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MAY 14, 1836.]

District of Columbia.

(SENATE.

that he had had no communication on this subject with the repayment of the money. He confessed that he had these gentlemen at all; but he knew them to be highly not attended sufficiently to this amendment to undermeritorious contractors, who, in order to strstain them stand its purport when he gave bis vote; indeed, he was selves thus far, had made great exertions, and had under the impression that the question then taken had a stretched their credit to the utmost.

different import from the one it really had. He did not After being amended, the bill was ordered to be en consider that he had a right to vote to give this money grossed for a third reading, without a division.

to the city of Washington, or to any body else, without DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.

security for reimbursement; and he therefore moved for

a reconsideration of the vote. Mr. KING of Alabama, from the Committee for the Mr. KING of Alabama thought that he had stated the District of Columbia, to which had been referred the simple question before the Senate as plainly as language amendments of the House of Representatives to the could make it. If they struck out the second section, they bill for the relief of the several corporations of the Dis-gave up the stock and advanced the money without any trict of Columbia, made a report thereon, recommending pledge whatever; if they retained the section, there that the Senate agree to the first amendment, and subwould be a transfer of this stock to the Government. He mitting an amendment to the second..

did not mean to mislead a single individual in the explaMr. K. then proceeded to explaine the bearing of the nation he bad given. He wished further to state, that if amendments of the House of Representatives upon the the object was to take from these corporations the stock bill as it had passed the Senate. One of the amendments for which they had paid $650,000, it would leave them of the House had reduced the appropriation $600,000, without any resources to rid themselves from the heavy in which he supposed the Senate would concur. The embarrassments under which they were laboring. other amendment proposed to take the stock in the canal Mr. LEIGH did not doubt that the honorable Senator absolutely; whereas the Senate had only proposed to [Mr. King of Alabama] had made the explanation as take it as a security. For his part, he was opposed to stated, and he confessed it was his own fault for not untaking the stock absolutely, and hoped the amendment derstanding it; but his mind, at that moment, had been of the House authorizing it would be stricken out; and abstracted from the subject. If he had understood the if the House of Representatives should not concur in the question, he should have voted directly contrary to the amendment to strike it out, perhaps some arrangement yote he gave. He agreed with the Senator from Mississippi could be made in committee of conference upon the [Mr. WALKER] that the Government had no right to beamendment, which would meet the views of both bran come a joint stockholder, but would not enter into a disches. If, however, the Senate should not think propercussion of that question at that time. He would prefer to strike it out, he had an amendment prepared to offer, the amendment proposed to be offered by the Senator which would make the section more acceptable to him, from Alabama, (Mr. King, in case this amendment to and he thought it would make it more so to others. He strike out failed, to the section as it now stood. wished the Senate to understand distinctly the principles The reconsideration was then ordered, and the queson which they were voting. If they struck out the sec- tion recurred on striking out the second section. ond section, it would be relinquishing entirely the stock Mr. GRUNDY wished to know from the chairman to these corporations, and making the appropriations in of the committee whether, if this amendment were the bill without taking any security for reimbursement; adopted, these corporations would remain in debt to the if they retained this second section, it would be taking Government, or whether the appropriation in the bill this stock as the absolute property of the Government, was to be considered as a free gift. and depriving the three cities of the resources by which Mr. KING replied, that there was no obligation ubat. they might relieve themselves from their great pecuniary ever on the part of these corporations to refund this embarrassments. He had insuperable objections to the

money. The object (Mr. K. said) was to relieve these Government owning this stock, and he would there corporations from their embarrassment, and to get rid fore be glad to see this section stricken out.

of the whole matter. If gentlemen were not prepared Mr. WALKER said, that, being a member of the com- to go this far, he was; for he believed that the exmittee which reported this bill, it seemed necessary that penses incurred by one of these corporations had greatly he should explain his reasons for agreeing to the report. enhanced the value of the Government's property, the He never could have voted for the bill in the shape that taxes on which alone would amount to the sum granted. it came from the House, as it proposed to make the He hoped this bill would be sent to the other House unGovernment the purchasers of stock in this canal com-embarrassed by any stock transactions whatever. pany, in the same manner as if it had originally subscrib | Mr. WEBSTER could not see any difference in the ed to the same amount. He had strong objections to principle between lending these corporations money on the Government becoming joint stockholders in any com security, and giving it to them as a donation. He was pany, and he should therefore vote for the amendment bere when the loan was contracted, and, foreseeing the to strike out the second section; believing it better for difficulties that would be created by it, had remonstrated the United States to have no security at all for the against it; and, in fact, none protested more loudly against advances they were to make, than to be secured in so it than the good people of Washington themselves. It objectionable a way.

