« AnteriorContinuar »
in activity between Louisiana and Mexico would be bro credence to such a tale; but unless Santa Anna was an ken up by a war, and the principal channel through inmate of a mad-house, or a candidate for one, he did which specie entered into New Orleans closed complete not believe he made such an assertion. The whole thing ly. Every interest in that State, agricultural as well savored more of one of Baron Munchausen's stories as commercial, would be seriously affected by a change than any thing he had lately heard. He concluded by in our relations. He was informed, and believed, that, repeating that he deprecated any thing like excitement during the last twenty months, the trade between the on the question, and that he hoped the peace of the city just mentioned and the ports of Mexico amounted country would be preserved. to nearly fifteen millions of dollars, and that in the same Mr. 'WALKER had not intended to say a word more, space of time about eight millions of specie had entered but he was compelled to trouble the Senate with an adthe Mississippi from the same quarter. All this was to ditional remark, in consequence of the manner in which be thrown away, because they had no free institutions in the letter, from which he had read an extract, was rethe country adjoining us. He must be excused if he ferred to. He had already told the Senator from Louisdid not feel himself at liberty to partake in such senti iana, and he would now tell him again, that all which ments. We were placed here to watch over the grow was contained in that letter was true lle would vouch ing interests of our own country, to promote its happi. for the veracity of the writer, who was as respectable as ness by all the means by which its wealth, population, any Senator on that floor. The Senator from Louisiana and security can be secured, and not to indulge at its was at liberty to read the letter itself. It was written expense our own feelings, nor to carry out among other by a gentleman intimately known to some of the Senanations our abstract opinions of government.
tors, who could have had no interest in giving false There was another consideration (Mr. P. said) for him views, or misrepresenting the language or the movements and for the other gentlemen from Louisiana, in both of Santa Anna. There could not be a shadow of a doubt Houses, with whom he had the honor to be associated. of the accuracy of the information. The Senator from If war broke out between Mexico and the United States, Louisiana had replied to what had fallen from him as to the western portion of our State, and its borders, were apologies being made for Santa Anna. He had said that to become the seat of it. That war, once commenced, he hoped he should not hear apologies and excuses made he was afraid would not be speedily terminated. It must for Santa Anna on this floor. He had not made the cap become, from the extent of the country and its localities, for the Senator from Louisiana. But if that Senator was partisan in its character. And a large portion of the disposed to take up the cap which was intended for most wealthy and populous portions of the State was to another, let him put it on, and suffer it to be at repose be exposed for years to the inroads of Mexican cavalry there. I said (repeated Mr. W.) that I hoped there and their Indian allies. He foresaw that, in the event would be no apologist for Santa Anna found here, and I alluded to, the inhabitants of that section of the State of repeat it. Louisiana were to have their security disturbed and the 'Mr. PORTER replied that the Senator 'from Mississafety of their property, particularly that of slaves, seri- sippi had said that he had heard apologies made on that qusly endangered. He would give his aid to no meas-floor for Santa Anna. He had taken down his words at ures which would precipitate such a state of things. It the time, and could not be mistaken. The Senator now was very well for gentlemen who came from States states his meaning was, that he hoped no apologies would where peace and security could not be affected by hos- be made for him. To the expression of such a feeling, tilities, to indulge in aspirations after the happiness of he (Mr. P.) had not the slightest objection; and the genthe human race. But he protested against their doing tleman was perfectly free to apply that hope to him. so at our expense. He acknowledged that he felt it of Mr. BROWN regretted very much to hear expressions much more importance that the interests and safety of that had been used in the course of the debate, calculathe people of Louisiana should be attended to, iban the ted, in his opinion, to stimulate feelings in the people of settlement of the political questions now agitating Mexico. this country, already sufficiently excited, and to encour
The Senator from Mississippi had told us that the in- lage feelings of hostility against a nation with which we dividual, whose letter he had read an extract from, was are at peace. He protested, for one, against entering a man of character and veracity. Be it so. He did not into a crusade to regulate the internai concerns of any feel inclined to controvert the truth of the statement; nation; he protested against any acts or the expression but he must be excused if he still doubted its correct- of any feelings calculated to involve us in a war with the ness. The individual in question did not say that he Government of Mexico. He could attach no importance heard Santa Anna make the declaration imputed to him; to the expressions said to have been used by Santa Anna nor that the British minister in Mexico had made such a with regard to this country; for, coming in the way it did, statement to the informant. It was, therefore, an asser- / we could not, consistently with what was due to ourtion made on the information communicated by others. I selves, notice it. When Santa Anna himself thought And all the weight it was entitled to was, that