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ral will take place in the Senate chamber at half past 12 On Invalid Pensions.-Messrs. Miller of Pennsylvania, o'clock. Whereupon,
Beale, Evans of Maine, Schenck, Taylor of New York, Mr. CASEY, of Illinois, moved the following resolu Harrison of Pennsylvania, Doubleday, Hoar, and Howell. tion, which was adopted:
On Roads and Canals.-Messrs. Mercer, Vinton, RenResolved, unanimously, That, in testimony of respect cher, Lucas, Reynolds of Illinois, Hannegan, Steele, for the memory of the Hon. Elias K. KANE, late a Sen Jackson of Massachusetts, and Calhoon of Kentucky. ator in Congress from the State of Illinois, the mem On Revisal and Unfinished Business. -Messrs. Huntbers of this House wear crape on the left arm for thirty ington, Mann of Pennsylvania, Mason of Ohio, Harlan, days.
and Farlin. On motion of Mr. REYNOLDS, of Illinois, the House On Accounts.-Messrs. Lee of New Jersey, Darlingthen adjourned for the purpose of attending the funeral. ton, Hall of Maine, Johnson of Virginia, and Turner. STANDING COMMITTEES.
On Expenditures in the Department of State.--Messrs.
A. H. Shepperd, Calhoun of Massachusetts, Hunt of The standing committees of the House were announc. New York, Morris, and Sickles. ed as follows, in pursuance of the order of Thursday | On Expenditures in the Treasury Department. last:
Messrs. Allen of Vermont, Harper, Spangler, Russell, On Elections.--Messrs. Claiborne, Griffin, Hawkins, and Barton. Hard, Burns, Kilgore, Buchanan, Maury, and Boyd. On Expenditures in the Department of War.-Messrs.
Of Ways and Means.--Messrs. Cambreleng, McKim, | Jones of Ohio, Bovee, Johnson of Virginia, Love, and Loyall, Corwin, Jobnson of Tennessee, Smith of Maine, Hubley. Lawrence of Massachusetts, Ingersoll, and Owens.
On Expenditures in the Navy Deparlment.—Messrs. of Claims.-Messrs. Whittlesey, Forester, Banks, Hall of Maine, Sloane, Seymour, Pettigrew, and Mason Bynum, Grennell, Davis, Taliaferro, P. C. Fuller, and
of New York. Chambers of Kentucky.
On Expenditures in the Post Office Department.-On Commerce.-Messrs. Sutherland, Pinckney, Pearce Messrs. Hawes, Burns, Childs, Bailey of Maine, and of Rhode Island, Gillet, Phillips, Johnson of Louisiana, Reynolds of New York. Ingham of Connecticut, Cushman, and McKeon.
On Expenditures on the Public Buildings.--Messrs. On the Public Lands. - Messrs. Boon, Slade, Williams | Darlington, Hazeltine, Pearce of Rhode Island, Gal. of North Carolina, Lincoln, Casey, Kennon, Dunlap,
d Beale, Chapman, and Harrison of Missouri. On the Post Office and Post Roads.-Connor, Briggs,
SELECT COMMITTEES. Laporte, Hall of Vermont, Mann of New York, Cleve. On the Rules and Orders of the House.--Messrs. Mann land, French, Shields, and Hopkins.
of New York, Adams of Massachusetts, Thomas of For the District of Columbia.--Messrs. W. B. Shep. ard, Hiester, Vanderpoel, Bouldin, Washington, Lane,
Maryland, Williams of North Carolina, Cambreleng,
Everett, Parks, Parker, and Chambers of Pennsylvania. Rogers, Fairfield, and Towns.
On the Northern Boundary of Ohio.--Messrs. J. Q. On the Judiciary.-Messrs. Beardsley, Thomas, Hardin, Pierce of New Hampshire, Robertson, Peyton,
Adams, Hardin, Patton, Pierce of New Hampshire, Toucey, Jones of Virginia, and Martin.
