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Mar 6, 1836.]
Mexico-Transfers of Public Money,
if they had, there were few, in his opinion, who were by the deposite banks in the west, was by his order so qualified to perform a work of so sacred a character. transferred. The part of his answer which came in
Mr. WEBSTER suggested that it would be but just first, and which has been printed and laid upon our to these contractors to give them an opportunity of tables, goes to the power of the deposite banks in the showing what progress they had made in the work. It several States over the currency; and I understand the was now late in the day, and he would therefore move Secretary to say (for he is not very explicit in his statethat the Senate adjourn, which he hoped would be ment) that they have the power which they claim. I agreed to; and the Secretary could then signify to these look upon this as a most unfortunate state of things, and persons that it would be necessary for them to make a wholly unjustifiable and improper, as it regards the communication to the Senate next morning.
Government itself and the great business community. The Senate then adjourned.
The Secretary urges as a reason for vesting these banks
with this enormous power over the currency of the counFRIDAY, MAY 6.
try, that they are responsible to the United States for
all that they receive, and bound to pay it, if required, in MEXICO.
gold and silver; that they, therefore, ought not to be The following message was received from the Presi. compelled to receive any thing that is not equivalent to dent of the United States, by Mr. Donelson, his Secre gold and silver. But this does not meet the case pretary:
sented; it does not apply to the state of things which has To the Senate and House of Representatives:
made the subject a matter of inquiry: it is not gold and
silver, or any thing that is equal, and only equal, to gold Believing that the act of the 12th July, 1832, does not and silver, that they require. All the banks in Ohio enable the Executive to carry into effect the recently pay gold and silver for their notes on their counters, and negotiated additional article to the treaty of limits with will be able to do it, unless a wreck take place in anMexico, I herewith transmit to Congress copies of that other quarter, and the sinking masses drag down every article, that the necessary legislative provisions may be thing in their vortex, Those banks are richly stored made for its faithful execution on the part of the United with specie, and will hold out to the last. But specie States.
will not do this deposite bank. Drafts on the eastern ANDREW JACKSON. cities are worth one and a half per cent. more than • WASHINGTON, May 6, 1836.
gold and silver, and they require drafts in exchange; and TRANSFERS OF PUBLIC MONEY.
the bank that will not pay this premium for the privilege
of letting its notes be current for the revenue, must Mr. EWING of Ohio moved that one thousand extra submit to the discredit, and the public must submit to copies of the report of the Secretary of the Treasury, the inconvenience of having them refused. in reply to the call of Mr. Ewing for an account of the I find, too, (said Mr. E.,) to my utter astonishment, if amount of money received in the western States for
the report of the Secretary be correct-as of course it public lands, transferred to eastern banks, be printed must be that the pretext set forth in the circular of the for the use of the Senate.
Clinton Bank, for this unusual and oppressive exaction, On making his motion, Mr. E. said: Mr. President,
is unsustained by the fact. The circular represents that some days ago you received from the Secretary of the
nearly all the money of the United States received in Treasury an answer in part to a resolution of the Senate, that bank has necessarily to be transmitted to the eastrelative to the transfers of the public money from the ern cities. The Secretary says in his report, that no western deposite banks to the eastern cities. There were more than $45,000 of that received in the whole State of that partial answer some extra copies--I think one of Ohio has been so transmitted since the 1st day of June thousand--ordered to be printed on the motion of the last; and, if I recollect his figures right, he makes it Senator from New Hampshire over the way (Mr. HUB 1-253d part--or one dollar transmitted out of 253 dol. BARD.] Day before yesterday the residue of the answer lars received. I can say no more upon this branch of to that call was received, and a motion to print the same the subject than this: that justice requires that it should number of extra copies offered by the same Senator; but be distinctly noticed by me; that the incorrect statement it was withdrawn at my request, and I now renew the contained in that circular, which I implicitly credited, motion, and ask that 1,000 extra copies of the report be led me, when I first addressed the Senate, to suggest
