew with copious- at that season is neither sufliciently

and freedom, of ring his frozen to bear them, nor open enough friends and country, and of disdain- to be navigate! ; so they are under ing the nan pursuits of Incre and the necessiiy of wading frequently interest. This is the only career on up to their arms, and are bali-dead which an honest man ought to enter, with cold and fatigue by the time or from which he can hope to gain they get to church. They must any SOLID HAPPINESS

either undergo this hardshi;, or be

fined ten silver dollars, and do pen“ A curious stratagem was related for three Sundays; which to me in Norway, as practised upon surely is 100 severe. the Laplanders, by a peison commis

Linnus' Tour in Lapland. sioned to take from them their magical drums and idols. Having pro

* This is no new instance of contra. cured information of any Laplander riety between the tyranny of man, and who kept such things concealed, he the gospel of Christ, whose “ yoke is first requested io have them brought easy, and his burthen light.” if these forth. This their owner's refused. innocent people were to complain of it Alter having long used entreaties

to their spiritual guides, they might be to no purpose, be laid hold of one of told, as on another occasion, that it was

a tritie not worth thinking about.” We the Laplanders' arms, slipped up

cannot here say with Pope, the sleeve of his jacket, and so contrived at length as to open a vein,

“ The Devil and the King divide the

Prize." The Laplander, when near fainting, entreated bim to spare his life, and But we may presume, that the fine is con







EASTERN ORIGIN OF MODERN IMPROVE. quires a great deal of patience and

exercise to write with so heavy a Speaking of the children in the pencil every day, and from morning Easi Indies, De la Val says, " When to night, and to hold the palmthey are nine years old, they com- leaf in the left-hand, without laying mence the pursuit of the studies and or resting the same on any thing at all. exercises of the country. Their “ On their left thumb, they have lessons are written down on white ta. a pretty long pail, wiib a hook cut bles of wood, which they clean and in it. To this they fasten the sharp whiten again, afier they bave got end of the pencil, whilst the upper their lessons by heart. Durable end is beld by the fingers of the and lasting writings are done upon right hand. The olie or palm leaf parchment, made of the leaf of a they bold with the four fingers of tree called macure quear, that leaf the left hand, and putting the thumb being a fathom and a half long, and which supports the pencil on the top a foot broad. To teach the children of the leaf, they move it forwards to write, they make use of no pa- till a line is finished, after which ihey per, but make draughıs of letiers take back the leal, and begin anoiher. with a boukin upon smooth plain “ In The Malabarick school tile boards of wood, covered with five children sit on the ground, writing white sand.

with their fingers in sand, spread on “ The lodians write upon the leaf the floor for that purpose, (the conof a tree, which is called Lutunier, mon way of teaching young children and is a kind of a palm-tree, but

to read and write in the East In ies), whose leaves are not so long as those the lessons which every child has of an ordinary palm tree. They are been taught in the morning; cbantstrong and thick, and they write ing, with an audible voice, the upon them with a pencil. When names of the letters or words as they their letters are drawn, some rub write them. over all the leaf with black, and so • They have in all their cities, marfill up the characters that are writ

kel-towns and villages,

villages, settled ten; but the greater part do only schools, wherein their yourh are draw the letters with an iron pencil. taught to read and write, chungh These leaves require no great labour

there are very few that attain to any to prepare them, it being sufficient perfection.* The reason seems to to dry them, and theu lay them by be, because no less than six years the side of one another, for they are study is required to make a man shaped like a fan. When they are perfect in both. Their women are dried sufficiently, they bave the not kept at school at all, and concolour of straw, but by length of sequently remain ignorant except a time they grow very bright.

few of ibem singled out to attend The Malabarians do not know the service of the idols in their pahow to hand e pen and ink, but they godas. These are called, for that take the palm-leaf in the left, and reason, the serrants of the iron stile or pencil in the right

Harris's Collection of Voyages. hard, and write with it as fast as we do with pen and paper

* Some of the scholars however, learn

to write a good hand; they also learn geve sidered as no less indispensable an atone- graphy and the use of the globes ; they ment than the penance.- Pity that such

transcribe on the leaves of a wee, with a tractable sheep should not be better worth steel pencil, such books as they have de sbearing

T. casion to use at school

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time, when He appeared who brought - The Nativity of Christ is of uncer life and immortal ty to light, and tain date. According to the compu. shone upon the nations who lay tation of some, it happened in Sep. in darkness, and the shadow of death. tember, and of others, in May. It And no time of the year appears was observed for the three first ages better suited for the comme :oration in the Eastern Church on the 6th of Christ, than that which inost urof January, but was transferred in gently calls for the practical display the Western Church to the 25th of his characteristic excellence, chaof December, to co-incide with the

('hrist is love. civil term of the winter solstice, an

Then welcome Christmas, from on high universal festival among the northern With Summer sun in Wintry sky, nations. There is a pleasing and While the gay and sparkling earth, affecting coincidence, between that Rejoicing in the holy birth, period of the year which terminates Seems to cry~"the Child is come the increase of darkuess, and con

“ Of human kind the hope and home, mences the prolongation of the day, “Their home who save

Their hope, of other hope bereft, and that period of a greater circle of LEFT."

25th December



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TO MELESINA, ON HEARING I know not, my friends, what I better can HER PLAY ON TIIE HARP.

do, As when the breath of fanning Zephyrs

Than give a hint how to dispose of the play'd, Melodious on love's harp, that idly hung Having sail'd, if you can, with

vessel Upon a flowery myrtle, while were sung, well stored, Sweet, soul-subduing airs in Paphos shade, All agree its no sin to throw care overBy sportive cupids, indolently laid,

board ; Where their green arms the clasping But the plague of it is, our misfortunes to branches flung,

crown, Soft were the strains that Melesina rung, Tho' heavy as lead, the vile caitiff won't When the wild chords thy glowing touch

drown: obey'd.

Tho'sunk over-night, in the punch-bowl, As on my ear the floating murmurs fell,

what then ? Methought they echoed from these

More grim the next inorning he rises again. fabled isles,

What resource then remains ? Why need Where joy presides, and constant sum

you be told, mer smiles ;

Bid philosophy chain him fast down in the Or that some Naiad, from her pearly cell,

hold. Chaunted loud hymns to the admiring main;

As for prudence, discretion, these old. Sweet sounds, alas! ye but increas'd my

fashion'd quizzes, pain!

It must be confess'd they have rather long


But howe'er with young friends, or in SINCE, as poets aver, this life's but a tide, I wowd not advise you to sail far without

public you flout 'em, And on mounting the vessel old care mans

'em. the side,

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