Imagens das páginas

JULY 2, 1836.]

Abolition Petitions--Flurbor Bill.


MOORE, Mr. CALHOUN, Mr. WEBSTER, Mr. who were married during the war and who have remainLEIGH, Mr. WRIGHT, and Mr. SOUTHARD, took | ed widows since; whicho amendments were agreed to, part.

and the bill was ordered to a third reading. The Committee on Commerce had reduced the amount

DELAWARE BREAKWATER. of appropriations in this bill one third from that which

The bill making additional appropriations for complehad passed the House.

ting the Delaware breakwater, and for the improvement Mr. CLAYTON asked for the yeas and nays on the reduction made by the committee of the appropriation

of certain harbors, and for removing obstructions in cer

tain rivers, was read the third time and passed: Yeas 25, for Newcastle harbor, in order that he and his colleague

nays 12, as follows: might record their votes against it. The yeas and nays being ordered, the question was

YEAS ---Messrs. Bayard, Benton, Buchanan, Cuthbert, taken, and decided in favor of the reduction: Yeas 22,

Davis, Ewing of Illinois, Ewing of Ohio, Goldsborough,

Grundy, Hendricks, King of Alabama, Linn, Niles, Page, nays 5.

| Robbins, Robinson, Ruggles, Southard, Swift, TallThe other amendments of the committee were con

madge, Tipton, Tomlinson, Wall, Webster, Wright-25. curred in. On motion of Mr. DAVIS, the bill was amended by

Nays-Messrs. Black, Calhoun, Clay, King of Georthe addition of an appropriation of $30,000 for surveys,

gia, Leigh, Mangum, Nicholas, Porter, Preston, Rives,

Walker, White-12. under an existing law of Congress. The bill was then reported to the Senate, and ordered

DEFENCE OF THE FRONTIER. to a third reading by the following vote:

The bill to provide for the better protection of the Yeas-Messrs. Bayard, Clayton, Davis, Ewing of western frontier was taken up. Ohio, Ewing of Illinois, Goldsborough, Hendricks, King/ Mr. CALHOUN said a few words in opposition to the of Alabama, Linn, Niles, Page, Robbins, Robinson, bill, and proposed laying it on the table, that the subSouthard, Swift, Tallmadge, Tomlinson, Wall, Webster, ject might be taken up next winter, when they would Wright---20.

be in possession of the estimates and surveys for the Nays--Messrs. Calhoun, King of Georgia, Leigh, military road contemplated. Walker, While-5.

Mr. LINN and Mr. BENTON severally addressed the At half past one, the Senate adjourned. ,

Senate in support of the bill; after which it was ordered

to a third reading, and subsequently read the third time SATURDAY, JULY 2.

and passed.


Mr. DAVIS, from the Committee on Commerce, Mr. MORRIS remarked that it was well known that

| made a report on the bill from the House making approhe had had in his possession during the session several

priations for lighthouses, &c., referred to that committee abolition petitions, wbicb, for reasons heretofore given

yesterday. The report states that, in so short a period by bim, he had failed to present. He now asked leave

as that allowed to them, it had been found impossible to to present them, and moved that they be referred to the

give to the bill that examination which its importance Committee on the District of Columbia.

required; and, although there are many useful objects Mr. WALKER demanded the question as to the re

which must suffer, the committee find themselves comception of the memorials; and, on motion of Mr. W., this

pelled to return the bill, for the Senate to make such question was laid on the table.

disposition of it as may be thought desirable. PENSION BILL.

HARBOR BILL. Mr. TOMLINSON moved to take up the bill to grant

Mr. DAVIS, from the Committee on Commerce, rehalf pay to the widows and orphans of those who have

ported the bill making appropriations for certain hardied, or may hereafter die, in the service of the United

bors, &c., with amendments. States. Mr. PRESTON opposed the motion. .