a censure on the Secretary of the Treasury for with. But, before I resume my seat, said Mr. E., I hope the drawing from the State of Ohio funds which I find, in Senate will indulge me in saying a few words on the his report, he has not in fact withdrawn. But it now rematters set forth in this report. It will be recollected mains for him to determine whether he will permit his that when the resolution of inquiry was pending before fiscal agents, on representations such as this, to establish the Senate, I caused to be read a circular from the a brokerage upon the funds of the United States, and Clinton Bank of Columbus, one of the depositories of while they must themselves in fact inflict upon the comthe public money; in which that bank informs the other munity all the mischief which would arise from an actual banks of the State that it had directed the receivers of transmission and abstraction of the public funds. the several land offices who made deposites in that bank One other thing I wish to notice. It is, that the Secto receive none of the notes of the Ohio banks in pay. | retary of the Treasury says in this report, that exchange ment for lands, without further orders; and that those still continues easy; that it has never been more favoraorders would not be issued in favor of any banks except ble. This is the idea; I have not his words. I do not those who would agree to redeem their notes in drafts propose to contradict this. I merely call the attention on some of the Atlantic cities at thirty days' date. And of the business public to the statement, that they may it alleges, as a reason for imposing such harsh conditions, see what the Secretary of the Treasury says to Congress that that bank had necessarily to transfer to those eastern about the exchanges. Every business man in every cities nearly all the public money which it received. portion of the United States knows whether this is or is The resolution offered by myself, and adopted by the not the fact. Senate, directs the Secretary of the Treasury to state Mr. HUBBARD remarked that he tendered his thanks whether the deposite banks possessed the power to direct to the Senator from Ohio for having renewed the motion what funds should and what should not be receivable which he presented a few days past to the Senate, (the for public lands; and what amount of money, so received consideration of which was postponed upon the Senator's
Choctaw Lands--Appropriation Bill.
(Mar 6, 1836.
motion,) to have printed a thousand extra copies of the would speak for itself; it would show the principles report of the Secretary of the Treasury, which was com- upon which the transfers of public money are made from municated to the Senate in answer to the resolution one point to another. The report will clearly sbow that which that Senator had offered, requiring the Secretary they are made to a given point, when a greater expendito inform the Senate “what amount of moneys of the ture is there demanded than the ordinary collections United States, received for public lands in the States of at that given point will meet the requirements of the Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and Missouri, and the Michigan Government.' This report will show that these transfers Territory, bad been, in pursuance of his instructions, are sometimes made, very properly, with a regard to transferred to banks in the eastern cities, since the 30th the safety and security of the public money. But never of June, 1835, and that he designate the banks from and have these transfers been ordered by the present head to which such transfers had been made." It will be re- of the Treasury Department, unless for some such just collected that when the first part of the Secretary's re- and meritorious consideration which I have mentioned. port came in, in part answer to this resolution of the Never have they been ordered with a view to prejudice, Senator from Ohio, be had moved that a thousand extra to weaken, to embarrass the section, or the money marcopies should be printed; and when the report now ket at the point from which these transfers have been under consideration was communicated, he had made a made. The Secretary of the Treasury is incapable of similar motion. In making these motions, he was princi-being influenced by any such blameworthy considerapally governed by a desire to give early information to tions. the public; so that if the Secretary of the Treasury bad Mr. H. said all he desired was, that the report might been in fault, in relation to this matter, it should be be published, and tbat all judgments upon its merits or known as extensively, at least, as these reports should demerits might be suspended until it shall have been be circulated; and that, if no blame was chargeable upon printed, read, and considered. He thought he hazarded him, he might stand acquitted from something more little in saying that, when well examined, it would give than a mere insinuation, which, in the progress of this to the Senator from Ohio, himself, satisfaction; that it affair, bad been, in his judgment, cast upon that officer. would afford entire satisfaction to the Senate, and to the He therefore tendered to the Senator his thanks for whole community. It would show, most conclusively, having renewed the motion; and if he had rightly under that the Secretary of the Treasury was not, in relation stood the remarks which had just been made by the to this matter, in the least degree liable to censure. He Senator from Obio, he had not undertaken to gainsay any would merely add that, unless he was greatly mistaken, part of the report itself, or to complain of the Secretary the report would show, so far from pursuing an oppresfor the manner in which he had answered his resolution.
