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given in every other case to this question has been uni. modating the gentleman from Ohio, would, for the preform_"the standing Committee on the Judiciary." | sent, waive his motion to refer the matter to the ComGentlemen who look only to the isolated fact of admis. mittee on the Territories, pledging himself to renew it, sion into the Union will find that they can no more arrive should the House reject, as he hoped it would, the moat that point, without first meeting and deciding all the tion to refer the subject to the Committee on the Jugrave questions of law I have suggested, than they could | diciary. transfer themselves from this hall to the northern lakes, 1 Mr. REYNOLDS, of Illinois, asked for the yeas and without passing over the intermediate space.
nays; which were ordered. I hope gentlemen will not deem it beneath the dignity Mr. WILLIAMS, of North Carolina, again advocated of this House to consult in this matter a little the feel the question before the House, that the Committee on ings and views of both parties to this question of bound the Judiciary was the only proper tribunal to which this ary. With them it has always been viewed as mainly a subject should be sent. question to be resolved by a right construction of the Mr. H. EVERETT hoped that both questions, that of acts and laws of Congress. It has thus been contested the Ohio boundary line and the Michigan constitution, on both sides. You are appealed to as a final arbiter. would be sent to the same committee; for the conThey will expect you to call to your aid that committee sideration of the one question necessarily embraced the to whom the nation look for correct opinions when con- | other. If the question of boundary was the only struction of law is the question. Who has ever heard, one, he would have no objection to send it to the Comtill now, of submitting a legal proposition to the Com. mittee on the Territories, but the other involved mat. mittee on the Territories: Sir, i disclaim all idea of ters purely of a legal character, and of itself would go drawing comparisons between the individuals composing to the Judiciary Committee. Being of opinion that both either of these committees. I only insist that the laws should go to the same committee, he should vote in favor of the House have assigned to each their appropriate of the motion then before the House,
of the motion then before the House, to send the whole function, and the Speaker is presumed to have arranged subject to the Committee on the Judiciary. the talent of the House in reference to those laws. For The question was then taken on this motion, and de. the people of my own State I only ask a fair trial, and incided as follows: Yeas 113, nays 77: the usual way. Give them these, and those fearful ex. YEAS-Messrs. Chilton Allan, Heman Allen, Ashley, citements, of which the gentleman from Virginia has Bailey, Beardsley, Bell, Bond, Boon, Boyd, Briggs, spoken, will be at once subdued into acquiescence in Bunch, John Calhoon, W. B. Calhoun, Campbell, Carr, the decision, whether friendly or adverse to their claims. Carter, Casey, Chaney, Childs, Claiborne, Clark, Cleve. But should this House, to whom the appeal, in a gen land, Coles, Connor, Corwin, Craig, Crane, Darlingerous confidence, has been made, blunder in the dark | ton, Davis, Deberry, Denny, Evans, Everett, Farlin, upon a wrong and unusual course, and ultimately decide Forester, French, Pbilo C. Fuller, Rice Garland, Graagainst them, we may then look for agitations, accompa ham, Granger, Graves, Grayson, Grennell, Griffin, Hinied with more frightful violence than the gentleman has land Hall, Hamer, Hammond, Hannegan, Hard, Hardin, imagined.