which proper to address to this Government, through his diit might derive from the correctness of the judgment of plomatic agents, or promulgate to the word officially, the writer on the veracity of those from whom he had threats of the nature alluded to by the Senator from received the tale. Mr. P. said he must be pardoned if, South Carolina, he should then be ready to resent them; on a question of this magnitude, he could not surrender but, coming in the shape these expressions have done, his belief to the opinions of any man of the truth of they were unworthy of our notice, and ought not to inothers, more particularly when the statement itself car. Auence our judgments. They all knew how common it ried with it internal evidence how bigbly improbable it was in the city of Washington to hear of extraordinary was. He had never heard any thing more ridiculous. declarations attributed to distinguished individuals, and What was it? Why this: that Santa Anna should have how little credence was to be attached to them. He did declared to the British and French ministers “ that he not intend, he said, to question the veracity of the author would march with his army of ten thousand men from of the letter; but he could not avoid questioning the corthe frontiers of the Sabine, one thousand five hundred | rectness of his information. miles, subdue four or five millions of people and that But the gentleman from South Carolina had invoked people among the bravest and freest on earth-plant bis them, in the name of liberty, to act in favor of Texas; standard on the Capitol at Washington, and tear the not at this time, for be considers it premature, but laurels from the brow of General Jackson.” He (Mr. when the proper time should arrive. Was the honoraP.) did not quarrel with the belief of any man who gave I ble gentleman very certain that they would favor liberty
MAY 9, 1836.]
Affairs of Texas.
by engaging in war in bebalf of Texas? What had further, and have these petitions referred to an enlightthese Texans done to require that we should embroil | ened committee. ourselves in a war with a country with whom we are on But, said he, we have been admonished against the terms of peace, in order to favor their cause? They propriety of using reproachful epithets towards the head had gone from a land of liberty to a land of despotism; of the Mexican Government. And he hoped he would they had cut asunder the ties which bound them to the be pardoned if, in his feelings, he should not be able to freest and happiest country on earth; and, although they regard such admonition. He did not hesitate to say that bad our sympathies, they had voluntarily relinquished Santa Anna's deportment towards the Texans had been .all claims to our support.
not only marked by the violation of all rules of civilized But it was said that Santa Anna had overthrown the warfare, but by a ferocity and barbarity--not to say a republic of Mexico, trampled on the constitution, and | violation of solemn pledges which were not only dishonestablished a despotism; and that therefore we should orable, but even beyond what might have been looked support the Texans. We were (said Mr. B.) the last for from a Camanchean savage. people on earth wbo should meddle with the internal Mr. M. said some remarks had fallen from the Senator concerns of another nation. If there was any one prin- from North Carolina (Mr. Brown] as to the character ciple of national law more sacred than another, it was, of the Texan war, which he thought were not only not that one nation ought not to interfere with the internal called for, but not authorized. The Texans were enpolicy of its neighbor. If we set him the example, gaged in an unequal and fearful contest --in the defence Santa Anna migbt take it into his head, or another for of a republican constitution and liberty against a military eign Government might do so, that we too were in despot. A company of gentlemen of high respectability, need of reformation; that our institutions were not such in the county in which he resided-his neighbors- bad as conformed to their opinions; and we might have a been prompted to volunteer in this cause from feelings war on our hands, brought on us by the very example of honorable sympathy and patriotism, and were now we had set. He was utterly opposed to any thing of under the Texan banner, if not sacrificed; and he hoped the kind. What! (said Mr. B.) shall we become prop they were not, for he wished them success most cordialagandists? Shall we have scenes here at this Capitol ly.' He could not think they were obnoxious to any such as were witnessed at Paris in the French revolu- censure or expression of feelings such as the Senator tion, when individuals representing every country in from North Carolina [Mr. Brown] bad gratuitously Europe appeared before the National Assembly, and made. called on them to liberate them from their oppressors? Mr. M. said he had had the honor of a seat on the Shall we have another Anacharsis Cloots preaching a floor of the other branch of the national Legislature crusade in favor of the oppressed all over the world? when the honorable Senator from Massachusetts Mr. We are now (Mr. B. said) in a state of peace and un WEBSTER] bad submitted bis important proposition to exampled prosperity; and shall we pursue any course aid the suffering Greeks; he had heard him then with calculated to jeopard that peace and impair that pros much pleasure; and he could not see any thing in the perity? He thought it due to the importance of the present proposition so reprehensible as he bad intimated. subject to throw out these few observations; he viewed He was not disposed to violate treaties or international the subject as pregnant with important consequences, law, nor to compromit the neutrality of the Government; and considered that our best interests depended upon but was willing an investigation should be made, and pursuing a prudent and cautionary course.
