« AnteriorContinuar »
Recognition of Texas.
(June 13, 1836.
participated in the benefit of the fund, should in some Mr. N. said he had received, and proposed to present measure contribute to its support.
to the Senate, certain resolutions of the Legislature of Mr. CRITTENDEN moved a proviso, to attain the Connecticut, regarding the independence of the provobject he contemplated.
ince of Texas. In the discussions which, on several Mr. DAVIS said he was indifferent about the result. occasions, had taken place during the session, upon If the Senate thought proper to adopt the proviso, he this interesting question, he had not participated, should make no objection.
nor would be now submit but a few remarks on Mr. HENDRICKS desired the adoption of the provi- the subject. The resolutions he had to offer were so, and did not feel disposed to vote for the bill unless of very different character, and he thought entitled something of the kind should be inserted.
to much more respect than those which had been reMr. LINN wished to offer an amendment, as soon as ceived from other quarters, which had come from popuit should be in order,
lar meetings, or memorials of individuals, and from plaThe proviso was then agreed to.
ces where there were some reasons to suspect that pri. Mr. LINN then moved bis amendment, providing an vate interests, connected with land speculations in that appropriation for the erection of hospitals at such points country, may have had some agency in the proceedings. in ihe West as the Secretary of the Treasury may indi. These resolutions did not come from individuals, or any cate.
combination of citizens; they were from one of the sov. Mr. DAVIS replied that only three hospitals bad as ereign States of this Union, and he felt bound to ask yet been erected in the United States. Where there for them the respectful consideration of the Senate. It are no hospitals, there have been contracts with individ was also worthy of remark, that the first State which uals for the purpose of taking care of any sick or disa should raise its voice in favor of the independence of bled seamen who may require such care. He thought | Texas should be one in a remote part of the Union, it might be desirable to increase the number of hospi- where no interested motives would be supposed to opetals, but he was not now prepared to decide where they rate; from whence there had been no emigrants to should be erected. He recommended the withdrawal that country, and where no sympathies can exist springof the amendment, and expressed a hope that a liberaling from that source. sum might be voted in the appropriation bill, for the It is also worthy of special observation, that the first purpose of putting up hospitals.
State which has, through its Legislature, urged the reMr. LINN disclaimed any intention to embarrass the cognition of the independence of Texas, is in an opbill, and said he should vote for it, either with or without posite section of the Union, and which from its position the amendment. He had no objection to withdraw his might be supposed to feel some apprehension or jealamendment, if another bill was likely to come before the ousy of an extension of the territory of the republic on Senate.
its southern border. This is a strong fact, going to The amendment was withdrawn.
prove that, notwithstanding all that is said about local Mr. CLAY concurred in the object of the Senator interests, and the jealousy in one section of the Union of from Missouri, beleving that the western waters had a the increasing power and importance of opposite sections strong claim on the liberality of the Government. A of the republic, there is, in reality, but little foundation liberal appropriation ought to be made, but as it was for such opinions among the people or their immediate suggested that the object might be attained in another representatives. way, he would not press the proposition.
In the statements contained in these resolutions, so The bill was reported as amended, and the amend. far as relates to the contest now going on in Texas, he ment was concurred in.
presumed there would probably be little diversity of After some further conversation between Mr. HEN opinion. All must execrate the barbarous and sayage DRICKS, Mr. LINN, Mr. PORTER, and Mr. DAVIS, warfare wbich has been carried on by the Mexicans, disthe bill was ordered to be engrossed.
graceful to a people making any claims to civilization; On motion of Mr. BENTON, the Senate proceeded all must sympathize with the inhabitants of Texas in this to the consideration of executive business; and after war of extermination which has been waged against remaining for some time with closed doors, on reopen. them; and all must adopire their courage, perseverance, ing them,
and daring achievements. The Senate adjourned. .
