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Mar 23, 1836.]

Recognition of Texas.

(SENATE.

solemn and deliberate conviction of his judgment, that ask not how Governments are established--by what reythey should recognise the independence of Texas, olutions they are brought into existence. Let us see whenever they were satisfied that she had an established an independent Government in Texas, and he would Government. Whether they extended their jurisdiction not be behind the Senator from Mississippi nor the Sento Texas, as he desired, or not, they should congratu- / ator from South Carolina in pressing forward to its re. late themselves that American institutions, American cognition, and establishing with it the most cordial and feelings, our freedom, our language, and our kindred friendly relations. Why (said Mr. K.) should our race, predominated over that fair country, instead of the course now be made to differ from that pursued by us colored mongrel race, and barbarous tyranny, and su when South America was struggling to free herself perstitions of Mexico. They had not, it was true, re from the grinding tyranny of Spain, from the horrors of ceived official confirmation of the glorious intelligence, the inquisition? Was there a man who did not deeply which there was so much reason to credit. If they had, sympathize with them, and desire to see them freed he would have at once laid a resolution on the table, from their oppressors? Not one, sir, not one; every looking to the acknowledgment of the independence of heart throughout this widely-extended republic throbTexas; but not having received such official information, bed with joy at their successes, with pain at their rehe did not propose more at present, than to take the verses. Did we at once acknowledge their independinitiatory steps of an inquiry by the appropriate com ence! No, sir; far from it. The eloquent Senator mittee. The Senator from Ohio referred to the agents from Kentucky, then a member of the House of Repfrom Texas now in this city, as being private agents resentatives, exerted all his powers in vain. The then only. He begged leave to tell the gentleman that they administration, wise, cautious, just, could not be inwere public and accredited agents, and not the less re- duced to act in the absence of all information on which spectable because they were once American citizens, certain reliance could be placed. Three of our most and not less respectable than the accredited agents of respectable citizens were deputed to ascertain the true the tyrant and usurper, Santa Anna. They had been state of things; and it was not until their report was told to wait till Texas had established her independence. | received, that that prudent administration recommend. She had established it, and was able to maintain it. By ed the recognition of the independence of the South her great and glorious victory, she had her oppressor in American republics, and the whole country joyfully her power, and could dictate to him what terms she responded to the recommendation. So, he should hope, pleased; and (Mr. W. said) the battle in which Santa would be the action of the administration on the preAnna was captured was next in importance, to the sent occasion. Let us bave information on which we civilized world, to the conflict which terminated in the may rely, not mere rumor. surrender of Cornwallis, and would be equally decisive Gentlemen had declared their determination to susof the fate of an infant republic.