Haynes, Dickerson, McKay, Grayson, and Judson. On Revolutionary Claims.-Messrs. Muhlenberg, Crane, Standefer, Turrill, Kinnard, Beaumont, Craig,
TUESDAY, DECEMBER 15. Chapin, and Underwood.
The SPEAKER notified the House that, in compliOn Public Expenditures.-Messrs. Page, Clark of ance with its rules, be should to-morrow call for petiPennsylvania, McLene, Mason of Maine, Deberry, Leon- tions and memorials in the order of States and Territoard, Haley, White, and Weeks.
ries. On Private Land Claims.-Messrs. Carr, Galbraith, Patterson, Chambers of Pennsylvania, May, Garland of
ELECTION OF OFFICERS. Virginia, Hammond, Huntsman, and Lawler.
On motion of Mr. WHITTLESEY, the House proOn Manufactures.-Messrs. J. R. Adams, Denny, ceeded to the election of its officers by ballot. Dickerson, McComas, Webster, Gideon Lee, Judson, Six ballotings for the choice of a Sergeant-at-arms Holsey, and Granger.
took place, the last of which resulted as follows: - On Agriculture. -Messrs. Bockee, Bean, Roane, For Roderick Dorsey,
122 Shinn, Deberry, Bailey, Logan, Phelps, and Efner.
92 On Indian Affairs.-Messrs. Bell, McCarty, Everett, Scattering, Graham, Ashley, Haynes, Lyon, Hawes, and Chaney. So RODERICK DORSEY, of Maryland, was elected.
On Military Affairs.-Messrs. Johnson of Kentucky, Mr. BOCKEE offered a resolution, proposing the reSpeight, Ward, Thomson of Obio, Coffee, Bunch, election of Mr. OVERTON CARR as doorkeeper, and J. McKay, Anthony, and Dromgoole.
W. HUNTER as assistant doorkeeper of the House. On the Militia.--Messrs. Glascock, Henderson, Wil Mr. HAWES said he believed that, according to the liam K. Fuller, Wagener, Calhoun of Massachusetts, rules of the House, where the persons nominated were Joshua Lee of New York, Carter, Coles, and Williams opposed, it was necessary to proceed to an election. of Kentucky.
He had no objection to the nomination now made for On Naval Affairs.--Messrs. Jarvis, Milligan, Lansing, doorkeeper, but, as be understood that there would be Reed, Grayson, Parker, Wise, Ash, and Grantland.** opposition as to the office of assistant doorkeeper, he
On Foreign Relations.-Messrs. Mason of Virginia, must object to so much of the resolution offered.
The House adjourned.
WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 16. and Montgomery.
On Revolutionary Pensions.-Messrs. Wardwell, Lea Mr. THOMPSON, of South Carolina, and Mr. Ripof Tennessee, Lay, Janes, Storer, Morgan, Klingen-LEY, of Louisiana, appeared, were qualified, and took smith, Bond, and Fry,
| their seats.
RODERICK DORSET, elected Sergeant-at-arms of the Russell, Slade, Sloane, Sprague, Wardwell, WhittleHouse of Representatives, presented himself and was sey-31. qualified.
Mr. SLADE said that, having made the motion to
| print, he would beg leave to say a few words in its supSLAVERY IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.
A. port. He should not be discouraged in pressing the Mr. FAIRFIELD, understanding, he said, that by a | motion, by the vote which had just been given to lay presentation of a petition, a member was not made re- the memorial on the table. Many gentlemen, he knew, sponsible for its propositions, presented a petition signed had voted in favor of that motion, simply upon the by 172 females, praying the abolition of slavery and the ground that it had been made by the gentleman who slave trade in the District of Columbia, and moved that had presented the memorial, but who would not, he it be referred to the Committee on the District of Co was persuaded, deny the memorialists the privilege of lumbia.
laying their views before the House and the country, in Mr. CRAMER moved that it be laid on the table; the manner contemplated by the motion he had made. which was agreed to.