Harlan, Harper, Hazeltine, Hiester, Hoar, Howell, Hub. I fatter myself that it is apparent to all, that now is ley, Hunt, Huntsman, Janes, Jarvis, Cave Johnson, the most propitious time to settle this unhappy contro Henry Johnson, Benjamin Jones, Kennon, Kilgore, versy. I imagine all will agree that it is competent for Kinnard, Klingensmith, Lane, Lansing, Lawrence, Lay, this House to settle it. I entreat gentlemen not to think Luke Lea, Lincoln, Lucas, Samson Mason, Maury, of leaving the question open. I appeal to the gentle May, McCarty, McKennan, McLene, Mercer, Milligan, man from Virginia, whether he could take pleasure in Morris, Muhlenberg, Page, Parker, Patterson, Pettiseeing three sovereign States prostrate before the judi grew, Phillips, Pinckney, Reed, Rencher, John Reyncial tribunals, asking of your courts to determine whether olds, Russell, Wm. B. Shepard, A. H. Shepperd, they were States! or, if States, whether they had any Shields, Slade, Sloane, Spangler, Standefer, Storer, territory, and how much! Sir, unbounded as my confi Taliaferro, John Thomson, W. Thompson, Underwood, dence has been, and is, in the federal courts, for their Vinton, Webster, Whittlesey, L. Williams, S. Williams, sakes, as well as the country, I do not wish to see ques. | Wise-113. tions which agitate great political communities brought | Nars-Mossrs. Adams, Anthony, Barton, Beale, frequently before them for decision. To avoid this, and Bean, Beaumont, Bovee, Brown, Buchanan, Burns, to put forever beyond the power of contest this cause of Cambreleng, Chapman, Chapin, Coffee, Cramer, Cushdiscord and disunion, I entreat the House to send this man, Dickerson, Doubleday, Dromgoole, Efner, Fair. subject to the only committee competent to analyze and field, Fowler, William K. Fuller, Galbraith James Gar. present in a connected view all the questions that cluster land, Gillet, Glascock, Haley, Samuel S, Harrison, Alround it; and, with such a report, I do not permit myself bert G. Harrison, Haynes, Henderson, Holsey, Hopkins, to doubt but the House will come to a conclusion as satis. Howard, Huntington, Ingham, Wm. Jackson, Jabez factory to, as it will be obligatory upon, all concerned. Jackson, Joseph Johnson, John W. Jones, Judson, La
Mr. HOWARD said, understanding it to be the wish porte, Lawler, J. Lee, Leonard Loyall, Lyon, Abijah of the gentlemen from Ohio to get a vote on their mo. Mann, Job Mann, Martin, John Y. Mason, Moses Mason, tion for a reference to the Committee on the Judiciary, McKeon, McKim, Miller, Montgomery, Morgan, Owens, he would not impede that wish, though he should him- Parks, Franklin Pierce, D. J. Pearce, Phelps, Joseph self vote against it. He hoped it would be sent to the Reynolds, Rogers, Schenck, Seymour, Smith, Sprague, Territorial Committee, believing, as he did, that to be Taylor, Toucey, Towns, Turrill, Vanderpoel, Wagener, the proper course. The delegation from Ohio were Ward, Weeks--77. said to be unanimous on this question; and if the So the message of the President of the United States, House should consent to the motion of the gentle. and the accompanying documents, were referred to the man from that State, (Mr.HAMER,] it would perhaps cre-Committee on the Judiciary. ate distrust in the minds of the people of Michigan. Mr. HOWARD expressed his hope that the House Besides, Mr. H. contended, this was not a judicial ques. would then take up the motion to reconsider the refertion. It was a question of expediency, entirely out of ence of the papers on the northern boundary line of the consideration of the Judiciary Committee. There | Ohio to a select committee, and he moved a suspension was no point of legality involved in it. He should vote of the rules for that purpose. The rules were suspend. against that reference; but, for the purpose of accom. I ed: Ayes 124, noes not counted.
Mr. J. Q. ADAMS inquired what would be the effect of all the other gentlemen named on this committee. [ if the motion to reconsider prevailed?
am not sure that I have the honor of an acquaintance The CHAIR said it would place the subject in posses- with any of them, but hope to have before our session sion of the House, precisely as if no reference had ever closes. But, in pressing this motion, sir, it is due from been made.