tain the proposition of the honorable Senator from MisMr. KING, of Alabama, was aware, from the present sissippi, because they regarded it as evidencing the feelexcited state of feeling on the subject of Texas, that ings and wishes of the Executive on this subject. He, every wise and prudent course would be misunderstood, for one, could not consent that such an impression and probably construed into hostility to the efforts now should go abroad. He had had no communication with making by the Texans to establish a free and indepen. the Chief Magistrate on the subject; but he felt confident Government; but, so long as he remained a member | dent that the distinguished individual at the head of the on that floor, he would, regardless of every considera Government was too wise and too prudent to recom. tion, throw himself in opposition to all measures which mend premature action in relation to a matter involving he conceived were calculated to detract from the exalied consequences of the deepest importance. He should character of this country for good faith and an undevia bave been much gratified if it had pleased honorable ting adherence to all its treaty stipulations. He knew gentlemen to have waited for the development of comnot whether the information received of the extraordina- | ing events, and not, upon the receipt of every rumor, to ry successes of the Texans was to be relied on or not; seize upon it and press for an immediate action. He he sincerely hoped it might prove true; no man here felt could not see the necessity of referring the a deeper detestation of the bloodthirsty wretches who als to the Committee on Foreign Relations; they had had cruelly butchered their defenceless prisoners, than not the means of procaring any information not already he did; but, whether true or false, did it become wise, in the possession of the public. He would have prediscreet, prudent men, bound by the strongest considera ferred that these manifestations of public feeling should tions to preserve the bonor and faith of the country, to have been received and suffered to lie on the table until be hurried along by the effervescence of feeling, and at the proper period for action should arrive. He would once abandon the course, and, he would say, the only not, however, oppose the motion, if gentlemen contintrue course, which this Government has invariably, here- ued to press it; but he trusted to the intelligence and tofore, pursued towards foreign Powers? We have sound discretion of the Committee on Foreign Relations uniformly (said Mr. K.) recognised the existing Gov to let the matter slumber for the present, and not rec ernments-the Governments de facto; we have not stop ommend any action, until possessed of the fullest inped to inquire whether it is a despotic or constitutional formation, sustaining the settled policy of this GovernGovernment; whether it is a republic or a despotism. ment, and becoming to the national Legislature. All we ask is, does a Government actually exist; and Mr. MANGUM hoped the Senate would not send this having satisfied ourselves of that fact, we look no fur- | malter to the committee--not to sleep, for they ought to ther, but recognise it as it is. It was on this principle, report something on the subject. From the relation in (said Mr. K.,) this safe, this correct principle, that we which he stood as a member of that committee towards recognised what was called the republic of France, the Executive, he ought to be cautious not to embarrass founded on the ruins of the old monarchy; then the con- that department of the Government; and from local sular Government; a little after, the imperial; and when causes it would naturally be expected he should have that was crushed by a combination of all Europe, and some feeling on this subject. if he bad, he dare not that most extraordinary man who wielded it was driven move in the matter until the Executive moved. He into exile, we again acknowledged the kiogly Govern- | would not vote for a reference of these, or any other ment of the house of Bourbon, and now the constitu- proceedings, to embarrass the executive department. He tional King Louis Philippe of Orleans.

alluded to a bill before another branch of Congress to Sir, (said Mr. K.,) we take things as they are; we | fix the boundary line between this Government and the

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SENATE.]

Recognition of Texas.

[Mar 23, 1836.

Government of Mexico, and they ought to act with some ceeding in the establishment of her independence. delicacy. He knew he would be denounced in a certain Whether she was to be incorporated into our confederaquarter as wanting in a due sense of feeling for Texas. cy as one of its members, or whether she was to stand But when Texas came up to the standard of indepen- in the relation of an independent sovereignty, having no dence, he was prepared to act promptly, but was not political connexion with us, as a nation, were questions willing to embarrass the Executive upon mere newspa which were fraught with the most important conse. per rumor. He would vote against the reference, on the quences, and would, when presented for deliberation, ground that he was unwilling to take any step until he deserve the most solemn consideration. could go the whole length. At present, there was no He would proceed to say a few words on the motion authentic information that there was any Government in to refer the inemorials in favor of the recognition of the Texag. He would not yield that he had less sensibility independence of Texas to the Committee on Foreign than others in behalf of Texas; and being unwilling that Relations. We had been called on (said Mr. B.) to take the committee should be embarrassed by this delicate this step, by the advocates of the motion, confessedly on question, he would move to lay it on the table.

the grounds of the propriety of an immediate acknowledgMr. CALHOUN was of opinion that it would add ment of the existing authorities in Texas as a Government. more strength to the cause of Texas to wait for a few He, therefore, should view the motion as looking to that days, until they received official confirmation of the vic- result, and as the means by which it was sought to be actory and capture of Santa Anna, in order to obtain a complished. What, he would ask, was the nature of the more unanimous vote in favor of the recognition of information on which this important step was to be prediTexas. He had been of but one opinion from the be-cated? Were we in possession of that well authenticated ginning, that, so far from Mexico being able to reduce intelligence, as regards the condition of Texas, and the Texas, there was great darger of Mexico herself being competency of its existing authorities to maintain themconquered by the Texans. The result of one battle bad selves against the power of the Mexican Governinent, placed the ruler of Mexico in the power of the Texans; which would authorize such a measure? These were and they were now able, either to dictate what terms important preliminary inquiries, and should not be rethey pleased to him, or to make terms with the opposi garded as settled, until we had received more certain tion in Mexico.