was willing to do whatever could be done with proprie. Mr. MOORE said, from the general tenor of the re- ty. But the Senator from South Carolina (Mr. PRESTON] marks of the Senator from North Carolina, (Mr. had expressed his views more fully and eloquently than Brown,] we might be led to infer that a very different he was able to do, and he therefore would not trespass proposition had been submitted from the one now pend. longer. ing. No proposition had been proposed involving Mr. BUCHANAN said he had received several memo. the neutrality of the Government, or jeoparding the rials from the city of Philadelphia of the same character peace of the country; yet an inference of this kind as those which had been presented by the Senator from was fairly to be inferred from the course of his remarks. South Carolina, (Mr. PRESTON.] He had intended to
Mr. M. said he was very sorry when a petition of a present them this morning to the Senate, but was presimilar kind bad been presented on a former occasion by vented from doing so at the proper moment by an acci. one of the Senators from Obio, coming from the citizens dental circumstance. It was also his intention to have of Cincinnati, that an effort should have been made accompanied their presentation by some remarks. These then, as was now made, to give the go by to this propo- he thought it best to offer now, rather than to wait until sition, and cast some damper upon the feelings of the to-morrow morning, and then become instrumental in patriotic and brave Texans. He regretted that the prop getting up another debate. These memorials asked osition to lay that petition on the table (which, as far as Congress to recognise the independence of Texas, it signifies any feeling, was an expression unfavorable to and at such time, and in such manner as may be deemed the cause of the Texans) should bave come from the proper, to interpose to terminate the conflict which now quarter it had.
rages in that country." Sir, (said Mr. M.,) when petitions are presented here in some remarks which he had subinitted to the Sendemanding of Congress to abolish slavery in the District ate a few days since, and which, like all other proceedof Columbia without the consent of the owners of such ings in this body, had been much misrepresented abroad, slaves, and a proposition is submitted to refuse to receive he had indulged the feelings of a man and an American. such petitions because Congress is considered as having What he then had uttered were the sentiments of his no constitutional power to meddle with the matter, and heart in relation to the existing struggle in Texas. But, that it would be highly impolitic, even if they bad the when he was called upon as a Senator to recognise the power; then gentlemen can rise and talk loud and long independence of that country, be thought it prudent to about the right of a citizen lo petition for the redress of refer back to the conduct of our ancestors, when placed grievances, &c.; and they imagine they see a violation of in similar circumstances, and to derive lessons of wis. the constitution in an effort to close the door to these peti dom from their example. If there was any one princitions. Now, (Mr. M. said,) he was unwilling to ex- ple of our public policy which had been well settledtend to these petitioners less respect than had been one which had been acted upon by every administration, shown to abolition petitioners. He was willing to go and which had met the approbation not only of this SENATE.]
Affairs of Texas.