The Senate then proceeded to the consideration of the Mr. TOMLINSON called for the yeas and nays on the

The amendments reported from the committee were question; which were ordered, and it was decided in the

considered and agreed to. affirmative: Yeas 18, nays 15, as follows:

On the amendment striking out the appropriation of YEAS-Messrs. Bayard, Buchanan, Cuthbert, Ewing

$8,000 for the improvement of Chagrin river, and of of Illinois, Grundy, Hendricks, King of Alabama, King

$20,000 for the improvement of the mouth of Maumee of Georgia, Linn, Nicholas, Robinson, Southard, Tall

river, Mr. EWING, of Ohio, resisted the striking out; madge, Tipton, Tomlinson, Wall, Webster, White---18.

but the amendment was agreed to: Ayes 23, noes not Nays-Messrs. Black, Calhoun, Ewing of Ohio, Golds

counted. borough, Kent, Leigh, Mangum, Moore, Porter, Pres.

Some discussion ensued, in which Mr. DAVIS, Mr. ton, Robbins, Ruggles, Swift, Walker, Wright--15.

CALHOUN, Mr. WEBSTER, and Mr. NILES, took Mr. TOMLINSON explained and advocated the bill.

part, until 3 o'clock, when the Senate took a recess till Mr. PRESTON opposed it, as extending the pension

| 5 o'clock. system to an enormous and alarming degree.

The debate was continued by Messrs. CALHOUN and
KING of Georgia, who moved to amend the bill by con-

HARBOR BILL. fining its benefits to the widows and orphans of those The Senate resumed the consideration of the bill mawho have died or may die of wounds actually received | king appropriations for harbors, &c. in service, or who have been killed or may be killed in Mr. SOUTHARD moved to strike out the appropria

tion for an ice-breaker, &c., on Staten Island." After a debate the amendment was adopted.

The amendment was negatived: Ayes 14, noes 15. Mr. TOMLINSON submitted a further amendment, em- Mr. PRESTON moved to amend the bill by striking bracing the widows and children of certain revolutionary out the appropriation of $20,000 for deepening the har pensioners who have died since March, 1831; and an bor of Baltimore. amendment at the suggestion of Mr. BUCHANAN, to Mr. GOLDSBOROUGH and Mr. KENT defended provide for widows of revolutionary officers and soldiers the appropriation.




Harbor Bill.

(JULY 2, 1836.

Mr. KING, of Georgia, said he might be disposed to 1828 (including $250,000 for Delago somewhat at length into the subject of the bill, had

ware breakwater,)

$317,402 not the most important principles connected with it 1829

10,181 already been very fully discussed. As we were pressed

1830 for time, his principal object was to give to the Senate 1831

671,000 the history of our legislation upon the subject of harbors, 1832

541.300 more in detail than had been presented, by which it 1833

457, 256 would be seen that gentlemen were greatly mistaken 1834-5

458,056 when they supposed that this system had age to recom Thus the history of this harbor-making would be seen. mend it. He was astonished at the mistake of the Sena- It never commenced till 1816, when a small appropriator from Pennsylvania, (Mr. BUCHANAN,) and the Sena- tion of $30,000 was made. Was that a precedent so tor from Massachusetts, Mr. WEBSTER,] who had stated popular as to be immediately followed up? No; Conthat we were only pursuing the policy adopted by the gress seemed so alarmed at that small transgression, that Government from the date of the constitution.

nothing more was appropriated until 1821, when the Congress had passed an act in 1789, to pay the ex small sum of $2,500 only was appropriated, and the appenses of keeping in repair such lighthouses, buoys, propriations continued to be trifling, and principally for beacons, public piers, &c., as the States might cede to old works, except the Delaware breakwater, till 1832, the General Government. Some cessions were made, a year which would be long remembered by the political and the statute had been executed at a very trifling ex economist of this country, as one in which a premium was pense, for the system of jobbing had not been encoura. offered to any one who could suggest the best means of ged by the State Governments, which had only construct squandering the public money. From that time the aped such works as were of some utility.

propriations had averaged about half a million, till this But on the passage of this act did we find Stales, com year. This year, said he, we had sent to us bills from mercial cities, corporations, villages, and private specu the House for near three millions, including lighthouses, lating companies, pouring in upon Congress to improve and upwards of two millions for harbors alone. The bill their harbors, and make new ones, at the common ex for new works, then before the Senate as sent from the pense of the nation? Not so. They never dreamed of House, was near a million, and, by an estimate made by such a thing. Such works had been constructed at the the intelligent chairman of the Committee of Ways and expense of those who were benefited by them, and it Means in the House, was the commencement only of an never occurred to any body that such works should be expenditure of at least ten millions on the new works constructed at the national cost. Until recently, a sys. proposed. He thought the expenditure would be much tem had been introduced resulting in benefits entirely more, and, from past experience in such works, the prolocal, building up cities and enriching individuals at the posed new works would cost thirty millions; for it was a cost of the Government.