and definite information than we yet had in our pos. This extraordinary meeting had given a handful of session. Mr. B. could not, he said, consider the effort brave men a most powerful control over the destinies of which was 'now making by honorable gentlemen to Mexico; he trusted they would use their victory with stimulate action on this subject by our Government, in moderation. He had made up his mind not only to any other light than an attempt to change practically recognise the independence of Texas, but for her ad- and radically the neutral and pacific character of our mission into this Union; and if the Texans managed Government, which had long been cherished as one of their affairs prudently, they would soon be called its wisest and best settled principles of policy-a policy upon to decide that question. No man could suppose under the guidance of which we had grown, and for a moment that that country could ever come again strengthened, and become powerful at home and reunder the dominion of Mexico; and he was of opinion spectable abroad. He, for one, was not willing to exthat it was not for our interests that there should be an change a policy which had produced such rich and independent community between us and Mexico. There valuable fruits, for one of novel experiment and of un. were powerful reasons why Texas should be a part of certain issue. He could not yield his judgment to the this Union. The southern Stutes, owning a slave popu- enthusiastic appeals which had been made to our sympalation, were deeply interested in preventing that coun- | thies on this occasion. Ile trusted that he, too, felt a try from having the power to annoy them; and the becoming and proper sympathy for those in every clime, navigating and manufacturing interests of the North and and in every country, who were engaged in a struggle Fast were equally interested in making it a part of this for liberty against arbitrary power. But there was a Union. He thought they would soon be called on to de- sympathy which he owed in another quarter, and which cide these questions; and when they did act on it, he he acknowledged he felt in its full extent-higher, was for acting on both together--for recognising the in. stronger, and of more sacred obligation than that which dependence of Texas, and for admitting her into the had been on the present occasion claimed of us. It Union.

was a sympathy for the preservation of our national Though he felt the deepest solicitude on this subject, character, for justice, and for the preservati he was for acting calmly,deliberately, and cautiously, but own free institutions. Such was the ardent anxiety and at the same time with decision and firmness. They solicitude that he felt for the success of our own great should not violate their neutrality; but when they were and hitherto eminently successful experiment in selfonce satisfied that Texas had establisbed a Government, government, that be believed we should not only be do. they should do as they had done in all other similar cases | ing great injustice to our own country, but to the cause --recognise her as an independent nation; and if her of liberty everywhere, by embarking our Government, people, who were once citizens of this republic, wished wbich was the best and brightest hope of the friends of to come back to us, he would receive them with open civil liberty, in schemes, if not dangerous, to say the least arms.

of them, injudicious and precipitate. Mr. B. thought he If events should go on as they had done, he could not

o go on as they had done, he could not could see, in the considerations to which he had advertbut hope that before the close of the present session of ed, reasons at least as strong, and motives as powerful, Congress, they would not only acknowledge the inde- ' to call forth our patriotic sympathies, and to afford us an pendence of Texas, but admit her into the Union. He ample occasion for their exercise, as any which bad been hoped there would be no unnecessary delay, for in such urged on the other side. cases delays were dangerous; but that they would act it bad repeatedly (said Mr. B.) been charged against with unanimity, and act promptly.

| republics, by the advocates of power, that they were too Mr. BROWN said he would not enter into the consid-inuch governed by a spirit of conquest, and had often eration of the very important topics, on the present endeavored to aggrandize themselves at the expense of occasion, which the gentleman from South Carolina other nations, disregarding the principles of justice. He [Mr. CALHOUN] had alluded to, in the course of his re- believed the charge unfounded, and trusted that the marks, as to the position which Texas ought to occupy, United States would continue, as they had heretofore in relation to the United States, in the event of her suc. I done, to afford an exemplification of the truth, that a

Ir

MAY 23, 1836.)

Recognition of Texas.

(SENATE.

republican Government can not only act with justice and the Mexican Government been overthrown there! And moderation towards other nations, but that it can pre- whether this revolution, as in the present case, in a serre a character for those, elevated national virtues, single campaign, or as in the three days at Paris, has placing it in honorable contrast with the selfish and ar- been effected, leaves the question unchanged. Mr. W. bitrary examples too often set by Governments of a dif-would desire to call back honorable gentlemen from the ferert form.