(Mar 9, 1836.
country, but of every civilized Government with which He would rejoice should similar success attend the we bave intercourse--it was, that we should never inter- arms of the Texans. He trusted they would yet confere in the domestic concerns of other nations. Recog- quer their independence against the myrmidons of San. nising in the people of every nation the absolute right ta Anna. In that event, there was no man in the country to adopt such form of government as they thought who would vote more cheerfully to recognise it than him. proper, we have always preserved the strictest neutrality self. Until that time should arrive, he must continue to between the parties in every country whilst engaged in act upon the firmly established principle which had been civil war. We have left all nations perfectly free, so far our guide for nearly half a century. as we are concerned, to establish, to maintain, or to Mr. B. believed that no President of the United States change their forms of government, according to their had ever been more strongly convinced of the necessity own sovereign will and pleasure.
of maintaining this principle inviolate than General JackIt would, indeed, be surprising-and, more than this, son. His whole conduct towards foreign Governments it would be unnatural-if the sympathies of the American had made this manifest. Whilst he requires justice from people should not be deeply, earnestly enlisted in favor all, be treats all with justice. In his annual message at of those who drew the sword for liberty throughout the the commencement of the present session, he informed world, no matter where it was raised to strike. Beyond Congress that instructions had been given to the United this we had never proceeded. The peaceful influenceStates district attorneys to prosecute all persons who of our example upon other nations is much greater. The might attempt to violate our neutrality in the civil war cause of free government is thus more efficiently pro- between Mexico and Texas. He also stated that he had moted than if we should waste the blood and treasure of apprized the Government of Mexico that we should rethe people of the United States in foreign wars, waged quire the integrity of our territory to be scrupulously even to maintain the sacred cause of liberty. The world respected by both parties. He thus declared to the must be persuaded-it cannot be conquered. Besides, world not only that we had determined to be neutral bewe can never, with any proper regard for the welfare tween the parties, but that our neutrality must be reof our constituents, devote their energies and their re spected by both. This affords abundant evidence of his sources to the cause of planting and sustaining free in disposition neither to interfere with the internal concerns stitutions among the people of other nations.
of other nations, nor to submit to any violation of the law Acting upon these principles, we have always recog- of nations by them. Mr. B. entertained not a doubt nised existing Governments, or Governments de faclo, that this line of conduct, which he had marked out for whether they were constitutional or despotic. We bave himself in the beginning, he would pursue until the end, the same amicable relations with despotisms as with free so far as the executive Government was concerned. Governments, because we have no right to quarrel with It was obviously necessary to concentrate a strong milthe people of any nation on account of the form of gov. itary force on the confines of Texas, not only to enforce ernment which they may think proper to adopt or to our neutrality, but to protect the lives and property of sanction. It is their affair--not ours. We would not our fellow-citizens. This had been done; but the comtolerate such interference from abroad, and we ought to manding General bad been strictly prohibited from actdemean ourselves towards foreign nations as we should ing except on the defensive. require them to act towards ourselves.
Such a force is absolutely necessary to preserve invioA very striking illustration of this principle has been late our treaty with Mexico. Under it, we are bound to presented, during the present administration, in the case maintain peace among the Indian nations along the fron
recognised Don Miguel's Government, tier of the two countries, and to restrain the Indians withbecause he was de facto in possession of the throne, ap- ' in our territory by force, if that should become necessaparently with the consent of the Portuguese people. In | ry, from making war upon Mexico. This ol this respect, Mr. B. believed we stood alone, or nearly | reciprocal, and binds both parties. If the Indians from alone, among the nations of the earth. When he was Texas should be let slip upon our frontier; if they, or expelled from that country, and the present Queen Santa Anna, or any other power, should attempt to invade seemed to be firmly seated upon the throne, we had no our territory, then every American would say, Repel difficulty, pursuing our established policy, in recognising force by force, and return blow for blow. Our cause her Government.