me to say to them all, as I have already said to their Mr. BOND, of Ohio, said that, in common with all his chairman, and I do it with great pleasure, that it is far colleagues, he felt a peculiar desire that the motion from my wish to offer the committee, collectively or innow under consideration might prevail. I will not dividually, the slightest disrespect. An earnest desire, (said Mr. B.) attempt to disguise the fact that I cherish as you will recollect, Mr. Speaker, was felt and expressa deep and abiding interest in the result. The subjected by myself to you, in person, that this committee which gives rise to this motion, sir, is one of universal should not be named until this motion, which the gen. and intense interest in Ohio, and the remark made the tleman from Maryland (Mr. Howard) had then given other day by one of my colleagues, expressive of the notice he would make, should be disposed of. In this unanimity of our entire delegation in Congress, is equal request, the gentleman from Maryland, to whom I have ly true as to the whole population of our State. No alluded, was kind enough to unite. I regret, sir, that matter what is or may have been the difference of opin. your imperative sense of duty prevented a compliance ion among us, touching many of the great questions with our request. No doubt the Chair was right; but which occasionally excite and agitate this nation, I take could I have been indulged, I should have been relieved leave to say, sir, that the people of Ohio, in relation to from performing this day what cannot but be esteemed the subject-matter of the President's message now un- a delicate and unpleasant duty. der consideration, believing it to affect their sovereign | But, Mr. Speaker, I ask the reconsideration of this ty, are one and undivided. It must therefore be man- | motion on other grounds, which I esteem equally ifest to the House, that a subject which so suddenly strong, and which happily involve no question of fastidunites both sections of two great parties, holding gen- ious delicacy. erally adverse opinions, must possess more than ordinary There are questions of high legal import involved in influence,
this dispute-matters for judicial inquiry. It is unneI appeal, then, to you, Mr. Speaker, and to the cessary now to press them. The construction, too, and House, if, in disposing of this motion, great care should legal interpretation of several acts of Congress, and of not be taken to impress all the parties in interest with what, on a former occasion, was justly termed by the a conviction that the utmost fairness and impartiality gentleman from Massachusetts the “ matchless and irhave marked our deliberations and proceedings in re. repealable ordinance of 1787," all necessarily attend this gard to it. If it should appear that the question has investigation. been prejudged, or committed to a tribunal any member If, indeed, as has been said by the gentleman from of which has already decided it, it is absolutely certain Vermont, (Mr. EVERETT,] there are mixed questions of that you will fail in reconciling the losing party to your law and fact, coupled also with those of expediency, still judgment, although its proprięty and justice may be greater is the necessity for having a trained legal mind susceptible of easy demonstration. It is admitted to be to separate and decide them. By our rules we have a most desirable to convince all the parties in a contro standing Committee on the Judiciary, composed, as it is versy, that they stand upon an equality before their presurned to be, of gentlemen eminent for their legal triers. If they believe in the impartiality of the tribu. acquirements, and who may be said to be the legal ad! nal, they are the more ready to abide the judgment, visers and counsellors of this House. It is to this comthough adverse to their wishes. But if a contrary imm ittee, sir, that we should look for the investigation and pression is created, you can never appease those against determination of such questions as I have stated to be whom you decide, and thus will defeat one of the great involved in this subject; and admitting that there are ends of government.
gentlemen of eminent legal acquirements on the select I have been induced to make these suggestions, Mr. committee, and I am far from disputing it, still it would . Speaker, because of the ascertained and deliberate be productive of great confusion and irregularity to judgment and decision of the distinguished chairman of vary from what is, or ought to be, the settled practice the select committee to whom this subject has been re-of the House. ferred. I beg the worthy gentleman to pardon me in It is wrong to commit legal or judicial inquiries to any making this allusion to him. I assure him it is not done other than our standing committee on such subjects. It in any spirit of unkindness, nor from the slightest motive would be an encroachment on the province of that of disrespect. I have been an observer of a part of the committee, and ought not to be indulged in for slight long and distinguished public career of that gentleman, causes. and have seen in it much to approve, and nothing that Before taking my seat, sir, I must be permitted to allude would occasion me, knowingly, to wound his feelings. to a remark thrown out by the gentleman from MaryI do not complain, sir, because the gentleman has ex. land, [Mr. HOWARD,) at whose hands I have already re. amined the subject, nor because he has made up and ceived too much kindness, to suppose he would knowpublicly expressed an opinion against us. All this beingly press a fallacious argument against us. had an unquestionable right to do, and, indeed, I be In discussing a matter nearly connected with this now lieve was probably constrained to examine the subject under consideration, my friend from Maryland thought from his official station in this House at a former session. that the House ought not to refer it to the Judiciary But a high and solemn sense of duty enjoins it on me to Committee, since it was known to be the unanimous wish say that, having done these things, the worthy gentle of the delegation from Ohio that it should be so done, man is not an impartial trier, and that it would be but as it might therefore be charged that there was partialimockery to send this subject to him, under the pretence ty, or an undue influence, by our undivided front. Now, of his now investigating it, and reporting the result to so far from this being a just inference from such premthis House. Sir, we already know his opinions and his ises, I would ask if something is not fairly due to the judgment upon this matter; and I assimilate the case to joint request of any delegation, great or small, where it that of a juror who, having once sat in a cause, is dis- is respectfully made? But still greater is the propriety qualified from being placed on the venire in any subse of complying with such request, where it is in itself quent trial of the same matter.