fields of speculation into which they had wandered, and Mr. B. said that generous as the enthusiasm was which ask them to meet the question now proposed--whether had been expressed on this occasion in behalf of Texas, the Senate ought not to inquire into the fact of the and disinterested as the motives doubtless were, alleged existence of a Government de facto in Texas? If in in favor of the proposed departure from our neutrality, Texas there be a successful Government in operation, (for such he should regard à recognition of the indepen then we shall violate the fundamental principle of the dence of Texas at present,) did gentlemen believe that law of nations, if we continue to recognise the existence the sharp-sighted diplomacy of foreign nations would of the Mexican authority in a country from which it has pot suspect us of some disposition to aggrandize ourselves been expelled. But the recognition, it is said, should at the expense of a weaker neighbor, and of impatience come from the Executive, or upon his suggestion. Had to plant our eagles on a foreign soil?

the President proceeded to recognise the independence He regarded our national character as worth infinitely of Texas, or to dictate our course here on this subject, more than all the territorial possessions of Mexico, her some of those yery Senators who object to my motion wealth, or the wealth of all other nations added together. | would have at once denounced, as a usurpation, such a We occupied a standing among the nations of the earth, course upon the part of the Executive. But the Senate of which we might well be proud, and which we ought has a right to act on this subject, not only as a branch of not to permit to be tarnished. We have, said Mr. B., the Legislature, but as a branch of the executive departarrived at that period of our bistory, as a nation, when it ment, in controlling our foreign relations. No treaty behooves us to act with the greatest wisdom and circum- can be made with any foreign Power, no envoy accredspection. But a few years since, as a nation, we were ited there, but through the direct action of the Senate, comparatively in a state of infancy; we were now, in the as a branch of the executive department; and it is thereconfidence of youth, and with the buoyancy of spirit in- fore peculiarly appropriate that the proposed inquiry cident to this period of our existence as a nation, about should commence here. But we are told the proposed to enter on “man's estate.” Powerful in resources, inquiry is indelicate, under existing circumstances. Inand conscious of our strength, let us not forget the delicate to whom? To Santa Anna, the captive chief of sacred obligations of justice and good faith, which form the Mexican Government? Mr. W. said that, to his mind, the indispensable basis of a nation's character--greatness such an idea was irresistibly ludicrous. When our illusand freedom; and without which, no people could long trious Franklin presented his credentials as the first preserve the blessings of self-government. Republican American ambassador to France, did we think it indeligovernment was based on the principles of justice; and cate to send such an envoy on such an embassy! And for it to be administered on any other, either in its when the young Franklins from Texas shall present foreign or domestic affairs, was to undermine its found- their credentials, as they may already have done, on a ation and to basten its overthrow.

similar embassy, shall we be told that the inquiry is inMr. B. said that the peaceable acquisition of Texas by delicate, whether they do in fact represent a Government purchase, was a question which might well merit the de facto or not? But if the inquiry is indelicate on our consideration of the Government of the United States; | part, would it not be much more so on the part of the but any step which looked, either directly or indirectly, Executive--brought heretofore, and perhaps at the to obtaining possession of it in any other way, or which present moment, into actual conferences with the miniswould commit us to take part in the contest in which it ter of Santa Anna! There was another strong reason was at present engaged, ought, in his opinion, to be for immediate action. The Senator from Massachusetts steadily resisted. If, in the existing condition of things, had stated that a foreign Power was endeavoring to we acknowledge her independence, it would become obtain a cession of Texas from Mexico. If Mexico could not only a matter of pride, but somewhat of obligation ever cede Texas to that foreign Power, now would be on our part, to maintain it by military force; an extremity the moment. If she made such cession when we refused on which gentlemen ought to pause, before they were even to inquire into the propriety of recognising the inprepared to precipitate the country improvidently into. dependence of Texas, might not Mexico, and such foreign

If, said Mr. B., we shall receive unquestionable infor- Power to whom Texas was ceded, then declare her mation that Texas can maintain her independence against independence, because we shall bave considered the the authority of the Mexican Government, none would | Mexican Power as the lawful Government of Texas? be more willing to see her recognised as a free and in- This circumstance alone demanded immediate action. dependent State than himself; but, until then, we owed it After some further remarks from Messrs. PRESTON, to our character as a nation, to our love of justice and CALHOUN, and MANGUM, moderation, and to our republican form of government, Mr. RIVES concurred in the necessity of caution. to do nothing which would compromit the one or en. This Government should act with moderation, calmness, danger the other.