was well known that the corporations (the city of Wash. On taking the question, the first amendment of the inglon in particular) pretended to have claims against House was concurred in without a division; and the the Government, on account of expenditures, which had amendment to the second amendment reported by the bad the effect of raising the value of its property. This committee, striking out the second section, which pro was no doubt true, to some extent; and he thought the vides that the stock held by the three corporations shall money granted by this bill would be a very liberal way be relinquished to the Government, was agreed to--Ayes of paying all claims they might have of that nature. He 21, noes 9.

was willing to give them this money, and to have the Mr. LEIGH, who had voted with the majority, moved

debt considered as cancelled. a reconsideration of the vote striking out the second Mr. CALHOUN said the chairman of the Committee section of the bill for the relief of the corporate cities of for the District of Columbia (Mr. King of Alabama) bad the District of Columbia, as amended by the House. avowed this appropriation to be a donation. He (Mr. This vote, he said, gave to these cities a large sum of c.) doubted the propriety and also the constitutionality money, without taking any consideration whatever for of making it. He would much rather support the bill SENATE.]

District of Columbia.

[Mar 14, 1836.

as sent from the Senate. He believed, when the canal be taken by the bill, as it originally passed the Senate; was extended to the mineral regions, the stock would and to strike out the amendment of the House requiring rise above par. He would much rather the bill would the transfer of the stock to the United States. be sent back to the House of Representatives as it had Mr. W. said he should vote for the amendment prooriginally passed the Senate. He doubted the right of posed by the committee of the Senate, simply because Congress to vote away the money of the people, without he considered the bill in that shape much more favorable making provision to have it returned to their Treasury to the public Treasury than in the shape in which it oriagain,

ginally passed the Senate, and because he could not conMr. NILES said it was a very ungracious task in any sent to the principle contained in the amendment of one to oppose this bill, containing a donation to these the House, requiring a positive transfer of the stock corporations, which a high sense of public duty required to the United States. He did not consider the intrinsic him to do. Congress, in his opinion, had no right to value of the stock worth the six or seven hundred thouinterfere in this matter, except as the local Legislature sand dollars stricken from the bill as the consideration of the District of Columbia. These people had involved for a release of all claim upon the canal stock. He themselves in this great work, and, for his part, he could would not now vote for an appropriation of that amount see no foundation for this claim either in law or equity of money from the Treasury for the purchase of the So far as the Government had stepped in as an endorser, stock, as a mere financial measure, without any objection they ought to see the debt paid. If they paid the debt of principle to such a use of the public money. He in the capacity of an endorser, they ought, as an endor therefore thought we should make a more profitable ser, to secure themselves for the reimbursement of it. | bargain for the public Treasury by passing the bill in He believed conscientiously that to relieve these people this shape, than in the shape in which it had been first from these improvident acts, would be to encourage im put by the Senate. He must be most distinctly underprovidence. The value of this stock at this time was stood as entirely opposed to the whole appropriation in not worth one-sixth of the amount of the debt, and the any shape; and his present object was, having seen that very property which the money appropriated by Con- a majority of the Senate were favorable to the bill in gress bad purchased might not be worth $10,000; but some shape, to make the best bargain for the Treasury whether worth much or little, they ought to take security, in his power. It seemed to him that some gentlemen not as a hard creditor on the whole property of the were treating rather with matters of form than matters of District, but on this canal property, on account of which substance. They were insisting upon the form of security the debt bad been incurred.