reasonable; and, above all, where the committee to Mr. Speaker, I am an entire stranger to the opinions I whom they ask a subject to be sent is impartial and an.
committed, and the matter fully within its appropriate | ality, or the sentiment of justice, which I believe belongs sphere of inquiry.
to one of them, is to disqualify me as a member of this We know, sir, that “in union there is strength;" and committee, I ask the House how they will qualify the I should be very sorry that a virtue which is so essential twenty-nine members of this House, several of whom to the duration of all our institutions should be urged have shown such deep feeling in this controversy? against us as impairing our rights. But I most fondly Theirs is not a question of partiality, but of the highest cherish the hope, Mr. Speaker, that this motion to re and deepest interest; a matter upon which, while on all consider will receive the kind indulgence of the House. other subjects they differ as widely as the poles, they
Mr. ADAMS rose and said: I have very little to say have told you that they are all united as one man. Yes, against the reconsideration of this question; for, if it is sir, nineteen members from Ohio, seven from Indiana, the opinion of the House that it ought to reconsidered and three from Illinois, are all united as one man. And and referred to another committee, it will certainly re.. why? Sir, I wish to say that I consider them all as men lieve me and my colleagues from an exceedingly labori- with a sense of justice at their hearts as full and entire ons and painful duty. But, sir, the objection which has as my own; but upon this question they are interested. been made by the member from Ohio, (Mr. Bonn, ] This is not a question of partiality or impartiality with against the confidance of this duty into the hands of this them; they cannot but have an opinion different from committee, is one which seems to require of me some that which others entertain. With them, it is a question reply.
of interest, not of right, upon which they and their felIt is, indeed, very true that at the last session of low-citizens held their arms in their hands to shed the Congress, entirely without any foreknowledge of mine, blood of their fellow-citizens, and to sustain their rights, either of the proposition or of the merits of this ques with the same unanimity with which they come here to tion, a bill from the Senate, establishing the boundary speak, and sustain, and votę, for that interest. And, line of the State of Ohio, and, I believe also, of the sir, because a member of the House, having no inteStates of Indiana and Illinois, came to this House, and rest under heaven in this issue, not considering it as a was referred to a seleet committee, of which it was the measure of interest, but as a question of right and wrong, pleasure of the Speaker to appoint me chairman. It is had heretofore, in the discharge of bis duty to the also true that the committee consisted then of seven House and the country, expressed an opinion that they members; six of whom concurred that the State of Ohio have nothing but power, and no right on their side had no right whatsoever to the boundaries contested for when the subject comes here to go to a committee, not by her; that six out of the seven were of opinion that the to decide, but merely to give counsel and advice-they Territory of Michigan was entitled, by every law, human I get up and tell you that the member is disqualified. Sir, and divine, to the boundary which she claimed. Six I cannot help admiring the sense of justice which enables out of seven!