hich he had answered his resolution. sive course, that no more money bad been transferred He was not disposed to engage himself in any matter in from those points of collection iban a proper regard to controversy between the deposite banks in Ohio and the public convenience and economy demanded; that it will other banks in that State. Whatever the Senator be found that there were left in deposite within the limits had been pleased to say as to the course and con of Ohio, at the latest returns, millions more than were duct of the State banks having the public money in in deposite in that State in June, 1835, and more than, deposite, with reference to the other banks of that State, in all probability, will be required for public expenditures did not seem to require any notice from him. He was within that State for the whole of the current year; and disposed to let these banks manage their own affairs in
the same remark will apply to the otber States, and to their own way; it was merely his purpose to show that the Territory named in the resolution of the Senator. It the course and the conduct of the Secretary of the Trea. will be found that more of the public money was, at the sury upon the subject of the public money in deposite in last returns, in deposite in Ohio alone than in all the Ohio, and in the other States mentioned in the resolution
New England States, Massachusetts excepted. He did of the Senator, were wholly unexceptionable; that he had
not, however, wish to pursue this subject further. He pursued towards the banks of those States, as far as he hoped that the motion of the Senator would prevail; bad authority to interpose, the same liberal, just, and that the thousand copies would be published, and would impartial course which he bad pursued towards the banks be distributed with as little delay as possible. in the other States.
Mr. EWING, of Ohio, replied, that the report of the It certainly was known to the Senate that the bills of
Secretary did not show that any unreasonable amount State banks are not by law receivable for the public
bad been transferred from Ohio. The Senator was mislands. Nothing but gold and silver, and bills of the
taken in supposing tbat there had been no transfer, for Bank of the United States, are by law receivable; and the Secretary said to the contrary, though the amount whatever regulations are made between the banks who
was too small to warrant the deposite banks in saying have the public money in deposite, and who are to be that they had to transmit all the money they collected to called upon to transfer, or in any way to disburse it, and the East. other banking institutions, upon the subject of their own
The motion to print was then adopted. paper currency, is matter exclusively for them, and with which the Secretary can have, and should have, nothing
CHOCTAW LANDS. to do. The deposite banks are liable, in pursuance of On motion of Mr. BLACK, the Senate took up for the contract between the Government and them, to pay consideration a joint resolution, from the House, to susout the deposites in specie; to transfer their funds, with pend the sales of the Choctaw lands, acquired under the out charge, to any section of the country where they treaty of Dancing Rabbit creek. may be wanted for expenditure, or where they may be the joint resolution, as it came from the House, propreserved in greater security. It must be, therefore, vides that the suspension shall be “until the further wholly a regulation between the banks themselves-a
banks themselves--al order of Congress." The committee reported an amend. regulation for their convenience--entered into for their ment, striking out these words, and substituting the accommodation and the accommodation of the public, words, “from the first day of June to the first day of and which will be observed so long as, and no longer December." The amendment was agreed to. than, it will be conducive to their interest.
The resolution, as amended, was ordered to a third Mr. H. remarked that, although he had very curiously reading. looked through the report of the Secretary of the Treasury in manuscript, yet he was not disposed to discuss
APPROPRIATION BILL. that report at this time. The report, when published, The Senate resumed the consideration of the bill maMar 9, 1836.)
Appropriation Bill--Affairs of Texas.
king appropriation for the civil and diplomatic service [This amendment consists of an appropriation for the of the United States for the year 1835.
judicial department of the district of East Florida.] The question pending being on the motion to strike Mr. WEBSTER said he thought the non-concurrence out the clause appropriating $20,000 for the publica of the House in this amendment was probably the result tion, by Messrs. Clarke & Force, of a documentary his- of want of information. He did not wish to delay the tory of the revolution, under a contract with the Secre- passage of this bill, and it might be that the clause tary of State,
stricken out by the House could be introduced into anMr. WEBSTER stated his willingness to assent to the other bill. He would leave it to any Senator to suggest proposition to let the subject stand over until the next what might be the proper course. session, by which time a volume would be printed, and Mr. WRIGHT stated that, since the message was rethe work could be examined. He went into a detail of ceived from the House, he had received a communicathe circumstances attending the progress of this con tion from the chairman of the Committee of Ways and tract.