He thought the printing was due to the memorialists, Mr. FAIRFIELD then presented a similar petition, and to the subject of their memorial. It was, confesswhich he moved to lay on the table.
edly, one of great national importance. It had long Mr. MASON, of Virginia, said, as it was extremely occupied the anxious attention of a large and highly desirable to have an expression of sentiment on this subo | respectable portion of the country, who had repeatedly ject, by the House, he would ask for the yeas and nays pressed the subjeet upon the consideration of Congress; on the motion; and they were ordered.
and whatever might be the views of gentlemen in regard Mr. BOON called for the reading of the memorial. to the expediency of granting the prayer of the memoAfter it was read,
rialists, it seemed to him that it was due to them, as a Mr. EVERETT rose to ask whether the motion to matter of common courtesy and common right, that the lay on the table was made by the member who present. memorial should be printed, to the end that it might ed the petition.
receive that attention which the importance of the quesMr. FAIRFIELD replied in the affirmative.
tion and the character of the memorialists demanded. Mr. SLADE moved that the memorial be printed. He was, indeed, personally unacquainted with them;
Mr. WILLIAMS, of North Carolina, asked the divi. but they belonged to a section of the country as much sion of the question.
enlightened on the subject of human rights, and as well Mr. MASON, of Virginia, asked the yeas and nays on informed in regard to their constitutional privileges, as the motion to print, and they were ordered.
any other portion of the Union. If they were of the The question being taken on the motion to lay on the same stamp with those of his constituents who entertaintable, it was decided in the affirmative, as follows: ed the same views, and who had instructed bim to pre.
YEAS-Messrs. C. Allan, Anthony, Ash, Ashley, sent memorials similar to that now before the House, he Bailey, Barton, Beale, Bean, Beardsley, Beaumont, was sure that none could deny to them a respectful Bell, Bockee, Bond, Boon, Bouldin, Bovee, Boyd, bearing, and to their memorial the regard, at least, Brown, Buchanan, Bunch, Burns, J. Calhoon, Cambrel which would be indicated by ordering it to be printed. eng, Campbell, Carr, Carter, Casey, George Chambers, These memorials for the abolition of slavery and the John Chambers, Chaney, Chapman, Chapin, Claiborne, slave trade in the District of Columbia were less conCoffee, Coles, Connor, Corwin, Craig, Cramer, Crane, nected with the efforts for a general and immediate Cushman, Davis, Deberry, Dickerson, Doubleday, abolition of slavery in the southern States than was Dromgoole, Dunlap, Efner, Everett, Fairfield, Farlin, commonly believed. He had charge of memorials of Forester, Fowler, French, Fry, Philo C. Fuller, William the same character, which be knew contained the names K. Fuller, Galbraith, James Garland, Rice Garland, of many individuals who had no connexion with aboliGillet, Glascock, Graham, Granger, Grantland, Graves, tion societies, and who did not harmonize with their Grayson, Griffin, Haley, Joseph Hall, Hammond, Han views in regard to the object of their efforts; but who, negan, Hard, Hardin, Harlan, Samuel S. Harrison, nevertheless, felt deeply impressed with a conviction of Albert G. Harrison, Hawes, Hawkins, Haynes, Hoar, the right and the duty of Congress to act upon this Hopkins, Howard, Howell, Hunt, Huntington, Hunts subject, and to abolish slavery, and erase from the man, Ingersoll, Ingham, Jabez Jackson, Jarvis, Joseph national escutcheon the foul blot of the slave trade