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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.
1. PORTRAIT OF MICHELAGNIOLO BUONARROTI
Frontispiece 2. THE ARMS OF THE BUONARROTI
viii 3. MASK OF A Faun.
xii 4. CUPID KNEELING. In the South Kensington Museum.
12 5. PIETÀ. In the Chapel della Pietà, in St. Peter's, Rome
14 6. THE MADONNA AND HOLY INFANT. In the Church of Notre Dame, Bruges .
18 7. Pisan SOLDIERS BATHING IN THE ARNO. (Cartoon for a Fresco) 24 8. THE ANGEL WITH THE CANDELABRUM. In San Domenico, Bologna
30 9. MOSES. 'In San Pietro in Vincoli, Rome
36 10. THE CREATION OF Man. In the Sixtine Chapel. (Fresco). 40 11. NAKED YOUTH. In the Sixtine Chapel. (Fresco)
44 12. THE ERYTHRÆAN SIBYL and THE DELPHIC SIBYL. In the Sixtine Chapel. (Frescoes)
46 13. TOMB OF LORENZO DE' MEDICI. In San Lorenzo, Florence . 58 14. TOMB OF GIULIANO DE' MEDICI. In San Lorenzo, Florence. 60 15. THE LAST JUDGMENT. In the Sixtine Chapel. (Fresco) 64 16. TAE SIXTINE CHAPEL. —Showing Michelangelo's Frescoes 92 17. THE PROPHET ISAIAH. In the Sixtine Chapel. (Fresco) 100 18. THE HOLY FAMILY. In the Uffizi, Florence. (Oil Painting) 108
HE great era of modern art, the wonderful epoch of
the Renaissance, which we can in these days grasp in its entirety, differs from the older civilizations in that its development was more rapid, local, and unimpeded, and that it succeeded the gloom of the Middle Ages with hardly any period of transition. Never in the remotest times is barbarism a universal fact. It exists only among certain nations. Far as we may go back into history, we meet the civilizations of Egypt, of India, of Greece. The names of Moses, Homer, Zoroaster, Job, are intermingled with childish fables in the primitive records of mankind. ( The Renaissance is sudden : after ten centuries of ignorance, of barbarism, of efforts unheard-of and barren, in the dreary darkness of that sky, in the midst of all those ruins, it bursts forth into the full brightness of a summer day, almost without a dawn. Dante and Giotto open this glorious era, and with one touch give life again to Poetry and Painting. After them press the greatest men of modern times. Brunelleschi rears the dome of S. Maria del Fiore, Ghiberti casts the doors of the Baptistry, Columbus