Means, by whom it was stated that the committee were Mr. SOUTHARD also went into a full exposition of of the opinion that they had voted from insufficient inthe facts.
formation. It was, however, thought best that the apThe amendment was then agreed to, according to the propriation should be introduced into another bill, in suggestion of Mr. WEBSTER.
preference to delaying this bill. On motion of Mr. ROBBINS, some changes were Mr. WEBSTER, assenting to this course, moved that made in the clauses concerning the library.
the Senate recede from their amendment; which motion The amendments were then ordered to be engrossed, was agreed to. and the bill to be read a third time.
AFFAIRS OF TEXAS. ENLISTMENT OF BOYS FOR NAVAL SERVICE.
Mr. PRESTON presented several memorials (all of On motion of Mr. SOUTHARD, a bill to provide for the same tenor) from citizens of Philadelphia, praying the enlistment of boys for the naval service was taken Congress to recognise the independence of Texas; deup and considered.
scribed and characterized the various transactions beThe bill was amended on motion of Mr. SOUTHARD, tween that country and Mexico; and moved the reading by introducing a provision authorizing the enlistment of and printing of the memorial. others than boys, for a period of not less than five years, The memorial was read. and also by introducing additional sections for the charge Mr. PRESTON said that he was not surprised at the of persons enlisted before they are taken to the vessels. natural sympathy of our fellow-citizens with those who The bill was then ordered to be engrossed.
were struggling for liberty, either in the province of On motion of Mr. CLAYTON, the Senate proceeded Texas or anywhere else. It would be strange indeed, to the consideration of executive business.
if we, who bad so lately, and under such extraordinary After the doors were re-opened,
circumstances, achieved our own freedom-if we, in The Senate adjourned till Monday.
whose recollection the motives that induced us to rear
the standard and fight the battles of equal rights were MONDAY, MAY 9.
still fresh and vigorous--if we did not feel the strongest THE ARMY.
and deepest emotion at bebolding this contest; if, when Mr. WEBSTER, from the Committee on Finance, re
the cry of liberty was raised in any quarter, it did not
find a ready echo in our bosoms, and go sounding back, ported the act making appropriations for the army for clieering and animating those who were thus struggling, the year 1836, with two amendments.
wherever that struggle might be. It was so in the Greek On motion of Mr. WEBSTER, the bill was then taken
revolution; our feelings were enlisted with that gallant up for consideration, and the amendments were read.
people, though far distant, and speaking an unknown Mr. w. then explained that the bill, as it came tongue. It was so in the case of that small community, from the House, contained a provision for moving the | situated in the centre of Europe, surrounded by a mass troops from Fort Gibson to some other point on the
" Fort Gibson to some other point on the of enemies who were sure to crush them. So deep and banks of the Arkansas. The Committee on Finance had
so abiding was tbat interest and that sympathy, that, far thought it better, with a view to consult the health of from being confined to newspapers and private circles, the army, that the point should be left to the discretion it burst forth in our public meetings and legislative balls. of the President, who might consider the high lands a He alluded to the Poles. So also with South America. more healthful location than the immediate banks of the On the earliest occasion, and in every possible mode, did river. This, therefore, was the object of the amend. we express our hope of the final triumph of those who ment.
were striking for liberty. These facts were fresh in our The other amendment was to insert an appropriation memories, and were honorable to our national character. of $300 for completing the medal voted to General Rip- And, being so, he repeated that it was not surprising ley. By an accident, this appropriation, which had that the deepest solicitude should be felt in the result of been added by the committee to another appropriation the struggle wbich was going on in a province so near bill, had been omitted in the engrossment of that bill,
us; a province, the population of which professed the and it was therefore introduced into this bill.
same religion, spoke the same language, were fighting The amendments were then agreed to; the bill was
for the establishment of the same institutions under reported without further amendments, and the amend
which we ourselves were living, and were connected ments were ordered to be engrossed, and the bill to be
with us by the dearest ties of kindred. They had been read a third time.
seduced to emigrate by the promise of a free GovernThe bill was subsequently read a third time and ment. This Government had been overthrown; and its passed.
destroyer, trampling on the fragments of a broken conAPPROPRIATION BILL.
stitution, his passions inflamed to madness, calling to his A message from the House of Representatives was re- | aid all who had assisted in the old
aid all who had assisted in the old rebellion, exciting ceived, stating that the House had concurred in all the their love of plunder and their religious fanaticism, was, amendments of the Senate to the bill making appropria with these combined elements, sweeping in a fiery tortions for the civil and diplomatic service of the United rent over the country, and destroying life, property, States, with the exception of the sixth amendment, | and all that was dear and valuable.