for the entire amount of liability assumed by the GovernMr. WRIGHT said, as he bad opposed this bill originment; while no man did contend, and he was sure no ally, he owed it to himself to explain the views which

o bimself to explain the views which man would contend, that the real value of the security would govern his vote upon the question now presented. proposed to be taken was not equal to the actual payIt seemed to him to be simple, and to rest within a very ment of money from which we propose to relieve the narrow compass. The Senate passed this bill assuming Treasury, in consideration of yielding our mortgage upon the Holland debt, amounting, as he understood, to one the stock, which is all the security offered, or proposed and a half million of dollars, and also appropriating to be taken. from the public Treasury from six to seven bundred Mr. W. said, entertaining these views, he should thousand dollars, to pay to the several cities of Washing: 1 vote for the amendment recommended by the committee, ton, Georgetown, and Alexandria, the interest and though he should at all times, and in any shape, while charges they had respectively paid on account of their his feelings remained as they now were, yote against respective portions of the loan from Holland; and, as a the bill. sbow of security to the Government for those payments, 1 Mr. BLACK had always voted against bills similar to the bill provided for a pledge or mortgage to the United this. In the first place, he was opposed to the claim; States of the stock held by each city respectively in the and in the second place, he was opposed to taking Chesapeake and Obio Canal Company.

nominal security, which was, in fact, no security at all, The bill went to the House in this sbape, where it and which he was opposed to having any thing to do was amended by striking out the appropriation of from with. He concurred in opinion with the Senator from six to seven hundred thousand dollars for inierest and Alabama, (Mr. King,] that it was better to give it as a expenses, and by striking out also the provision for the donation, ihan to have any thing to do with the stock. pledge or mortgage of the stock, and inserting, in lieu He could not see the difference in the power of Con. thereof, a provision for a positive transfer of the stock to gress between luaning the money on the security of a the United States, in consideration of the assumption transfer of the stock, and giving it as a donation without by the Government of an equal amount of the Holland security. debt.

Mr. CLAYTON said that he could vote to grant relief The committee of the Senate, as he thought most to the city of Washington, because, had the Government wisely, had disagreed to the amendment of the House paid taxes on its property in the same manner that the providing for a positive transfer of the stock, because citizens bad, the sum would have amounted to more he considered that provision entirely objectionable in than was given to it by this bill; but this principle did principle, as in effect making the United States a pur. not apply to the towns of Georgetown and Alexandria, chaser of this amount of the stock of the canal company and le must therefore vote against the bill. He could at par, for money advanced, or for an equal liability, vote for it, if it applied to Washington alone; but as be less advantageous to the public Treasury than an advance could not vote for Washington unconnected with the of money. He was unable to discover any difference in other towns, he must oppose the whole bill. principle between this proposition and a proposition to The question was then taken on striking out the subscribe, on the part of the Government, to an equal second section, and it was decided in the negative-Yeas amount of the stock of this canal company.

13, nays 26, as follows: The committee of the Senate now recommend to us! YEAS-Messrs. Black, Ewing of Illinois, Kent, King to concur in the first amendment of the Blouse to strike of Alabama, Nicholas, Porter, Preston, Southard, Tallout the appropriation for interest and expenses, amount madge, Walker, Wall, Webster, Wright--13 ing to between six and seven hundred thousand dollars; NAYS--Messrs. Benton, Brown, Buchanan, Calhoun, and, in consideration of this, to give up to the cities the Clayton, Crittenden, Cuthbert, Davis, Ewing of Ohio, pledge, or mortgage, upon the canal stock proposed to Grundy, Hill, Ilubbard, King of Georgia, Knight, Leis',

Mar 16, 1836.)

Naval Academy.

(SENATE.

Moore, Morris, Niles, Prentiss, Rives, Robbins, Robin- The nature and situation of the naval service exhibit son, Ruggles, Shepley, Swift, Tomlinson-26.

strongly the necessity for the proposed measure. Mr. KING of Alabama then moved to amend the Our navy visits every land and every ocean. It proamendment of the House, so as to provide that the stock tects a commerce at this moment as valuable as that of in the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, held by the corpora- any other nation, though less than one other in amount tions of Washington, Georgetown, and Alexandria, shall of men and tonnage, scattered over the whole habitable be deposited with the Secretary of the Treasury, who globe, and exposed to dangers of every possible descripis empowered to sell the same at any time within ten tion. In the protection of this commerce, our naval years, and reimburse the money advanced by this bill. officers are often brought in contact with the Govern

Mr. WEBSTER said he felt bound to inquire, before ments and official agents of every civilized nation, and we should consent to take this stock, either positively are often obliged to have intercourse with them upon or conditionally, whether it was subject to further calls subjects which can only be properly treated by wellby the company; whether, by taking a mortgage, or a educated and well-informed men. They are, indeed, transfer, we were subjecting the Government to further our national representatives in all other countries, and payments, before we should attempt to protect our from them much of the estimate of us, as to our manners, interests in a manner which would, in fact, merely incur intelligence, and character as a nation, must be drawn. further indebtedness.