But the conclusion, as stated in the preamble to these
resolutions, that the events which have transpired are MONDAY, JUNE 13.
sufficient evidence of the ability of the Texians to mainMr. UUBBARD presented the credentials of John
tain theirindependence, and that it has become the duty Page, elected a Senator from New Hampshire, to fill the
of this Government to recognise it, may not be so readily vacancy occasioned by the resignation of Isaac Hill.
assented to. The existing power of Mexico, wbich is The credentials were read, and Mr. Page having ap.
in a great degree concentrated in one man, may be repeared, was sworn, and took his seat.
garded as overthrown and prostrated, as that man is now
a prisoner, and his forces broken and routed. The pow. TEXAS.
er of the present, perhaps he ought to say late, ruler of Mr. CLAY presented a memorial from sundry citizens Mexico, is probably at an end. But is that decisive of of Shelby county, in the State of Kentucky, praying for the fate of Texas? He hoped it might prove so; but it the recognition of the independence of Texas. This was evident this must depend on the course pursued by memorial was subscribed by many citizens, several of the Mexican nation. Will they give up the contest, and whom were personally known to him as among the most consent to the separation of the province of Texas; or respectable in the highly respectable community to will they continue the war, and attempt to maintain their which they belonged. As a committee, of which he had dominion over it? We must look beyond the present the honor of being a member, was now deliberating aspect of affairs, into the real condition and resources of upon the subject of the memorial, he would now not say the parties. If the Mexican nation determine to pro. more than to move the reference of the memorial to the long this war, are the people of Texas capable of susCommittee on Foreign Relations; which was accordingly taining themselves through a protracted struggle? That ordered.
they have an army sufficiently numerous and brave inight Mr. NILES presented certain resolutions of the Legis- be admitted; but has the country sufficient population lature of the State of Connecticut, on the same subject. I and resources to sustain a war of any considerable dura
June 13, 1836.]
Recognition of Texas.
tion? There were, he believed, but about sixty thousand proper time he should be prepared to further the ob souls in Texas proper, and only one hundred and fifty ject they bave in view; but they have wisely left the thousand in the whole territory, including the State or question as to time to Congress. He could not think province of Coahuila. He thought it premature to act on the period for action on our part had yet arrived. This this question at this time, and that some delay was ne-was a case in which this Government should act with cessary for the developing ofevents, and the condition of caution. In ordinary cases of this kind the question that country to become more settled. But however was only one of fact, and was but little calculated to small may be the population of that country, and how compromit the interests or honor of the United States; ever feeble, compared with the great Powers of the earth, but the question in regard to Texas was very different, yet if they should make up in valor what they want in and vastly more important. That is a country on our numbers, if they become in fact free, and the dominion own borders, and its inhabitants, most of them, emi. of Mexico is overthrown; if they shall, in fact, exist as an grants from the United States; and most of the brave independent community, exercising the powers of Gov- men constituting its army, who are so heroically fighternment, he did not see how we could refuse to recog-ing to redeem the province, are citizens of the United nise their existence as an independent and sovereign States, who have engaged in this bold enterprise as volStale. Can we withhold from a brave people upon our unteers. Were this Government to be precipitate in borders, struggling for their rights, that common justice acknowledging the independence of Texas, might it not which we have extended to others? Can we deny to be exposed to a suspicion of having encouraged these the inhabitants of Texas, most of whom are emigrants enterprises of its citizens? There is another considerafrom the United States, and have carried with them not tion of more importance. Should the independence of only our own language, but all the elements of our free Texas be followed by its annexation to the United institutions, that measure of justice which we have ac States, the reasons for suspicions derogatory to the nacorded to all others!
tional faith might be still stronger. If we, by our own He was not willing to sanction such injustice, from any act, contribute to clothe the constituted authorities of the narrow views of policy. He was aware that there were, province with the power of sovereignty over it, and then connected with with ihe independence of Texas, ulte. | accept a cession of the country from those authorities, rior questions of the most momentous character-ques- might there not be some reasons to charge us with haytions which might shake this Union to its centre. But ing recognised the independence of the country as a he did not think they could be avoided; we had got to means of getting possession of it? These and other meet them, and he should be prepared to do it when considerations require that this Government should act ever the proper time arrived. Some of these questions with caution; yet, when the proper time arrives, it will were of a very delicate nature, connected with the bald be our duty to act, and to act promptly. But lie trustance of political power, as regarded a particular intered that all would feel the importance of preserving the est, which he would not now particularly allude to. national faith and national honor. They should not only When these questions came upon us, however they | be kept pure, but free from injurious suspicions, being might embarrass and distract our councils, he did not more to be prized than any extension of territory, wealth, doubt that the republic would be safely carried through population, or other acquisition, which enters into the them. He had full confidence in the intelligence, jus elements of national prosperity or power. He would tice, moderation, and good sense of the people, to carry move that the preamble and resolutions be read and rethe republic safely through every difficuliy. Clouds ferred to the Committee on Foreign Relations. might hang over us, and thick clouds gather around us, yet, as had been the case in every former crisis, there
GENERAL ASSEMBLY, May 27, 1836. would appear a light to guide our course, and point the Whereas the people of Connecticut, one of the free way to a safe deliverance.