these gentlemen to disqualify a member because he had Sir, since that time, transactions of great moment to an opinion not suited to their interests; and then to the peace and welfare of this Union have occurred. The | vote, twenty-nine of them, one after another, upon State of Ohio, by her legislative and executive author every question connected with this case. ities, has gone on to settle this question by main force. Sir, I will say one word more. There are twentyArmies have been arrayed by the State of Ohio, to set- nine members on the one side, exercising the right to tle this question by force; and that those armies have not speak and to vote, and all of whom represent States been met by the adverse and hostile armies of the other which are directly interested in the question. On the party, had been more owing, probably, to the discretion other side, I look around, and I see only a single indiof the President of the United States, than to the discre. vidual representing the Territory of Michigan. I have tion of either of the parties to this controversy. Under no doubt he is fully qualified to sustain the rights of his these circumstances, the peace having been preserved Territory upon this floor by all the power of speech between the two parties, (if my friend from Ohio will which has been displayed by the adversaries of Michigan, permit me to consider the Territory of Michigan as a
but he has no vote; and I believe, in the general estiparty to this matter, however the state of Ohio may mation of us all, a vote here is worth more than a speech, deny that she is so,) peace, I say, having been preserved, be the speech from whom it will. at the commencement of this session the President of the Sir, one word more. I am afraid that, besides the United States transmitted to Congress two messages; the twenty-nine votes depending here upon the issue of these one containing the constitution of the State of Michigan, questions, there are thirty-five votes of another descrip. formed by the people of that State, as they conceived, tion, which may unfortunately have more influence than conformably to the rights secured to them as citizens of they ought to have in the final decision of this subject in the United States by the constitution of the United another place. But, sir, I have said it is my duty to be States; and upon that constitution, formed with a fair and explicit. I offered the resolution, referring boundary line given to that Territory by an act of Con- these papers to a select committee, not on my own ingress of the year 1805, under the irrepealable ordinance clination, for no public duty that I ever discharged could of 1787, constituting the same identical boundaries, the come more ungraciously to me, but at the request of President of the United States had sent a message. The these gentlemen who are here knocking at your door, Representative of that State had presented himself here, claiming to be Representatives like yourselves, and whom and, under the claim of rights secured to him by the you have not yet admitted. I was well aware of the ob. constitution, as a citizen of the United States, he claimed jection that could be taken to my having any concern a seat here. In the other branch of the Legislature, with this matter, other than that of voting upon it when two Senators, elected upon the same principles, and the year and nays were called upon any question in relaunder the same claim of right, have presented them- tion to it, on the ground that I had formed an opinion. selves for admission to that body. Sir, to my regret, But, really, when I considered the alternative part of the (and I speak only of what occurred in this body,) the proposition, the number of votes upon the one side, with Representative of the State of Michigan has not yet the solitary voice on the other, I thought I was not been admitted upon your floor, not even as a common justified in refusing the request, spectator.
For what was it? I have said the subject was not to Sir, it becomes my duty to be perfectly explicit upon be decided by, but merely referred to, a committee, the this subject. I pretend to no such thing as impartiality duty of whose chairman would be to present a report to between the two parties, and if the sentiment of parti- l this House for its consideration, which should present
the whole merits of this question before the House; and decided terms. The reasons he bas urged I do not which las not yet been done.