within Johnson, Richard M. Johnson, Cave Jobnson, Henry | the limits of this District. Johnson, John W. Jones, Benjamin Jones, Judson, [The CHAIR here interposed, and remarked that it Kennon, Kilgore, Kinnard, Klingensmith, Lane, Lansing, was not in order to go into the merits of the petition on Lawler, Lawrence, Lay, Gideon Lee, Joshua Lee, L. the motion to print.] Lea, Leonard, Lincoln, Logan, Loyall, Lucas, Lyon, Mr. SLADE said he was well aware of the rule suggest. Abijab Mann, Job Mann, Martin, John Y. Mason, ed by the Chair, which he did not intend to transgress William Mason, Moses Mason, Samson Mason, Maury, by any attempt to discuss the merits of the question inMay, McComas, McKay, McKeon, McKim, Mercer, volved in the memorial. He only insisted on the proMilligan, Morgan, Muhlenberg, Owens, Page, Parks, priety of printing it; and he felt warranted in pressing Patterson, Franklin Pierce, James A. Pearce, Petti. his motion, not only by the considerations he had suggrew, Phelps, Phillips, Pickens, Pinckney, Reed, John gested, but by the additional one that former memorials Reynolds, Joseph Reynolds, Ripley, Roane, Robertson, to the same effect had been printed by order of the Seymour, Shepard, Shepperd, Shields, Shinn, Sickles, House. He referred, especially, to one which had been Spangler, Steele, Storer, Sutherland, Taliaferro, presented in 1828, signed by more than eleven hundred Taylor, Thomas, J. Thomson, W. Thompson, Toucey, citizens of this District, great numbers of whom were Towns, Turner, Turrill, Underwood, Vanderpoel, Vin- slaveholders, and many of whom he knew to be among ton, Wagener, Ward, Webster, Weeks, White, Lewis the most respectable inhabitants of the District. That Williams, Sherrod Williams, Wise-180.
memorial set forth in strong language the evils of slavery, NAYS--Messrs. Adams, H. Allen, Banks, Borden, and painted, in vivid colors, the abominations of the Briggs, W. B. Calhoun, Clark, Cushing, Darlington, slave trade within this territory over which Congress is Evans, Grennell, Hiland Hall, Harper, Hazeltine, Hen: invested with the right of exclusive legislation. The derson, Hiester, Hubley, William Jackson, Janes, La signers of the memorial were not in a situation to be porte, Love, Morris, Parker, Dulee J. Pearce, Potts, | accused of fanaticism, while they were in a condition to
form a correct judgment with regard to the evils of land, of North Carolina, contesting the election of James which they complained, and for which they besought Graham to a seat in this House, as a Representative from Congress to provide a remedy; and if gentlemen would the State of North Carolina. take the trouble to examine that petition, they would On motion of Mr. PEARCE, of Rhode Island, the pefind the evils of slavery and the slave trade set forth in tition and accompanying papers were referred to the stronger language than that which was employed in the Committee on Elections." memorial which he now asked the House to print. He Mr. HAMER, of Ohio, rose and remarked that he was would add, that the memorial to which he referred was absent from his seat when the question was taken on the called up two years ago by an honorable member from motion of the gentleman from Maine, (Mr. FAIRFIELD, ] New Hampshire, now a member of the Senate; and, on and he asked leave now to record his yote; but it was bis motion, was ordered to be printed with the names of objected to. the signers. He submitted whether, with this precedent Mr. HOLSEY, of Georgia, asked leave to record his before them, the House could refuse to make the order vote on the motion to lay the motion to print the memowhich his motion contemplated.