It is not possible that their duties can be performed in Mr. WRIGHT said he would reply to the Senator the manner in which we should desire them to be perfrom Massachusetts, tbat, according to his understanding formed, without science, intelligence, and knowledge. of the matter, a further call would be most desirable to Besides, we are a growing nation, and it is our interest the Government, in case we were to take the stock. and our duty to draw from every other region every He supposed the only consequence of a failure to pay, species of knowledge which can be useful to us. This in case of a call, would be a forfeiture of the stock; and can be more effectually and usefully accomplished by it seemed to be the only way in which we could get rid this, than by any other class of our citizens. But how of it. He believed he was not mistaken, and that the can all these be accomplished by them, without proper, privilege of forfeiture, in case of further calls, would be practical, and useful education? And when are they to left to us.

receive this education? They are appointed when mere Mr. WEBSTER, sitting in his seat, said, I hope so. boys-generally between the ages of foarteen and seven

Mr. King's amendment was then agreed to, and the teen-when it is not possible that they should be well bill, as amended, was sent to the other House for con- informed and disciplined scholars. Their situation and currence.

duties in the service render it equally impossible that On motion of Mr. SHEPLEY, the Senate took up the they should make extensive literary and scientific acbill for the relief of Daniel Steeprod; and, after a debate, quirements, beyond the mere practical duties of the

On motion of Mr. CLAYTON, it was referred to the seaman. They bave not pay enough at that period of Committee of Claims.

their service to purchase the means of instruction, nor NAVAL ACADEMY.

time enough to acquire it. Their employments are too

active and steady. Mr. SOUTHARD, from the Committee on Naval AF

The only mode by which it can be secured is, by the fairs, reported a bill to establish a naval academy; which

establishment of a school, which shall combine literary was read, and ordered to a second reading. The report

and scientific instruction with practical performance of is as follows:

a portion of their duties; and this may be accomplished The Naval Committee, to whom were referred the reso

by competent teachers, and by connecting with the lutions of sundry officers of the navy, in relation to a

school one or more small vessels, in which they may be naval school, report: The subject to which the attention of the committee

compelled, under proper guidance, to perform in turn

all the services of the common sailor, with those also has been directed by these resolutions is not new to

which belong to office and command. them. In the discharge of the duties assigned by the

The expense of such an establishment need not be Senate, they have anxiously deliberated upon it; and before the reference which calls for this report, they

large. With it, we may dispense with the present in

sufficient and almost useless system of instruction on had resolved to present it to the consideration of the

board of our cruising vessels, and the money expended Senate, and directed their chairman to report a bill for

upon it would go far towards supplying the means necesthe establishment of a naval school. In coming to this decision, the committee take leave

sary for the support of the school. to refer to the course of others who have preceded them

So many considerations enter into the selection of a in their action upon this interesting subject. Upon the

place for a naval school, and it is so properly the duty

of the Executive, that the committee have thought it proearnest recommendation of the Executive, provision was

per to leave the selection to the Executive. proposed by the Senate for the establishment of a naval

They report a bill. school in the bill for the gradual improvement of the

The Senate then proceeded to consider the bill for navy, which was approved on the 3d of March, 1827,

the relief of Daniel Steenrod. but was lost by a very small majority. At the last ses

Mr. CLAYTON moved to commit the bill to the Comsion of the Senate, a bill was introduced for this object,

mittee of Claims; which was, after much discussion, and subsequently reported by the committee, but was not finally acted upon. In again presenting it to the Sen

agreed to. ate, the committee are influenced by a strong and deci

The Senate then adjourned. ded conviction of its indispensable necessity to the public interests, and to the honor, usefulness, and efficiency of the navy.