Affairs of Texas.
(MAY 9, 1836
In this state of things, (said Mr. P.,) it surely was not with the Mexican Government, with General Santa Anna to be wondered at that the deepest solicitude should ex- at its head, and that Government is at this moment repist in the breast of every individual. Since he had par | resented in the United States by a diplomatic agent. ticipated in the affairs of Government, there was scarce. Under these circumstances, he felt himself restrained Jy any thing of a public nature which he thought more from applying such epithets as the Senator from South deserving of attention. His own hopes had been ani Carolina had used, in reference to the head of that Govmated: he trusted in God the Texans might succeed; ernment. Having been called on, in the execution of and that the standard of liberty might yet wave over his senatorial functions, to conclude a treaty with that their desolated territory, to the utter exclusion of this Government, he felt himself restrained from the use of barbarous and tyrannic usurper. These hopes were such terms, in speaking of the acknowledged head of shared in by all who had signed this memorial. These the Government, as might have a tendency to prevent sympathies and feelings do exist. They might be the continuance of those relations of peace and amity they were calculated to warp our sense of justice. which are now subsisting between Mexico and the United He trusted they would not; and yet he hoped that,
States. while we exercised the proper degree of forbear. As to the actual state of things in Texas, he had perance, and did nothing in violation of the law of nations, haps as accurate information as any one else. Down to we should put ourselves in a thorough state of prepara- a very recent period, he had received it from persons action to meet any emergency which might arise. It was tually resident in that country. He would, at this time, now known that Santa Anna bad declared that his con say nothing as to that state of things. He was, however, quering banner should be placed upon the Capitol at entirely willing that we should be prepared for the worst Washington. To effect this, he did not rely upon his that could happen; but he was not, on that account, own prowess, but on the assistance of a certain set of about to suppose the existence of that worst state of auxiliaries whom he expected to meet on the banks of the things. All he meant at present to say was, that he conMississippi. The threat might not bave been seriously curred generally in what had fallen from the Senator intended: it might have originated in a mere spirit of bra- from South Carolina, Mr. Preston,] reserving bimvado. But we ought to be forewarned and forearmed; self, as to any particular opinions, for a future occasion. and if there should be the slightest indication that this was But he did not feel himself at liberty to use language not an idle taunt, then we should meet him and crush his which is at war with propriety, especially towards the hopes at once. If he did commit the slightest act of ag head of a Government with which we are on a friendly gression, he believed in God the knell of his dominion footing; because he was unwilling to do or say any thing in Texas was rung
which could bave a tendency to disturb the peace of the For the present, he would content bimself with dis. United States. He went for the peace of the United charging the duty with which he had been intrusted, by States, at the same time that he was willing to go as far presenting these memorials; and believing that no action in defence of our frontier as the necessity of the case, of Congress could be had on them, he would move that should require. they be read, and laid on the table.