and sovereign States of this republic, have witnessed, Whether these momentous questions, which may with feelings of sympathy, the struggle of the people grow out of the independence of Texas, had been con of Texas to secure to themselves independence and sidered by the Legislature of his State, he was not able freedom; and whereas, in maintaining their just and into say, as he had not seen any of the debates on the alienable rights, that people have been compelled to requestion. But it was evident that the representatives sist the power and oppose the dominion of vastly suof his State bad disregarded narrow and sectional con- | perior numbers, who have exhibited more than savage siderations. These resolutions are the offspring of that ferocity and barbarity--devastating their country with sense of justice and love of liberty which belong to a the avowed object of either exterminating them or refree people, who always sympathize with the oppressed ducing them to a state of absolute dependance and subwhen struggling for their rights. It was enough that jugation; and whereas, in this unequal contest, the the representatives of such a people witnessed a des. Texians have exhibited a degree of wisdom and firmness, perate and unequal struggle for liberty on the borders moderation and bravery, that commands the sympathy of the republic. Their sympathies were aroused; they
of every friend of liberty and of his race--contending, regarded the cause of the Texians as the cause of jus. as they are, for their rights against barbarians, who tice, of humanity, of liberty, and of the maintenance of have violated promises, broken faith, and murdered, in those principles of freedom under which the people of cool blood, defenceless and confiding persons; and this country bave been prospered and blessed above all whereas the people of Texas, through their representother nations of the earth. They did not probably stop atives, have declared themselves independent, organto inquire what might be the consequences of doing ized their form of Government, and published to the justice to the brave inhabitants of Texas; or whether, world their intention to become a free, sovereign, and if they became independent, they would continue a dis independent nation, distinct from, and independent of, tinct community; or whether they might not conquer | Mexico; and whereas, appreciating the high resolve Mexico, and erect a rival republic in the southern part | and unalterable determination of this gallant people to of this continent; or whether the territory would be an
live free or die--believing, from what has already nexed to the United States.
transpired, that their independence can and will be susWithout probably going into these questions, they detained, it becomes a matter of duty and justice, on the sired that justice should be done to a brave people, he- / part of this Govern:nent, to acknowledge their inderoically struggling for liberty and independence. He pendence, and to recognise them as belonging to the highly approved their patriotic motives, and at the family of nations; therefore,
(JUNE 13, 1836.
Resolved by the members of the Senate and House of additional amendments were made, on motion of Mr. Representatives in General Assembly convened, That the LEIGH, to correspond with it. Senators from this State in the Congress of the United Mr. WRIGHT offered an amendment, the effect of States be, and they are hereby, instructed, and the Rep-which is to require each deposite bank to keep within resentatives requested, to use their best endeavors to its vaults such an amount of specie as shall be required procure the acknowledgment, on the part of the Uni-by the Secretary of the Treasury, and shall, in his opinted States, of the independence of Texas; and tbat it be ion, be necessary to render said bank a safe depository recognised as a free, sovereign, and independent nation, of the public money. as soon as may be consistent with our existing relations Mr. WALKER moved to amend the amendment by with foreign nations.
adding the words, “having a due regard to the nature Resolved, That his excellency the Governor be re- of the business of said bank;" which was agreed to; and quested to communicate copies of this preamble and the amendment as amended was adopted. resolutions to each of our Senators and Representatives Mr. BENTON moved to amend the bill by adding a in the Congress of the United States.
proviso that it shall be lawful for the President of the CHAUNCEY F. CLEAVELAND, United States to direct transfers to be made, from time
Speaker House of Representatives. to time, to the branch mints of the United States, either EBENEZER STODDARD,
for supplying metal for coining or for safe-keeping.