and our quarrel would then be just. A still more striking case, and one to the very point But let us not, by departing from our settled policy, in question, had occurred during Mr. Monroe's adminis- give rise to the suspicion that we have got up this war tration. The Spanish provinces throughout the whole for the purpose of wresting Texas from those to whom, continent of America bad raised the standard of rebel- under the faith of treaties, it justly belongs. Since the lion against the King of Spain; they were struggling for treaty with Spain of 1819, there can no longer be any liberty against oppression. The feelings of the American doubt but that this province is a part of Mexico. He people were devotedly enlisted in their favor. Our ar was sorry for it; but such was the undeniable fact. Let dent wishes and our prayers for their success continued us then follow the course which we had pursued, under throughout the whole long and bloody conflict. But similar circumstances, in all other cases. we took no other part in their cause, and we rendered Mr. B. said his blood boiled whilst contemplating them no assistance, except the strong moral influence the cruelties and barbarities which are said to have been excited over the world by our well-known feelings and committed by the Mexicans in this contest. The heart opinions in their favor. When did we recognise their sickens and revolts at such a spectacle. But, as an Amerindependence? Not till after they bad achieved it by ican Senator, he could give the Texans nothing except their arms; not until the contest was over, and victory | his prayers and his good wishes. Mr. B. concluded had perched upon their banners; not until the good fight with presenting the petitions to which he had referred. had been fought and won. We then led the van in ac Mr. SHEPLEY hoped the Senate would not agree to knowledging their independence. But until they were print the memorials. He protested against giving the independent in fact, we resisted every effort, and every countenance of publicity to these petitions, which call upon eloquent appeal which was made in their behalf, to in the Government to interfere between Mexico and Texduce us to depart from the settled policy of the coun. as, and thus to destroy that neutrality which it is the obtry. When the fact of their actual independence was vious policy of the United States to preserve. He would established, we then, and not till then, did acknowl- l not consent to give any sånction to the opinions of these edge it.
I petitioners, that our neutrality ought to be compromised.
MAY 10, 1836.)
Western Frontier-Navy Bill.
The petitions had been presented, and read, and dis- in the course of which the bill was amended so as to aucussed, and had thus passed through all the customary thorize the number of volunteers to be raised at 10,000 processes; and nothing more was necessary, unless it men, and to confine themselves to repelling Indian inwas desired to influence public opinion against the Mex. vasions. icans. He would not be instrumental in propagating On motion of Mr. PRESTON, the authority given to such sentiments, because they were perfectly errone the President in these words: “and shall appoint the ous. Expressions had fallen from gentlemen in the necessary officers," was amended by adding “above Senate, which, perhaps, it would have been better had the rank of captain, which appointments shall be subthey been better considered. He did not understand, mitted to the Senate for its advice and approval at its by the language of this letter which had been read, that next session." Santa Anna gave it to be understood that he intended Mr. SWIFT moved to recommit the bill. to come to Washington in the attitude of an aggressor; Mr. NICHOLAS moved to add to the motion an inbut if we are the aggressors in the first instance, struction to report the bill with a provision to raise the that he would then pursue the troops to Washington. army to the same peace establishment as that in which There had been a disposition manifested, and he was it was placed at the termination of the war in 1815. sorry to see it so prevalent, to mix up the general Gov The question being taken on the motion of Mr. ernment of the United States in this controversy, to NICHOLAS, to add instructions, the motion was negahurry us into a state of war with Mexico. But, in his tived. opinion, we had no reason for war. He would as soon The bill was then recommitted. expend his sympathies upon one of the two political On motion of Mr. SHEPLEY, parties which are now disturbing the tranquillity of The Senate adjourned. Spain, as permit them to be interested in the conflict between Mexico and Texas. It was a war of the same barbarous character in one country as well as the other,
TUESDAY, MAY 10. and there was no good reason why the feelings of the
RELATIONS WITH FRANCE. citizens of the United States should not as well be roused in reference to old Spain as to Mexico, especially as
The following message was received from the Presithe Government of old Spain had done at least as much dent of the United States for liberty as that of Mexico. For one, he was wholly
WASHINGTON, May 10, 1836. opposed to giving the least countenance to the opinions