MONDAY, MAY 16. The sense entertained and expressed by the officers Mr. SHEPLEY presented the credentials of the honwhose resolutions were referred, of the value of educa-orable John M. NILES, elected by the Legislature of the tion to naval officers, and the impossibility of their State of Connecticut a Senator from that State, to supply obtaining it under the present system, meets the entire the vacancy occasioned by the death of the honorable approbation of the committee, and they refer the Senate NATHAN SMITII. to them, as expressing sentiments and opinions worthy The oath to support the constitution of the United of respectful regard.

SENATE.]

Recognition of Texas.

[Mar 16, 1836.

States was then administered to Mr. NILES by the Vice swept her foes off the land by her valiant achievements. President.

They had conquered, in her, our rights, and by her own RECOGNITION OF TEXAS.

arms, while he had stood by witnessing the struggle for

liberty. Mr. KNIGHT presented the petition of sundry citi. Texas might or might not belong to us, or we to it; zens of Bristol, Rhode Island, praying for the erection but talking, as the people there did, the same language of a custom-house; which was referred to the Committee with us, and having the same feelings with us, they were on Commerce.

too homogeneous not to belong to us--they were with us Mr. MANGUM presented a series of resolutions adopt and for us, and we were with and for them. ed by a meeting of citizens of Burke county, North Caro Wishing all happiness, success, and prosperity to Texlina, on the subject of the affairs of Texas, recommend as, be declared bis readiness to receive her the moment ing the acknowledgment by the Government of the Uni. her achievements had sealed her independence. He ted States of the independence of that country,

was not prepared at this time to go the length asked of Mr. PRESTON said he had recently had occasion to him in the resolutions. A short waiting of events was express his hopes, his wishes, and his feelings in regard to necessary, before definitive action could be had. But the the affairs in Texas; and as his views were known in re tidings were on the wing; and but give him the fact that lation to them, he was not disposed to trouble the Senate Texas was a Government de facto, and he pledged himat this time with any further expression of them. And self, for one, to go for the recognition of her indepenyet he could not recognise the honor conferred on him dence instanter. by the mention of his name in the resolutions just pre- Mr. P. concluded by tendering his hearty response to sented, without reiterating the sentiments expressed by the sentiments of the people of the county of Burke, in him before. He could not tell why the honor was done | North Carolina, and his acknowledgments for the honhim in this case, unless it were on account of his devo- or they had done him in the mention of his name. tion to the cause of civil liberty generally throughout the Mr. WALKER said he had, upon the 22d of April world. He adverted to the coincidence in point of time

last, called the attention of the Senate to the struggle in between the receipt of those resolutions and this glorious Texas, and suggested the reservation of any surplus that intelligence from Texas of one of the most glorious re

might remain in the Treasury, for the purpose of acquisults ever achieved. It was a gloomy period in the cause ring Texas from whatever Government might remain of Texas when the Mexican Governor had advanced to the Government de facto of that country. At that period our own borders, with a well disciplined army flushed

(said Mr. W.) no allusion had been made, he believed, with victory, and in his progress bad marked his foot- by any one in either House of Congress to the situation steps with blood, when he (Mr. P.) gave utterance to of affairs in Texas. And now, (said Mr. W.,) upon the the impulse of his feelings the other day. He then very day that he had called the attention of the Senate used epithets which were prompted by the natural feel to this subject, it appeared that Santa Anna had been capings of his heart. But he had now no feeling against tured, and his army overthrown. Mr. W. said he had Santa Anna, for he was, thank-God, a prisoner, or per never doubted this result. When, on the 22d of April haps a corpse; and he was ready to proclaim “glory to last, resolutions were introduced before the Senate by God in the highest." The effects of that victory had open

the Senator from Ohio, (Mr. MORRIS,] requesting Coned up a curtain to a most magnificent scene. This in- gress to recognise the independence of Texas, be (Mr. vader had come on at the head of his force, urged on by W.) had opposed laying these resolutions on the table, and no ordinary impulse-by an infuriate fanaticism--by a

advocated their reference to a committee of the Senate. superstitious Catholicism, goaded on by a miserable Mr. W. said he had addressed the Senate then under very priesthood, against that invincible Anglo-Saxon race. I different circumstan

different circumstances from those which now existed. It was at once a war of religion and liberty. And when the cries of the expiring