consider have been answered, and I regard them as unThe report of the committee of the Senate simply de- / answerable. clares that the committee had no doubt of the right of It is said, sir, that there is no delicacy on our part to Congress to settle the disputed boundary conformably act as triers of this question, though we object to the to the claim of Ohio. That report I think I have seen chairman of the special committee, as having already qualified in one of the official documents from the State decided against us. Suppose for a moment that the of Ohio, as a very able report--yes, sir, and this great analogy between the cases was perfect, what does it ability consisted in a simple declaration that the commit. prove? Why, sir, that the gentleman from Massachutee had no doubt of the power of Congress, to settle setts excuses one act of indelicacy by the exhibition of the boundary; but not one iota of argument, nor one another. This, sir, is not a sound mode of reasoning,
ion to any question of right between the par. | as it admits the weakness of the one position, while it ties, did it contain. Upon that report the Senate did would expose that of the other. But there is a most pass a bill, which, when it came to us, was referred to a palpable distinction between the two cases. Although select committee of this House, of which I was appointed the delegation of Ohio will pass upon the question by chairman. After hearing the parties on both sides, day their votes, they have not asked to prepare the case, to after day, for a week; after hearing an able argument find the indictment upon which the whole matter must from one of the most intelligent members of the Ohio be tried. If any one of my colleagues should have delegation on the one side, and from the delegate of the sought the reference of the President's message to a Territory of Michigan on the other, the committee came committee of which he was, or would by courtesy be, to the conclusion, which it then stated to the House, that the chairman, then the cases alluded to would have been the bill ought not to pass. They made no report, be. apposite. As we now stand, sir, the parallel does not cause there was no time to draw it up. Upon that ex: hold, and the attempted display of wit is gratuitous. pression of opinion a discussion arose in the House, to- ! We wish, sir, that the committee who are to act as the wards the close of the session, when I gave my views grand inquest in this whole matter, who are to prepare upon the question generally. Now, sir, when those the issue we are to try, and in which such important gentlemen came to me, and asked me to move the refer. interests are involved, should be without bias, uncomence of the two messages to a select committee, I told | mitted, impartial. Their report, for good or for ill, them that I would move the reference of one subject must have an influence upon the question. It will be (that of the boundary) to a select committee, and said published and read long before the ultimate principles it that, for the full establishment of justice between the involves are decided, and long before its effects can be parties, I thought it was proper that the two messages counteracted; for, sir, I assume it as true that ours is, should be referred to two distinct committees. If they in a most interesting sense, a Governmert of opinion; concurred, the decision would be more barmonious; and, whatever may be our decisions here, they will be and if they differed, every thing then would be said on judged by the people upon their own view of the case. both sides of the question. I therefore moved to refer Now, the report of a committee furnishing all the facts the one to a select committee, leaving the other to take upon which that opinion is to operate, it is the only crisuch direction as the House should think proper.
terion by which our acts are to be tested. How desiraSir, I have stated to the House the course of my pro- ble, then, is it, sir, that those who make the presentceedings, and the character of my motives. I have been ment should come to the subject untrammelled by preexplicit--there is no doubt upon my opinion. I have judice and uncontrolled by feeling. nothing more to say. The House will decide as they If such is the result in ordinary cases, how strongly shall think fit and consistent with justice. I shall feel does the argument now apply? The whole force of a myself relieved from one of the most painful public du. powerful, clear, and cultivated mind, the whole force ties I have ever performed, if they should transfer the of great political and moral character, are to be concenduties to be performed by the chairman of the select trated upon a subject wbich it is admitted has been alcommittee to the chairman of some other committee of ready prejudged. Sir, I protest against the occurrence the House.
of such a contingency. I know full well the ability with Mr. STORER, of Ohio, said: It is with great pain, which the honorable gentleman will prepare his report, Mr. Speaker, that I feel compelled to object to the ref and I know, also, the avidity with which every thing erence of the question under debate to the select com that comes from his pen is perused. I cannot, therefore, mittee, and of which the honorable and venerable gen consent that he shall write us down, in the threshold of tleman from Massachusetts is the chairman. If, sir, in the question, as he has generally done all bis antagonists. the course of my remarks, he should regard any senti We wish to be heard, before the blow that decides our ment I might utter as severe, I beg him to impute the fate is struck, and courteously, yet firmly, would insist necessity under which I am placed as a sufficient apology. that it is our right, as we know it is our duty, to chalBetween that gentleman and myself there ought to be lenge for favor, if necessary, any one of the panel who but the kindest feelings. In days that have gone by Ibas prejudged the cause I would appeal, then, to the have sustained him, sir, when few cried "God bless honorable gentleman, and entreat him, when there is so him!” and since that period, in every vicissitude of his much at stake, to decline bis opposition to the reference, eventful life, I have marked with intense interest his and reserve his strength for the final struggle. career. It is not when I object to his supervision over The honorable gentleman has said that there are the interest of Ohio that I would, in the most remote twenty-nine members on this floor, who moved in solid degree, question his bigh qualifications to discharge his column, while the Government of Michigan has no ad. duties, wherever and whenever be may be called on to vocate bere. Sir, the gentleman does himself great inexert his great mind; but, sir, I wish that the sun of his justice; for I am satisfied, without any disparagement to fame should set in splendor: that, in the decline of his any representative that might be selected to protect the memorable life, no clouds or darkness should rest rights of Michigan, they could not be more ably, zeal. upon it.