and dignity; and because he wished the Senate should Mr. WALKER said the arguments made by some act with that becoming moderation, calmness, and digSenators were calculated to place him in a position which nity, which ought to characterize its deliberations on inhe had not occupied, and demanded a reply. Honorable | ternational subjects, it was his wish that the subject Senators had spoken as though he (Mr. w.) had made might be referred. If it was postponed, it would some proposition to dismember Mexico, to violate the come up again for discussion from morning to morning, faith of treaties, and tarnish the national honor. Mr. W. to the exclusion of most of the business of the Senate, had made no such proposition. He said he would as there was nothing to prevent the presentation of violate no treaty; he would never desire to tarnish the petitions every morning, to excite discussion. It was national honor, or sully a single star that beams in the for the purpose of avoiding these discussions, that he banner of the Union. The question is to inquire, should vote to refer it at once to the Committee on through the appropriate committee, into the existence Foreign Relations. A prominent member of that comof a Government de facto in Texas. The sole ques mittee had been long and intimately acquainted with tion is, has a revolution been effected in Texas? Has the subject of our foreign relations, and there were SENATE.)

Recognition of Texas.

(May 23, 1836:

members on it representing all the different sections of plundered and laid waste; when women and children the country, to whose charge he believed the subject were seen flying to the swamps, forests, and cane-brakes, could be safely committed. It would seem, from the for shelter and protection against the power of these course of debate this morning, that gentlemen supposed ruthless invaders; then, in the hour of their darkest the question of the recognition of the independence of hopes, I was willing to vote an acknowledgment of the Texas, or its admission into this Union, was directly be independence of Texas, because at that moment it would fore the Senate; and some gentlemen had volunteered have served their cause a good purpose. But now, sir, their opinions in advance of the report of the commit- the scene is changed; they have met their proud and tee. He did not vote to refer it to the committee to re- vainglorious enemies, and completely triumphed; they ceive its quietus, but that they might give their views have trampled their enemies in the dust, and worked upon it; nor did he feel as if he were called upon to ex- out their owa salvation Texas is independent, and it press an opinion upon the propriety of the measure. It matters but little whether we now pass through the forms was strange that Senators, who stated that their opinions of admitting it or not. She is too prosperous for me to were made up, should oppose the reference.

take much interest in the matter. Mr. CALHOUN explained. He stated that he was Mr. BUCHANAN said that he had in bis possession a not prepared now to take either course that he had sug. memorial from citizens of the city and county of Philagested. But he said that the questions, both of the re- delphia, urging Congress to recognise the independence cognition of Texas, and her incorporation into the Union, of Texas, which he intended to present to the Senate as would soon be brought before them. He stated that soon as an opportunity should offer. After much delibthe Texans, having the power, could make good terms eration, he had determined to move its reference to the with Santa Anna, or with the opposing party in Mexico; Committee on Foreign Relations; believing that, under and that if they acted with prudence, Congress would existing circumstances, this was the most proper disposoon be called upon to decide whether they should be sition which could be made of these memorials. incorporated into the Union. The gentleman from Vir. Mr. B. entirely concurred in the views which had ginia, he presumed, would not oppose this. He was not been presented by the Senator from Virginia, (Mr. so prudent as to wait for the opinion of the committee. Rives.] A reference of these memorials to that comHe had the fullest confidence in the committee, but, hay. mittee committed nobody. It left the future course of ing made up his mind long ago, he did not rely on the every Senator as free as it had been before. Such a opinions of any one. It was not that he considered vote did not, in itself, imply either that we favored or action to be now premature, but because he desired to that we opposed the recognition of Texan indepensee a greater unanimity of opinion, that he wished this dence. No inference could be fairly drawn from it, exmatter delayed.