To the Senate and House of Representatives: expressed in these memorials. We had nothing to do with the contest; no more to do with it, and should
Information has been received at the Treasury Dehave no more feelings excited concerning it, than we
partment that the four instalments under our treaty with have for all those who are oppressed by their Govern
France have been paid to the agent of the United States. ments on the other side of the globe. We have nothing
In communicating this satisfactory termination of our to do beyond the defence of our own rights and liber
controversy with France, I feel assured that both Houses ties; and the most cautious policy is advisable in order
of Congress will unite with me in desiring and believing that we may not compromise our neutrality at all. He
that the anticipations of the restoration of the ancient did not mean to say that to indulge our sympathies was
cordial relations between the two countries, expressed wrong. They may have been raised entirely by the
in my former messages on this subject, will be speedily perusal of the cruelties perpetrated in Texas. He
realized. No proper exertion of mine shall be wanting hoped it was so. But it was possible there were other
to efface the remembrance of those misconceptions that matters and motives which had their influence in opera
have temporarily interrupted the accustomed intercourse ting on the feelings of a great number; and, if so, any
between them. sympathies arising from such a source were unworthy
ANDREW JACKSON. of respect and consideration. He hoped the memorials The message was laid on the table. would not be printed. Mr. WEBSTER expressed his hope that the memo
NAVY BILL. rials would be printed, because the refusal to print On motion of Mr. SOUTHARD, the bill making ap. might be construed into a mark of disrespect." He propriations for the naval service for the year 1836, hoped the Senator from Maine would not press his op was taken up as returned from the House of Representposition to the motion, as he thought it best to avoid atives. even the appearance of disrespect to the memorialists. All the amendments of the House were concurred in, He had only further to say that he had beard no Senator on motion of Mr. SOUTHARD, excepting part of the offer any apology or excuse, on this floor, for the per- following amendment made by the House: son at the head of the Mexican Government, for any act, / , The President of the Unised States be, and he hereor any imputed act, of barbarous or cruel conduct. He by is, authorized, if in his opinion the public interest repeated his hope, however, that Senators would not shall require, to send out a surveying and exploring exindulge in the expression of offensive epithets in refer- pedition to the Pacific Ocean and South Seas: and for ence to that person, until they knew something certain that purpose to employ a sloop of war, and to purchase ly in regard to his conduct which would warrant such or provide such other small vessels as may be necessary language.
and proper to render the said expedition efficient and The motion to lay the memorials on the table, and to useful; and, for this purpose, the sum of one hundred print them, was then put, aud decided in the affirma and fifty thousand dollars be, and the same is hereby,
appropriated out of any money in the Treasury not WESTERN FRONTIER.
otherwise appropriated; and, in addition thereto, if ne
cessary, the President of the United States is authorized The Senate, on motion of Mr. BENTON, took up to use other means in the control of the Navy Departthe bill from the other House, authorizing the President ment, not exceeding one hundred and fifty thousand dolof the United States to accept the services of volunteers, lars, for the objects required.” and to raise an additional regiment of dragoons or mount. Mr. SOUTHARD moved to strike out so much of the ed riflemen.
above amendment as is contained in the following words: There was some discussion in reference to this bill, if in his opinion the public interest shall require."
[Mar 11, 1836.
On this proposition Mr. HILL asked for the yeas and which Mr. Bextor's resolution proposes to expunge, nays, which were ordered; and the question being taken | being taken up and readon Mr. SOUTHARD's motion, it was decided as follows: Mr. WHITÉ said he wished to have an opportunity
YEAS--Messrs. Benton, Black, Clay, Clayton, Davis, to take the sense of the Senate on this resolution during Ewing of Ohio, Grundy, Hendricks, Hubbard, Kent, the present session, and he should feel it to be his duty Knight, Leigh, Linn, Naudain, Niles, Prentiss, Rives, to present the views which his own mind had taken of Robbins, Ruggles, Shepley, Southard, Swift, Tallmadge, the subject. But as he did not wish to retard the proTomlinson, Walker, White--26.
gress of the appropriation bills, if any gentleman desired Nars--Messrs. Hill, King of Georgia, Wright--3. to bring forward an appropriation bill, he would postpone
The amendment of the House, as amended, was then his resolution. concurred in
Mr. BENTON signifying a wish to take up the fortifiSPANISH CONVENTION.
On motion of Mr. WHITE, the resolution was postOn motion of Mr. CLAY, the Senate took up the bill poned, and made the special order for Monday next. to carry into effect the convention between the United States and Spain.