Mr. PRESTON said he was happy that his views met, Mr. WEBSTER said that, like the gentleman from in some measure, with the concurrence of the gentleSouth Carolina, he was not now prepared to go into a man from Massachusetts. He should endeavor, on every discussion on the occurrences on our southwestern fron occasion, to suppress all undue ebullition of feeling. It tier. He had no wish to anticipate any discussion on was impossible, however, under some circumstances, to this subject, which might hereafter become necessary. measure language. He knew what was due to bis counIn most of the sentiments which had fallen from the try, and desired nothing so much as its tranquillity and Senator from South Carolina he entirely concurred. honor. But, while he would do nothing to interrupt its He considered it as no more than natural that the sym peaceful relations, or throw any impediment in the way pathies of all classes of our citizens should be excited of their exercise, he must be permitted to consider himin favor of a war founded in the desire, and sanctified self not only in his executive and legislative capacity, by the name, of liberty. There could be no doubt, from but as a citizen of a republic, whenever be was called our education and habits, that a free Government is the upon to express an opinion in such an emergency as this. sort of Government which commands our attachment; If the feelings to which this emergency had given rise and when we see struggling to obtain such a Govern should burst out in strong epithets, if he did not adhere ment those who are in some degree related to us by the to the cold and exact dictates of duty, he trusted an ties of country, companionship, and kindred, it is not apology would be found for him. We had recognised matter of wonder that we should be inspired with warm the Government de facto of Santa Anna. We had enterhopes for their success. But (Mr. W. said) he also ed into diplomatic relations with him. How and when agreed altogether with the Senator from South Carolina, was this Government established? By whom was it esthat this is not the time for Congress to do or sanction tablished, and what sort of a Government was it? Was any act beyond the preservation of our neutrality in the it the constitutional Government which once existed in contest. To any thing beyond this he was opposed; but Mexico? Was it a Government of long continuance, supto that object he was willing to lend his hearty co-ope- ported by the wishes and love and affection of the peoration.
ple? Or was it a mere despotism, and its founder a forIn one respect only, then, (said Mr. W.,) he differed | tunate soldier? from the Senator from South Carolina. He was not for It is our policy (said Mr. P.) to recognise established the Government encouraging the sending forth any aid. Governments, no matter what their principles, or by That was a matter for every individual to consider for whom founded. We have a treaty with him now; we himself, rather than for the consideration of Congress. are running a line between his territory and our own; Nor, as regarded himself, whatever opinions he might and there existed no wish on his part to interrupt the have formed as to the manner in which this war in Texas first, or prevent the peaceful prosecution of the latter. had been waged, or as to the manner in which the Mex- | But there was a principle of vast importance presented ican Government was administered, could he forget that to his mind, and that was, the actual existing state of we are on terms of peace with that Government, as things on the southwestern frontier. It was absolutely it has been organized and as it is now administered. | necessary to consider the next step in the series of events We ourselves, (the Senate,) it would be recollected, as which were transpiring there. There ought to be an a part of the Executive, have but recently made a treaty | augmented military force in that defenceless section of
Mar 9, 1836.)
Affairs of Texas.
our country; surrounded as it was by savage and war-dom. We have heard of rebels. Who are the rebels? like tribes, ready to be acted upon by this Santa Anna-- They are Santa Anna, and his priests, and mercenaries, a man of unquestioned ability, already in command of a and myrmidons. They are the rebels. The people of mixed, heterogeneous, and ferocious soldiery. If these Texas clung to the Government of Mexico as long as threats have been made--but he would forbear, first, they possibly could do so; as long as a wreck of the because he believed the policy of our country in rela constitution was discernible, or a floating plank, they tion to foreign Governments to be a wise and true ope; did their utmost to save it from destruction. It was not but chiefly that he dare not trust the current of his feel. until the flag of the constitution was struck, and there ings to sway him. He would restrain his indignation, was no longer a hope, that they raised the flag of intherefore; and, in consideration of the respectful | dependence. terms in which the memorial was couched, and the high Mr. PORTER said he deprecated every thing which standing of those who signed it, he would move that it had a tendency to enlist still further our feelings and be printed.
sympathies in the contest now raging in the Mexican Mr. PORTER said that his object in rising was not so provinces. Our position, our natural character, and our much to take part in this debate as to make an inquiry true interests required a strict neutrality at our hands. of the honorable Senator from South Carolina. That This policy was so obviously the proper one, that he could gentleman had said that it was now a known and admit. not imagine, and did not mean to assert, that any Senated fact that Santa Anna had declared that, by the aid of tor here wished to depart from it. But he was sorry to 3 certain portion of our population, he would invade say that nothing better calculated to produce a departthis country, march through it, and take the city of ure from the position we should occupy could be Washington. Mr. P. said that this fact was not known imagined, than what had fallen to-day from the Senators to him, and therefore he could not admit it. If such an from South Carolina and Mississippi. Our Government assertion had been put forth, he should consider it as was a popular one. Its action necessarily sympathized an idle rhodomontade. But it was calculated to increase with public opinion; and if that opinion was formed unthe excitement which had been already gotten up on, der excitement and passion, there was great danger it this subject; and he should be glad if the Senator from would be incorrect. He did not understand why Santa South Carolina would favor the Senate with the evi- Anna should be selected of all the other despots that existdence on which he considered the fact as known and ad-ed at present in the world, and made the theme of mitted.