rial presented by the gentleman from Maine on the table; Mr. VANDERPOEL remarked that, inasmuch as the and an objection being made, memorial had been audibly read by the Clerk, and the Mr. HOLSEY moved the suspension of the rule, to contents of it were now well understood by every mem- enable him to effect his object; which motion was negaber of the House, and as the motion to print was de- tived. batable, and the debate now commenced was very un- The SPEAKER presented a letter from ELIJAH E. profitable, and would, in all probability, if not arrested, CRANY, transmitting his credentials as a Representative consume the day, he would move to lay the motion to in Congress from the State of Michigan. print upon the table; and upon that motion he called Mr. BEARDSLEY said the gentleman could not be for the yeas and nays; which were ordered by the House. considered a member of the House, and was not entitled
The question being taken, it was decided in the af- to a seat as such. As Michigan had assumed the position firmative, as follows:
of a State, and the question of her admission was pendYEAS-Messrs. Chilton Allan, Anthony, Ash, Ashley, ing, the House could not prejudge that question by adBailey, Barton, Beale, Bean, Beardsley, Beaumont, mitting the gentleman to a seat as a member. But, as Bell, Bockee, Bond, Boon, Bouldin, Bovee, Boyd, an act of courtesy to him, he moved that a seat be asBrown, Buchanan, Bunch, Burns, J. Calhoon, Cambrel. signed to him within the House, and that his communieng, Campbell, Carr, Casey, John Chambers, Chaney, cation be printed and laid on the table. Chapman, Chapin, Claiborne, Cleveland, Coffee, Coles, Mr. MERCER said he could not concur in the proConnor, Craig, Cramer, Crane, Cushman, Davis, Deberry, priety of the course suggested. In order to have time Dickerson, Doubleday, Dromgoole, Dunlap, Efner, to consult the precedents on the subject, he moved that Fairfield, Farlin, Forester, French, Fry, Philo C. Ful- the motion be laid on the table. ler, William K. Fuller, James Garland, Rice Garland, Mr. HANNEGAN moved an adjournment; which was Gillet, Glascock, Graham, Grantland, Graves, Grayson, agreed to, and Griffin, Haley, Joseph Hall, Hamer, Hammond, Hanne The House then adjourned. gan, Hardin, Harlan, Albert G. Harrison, Hawes, Hawkins, Haynes, Hopkins, Howard, Howell, Huntington,
THURSDAY, DECEMBER 17. Huntsman, Ingham, Jabez Jackson, Jarvis, Joseph
ELECTION OF OFFICERS. Johnson, Richard M. Johnson, Cave Johnson, Henry Jobnson, John W. Jones, Benjamin Jones, Judson, Ken The House took up the resolution heretofore offered non, Kilgore, Kinnard, Klingensmith, Lane, Lansing,
by Mr. BOCKEE, for the appointment of certain officers Laporte, Lawler, Gideon Lee, Joshua Lee, Luke Lea,
of the House. Leonard, Logan, Loyall, Lucas, Lyon, Abijah Mann,
| Mr. BOCKEE modified the resolution so as to read as Job Mann, Martin, John Y. Mason, William Mason,
follows: Moses Mason, Samson Mason, Maury, May, McComas,
Resolved, That OVERTON CARR be appointed principal McKay, McKeon, McKim, McLene, Mercer, Mont
doorkeeper of the House; and the resolution was agreed gomery, Mublenberg, Owens, Page, Parks, Patterson,
to nem. con. Patton, Franklin Pierce, James A. Pearce, Pettigrew,
Mr. BOCKEE then submitted the following resolution: Phelps, Pickens, Pinckney, John Reynolds, Joseph
Resolved, that the House do now proceed to the choice Reynolds, Ripley, Roane, Robertson, Rogers, Schenck,
of an assistant doorkeeper, by ballot. Seymour, William B. Shepard, Augustine H. Shepperd,
Mr. HAYNES nominated Colonel John W. HUNTER. Shields, Shinn, Sickles, Smith, Spangler, Standefer,
Mr. PATTON nominated John B. DADE. - Steele, Storer, Sutherland, Taliaferro, Taylor, Thomas,
Mr. ALLAN, of Kentucky, nominated OLITER PEASE.
Messrs. HAYNES, PATTON, and ALLAN of Kentucky, John Thomson, Toucey, Towns, Turner, Turrill, Underwood, Vanderpoel, Wagener, Ward, Washington,
were appointed tellers. Weeks, White, Lewis Williams, Sherrod Williams,
The result of the first ballot was as follows:
29 Briggs, William B. Calhoun, Carter, George Chambers,
Pease, ; Childs, Clark, Corwin, Cushing, Darlington, Evans,
Blanks, Everett, Galbraith, Granger, Grennell, Hiland Hall,
John W. Hurten, having a majority of all the votes, Hard, Harper, Hazeltine, Henderson, Hiester, Hoar,
was declared to be duly elected. Hubley, Hunt, Ingersoll, William Jackson, Janes, Law
PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE. rence, Lay, Lincoln, Love, Milligan, Morris, Parker, On motion of Mr. BEARDSLEY, the House resolved Duteé J. Pearce, Phillips, Potts, Reed, Russell, Slade, itself into a Committee of the Whole on the state of the Sloane, Sprague, Vinton, Wardwell, Webster, Whittle.