FORTIFICATION BILL. This bill had been reported from the Committee on On motion of Mr. BENTON, the bill making approForeign Relations, with an amendment striking out the priations for the purchase of sites, for the collection of
e bill from the House, and inserting the Sen-materials, and for the construction of fortifications, was ate bill, which provides that the funds received under | taken up.. the treaty referred to should be distributed by the At On motion of Mr. BENTON, the following items were torney General instead of a board of commissioners;
| stricken out of the bill in pursuance of the recommendawhich amendment, after some explanation by Messrs. tions in the report of the Secretary of War: CLAY, TALLMADGE, and WHITE, was agreed to. For fortifications at Provincetown, .
$50,000 Sundry amendments were proposed by the committee For works on the Delaware, at the outlet of to amend verbally, so as to strike out in several parts of the Chesapeake and Delaware canal, - 50,000 the bill the words "commissioners and their officers," For fortifications to cover the artificial harbor and insert the words “ Attorney General and his secre. at Cape Henlopen, - . . 150,000
For a fort at Cedar point, on the Patuxent The amendments were then ordered to be engrossed,
river, - .
100,000 and the bill to be read a third time.
For fortifications at the mouth of the St. king up and disposing of a large number of Mary's river, Georgia, -
50,000 other bills,
For steam batteries, to strike out the approThe Senate adjourned.
priation of $660,000, and insert $100,000,
making a deduction in this item of . 560,000 WEDNESDAY, MAY 11.
Mr. BENTON moved further to amend the bill by
adding an additional section making an appropriation of MEXICO.
$30,000 for defraying the expenses of a board of officers Mr. CLAY, from the Committee on Foreign Relations, to examine sites, make surveys, &c., for the purpose of to wbich was referred the message of the President of ascertaining the best plan of fortifications, and the most the United States concerning an additional article in the eligible situations for them; which motion was carried. treaty with Mexico, reported a bill to provide for carry- | Mr. BENTON then submitted the following amending into effect the treaty of limits with the Government ment: of Mexico; which was read, and ordered to a second
To strike out $101,000 for fortifications at Penobscot reading
bay, and insert $75,000 for the year 1836, and $75,000 Mr. CLAY said that the bill was in exact conformity
for the year 1837. with the former one, and was intended to revive the Mr. B. observed that this was in pursuance of the rec. commission which had expired in consequence of tbeommendations of the Secretary of War, that when apexpiration of the treaty. The Committee on Foreign propriations are to be made for fortifications, it would Relations were desirous that it should pass without delay. be better for the public service to make the whole apThere was a peculiar propriety in so passing it, result. I propriation at once, so that the officer's might know the ing from our existing relations with Mexico. A survey extent to which they were to go, and that the works was to be made; and we were endeavoring to ascertain, might not be delayed by waiting for appropriations, as as precisely as possible, the true boundary line between
had been the case heretofore. The principle introduced that country and our own. In the mean time, the Gene in this bill was to provide in one year for what was proral commanding our forces in that quarter bad taken upposed to be done in two years. The object was to prea position in or near this disputed territory. Existing vent delay in commencing the work early in the season. circumstances were such as to make it absolutely neces. The officers employed to carry it on would have time sary that proper officers should be authorized to carry to engage persons to do it, and to invite competition; out the provisions of the treaty; thereby evincing the wbereas, when delayed till the summer, they had to emsincerity of our intentions, and the fidelity with which | ploy laborers at an advanced price; and the consequence we adhered to our engagements.
was, that the same amount of work cost the Government The bill provided for the services of a commissioner | more than it ought to do. and surveyor, but not for those of a clerk. A provisional Mr. WHITE understood the recommendations of the appropriation was introduced, however, to pay the Secretary of War were to appropriate such sums as salary of such officer, and the Executive empowered to | would be necessary to finish the fortifications already appoint him if it was deemed necessary.
commenced, and to re-examine the whole system under The bill was then read a second time, and was order a board of examination for that purpose. He believed ed to be engrossed for a third reading.
we ought to re-examine it to see whether the plan
might not be reduced to one of greater economy. In RESCINDING A RESOLUTION.
his (Mr. W's) view, they ought to strike out every apMr. Wute's resolution, offered some time since, on propriation to new fortifications in the bill. [Mr. BENthe subject of rescinding the resolution of March, 1834, 1 TON here remarked, there were none but new forti