reproach. His conduct is perhaps very bad. It might Mr. PRESTON said it would, perhaps, have been as | be true--Mr. P. believed it was true—that he had overwell if the Senator from Louisiana bad let the matter thrown the constitution of Mexico, and placed himself rest on his (Mr. P's) personal assertion of the fact; but,
| at the head of its Government, and exercised arbitrary as the inquiry had been made. he could answer it by re-l power. But what then? Were there not a great many ferring to the Senator from Mississippi, who had in his other despotic and arbitrary Governments in the world, possession conclusive evidence of the fact.
with whom we felt no difficulty in maintaining relations Mr. WALKER said that perhaps it would have been of peace and amity? Our relations, he believed, were better if there had been no call made upon him. He of the most friendly kind with the Grand Seignor at had received a letter from a distinguished individual in Constantinople, the Barbary Powers on the coast of the the capital of Mexico, but he did not think it proper to Mediterranean, and even the black empire of Hayti. give publicity to the name of the writer. He had shown We had only this session ratified a treaty with some the letter to several Senators; and he would read to the hitherto unknown, half-civilized Power on the coast of Senate an extract from it. He had no hesitation in giy. | Africa. There were no free institutions among these ing entire credit to the statements in this extract; for different nations. Despotism, absolute, cruel, and conthe writer, who was well known to many Senators, had stant, prevailed amidst them all; and yet not a breath of as respectable a standing as any gentleman on this floor, reproach was heard against them. Our indignation was and the accuracy of his statements was indisputable. The all reserved for Mexican oppression. We left to all extract was as follows:
other portions of the world the affair of living under “ Just before General Santa Anna left on his northern what kind of Government they pleased, and considered campaign, he was at Tacubaya. The British and French that, as we permitted no foreign interference with our ministers called on him. He said he intended to drive political institutions, we had no right to question the the Texans across the Red river; and, if they were de | institutions of other countries. Mexico alone was made fended there by the troops of the United States, he an exception. would drive them to Washington; and, turning to Mr. 'The honorable Senator from Mississippi bad said that Pakenham, (the British minister,) he added, "Yes, i he had heard on this floor apologies for Santa Anna. He will drive them to Washington, and strip the laurels (Mr. P.) had heard none. "He himself had never made from General Jackson, and burn the Capitol, as your any. He had always thought, and always said, that so countrymen once did;' and said it would, nevertheless, long as he observed good faith with us, and maintained be a little something like the march of Napoleon to Mos- the treaties he had entered into with the United States, cow.”
we had nothing to do with his bad conduct in the MexiThe British minister, the writer of this letter stated, can provinces. That opinion he should on all suitable was willing to confirm the truth of this statement. The occasions express, and, if in his power, enforce. He gentlemen on the other side were at liberty to read this should not be deterred from doing so by any fear of letter. He had not a shadow of a doubt that Santa Anna misconstruction of his motives. His object was to prehad made such a declaration. And (said Mr. W.) are serve the peace of the country. He thought it her we to sit here and listen to apologies and excuses for the interest to preserve it-he meant not merely her pecuniaatrocities of Santa Anna? Are we to be told by American ry interest, but that of a higher kind, which looked at Senators, in the American Senate, that we must repress her true glory and the maintenance of the moral power our feelings, as well as have respect to our neutrality? | which she now so advantageously possessed among manThat we are not to express those feelings of indignation kind. And if these considerations did not influence which must rise in every American bosom? Who is him in the course he prescribed to himself in this matter, Santa Anna? He is the Government of Mexico. He has the vital interests of the State he had the honor in part planted a despotism in that country; has erected a cen- to represent on this floor left him no discretion. The tral Government, and destroyed every vestige of free. / valuable and lucrative branches of trade which were now