Union on the President's message, Mr. J. Q. ADAMS in sey--49.
the chair. So the motion to print was laid on the table.
- Mr. BEARDSLEY offered the following resolutions, Numerous petitions and memorials were now present which were agreed to: ed; among which,
Resolved, That so much of the President's message as The SPEAKER presented the petition of David Hew. I relates to the public lands, to the condition of the Gen
eral Land Office, and to improvements in the land sys- / would be the effect, he would not now offer the amendtem, be referred to the Committee on the Public Lands. ment, but would give notice that he should, at some fu
Resolved, That so much of said message as relates to ture day, offer a resolution, the effect of which will the report of the Secretary of War, and the public in be, if adopted by the House, to close this hall on the terest intrusted to the War Department, except so much Sabbath. thereof as relates to Indian affairs, be referred to the The resolution heretofore offered by Mr. Johnson, of Committee on Military Affairs.
Kentucky, for supplying the heads of Departments and Resolved, That so much of said message as relates to bureaux, and other officers of the Government, with the militia of the United States be referred to the Com- copies of the public documents printed by order of Conmittee on the Militia.
gress, was taken up for consideration. Resolved, That so much of said message as relates to Mr. PATTON objected to the resolution, on the the Indian tribes, and every thing connected therewith, ground that no object of public utility could be gained be referred to the Committee on Indian Affairs.
by it. Resolved, That so much of said message as relates to After some remarks from Messrs. MANN, WISE, the political relations of the United States with foreign | MILLER, and JOHNSON of Kentucky. nations, including "the ascertainment of the claims to be Mr. MASON, of Virginia, moved the reference of paid and the apportionment of the funds under the con- the resolution to the Committee on Military Affairs, with vention made with Spain,” be referred to the Commit- instructions to inquire and report whether, in the trans. tee on Foreign Relations.
action of public business, the public interest would be Resolved, That so much of said message as relates to | promoted in whole or in part; which was agreed to. the commerce of the United States with foreign nations Mr. WARD moved that when the House adjourns, it and their dependencies be referred to the Committee on | adjourn to meet on Monday next. Commerce.
Mr. WHITTLESEY offered some reasons connected Resolved, That so much of said message as relates to with the private bills long before Congress, which have the finances, and every thing connected therewith; the heretofore failed for want of time, in opposition to the custody of the public moneys, and every thing connected motion. therewith; the offices of commissioners of loans and of After a few words from Mr. WARD, and a suggestion the sinking fund, and every thing connected with the from Mr. MERCER, that next Friday being Christmas, operations of those offices; and the Bank of the United the House would not probably sit, nor on the following States, including the books and stock of the United States Friday, which would be new-year's day, in that institution, be referred to the Committee of Ways Mr. BOON moved that the motion be laid on the table; and Means.
which was agreed to. Resolved, That so much of said message as relates to On motion of Mr. CAMBRELENG, the annual report the report of the Secretary of the Navy, and the public of the Secretary of the Treasury, and the estimates of interest intrusted to the Navy Department, be referred to the Treasury, were referred to the Committee of Ways the Committee on Naval Affairs.
and Means. Resolved, That so much of said message as relates to The House then adjourned till to-morrow. the report of the Postmaster General, the condition and operations of the Post Office Department, and every
Friday, DECEMBER 18. thing connected therewith, be referred to the Committee
Mr. McKENNAN appeared, was qualified, and took on the Post Office and Post Roads.