singular fact, that this local jobbing, once commenced, He had drawn off, be said, a statement which would was almost interminable; and some works bad cost annushow how far Senators were in error when they sup- ally, for many years, as much as the first estimate, and posed this system had commenced with the Government. the estimated cost of completion more than the original The first appropriation which he had been able to find estimate. It would always be so, when we undertook for such objects as those contained in the bill was in to war against nature, and make harbors where God 1816. Mr. K. then read to the Senate the following never intended them, or to appropriate money merely to statement of appropriations made for harbors by the give a job by its expenditure. This vast expenditure General Government:

was almost entirely confined to one section of the coun

try, and was drawn from the Treasury by local combiAppropriations for surveys, harbors, and rivers. nations for no national purpose. It could not be borne

by the people generally, when understood. If the pro1816


ceedings of this session were an earnest of what we had 1817

to expect in future, he looked upon the subject as one 1818

of the most important that bad ever agitated the councils 1819

of the country. There was nothing national in it, and 1820

the tariff was a blessing to the South, when compared 1821

2,500 with it. The tariff benefited large communities, and 1822

11,500 however onerous, was national and patriotic in its origin, 1823


and the patriotic of every section of the country were 1824


disposed to forbear long with those who struggled to 1825


maintain interests that had grown up under it. But this 1826


was a new system of local bounties and private specula1827

41,850 tion. Those who had the most modesty got the least

money, and those who had the least conscience got the $322,000 most money. The South had constitutional scruples

upon the subject, and asked for nothing, got nothing,

wanted nothing. It was, he said, not only internal imHere was a little upwards of three hundred thousand provements, but internal improvements in the worst dollars appropriated by the Government between 1789

form, and (except for our naval stations) he would like and 1828, and not one dollar had been appropriated for to know how those opposed to internal improvements these objects for twenty-seven years after the adoption could vote for cutting out a harbor to aid the approach of the constitution; yet some shrewd patriots had all at of vessels to a village, and could not vote for a road beonce discovered that the commerce of the country would

tween one State or one city and another. They prebe ruined, unless two or three millions per annum should tended to derive their power from the power to “ regu. be appropriated by the Government for these local and late commerce with foreign pations." Well, did not the partial purposes. Mr. K. continued the statement. same power, in the words, extend to the regulation of He said in 1828 the breakwater was commenced, and commerce “among the several States?" if one was un$250,000 was appropriated for that purpose, and some- constitutional, the other was equally so; and the advanthing for other objects, as follows:

| tage was greatly in favor of the road in every other view; JULY 2, 1836.]

Harbor Bill.


for that would be a useful highway for all the world who don't want it, strike it out;" and was a great national travelled it, and the other confined its advantages to en- interest to be controlled by the simple wish of an indiriching a petty corporation, or a few individuals.

vidual? But such language was perfectly natural, conBut it had been said by the Senator from Massachu sidering the manner in which these speculations and jobs setts [Mr. Davis] that our revenue -was collected at were got up. Who asked for or recommended them? these ports; and there was an obligation to open them | Any general interest? No; the application and keep them in repair on that account. And was our from cities, from individuals, or from companies who revenue increased by clearing out and multiplying these laid out sites for towns, got Congress to make them an harbors? Not a single dollar. On the contrary, the appropriation for a harbor, and then sold out their lots more the ports were multiplied, the greater the expen- on speculation. Thousands were squandered in bribes ses of collection; and consequently the revenue was di- for votes, by making an appropriation for objects entireminished by the amount of this increase, and by all wely useless, and where the only advantage was a job in expended on harbors beside. How would our national the expenditure of the money. commerce suffer by an obstruction in the harbor of a Mr. K. said it could not be disguised, and ought not particular city? If there should be an obstruction in to be denied, that this abominable system of plunder the harbor of New York, it would only give a neighbor- was carried through Congress by interested combinaing city some advantage, until New York, whose inter- tions, and could succeed in no other way. Members, est was affected, removed the obstruction. But if the by the skill of the managers, were frequently placed ia Government removes the obstruction, other cities con- such a situation that they were obliged to vote for the tribute to these very improvements, which have a direct bill, however objectionable, to save themselves with tendency to injure them. If the ports of Charleston or their constituents. An honest member of the other Philadelphia, he said, had advantages over New York, House had told him that he had in this way been comthat was a matter of rival interest between those cities, | pelled to vote for the bill, although he pronounced it and had always been so considered, until this modern in