cept that we deemed the subject of sufficient importance Mr. RIVES was under the impression, without being to justify an inquiry. Could any Senator deny this able to recall to his mind particularly who the individual proposition? It might be, though he confessed he Senators were, that other gentlemen had so expressed thought it higbly improbable, that the committee would themselves. He held it to be entirely premature, in feel themselves bound to determine against the cause of any Senator, in cases of reference, to express an opin- Texas, and against the ardent wishes of the people of the ion in advance. The committee would be governed United States. In that event, it would become the duty by all proper and patriotic feelings, in their deliberations of the committee to endeavor to tranquillize the country, upon the subject, and report to the Senate their views and to satisfy the public that this view of the subject upon it in detail, based upon authentic information re- / was correct. The simple reference of these memorials ceived from all the sources within their reach. He be- was the best mode of getting clear of the subject for the lieved that the discussion of all preliminary questions, present; and for these reasons, if he had no other, he without having well authenticated facts before them, should vote for it. He did not believe that, in the pregave rise to excited feelings. The gentleman from sent state of the war between Mexico and Texas, the South Carolina (Mr. CALAOUN) had stated his feelings most jealous minister ever sent from old Spain or Mexico as a southern man.

would have any cause to complain of the mere reference Mr. CALHOUN explained. He stated that all parts of these memorials to a committee of the Senate. of the Union, the manufacturing, navigating, and com But, Mr. B. said, he should not do justice either to mercial interests, were all equally interested in the in his feelings or his judgment, if he were to place bis vote dependence of Texas.

upon these considerations alone. When he had last adMr. RIVES repeated that it was for the purpose of dressed the Senate upon this subject, the civil war was avoiding these excited feelings and discussions, ihat he still raging in Texas, and the result of the conflict was was in favor of the reference. They all knew the in- still involved in doubt. It would then have been a vioterest felt in relation to this Government. He did not lation of the established principles of our policy to inconceive that voting for a reference, committed any stitute an inquiry whether we should recognise its indeone. Did any gentleman, when he voted for the re- | pendence. From these principles, whatever might be ference of a particular claim to a committee, consider his feelings as a man, he should never depart as an himself bound to vote for that claim? Certainly not. American Senator. But since that time, the aspect of He hoped every Senator would acquiesce in the refer affairs bad materially changed. Although he was not ence; and in all probability, in a short time, they would of a credulous or sanguine disposition, yet the sources have placed in their hands such information of an offi of our information were so numerous, and of such a recial character as would enable them to act with unani spectable character, that he now believed the dominion mity, and perhaps even without discussion.

of Mexico over Texas was gone forever. For this he Mr. President, when Santa Anna descended upon thanked his God. Its mountains and its fertile plains Texas, like Hyder Ali on the plains of the Carnatic, were destined to sustain millions of American freemen spreading destruction and desolation before him; when in the enjoyment of American liberty. Whatever strughe stormed the Alamo, and put its noble and devoted gles the patriots of Texas might yet be compelled to make defenders to the sword; when Colonel Fannin, who, in the sacred cause of liberty, of one thing he felt cerafter fighting gallantly an overwhelming force of his tain--that they would be finally triumphant. But would enemies, was seduced into an honorable capitulation; they use their victory as wisely as it had been bravely when this capitulation was basely and treacherously vio- | won? This was a question on which we should soon be lated, and his followers assassinated; when property was able to form an opinion. Before we could acknowledge MAY 24, 1836.]

Alabama--Fortification Bill.

(SENATE.

their independence, we must be satisfied that they had country could be restored to a state of peace and quiet, organized and established a Government de facto, and and they reinstated in their homes. He therefore asked were actually independent. When these facts were leave to introduce a joint resolution, authorizing the clearly proved, we should then owe it to ourselves-we President of the United States to cause rations to be is. should owe it to the feelings of the American people-- sued from the public stores to supply, for the present, to exhibit an alacrity in declaring them independent, those sufferers who have not the means of sustaining On this subject we should manifest no tardiness nor themselves and families. cold delay; but, until that time should arrive, we must He hoped that the resolution would be received by be faithful to our principles, and to our duties as a mem unanimous consent; and that the rule of the Senate, reber of the great family of nations.

quiring one day's previous notice, would be dispensed A habit seemed to be growing in this body, of attrib with. In a case of this nature, Mr. K. said, that even uting to the opinions of Senators on this floor, who were one day was of importance. known to be friendly to the present administration, a The resolution was then read twice, and ordered to meaning beyond what could be fairly inferred from their be engrossed for a third reading. expressions, and thus attempting to commit the Execu. [At a subsequent part of the day, the above resolutive. This had been done in the course of the present tion having been reported correctly engrossed, was, on debate. He protested against the justice of any such motion of Mr. K., and by unanimous consent, read the inference. What he had said upon the present occasion third time and passed.] were his own opinions, for which he was individually

PRIVATE BUSINESS. l'esponsible, without any reference whatever to those which might be entertained by the President of the The resolution offered yesterday by Mr. HUBBARD, United States. He trusted that, without further debate of New Hampshire, setting apart Fridays and Saturdays or delay, these memorials might be referred to the com- for the exclusive consideration of private bills and primittee, and we might thus have a breathing spell from vate business, was taken up and discussed. this subject, to attend to the other important business | Mr. HUBBARD called for the yeas and nays. which was now pressing upon us.