The cries of the expiring prisoners at the Alamo were

i that noble race engaged in a war, victory was sure to

then resounding in our ears; the victorious usurper was

then resounding in our perch upon their standard. This was not merely the advancing onward with his exterminating warfare, and, retribution of the cruel war upon the Alamo, but that tide

in the minds of many, all was gloom and despondency; which was swollen by this extraordinary victory would

but Mr. W. said that the published report of our proroll on, and roll on, and roll on; and it was not in the

ceedings demonstrated that he did not for a moment despirit of prophecy to tell when it would stop.

spond; that his confidence in the rifle of the West was He adverted to a period when these balls were anima

firm and unshaken; and that he had then declared that ted in a controversy between Mexico and Spain, in

the sun was not more certain to set in the western horiwhich, although too young to participate in it, yet he zon, than that Texas would maintain her indepenremembered his heart beat high on that occasion for the dence; and this sentiment he had taken occasion to recause of freedom. The Anglo-Saxon race was a popu- peat in the debate on this subject in the Senate on the lation to which liberty belonged, and from which liberty 9th of May last. Mr. W. said that what was then could not be eradicated. Look, said he, across to the Gulf

prediction is now reality; and his heart beat high, of California, and one Government will overspread that and his very pulse tbrobbed with delight, in conwhole extent of country. Mexico, it was known, templating this triumph of liberty. Sir, (said Mr. W.,) raised her army with difficulty, for it was well known

the people of the valley of the Mississippi never could that there was a part of the people there who were re.

have permitted Santa Anna and his myrmidons to retain publican, and that Santa Anna had brought the army he the dominion of Texas. led into the field himself, and that he was the soul of it. Look (said Mr.W.) at the maps, and observe the exHe was now cut off, and the impression upon the pub-traordinary corners and angles of our present boundarylic mind would be such, that the spirit of the South and that boundary, by the treaty of 1819, by wbich Texas Southwest would pour thousands of volunteers on the was sacrified; by which the valley of Mississippi was disscene of action to put an end to the struggle; and when | membered; by which the great territories of the Missisthey had once put their foot upon the Alamo, they would sippi, the Arkansas for hundreds of miles, and the Red not look back, but onward-onward would be their river for a thousand miles, were virtually surrendered to march.

Spain; by which the right to navigate the Mississippi The Mexican Government had now no foothold--San was in fact ceded to Spain, and a foreign power placed ta Anna was now po more, and there was no Mexican on Red river, within three days of New Orleans; a treaty Government. Texas had achieved her liberty- she had / by which the most valuable territory, and the most im

Mar 17, 18, 1836.]

Alphonso Wetmore-- Indian Bill.

(SENATE.

portant harbors on the Gulf of Mexico were given up, Mr. WEBSTER reminded the Senator that there an enemy placed within a few hours' sail of New Orleans, was a rule of the Senate which required that every and the command of the Gulf abandoned; a treaty by Senator should be responsible for the respectful terms which five or six States (in the prospective) were torn in which the petitioner addressed Congress. from the banner of the American Union, by which the [Mr. Linx's reply was not heard. He was understood balance of power between the North and the South was to say that had be seen the language, the recollection of broken; a balance, by establishing which, whilst the the rule would have induced him to refrain from preNorth maintained its numerical preponderance in the senting it.) lower House, the South would maintain a majority in the The committee were then discharged from the furSenate, and thus each section be prevented from oppress ther consideration of the petition. ing the other, and our glorious Union be rendered per-| ALABAMA AND MISSISSIPPI FIVE PER CENT. petual. And, (said Mr. W.,) let gentlemen look at the nature of the population of Mexico; let them examine

FUND. Malte Brun, and they will find that the valley of the Mis

On motion of Mr. WALKER, the Senate proceeded sissippi never could have permitted Santa Anna to set

to consider the bill to carry into effect, in the States of tle Texas with the mixed colored races of Mexico. He

Alabama and Mississippi, the existing compacts with said that, by a reference to Malte Brun, it appeared that

those States in regard to the five per cent. fund, and of the eight millions that peopled Mexico, but one

the school reservations. seventh were of the white race; and that since that pe

The object of this bill is to reserve the one thirty-sixth riod the expulsion of the European Spaniards had still l part of the lands ceded by the Chickasaws in the abovefurther diminished their number. The rest were Afri.