"a bill of abominations," and hoped it might be arrestvention of taxing the people of the United States to re ed in the Senate. The member alluded to had prolieve those who were alone interested.

nounced this new harbor bill one of the most corrupt The Senator from Massachusetts (Mr. WEBSTER] had combinations of interested speculation that had ever disstated that other Governments bad paid for opening and graced the country, and such Mr. K. said he believed it. repairing harbors in their commercial cities. This, he M r. K. then called the attention of the Senate to anthought, was not generally true. Some of the despotic other trick by which these managers had furnished sovereigns of Europe, without any limitation of power evidence of their skill. It would be recollected that or sense of justice, occasionally took cities under their we bad passed a moderate barbor bill long since, and royal protection, and disbursed the public money upon sent it to the other House. We have never heard of it them without regard to any particular rule. But the since, said Mr. K., until we find it actually incorporated rule, he believed, was most generally to authorize the in the monster before us. Why was this? Why, it city to levy a tonnage duty on vessels for this purpose; this was only to unite the interests of the two bills. Among was the correct mode; this gave to each city its own other things, no doubt, great calculations of strength natural advantages, and taxed those who bad the benefit were made, by uniting the breakwater with the improveof the improvement.

ment of the Mississippi, and by this unnatural union The Senator from Massachusetts, he said, was equally between the French and the Friends, we are, said he, in error, when he stated that the States or cities had swept on by a current as irresistible as that of the Misnever considered themselves bound to keep their own sissippi itself. ports in repair since the adoption of the constitution. And here he was reminded, he said, of the curious This was directly contradicted by the history of every argument of the Senator from Connecticut, (Mr. Niles.] important seaport in the Union, and particularly that of That Senator bad given us sound doctrine, with much Baltimore, which had just been mentioned by the Sena- ability, and great earnestness. He had pronounced the tor from South Carolina, (Mr. PRESTOX. ] Maryland whole system wrong, partial, unconstitutional, and unhad granted an annual appropriation for Baltimore of just, and condemned the bill as very objectionable; yet $30,000, to keep the barbor of that city in repair. As concluded by saying he should vote for the bill, because, a punishment to the city for the late outrages on private now the system had commenced, we could not stop it! property, permitted and committed by its citizens, that I know "we can't stop it," said Mr. K., unless we vote fund had been taken to indemnify those who had suffer- against it. This fraudulent expenditure is doubling on ed by those outrages. And now, for the first time, us by millions per annum, and gentlemen denounce it, Baltimore comes here, and, by joining in the combination, as in duty bound; express their alarm, shut their eyes, gets the same amount from the national Treasury. This, and vote for it; and say, we can't stop it.” Mr. K. Mr. K. said, was a fair illustration of the wbole system. said he felt some difficulty in comprehending the prinMaryland comes into the concern, and the people of the ciple which led to this fatal necessity. United States are made to pay for the depredations of a He boped even the friends of the bill would have Baltimore mob.

some mercy upon the South and West, and be satisfied Again, said Mr. K., I have shown that harbors bave at the present session with the enormous bill already been made and improved by those to whom they be passed. Let us, said he, have a little time to recover longed, from 1789 until a few years back, or have not from the shock, and look into this heavy bill pushed been made or improved at all. And if they had needed upon us at the very last hour of the last day of the sesno improvement for so many years, he thought it good sion, involving an expenditure so enormous, and which evidence that this rush for millions all at once was un- | the committee themselves tell us they have had no time called for by the public interest. The truth was, the to examine. He hoped they would allow the bill to lie public had nothing to do with the matter. This vast over till the next session, to give time to learn, at least, combination, that was to plunder the Treasury of so where the places are for whose benefit we proposed to many millions, was made up of interests purely private saddle the country with such a vast expenditure. There and local. What was constantly the language used on was another reason, he said, why the friends of the bill the foor of both Houses, if any member expressed a | should be content with this course. That was, the great doubt, who had a few thousands offered to his own amount of our appropriations during the present year, State, to bribe him into silence? Why, it was, “if you l and the extreme difficulty of procuring labor at any


Appropriation Bill--Suspension of the Rules.