Mr. NAUDAIN moved to strike out Friday, and the After some further observations from Mr. PRES amendment was accepted by the mover, as a modificaTON,

tion of his resolution. The several memorials were then referred to the Mr. WEBSTER moved to lay the resolution on the Committee on Foreign Relations.

table: Yeas 16, nays 17.

The question was then taken on the adoption of the FORTIFICATION BILL.

resolution: Ayes 16, noes 17. On motion of Mr. HUBBARD, the fortification bill! So the resolution was rejected. was laid on the table until to-morrow.

The Senate then took up a resolution lying on the RESCINDING RESOLUTION.

table, that the Senate hereafter meet at eleven o'clock,

daily, instead of twelve; which was agreed to. On motion of Mr. WHITE, the rescinding resolution,

FORTIFICATION BILL. which came up as the special order, was postponed, and made the special order for Thursday, after some re On motion of Mr. HUBBARD, the Senate proceeded marks from

to consider the bill making appropriations for the erecMr. HILL, who expressed a wish to speak on the tion of fortifications, purchase of sites, &c. subject before he left the Senate, which he proposed to The question being to strike out the appropriation as do at the end of this week, or the beginning of the next. it stands for the fortifications in Portsmouth harbor, and

Mr. HUBBARD offered a resolution, setting apart inserting $150,000 per annum, for two years-Friday and Saturday of every week for the considera-/ Mr. HUBBARD rose and addressed the Chair, as foltion of private bills, and asked the consideration of the lows: resolution; but an objection was made, and the resolu. Mr. President: At this late period of the session, it tion lies oyer.

may fairly be presumed that every subject connected The special orders were then postponed until to-mor- | with the legislative proceedings of Congress has been Pow, for the purpose of taking up the general orders. so thoroughly examined, so faithfully considered, and

The resolution offered some time ago by Mr. HUB so well matured, that every member of the Senate is BARD, concerning the incorporation of banks in Florida, prepared for action; and that discussion, if not unacwas taken up, and, on motion of Mr. EWING, of Ohio, ceptable, would seem to be wholly unnecessary. I am with the consent of the mover, was referred to the Com fully sensible of the truth of this sentiment, and I can mittee on Finance.

assure the Senate that no man more deeply regrets than The Senate then adjourned.

myself the necessity imposed upon me to present my

views upon the immediate question before the Senate. TUESDAY, MAI 24.

If the honorable Senator from South Carolina (Mr.

PRESTON) had not expressly intimated that he should ALABAMA.

renew his motion to strike from the bill the appropria"Mr. KING, of Alabama, stated that he had received tion for a fortification at Portsmouth, I would not trouinformation, on which the most perfect reliance could be ble the Senate with one single remark; but, Mr. Presiplaced, that a great number of individuals had been dri-dent, coming as I do from New Hampshire, and being ver from their homes on the Alabama side of the Chatta entirely sensible of the importance of the proposed forhoochie river, by the hostile Creek Indians, many of tification near the mouth of the Piscataqua, for the prothem having families, being deprived of their all, and tection of public and private property in time of war, baving no means of sustaining themselves until the In and for the better security of an enterprising, intellidians can be put down, and the country restored to a gent, and patriotic population in that immediate vicinity, state of peace and quiet. It was not necessary, Mr. K. I should be deaf to the call of duty, I should be faithless said, to dwell on the scenes of affliction which were now to the interests of my constituents, if I should remain siwitnessed in that unhappy country; all they could now lent; if I should fail to present to the Senate the facts do was, to extend to them such assistance as would ena- within my own knowledge, and which facts cannot be ble these unfortunate people to sustain nature until their presumed to be within the knowledge of all the Sena

VOL. XII.-97

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