his seat. Resolved, That so much of said message as relates to amending that part of the constitution which provides / SLAVERY IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. for the election of the President and Vice President of
Mr. JACKSON, of Massachusetts, presented a petithe United States," be referred to a select committee. tion from sundry citizens of Massachusetts, praying Con
Resolved, That so much of said message as relates to gress to provide for the immediate abolition of slavery the present condition of the District of Columbia," and within the District of Columbia; which he moved to re. which recommends a revision of its laws and the exten- fer to a select committee. sion of political rights to its citizens, be referred to the Mr. HAMMOND moved that the petition be not reCommittee for the District of Columbia.
ceived. The large majority by which the House had Resolved, That so much of said message as relates "to rejected a similar petition a few days ago had been very the defects which exist in the judicial system of the Uni- gratifying to him, and no doubt would be very gratify. ted States," and which recommend an extension of that ing to the whole South. He had hoped it would satisfy system to all the States, be referred to the Committee on gentlemen charged with such petitions, of the improthe Judiciary.
priety of introducing them here. Since, however, it had On motion of Mr. MASON, of Virginia, the Commit. | not had that effect, and they persisted still in urging tee rose and reported the resolutions, and they were them upon the House and upon the country, he thought concurred in by the House.
it was not requiring too much of the House, to ask it to The select committee on the subject of the election put a more decided seal of reprobation on them, by of the President and Vice President of the United States peremptorily rejecting this. was ordered to consist of nine.
The SPEAKER said he was not aware that such a
motion had ever been sustained by the former practice ELECTION OF CHAPLAIN.
of the House; and in addition to that, by a standing rule Mr. THOMSON, of Ohio, moved the adoption of the of the House, (the 45th,) petitions and memorials could customary joint resolution for the election of two chap- not be debated or decided on the day of their presentalains to Congress.
tion, but must lie over one day, unless the House should Mr. WARDWELL stated that he had intended, when direct otherwise. this resolution should be considered by the House, to of Mr. GARLAND, of Virginia, then moved to lay the fer an amendment, prohibiting the use of this hall on the petition on the table. Sabbath to the chaplains of Congress, or for any other Mr. HAMMOND said, as he was aware of no rule of purpose whatsoever. As he did not, however, wish to the House restricting the rejection of petitions, he embarrass the election of chaplains, which he should would modify his motion accordingly, by moving that not oppose, and as some members supposed that such | the House reject the petition.
The SPEAKER remarked that the motion of Mr. peal from the decision of the President of the United GARLAND would take precedence.
States to the nation, through the House of RepresentaMr. HAMMOND begged the gentleman from Virginia tives, and his memorial was presented by the presiding [Mr. GARLAND] to withdraw his motion to lay on the officer of that House. A question was raised by a distable, that we might have a direct vote upon this matter. tinguished member from Pennsylvania, and a motion He was not disposed to go into a discussion of the ques. was made that the petition should not be received, and tion involved in the petition; though, should it be urged, the House decided that it should not be received. Now, he would not shrink from it a hair's breadth; but he did that was altogether preliminary to the question of laying think it due to the House and the country, to give at on the table, and had precedence of it. A motion to once the most decisive evidence of the sentiments enter lay on the table could only be maintained when the subtained here upon this subject. He wished to put an end ject was before the House; and after the question, to these petitions. He could not sit there and see the whether it should be received or not, or whether it rights of the southern people assaulted day after day, by should be laid before the House, had been decided. It the ignorant fanatics from whom these memorials pro. was with a view of ascertaining that question that Mr. ceed.
W. appealed from the decision of the Chair; for he was The SPEAKER requested the gentleman to suspend in favor of the motion of the gentleman from Virginia, his remarks until he read the 45th rule of the House, to lay the petition on the table, but he was also in favor which was as follows: "Petitions, memorials, and other of first receiving it. papers, addressed to the House, shall be presented by Mr. MERCER well remembered, he said, the case the Speaker, or by a member in his place: a brief state cited by the gentleman from North Carolina, and if he ment of the contents thereof shall verbally be made by was not mistaken, the question on that occasion was not the introducer, and shall not be debated or decided on in relation to the constitutional power of that House to the day of their being first read, unless where the House refuse to receive petitions from citizens of the United shall direct otherwise, but shall lie on the table, to be States, for the right to petition was reserved to our cititaken up in the order they were read." Unless, therefore, zens by the constitution; but it was as to whether an the House should direct otherwise, the Chair would be individual, not a citizen of the United States, could come compelled, under the rule, to arrest any discussion, and there and petition; the petitioner in that case being a direct the petition to lie over till to-morrow. Besides, the commander in one of the South American Governments. question to lie on the table, having precedence, was not The SPEAKER stated the question before the House debatable.