President of the Senate. Mr. B. explained the advantages of this amendment Mr. WALKER then stated his conviction that this
at full length. He was very much in favor of preventmovement of the Legislature of Connecticut would form
ing transfers from one bank to another, for the mere one of the brightest pages of its bistory. As to the time
purpose of preserving the credit of such bank, at the
same time that he applauded some transfers that were of recognition, he added, that as this was merely an ac. knowledgment of a fact, the required act could not be
made two years ago, for the purpose of sustaining cer
tain banks against the hostilities of the Bank of the Unipremature. If we do not acknowledge the independence of Texas promptly, the Texian commissioners will be
ted States. He was opposed to these transfers, for he recalled, and Texas will apply to a foreign Power. Eng
thought them liable to great abuses; and he would be Jand, seeking for a new source of her supplies of cotton,
glad to see a provision made which would cut off all will be eager to acknowledge her independence, both
hopes of any of these banks being sustained by the for the purpose of obtaining from her the raw material, 1
Treasury. But this provision that he wished to be in
serted, he thought, was calculated to be very useful. It and finding there a market for the manufactured fabric. The difference in favor of the Texian planter over him
might become necessary for the Government to have
transfers made to the mints for other purposes than of the United States will be twenty per cent. He had
coining, should any difficulty arise as to depositing pubno doubt the Committee on Foreign Relations would act promptly and wisely. The memorial was then re.
lic moneys with the State banks. He believed that, ferred.
with some extension of the mint system, all the public PUBLIC DEPOSITES.
moneys might be advantageously deposited with them;
but he did not look to this now-all he proposed was to The bill to regulate the deposite of the public mo- | facilitate the coinage of the mint, and to have them as neys was then taken up as the order of the day.
depositories of the public money, if necessary. He The amendment of Mr. LEIGH, to allow time to such looked upon this amendment as nothing more than the banks as had not a sufficient amount of specie to comply revival of the act of 1791, by which it was expressly with the conditions of the bill to provide the necessary ordered that all the foreign coins received by the Treasamount, was agreed to without a division.
ury should be sent to the mint of the United States; and Mr. CALHOUN was in hopes that some Senator, he hoped it would find favor with the Senate. coming from that portion of the Union where the specie! Mr. LEIGH moved for a division of the two proposicondition would operate oppressively, would move to tions contained in the amendment, so as to take the quesstrike it out. After hearing the debate, he was sat- tion first as to the transfers to the mint for the purpose isfied it would operate oppressively in some States, while of coining, which he said he was in favor of. in others the banks would not be affected by it.
Mr. CALHOUN was opposed to the amendment, as Mr. C. then moved to strike out the second clause of it might be the means of oppressing some individual the section.
| bank, by transferring all the specie in its vaults for the Mr. KING, of Alabama, had felt some besitancy in purpose of coining. making a proposition to strike out this clause, though . Mr. EWING, of Ohio, could see no advantage in he agreed, with the Senators from Virginia and South either of the propositions contained in the amendment. Carolina, that it was wholly useless, and that it would There could be no advantage to the country in requiring operate unequally and oppressively on some of the de- banks to give up the coin in their vaults for the purpose posite banks that were in all respects essentially sound. of recoining. Banks, except on the seaboard, rarely He had felt, from the beginning, the greatest solicitude kept bullion on hand, and the effect of this amendment to pass such a law as would secure the safe-keeping of would be to compel them to give up their specie. There the public funds, and guard the public interests, without would be no sort of advantage in sending Spanish milled incorporating into it any provision calculated to embar dollars, which were current here, and current every rass or defeat it. These were his sentiments in the com where, to the mint to be recoined; for it would give no mittee, and he was disposed to carry them out now. | more s With the opinions that he entertained, he could not give Mr. WRIGHT did not understand the proposition as his support to the bill if this provision remained in it. the Senator from Ohio did. He understood it to be The banks of bis State were as solvent as any in the purely an authority to the President to transfer certain country; but the nature of their business was such that amounts of money to the mint, for the purpose of furthey would be compelled to abandon the custody of the nishing it with the means for coining. In short, the public deposites unless this provision was stricken out. I proposition was in accordance with the views expressed He thought at one time to move to modify this provis- in both Houses, when the branch mints were established, ion; but this only could be done by giving a discretion to enable them to have the means for purchasing bullion to the Secretary, which rested with him already.
for continuing the coinage. He had supposed that their Mr. Calhoun's motion having been agreed to, some l purpose in establishing the mints was to change the
June 13, 1836.]