(JULY 4, 1836

price. Labor was now one hundred per cent. on the which had been referred the amendments of the House usual prices. And the great additional demand that to the bill in addition to the act making appropriations would be created by these large Government expendi- in part for the support of Government for the year 1836, tures would render it impossible to expend any thing I made a report thereon, recommending that the Senate during the present year with any regard to economy. concur in the amendments of the House, with the excepHe hoped these considerations would induce the Senate tion of the amendments “ for removing the naval monuto postpone the bill to the first day of the next session, ment to the botanic garden, $2,000,"and “ for extending and he made a motion for that purpose.

the enclosures of the Capitol square, $25,000,” which Messrs. WALKER and MANGUM addressed the they recommend to be stricken out. Senate in favor of Mr. King's motion.

On taking the question of concurring with the comMr. KING, of Georgia, then withdrew his motion, and mittee as to striking out the provision for extending the moved to strike 'out all the items in the bill except the grounds, the Senate refused to strike it out. item of $75,000 for improving the mouth of the Mis- The appropriation of $2,000 for removing the naval sissippi, and asked for the yeas and nays; which were monument was stricken out. ordered.

Mr. KING, of Georgia, moved that the Senate do not The question was taken, and decided as follows: Yeas concur in the amendment of the House appropriating 17, nays 21:

- dollars for the purchase of books and documents YEAS-Messrs. Black, Calhoun, Clay, Cuthbert, for the new members; which motion was agreed to: Ewing of Ohio, Grundy, King of Alabama, King of Yeas 15, nays 10. Georgia, Leigh, Mangum, Moore, Nicholas, Porter, The other amendments were concurred in. Preston, Rives, Walker, White-17.

CHOCTAW TREATY. Nays--Messrs. Bayard, Benton, Buchanan, Davis,

Mr. MOORE moved to take up the bill for the adjustEwing of Illinois, Goldsborough, Hendricks, Kent, Lion, Niles, Page, Robbins, Robinson, Ruggles, Southard,

ment of certain claims to reservations of lands, under the Swift, Tallmadge, Tipton, Tomlinson, Webster,

fourteenth article of the treaty of Dancing Rabbit creek, Wright--18.

with the Choctaw Indians; which motion was agreed to.

Mr. WALKER moved to amend the bill by striking So the motion of Mr. King was negatived. Mr. KING, of Georgia, renewed his motion to post. |

out the whole of it, and inserting in lieu thereof a pro

vision appropriating $30,000, in addition to the sum al. pone the further consideration of the bill until the first Monday in December, and asked the yeas and nays; 1 dion

ready appropriated, for the removal of the Choctaw In

dians now in the State of Mississippi to the west of the which were ordered. The question was taken, and decided as follows: Yeas

Mississippi river.

Mr. PRESTON submitted whether it was in order to 17, nays 22: YEAS--Messrs. Black, Calhoun, Clay, Cuthbert,

move to strike out the subject of the bill, and to insert

obert, an entirely different subiect. Ewing of Ohio, Grundy, King of Alabama, King of

The CHAIR decided that it was always proper to Georgia, Leigh, Mangum, Moore, Nicholas, Porter, Preston, Rives, Walker, White--17.

move to strike out and insert. NAYS--Messrs. Bayard, Benton, Buchanan, Davis,

After a debate, in which Messrs. WALKER and Ewing of Illinois, Goldsborough, Hendricks, Kent, Linn,

, MOORE took part, Niles, Page, Robbins, Robinson, Ruggles, Southard,

Mr. EWING, of Ohio, moved to lay the bill on the

rd, | table; which motion was agreed to. Swift, Tallmadge, Tipton, Tomlinson, Wall, Webster, Wright--22.

After taking up and finally acting upon several other So the Senate refused to postpone the bill.