named States, for the use of schools, and also the five cans, Indians, Mettizos, Mulattoes, and Zambos, speaking

per cent. fund to be allowed under the compact. twenty different languages, and constituting the most

The only alteration proposed was an amendment poisonous compound that could be amalgamated; united moved by Mr. WALKER, providing that the selections in but one thing--their subjection to a tyrannical priest

of the lands should be made out of any public lands rehood, and their total ignorance of the first principles of maining unsold that shall have been offered at public civil and religious liberty. And could this miscalled re- sale," instead of “ out of any public lands remaining public be permitted to dismember the great valley of

unsold that have been heretofore offered," &c. the West, to establish a Government of Zambos and Met. The amendment being agreed to, the bill was orderUzos, of Africans and Mulattoes, upon the borders of led to be engrossed Louisiana and Arkansas, in the very heart of the country,

On motion of Mr. WHITE, the Senate proceeded to commanding the great tributaries of the Father of War, the consideration of executive business; after which, ters, constituting an asylum for fugitive slaves from the

The Senate adjourned. West; a people prepared to join at any moment in pred. atory incursions upon the frontiers; prepared to unite

WEDNESDAY, MAY 18. with and instigate the people of their own colored race within our limits to deeds of bloodshed and massacre?

VOLUNTEERS. No, (said Mr. W.,) this never could, it never ought, it

Mr. KING of Alabama observed, that they had renever would have been permitted by the people of the

ceived information that morning of a character which West; and Mr. W. rejoiced that the conflict was over. rendered it necessary that they should proceed, without The resolutions were then ordered to be printed.

delay, to the consideration of the bill providing for raisAfter transacting some other business,

ing an additional force for the protection of the frontiers. Mr. WHITE moved that the Senate proceed to the They had undoubted information that the Creek Indians, consideration of executive business.

who had, for some time, been in communication with the The motion was opposed by Mr. CALHOUN and Mr.

Seminoles, bad manifested a hostile spirit. In this state GOLDSBOROUGH, but was carried in the affirmative: ! of things he deemed it unnecessary to say any thing more Yeas 26.

than to ask the Senate to take up the bill from the House The Senate then proceeded to the consideration of authorizing the President to accept the service of volexecutive business.

unteers, and he hoped that the amendments made to it After sitting some tinie with closed doors,

by the Senator from South Carolina [Mr. PRESTON ) The Senate adjourned.

would obviate all objections to it, and that it would be

passed and sent back to the House immediately. If they TUESDAY, MAY 17.

wished to avoid the scenes of horror that had been wit

nessed in Florida, it was necessary for them to act at ALPHONSO WETMORE.

once. Mr. NAUDAIN moved that the Committee of Claims The bill was then taken up, and, after the amendments be discharged from the further consideration of the pe. I had been explained by Mr. PRESTON, they were agreed tition of Alphonso Wetmore. To account for the mo- to, and the bill was ordered for a third reading.. tion, be read a sentence from the memorial, in which

INDIAN BILL. the petitioner, in reference to a former application, expressed the presumption that his honor would not again

On motion of Mr. WEBSTER, the Senate proceeded be assailed, declaring his determination to punish an in- to consider the bill making appropriations for the cursult, were it even in the court of Heaven!!

rent expenses of the Indian department, for Indian anMr. WEBSTER asked how it had happened that such nuities, and other similar objects, for the year 1836. a petition had been presented?

Mr. WEBSTER stated that, since the bill had been Mr. LINN said he could answer that question. He reported, various communications had been made from had hastily glanced over its contents, and the offensive the department, which had induced the Committee on words had escaped his notice. But, had he seen them, Finance to offer sundry amendments. he would not say that he should not have presented the The first amendment proposed by Mr. WEBSTER was, petition. He had no objection to having a dozen such after the clauses making appropriations for the Florida referred to him. He could let them pass for just so Indians, to insert a proviso that no part of the sum thus much as they were worth, and not bring them into im- appropriated should be paid to such Indians ag have been portance by any specific reference to them.

or are actually engaged in hostilities against the United Vol. XII.-92

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