coinage of foreign gold coin into our own, which, being Benton's motion, authorizing transfers to the mint, for less desirable for exportation, would be more likely to the purpose of supplying metal for coinage, and it was remain in the country.
decided in the affirmative: Yeas 22, nays 17, as follows: Mr. CALHOUN supposed the object was to obtain a 1 YEAS-Messrs. Benton, Black, Brown, Buchanan, large circulation of the coin of the United States. That Cuthbert, Ewing of Illinois, Grundy, Hendricks, King could only be done by repealing the laws making foreign of Alabama, King of Georgia, Knight, Morris, Niles, coin a tender, and next by suppressing the circulation of Page, Rives, Robinson, Ruggles, Shepley, Tallmadge, bank notes from ten dollars down, which Congress could Walker, White, Wright-22. not do. He was opposed to the amendment, and should Nars-Messrs. Calhoun, Clay, Crittenden, Ewing of vote against it.
Ohio, Goldsborough, Kent, Leigh, Mangum, Moore, Mr. EWING, of Ohio, said that, if the effect of re. Naudain, Nicholas, Porter, Prentiss, Preston, Robbins, ducing the value of the gold coins had been to retain Swift, Webster--17. them in the country, the effect had also been to take so The question then being on the second proposition of much silver out of the country. That could be the only Mr. Bentor's amendment, as to transfers to the mint for effect, though he did not believe that either had been the purpose of safe-keeping of the public money, the case to any extent worth mentioning. Though the Mr. BENTON hoped the Senate would see that this -value of our gold coin was fixed too low, yet the mer- was merely a temporary provision. If any of the dechants fixed the true value, and exported it when it was posite banks should refuse to continue to receive the worth more abroad than at home. As to establishing public deposites, as some did during the panic season, new mints for the purpose of increasing the circulation the mints would be then found valuable auxiliaries to of specie, he looked upon it as perfectly idle. Specie the Treasury. He thought that the mints would be anywas a mercantile commodity, and would always be ex- where as safe depositories as the banks; and as to the ported when it could be done so on more favorable terms District of Columbia, he wished all moneys paid out by than to get exchanges.
the Government here, to be paid from the Treasurer's Mr. LEIGH here withdrew his motion to divide the office. two propositions in the amendment. The objections, On taking the question, Mr. Bextor's second propohe said, to the first proposition did not occur to him sition was rejected: Yeas 13, nays, 28, as follows: when he made his motion.
YEAS--Messrs. Benton, Brown, Ewing of Illinois, Mr. BENTON then renewed the motion just with. Grundy, McKean, Morris, Nicholas, Niles, Page, Robindrawn by Mr. LEIGH. The two propositions, he said, son, Ruggles, Walker, White--13. were distinct from each other, and the questions on them Nays-Messrs. Black, Buchanan, Calhoun, Clay, ought to be taken separately. It did not appear to him, Crittenden, Cuthbert, Davis, Ewing of Ohio, Goldsbohe said, that they would ever have in this country a rough, Hendricks, King of Alabama, King of Georgia, Secretary or President who would act so preposterously Knight, Leigh, Mangum, Moore, Naudain, Porter, Pren. as to send current coins to the mint only to be recoined tiss, Preston, Rives, Robbins, Shepley, Swift, Tallmadge, over again, and therefore the objection made to his Tomlinson, Webster, Wright--28. amendment fell to the ground. It was obvious that those Mr. BENTON offered an amendment, providing that, who were friendly to an increase of the coinage were in selecting and continuing banks for depositories of the met at every point by the friends of the bank, predicting public moneys, a preference should be given to such the impossibility of their measures producing the intended banks in good credit as shall agree to relinquish the cir. effect. This was commenced with the efforts to re- culation of all notes below twenty dollars, and promote charter the bank, and was continued in the opposition to the circulation of gold coins. the establishment of the branch mints. The proposition This amendment was rejected: Yeas 15, nays 23, as which met with so much opposition now, was simply to follows: give to the President authority for supplying the mints Yeas-Messrs. Benton, Black, Brown, Grundy, King with metal for coinage; and if it prevailed, the banks of Georgia, McKean, Morris, Niles, Page, Rives, Robinwould, in all probability, readily endeavor to furnish a son, Ruggles, Tallmadge, Walker, White--15. supply of foreign coins and of our own coins which are Nays--Messrs. Buchanan, Calhoun, Clay, Crittenden, imperfect. This amendment was perfectly free from Davis, Ewing of Illinois, Ewing of Ohio, Goldsborough, all the objections made to it; for the officers of the mint | Hendricks, King of Alabama, Knight, Leigh, Moore, would never think of recoining our own perfect coin. Naudain, Nicholas, Porter, Prentiss, Preston, Robbins, The effect was only to give life and activity to a law now Shepley, Swift, Tomlinson, Webster--23. on the statute book.