It was ordered, on motion of Mr. EWING, of Ohio, The question was then taken on the renewed motion of Mr. PRESTON to strike out the clause of $20,000 for

that when the Senate adjourns, it adjourn to meet at 8

o'clock on Monday morning deepening the harbor of Baltimore; which was rejected:

ed: The Senate then (at 3 o'clock) adjourned, only eight Ayes 14. The bill was then reported as amended, and the

members being present. amendments having been concurred in, the yeas and nays were ordered on the question of engrossment and read.

MONDAY, JULY 4. ing it a third time.

ADJOURNMENT. There was a brief discussion between Mr. CLAY, Mr. Mr. GRUNDY submitted a resolution for the appointPRESTON, Mr. WALKER, Mr. BUCHANAN, and | ment of a joint committee to wait on the President of the Mr. KENT, when

United States and inform him that the two Houses were Mr. PRESTON moved to strike out the item of five ready to adjourn, and desired to know whether he had hundred dollars for a survey of the mouth of the Sus- any further communication to make to them. quehanna, but withdrew his motion.

On the suggestion of Mr. WHITE, the resolution was Mr. KING, of Georgia, renewed the motion, and called suffered to lie on the table for the present. for the yeas and nays; which were ordered; and the ques.

MRS. ANN ROYALL. tion was then taken, and decided in the negative: Yeas

On motion of Mr. PRESTON, the report of the Com14, nays 24.

mittee on Revolutionary Claims, unfavorable to the peMr. PRESTON moved to strike out the appropriation for the harbor of Georgetown, South Carolina: Yeas 21,

tition of Mrs. Ann Royall, was taken up.

Mr. P. moved to reverse the report, so as to read that nays 15.

the prayer of the petitioner ought to be granted. Mr. KING, of Georgia, moved to strike out the ap- |

Mr. WHITE explained the nature of the claim, [interpropriation of $10,000 for the harbor of Brunswick;

est on the commutation for half pay of the petitioner's which was negatived.

husband, a captain in the revolutionary war.] The amendments were then ordered to be engrossed,

Messrs. PRESTON and WALKER briefly advocated and the bill to be read a third time: Yeas 21, nays 17.

the claim, and after some remarks from Messrs. WHITE The bill was then passed.

and MANGUM, the report was laid on the table. APPROPRIATION BILL.

SUSPENSION OF THE RULES. Mr. WRIGHT, from the Committee on Finance, tol A message was received from the House of Repre.


JULY 4, 1836.)

Suspension of the Rules.


-sentatives, by Mr. FRANKLIN, their Clerk, stating that some reasons for not so rigidly adhering to it now. If the House had suspended the seventeenth joint rule of there was one single bill ihat ought to pass, why let it the two Houses, which declares that no bill shall be sent be excepted; but if it should be found that all ought not to the President for his signature on the last day of the to pass, or that there were objections to them tending session, until two o'clock, so far as relates to the bill for to create discussion, why let them fall. In this particu. the repair of the Potomac bridge; the bill to amend the lar case he wished to except from the rule the bill for judicial system of the United States; the bill repealing the confirmation of land claims in Missouri; a measure to the provisions in the tenth section of the tariff act of which there was not the slightest objection, and one of 1832; the bill to confirm certain land claims in Missouri; the greatest interest to his constituents, who had been the bill to repeal the provisions of the act of 1792, which long anxiously looking for its passage. He should rerequires issuing the certificates on imported wines; and gret exceedingly to see that measure, which had passed the bills that were passed by both Houses on Saturday, both Houses, and only waited the President's signature and not submitted to the President.

to become a law, cut off by the rigid adherence to a The question on taking up this resolution requiring rule which could not have been intended to apply to the unanimous consent of the Senators present,

such a case. He could not conceive that it was the duty Mr. MANGUM objected to the consideration of the of the Senate of the United States to make its rules as resolution.

| irreversible as the laws of the Medes and Persians, or The CHAIR declaring that the resolution could not that it ever intended to make rules that should by no be considered,

possibility be relaxed. He admitted the general propriMr. WALKER said he felt strongly inclined to appeal ety of the rule, but he repeated the hope that the Senfrom the decision of the Chair.