| as it then stood, and said he should be glad to have the Mr. HAMMOND'S object, he said, was not to debate judgment of the House upon it. After reading the fortythe merits of the question, but to move, if it was in order fifth rule, and also the thirty-second rule, laying down the to do so, the rejection of the petition.
order of privileged motions, of which that to lie on the taThe SPEAKER replied that the rule was imperative ble stands second, he remarked that the Chair considered on himself to arrest debate or decision on the petition, the petition as having been received by the House, and had unless the House directed otherwise, and it must lie over entertained the motions for a time; but, under the former one day.
rule, the petition ought to lie over. If, however, the Mr. MERCER remarked that the motion to reject House set that aside, still the motion to lie on the table brought up the whole merits of the question, and would baving the preference, the question could not be debanecessarily bring on the very debate the gentleman said ted on its merits. If in error, the Chair would be very he desired to avoid; and he maintained that the motion happy to be corrected. The question then before the to lie on the table was in order.
House was, Shall the decision of the Chair be sustained? Mr. GARLAND, of Virginia, said he felt compelled Mr. BELL, of Tennessee, thought it would be better to insist upon his motion to lay the petition on the table that the petition lie over for one day without being defor the present.
| bated at that time. As the question was a new one, or Mr. WILLIAMS, of North Carolina, said that he did about to be decided for the first time, it would be safest not like to take an appeal from the decision of the Chair, for the House at least to let the petition lie over one but it was of some importance that the rights of members day; and he would, therefore, suggest to the gentleman should be clearly ascertained. He was sure that it was from South Carolina that this course had better be perfectly in order for any gentleman to make the point adopted, and at the next day of meeting the House whether or not a paper should be received, and to move could then either reject it or lay it on the table. Mr. its rejection.
| B. thought the decision of the Chair, that the petition The SPEAKER said, as the question was new to him, should lie over, in substance right, and he thought it he had doubts for a moment; he now entertained the certainly the safest course to pursue. motion of the gentleman from South Carolina, Mr. Mr. GLASCOCK said he should have supported the HAMMOND,) but the motion to lay the petition on the views of the last gentleman, if a different course had not table interposing, took precedence
been taken the other day. He could see no reason why Mr. WILLIAMS contended that the latter motion the course pursued in relation to the petition presented would apply only after the petition had been received, | by an honorable member from Maine, (Mr. FAIRFIELD, ] and was in possession of the House.
should be departed from now; nor why, after the deciMr. HAWES rose to a question of order. Unless the sive vote that went forth to the country, expressive of gentleman took an appeal from the decision of the Chair, the views and feelings of so large a majority on that oche was out of order in addressing the House.
casion, they should now assume a different shape. Had Mr. WILLIAMS intended to appeal. He was in favor the question itself undergone any change? If what was of the motion of the gentleman from Virginia, that the then done was wrong, let them say so, and let those petition should be laid upon the table, but he could not who were upacquainted with the rules of proceeding consent that that motion should ride over one that was know they were in error; but he saw nothing in the prior to it. He begged to refer the honorable Speaker rules that conflicted with the course now sought to be io an example set by one of his predecessors. It was that pursued in relation to the petition on the table. He did of a memorial sent to that House a few years ago, from hope that, so far as related to the memorials and petia representative of some one of the South American tions of this kind, some additional views would be given, revolutionary Governments. That representative of this to satisfy gentlemen who felt it their duty to introduce South American Government took upon himself to ap- and present them, and to satisfy their constituents who