Mr. BENTON then offered an amendment to the 13th Mr. EWING, of Ohio, was not aware of any combina section, which provides for the deposite of the surplus tion to prevent the increase of the coins, nor was he with the States, by excepting from the operations of this aware that he or any gentleman on that floor was entitled section the amount received from the sales of the pub. to the appellation of friends of the Bank of the United lic lands, and subject to distribution under the bill States. He had voted for the recharter of that institu- for appropriating the proceeds of the sales of the public tion; but it was not in being now, and they had nothing lands. further to do with it. He had opposed this and other Mr. B. said that they had passed a bill to distribute all propositions of the Senator from Missouri, because he the money received from the land sales for this year, did not think they would produce any public good. The and the next year, and, therefore, there was nothing object of the gentleman, to increase the specie circula- left for this bill to operate on but the money received tion, was a good one; but the means he proposed were from customs. It was hardly to be supposed that, not calculated to obtain it.
in the nineteenth century, a grave legislative body, Mr. WRIGHT suggested another consideration in fa. I like the Senate of the United States, would pass vor of the amendment. It was known that our country two bills for dividing the same money; and it was to produced a considerable amount of bullion, and it was save the Senate from the ceasures which they would fall desirable that it should receive our impress, instead of under, for dividing the same money twice, that he offer. being sent abroad to be coined. The mint, therefore, ed this amendment. should have the means of getting a supply of this native Mr. CALHOUN said, that in order to effect the ob. bullion by the adoption of the proposition before them. ject of the Senator from Missouri, and remove any am
The question was taken on the first proposition in Mr. I biguity that might exist, he would move to amend the
(June 13, 1836.
amendment, by adding the words, “provided said bill for distribution? Certainly, no one taking up this bill shall become a law." He had no doubt that, if both would suppose that millions were appropriated in anothbills passed, the land bill, making a special appropria- er bill. Was it not making experiments in legislation to tion, would have the preference. But if this amendment pass two bills, repugnant to each other, in order to carry passed, his addition to it would be necessary.
the same measure? Was it not confessed by the friends Mr. BENTON said that, if this amendment prevailed, of this measure that they were making experiments in he should also move that this second distribution should legislation for they acknowledged that they would not take effect, provided the other became a law. He not press this bill if they thought the land bill would was utterly opposed to this provision, by which one bill become a law. No vote was yet taken on the land bill was not to take effect, provided another became a law. in the House, and they did not know what would be the But he had an object in view. The land bill, like Jonah's fate of their first experiment. Why, then, try a second whale, had swallowed up the grants to the new States, experiment, before knowing what the fate of the first and he wished to ascertain whether this bill was perfect would be? Jy dead, that he might bring forward another bill to re Mr. WEBSTER observed that the Senator from Misvive these grants, and carry them through before the sissippi, being opposed to both measures, was of course close of the session.
glad to find in one a reason for not passing the other. Mr. EWING, of Ohio, said that the proviso moved by He believed that the country would see the situation the Senator from South Carolina would be necessary. they were in, and the necessity for passing some law for
Mr. BENTON said that, when his amendment was in the distribution of the surplus; and so convinced was he his own power, he would move to cut off all that was of the necessity for this measure, that he was not so said about the distribution bill, leaving his amendment to anxious to wait for the official annunciation of the fact, so apply to the proceeds of public lands only.
much desired by some and so much feared by others, Mr. MORRIS said that, at the moment his ear caught the defeat of the land bill. Fearing that the land bill the sense of the amendment, he intended to call for a would not pass, he felt it his duty to take the proposition division of it. He wished to know whether the Senate before them instead of it. There was no incompatibility was about to make a double distribution of the proceeds in the two bills; both might pass, and no harm be done. of the land sales. As far as respected the action of the Mr. MORRIS did not know on what gentlemen found. Senate, the land bill was, to all intents and purposes, a ed their predictions that the land bill would not paas.