ator from North Carolina would see that there were ocThe CHAIR then read the 48th rule of the Senate. | casions on which it might be departed from. Messrs. LINN and WALKER expressed their wishes Mr. WALKER felt conscious that the objections of that the Senator from North Carolina would withdraw the Senator from North Carolina, and sustained by the his objections, so far as related to the bill to confirm Senator from South Carolina, resulted from a strict land claims in Missouri, and the bill to carry into effect sense of duty; but he appealed to those gentlemen the compact between the United States and the States whether their objections to bills that had been passed in of Mississippi and Alabama.

a hurry, rightfully applied to bills that passed after full Mr. MANGUM said he felt constrained to avail him consideration, and to which there were no objections. self of the privilege conferred on him by the rule, and He begged gentlemen to consider whether such bills object to the resolution. His long experience in the ought not to be excepted from the general rule. The Senate had convinced him of the great advantages re bill he particularly referred to, and which he felt sú sulting from the rule which the House proposed to sus anxious should become a law, was the bill to carry into pend, and the great mischiefs that would result from effect the compact between the United States and the dispensing with it. It had been adopted after a full States of Alabama and Mississippi, relative to the sixknowledge of the inconveniences of the old practice, teenth sections of school lands, which pass d the Senate and had been found to have the most beneficial effects. two months ago, was reported favorably on by the ComThey all knew the experience of Congress was such, mittee on Public Lands unanimously, having the sancthat some of the most important bills had been passed on tion of its chairman, (Mr. Ewing, of Ohio,] who was so the last night of the session, without debate, whipt rigid in his examination of every bill relating to the through the other House, and they (the Senate) were public lands. Now, he appealed to gentlemen whether called on to assent to them without knowing whether the rule ought to apply to such a bill as this. He did they were passed by a quorum or not.

not wish the rule to be suspended with regard to any Although he felt the strongest disposition to yield to bill to which there was the slightest objection; and he the wishes of gentlemen whose constituents were inter hoped the Senator from North Carolina would yield to ested in particular measures, yet, on this occasion, he the general wish of the Senate, and withdraw his oppo. felt it his duty to persist in his objections. He felt that sition. making any exceptions would be equivalent to a depar- Mr. BLACK read a list of the bills which would be ture from the rule altogether; and if they excepted in sent to the President under the resolution, if adopted by favor of any particular measures in the Senate, why the Senate, and said that he would offer an amendment might not the House do the same thing, and carry it far- to prevent its being carried further. ther? He appealed to gentlemen whether his course in 1 After some remarks from Mr. PORTER, that body had not always been conciliatory and ready to The CHAIR stated that the rule was imperative. The yield to the wishes of a majority; and he assured gen-1 rule was, that no bill or resolution should be sent to the tlemen that, in this instance, he was actuated by no un President on the last day of the session. The Chair, kind or unaccommodating feelings, but solely by a sense however, felt bound to sign the bills, and, in the mean of duty.

time, any gentleman who thought proper might appeal Mr. CALHOUN said they all knew that this rule was from the decision. adopted after many years of experience, and that, on Mr. MANGUM said that, the measure he regarded as the last day of the session, the Executive had no oppor- the most pernicious not being included in the resolutunity to examine a number of bills. IIe felt obliged to tion, he would yield to the wishes of his friends and the Senator from North Carolina for making bis objec. withdraw his objections. tions, as he thought it highly important that the rule Mr. LINN said that his friend from North Carolina, in should not be relaxed.

withdrawing his objections, had acted with that kind. Mr. LINN did not suppose, for a moment, that his ness and good feeling which bad always characterized friend from North Carolina was actuated by any unkind his course in that body. If he could mention one act feelings, but that his objections were prompted by a which would confer a greater degree of happiness on a sense of duty; but he begged him to reflect a moment particular portion of the people, he would refer to the whether there were not occasions on which the most bill he had already mentioned; and in behalf of those rigid rule should be dispensed with, and whether this who would be so essentially benefited by this most just was not one of them. It appeared (Mr. L. said) that and necessary measure, he returned his thanks to the

this rule had been relaxed on more than one occasion, Senator from North Carolina for withdrawing his objec· and he trusted the gentleman would see that there were i tions to the suspension of the rule.

VOL. XII.-122

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