ed their predictions that the land bill wou law, because they did not and could not know what dis-Had they now come to the conclusion that this land bill position the House would make of it.
was founded in error, and ought not to pass? or that the Mr. WEBSTER said that they neither saw nor heard House would not do its duty by acting on the bills before any thing to induce them to suppose that the land bill it! He saw no grounds for the opinion that this bill would be got through the House. On the contrary, would not pass. It was a matter of which they neither there was every reason to believe that it had been put knew nor could know any thing; but they did know that, to rest, and would not be taken up again this session. as far as respected the Senate, this land bill was already What were they to do? Were they to wait till the a law. The Senator from Massachusetts had misunderlast moment of the session, to know what had be- stood him, in supposing him to say that there was an income of the land bill? They could not shut their compatibility in the two bills. He did not say that there eyes to the facts which rendered it so improbable that was any such incompatibility; but the argument of the this bill would pass during this session; and, under gentleman had convinced him that there was an incomsuch circumstances, he felt it his duty to take the patibility in the legislation he supported, for he acknowl. proposition contained in this bill. He could not see the edged that he would not pass this bill if he thought that force of the objections raised by the Senator from Ohio, the other would become a law. (Mr. MORRIS,] that they were making a double distribu Aster some observations from Messrs. EWING of tion of the proceeds of the land sales. There was no 1 Ohio and BENTON, the question was taken on the incompatibility in the two bills, supposing that they adoption of Mr. Calhoun's proviso, and it was agreed both passed. He agreed that it was so improbable that to: 'Yeas 22, nays 16, as follows: there would be a considerable surplus at the end of the YEAS--Messrs. Black, Calhoun, Clay, Crittenden, year, after deducting the proceeds of the land sales, that Davis, Ewing of Ohio, Goldsborough, Hendricks, Kent, there would be no necessity for passing this bill, provi. Knight, Leigh, McKean, Mangum, Moore, Porter, Presded the land bill passed. There might, however, be a ton, Robbins, Swift, Tomlinson, Webster, White--22. surplus over and above the proceeds of the land sales; NAYS--Messrs. Benton, Brown, Cuthbert, Ewing of and there would, therefore, be no incongruity in passing Mlinois, Grundy, Hubbard, Morris, Naudain, Nicholas, both bills.
Niles, Rives, Shepley, Tallmadge, Tipton, Walker, Mr. CALHOUN did not see the slightest difficulty Wright--16. between this bill and the other, with or without the The question was then taken on Mr. BENTON'S amendment. The one was specific, and the other was amendment, as amended, and it was rejected: Yeas 15, general; and if both passed, all sound lawyers would | nays 25, as follows: say that the first would take the precedence. It was YEAS --Messrs. Benton, Brown, Cuthbert, Ewing of under these impressions that in drawing this bill he did Illinois, Hendricks, Hubbard, King of Georgia, Morris, not think it necessary to take any notice of the land bill; Niles, Prentiss, Rives, Ruggles, Shepley, Walker, but as the Senator from Missouri (Mr. BENTON] had White--15. thought it necessary to offer an amendment, to re- ! Nars--Messrs. Black; Calhoun, Clay, Crittenden, move an apparent incongruity, he had no objections to Davis, Ewing of Ohio, Goldsborough, Grundy, Kent, it, provided his proviso was also added, to render it per Knight, Leigh, McKean, Mangum, Moore, Naudain, fecily clear.
Nicholas, Porter, Prentiss, Robbins, Swift, Tallmadge, Mr. WALKER said that, if he was not mistaken, this Tipton, Tomlinson, Webster, Wright--25. bill provided for a loan to the States of certain balances / Mr. CALHOUN moved to fill the blank in the thirremaining in the Treasury, to commence on the 1st of teenth section with two millions. January next; and the land bill provided for taking a [This is for the sum proposed to be retained in the certain portion of the revenues and distributing them, Treasury before making the deposites of the surplus with both prior and subsequent to that period. Now, when the States, as provided for by this section.] the time arrived, which bill would be taken as the guide Mr. BENTON said he would name nine millions,