ously, and untiringly sustained than they have been, and 'My colleague, to whom the gentleman' from Massa- I have no doubt will be, by that honorable gentleman. chusetts has just replied, very properly excepted to the There is no fear, then, that the Territory will not have propriety of the reference, as the chairman of the select the most paternal care exerted in her behalf, and the committee had already expressed his opinions in strong 1 most commanding eloquence invoked in her defence.
It was said by the gentleman from Massachusetts, that prove, still I trust that the honorable gentleman will Ohio had resorted to force, and that even blood would listen to my appeal, and withdraw his opposition to the have been shed had it not been for the mediation of the reference. He cannot forget his speech in February President of the United States. Sir, the picture is ex- last, on this floor, when he covered the whole ground aggerated: whatever of war, or rumors of war, may have of the present controversy, and where he has unalterabeen heard this side the mountains, our peaceful valley bly committed himself against Ohio-a speech that has has not yet been disturbed by such fanciful conflicts. In been this morning recognised as his proper offspring, all the marchings and countermarchings of an armed and all its leading arguments again reilerated. force, we hold that Michigan has had the honor of the Sir, I thank the House for their indulgence, and close melee to herself. The battle ground has been hers only; with a confident hope that the motion to reconsider will and if there has been a conflict, she has sought it. Sir, prevail. if the chronicles of the times have exbibited the same Mr. LANE next addressed the House, in reply to the facts to the gentleman that they have to me, he will find gentleman from Massachusetts, and in opposition to the that the acting Governor of Michigan has been on the reference to a select committee. He was in favor of disputed territory, in the presence of his troops; and I sending the subject to the Committee on the Judiciary am authorized to assert, also, tbat, in March last, on a committee which would do entire justice to all parties his requisition, the officer commanding the arsenal at concerned. Detroit issued one thousand stand of muskets, with seven- ! Mr. VINTON said it was not his intention to enter ty-five thousand ball cartridges, to maintain, as was said, into the debate on this motion; but the remarks which the “ integrity and laws of Michigan." Yes, sir, the arms had fallen from the gentleman from Massachusetts (Mr. of the United States were placed in the hands of the Adams) impelled bim, from a sense of duty, to throw Executive of Michigan, by a federal officer, to be used himself upon the attention of the House. Deeply as he against the people of Ohio. Sir, when the President felt on this subject, he would endeavor to avoid the inwas advised of this startling fact, he instructed the Sec- | dulgence of feeling which the gentleman from Massaretary of War to direct that the arms and ammunition | chusetts, in the course of his remarks, bad manifested. should be returned immediately, and intimated, at the The open avowal of that gentlemani, that he did not same time, that the requisition could not be approved. I pretend to be impartial, and that he had consented, at
It gives me pleasure, sir, to believe that the President the instance of the agents of the Territory of Michigan, has always discountenanced the conduct of the Execu-to take this question of disputed boundary into his tive of Michigan, and that he has exerted himself to hands, not for the purpose of deciding upon it according quiet the difficulties on our border. He has appointed to its merits, but with the view of opposing and dea commission of intelligent gentlemen, who repaired to feating the claim of the State of Obio, brought the the frontier, and, as they supposed, in good faith, had House directly up to the decision of the question, arranged, for a time at least, the cause of contention. whether it would tolerate and sustain the gentleman in He has expressed himself, in decided terms, that our / that attempt. If it would, he, as one of the Representboundary should be settled before the admission of atives of the State of Ohio, desired to know it; and Michigan into the Union, as I am assured by the letter the sooner that information went to the people and Leof my honorable predecessor to the Governor of Ohio, 1 gislature of the State, now in session, the better, as they heretofore communicated by him to the Legislature of would then know what sort of justice to expect here. that State. I agree with the gentleman, that the Presi The people of the State of Ohio, of all classes, are as dent has exerted himself to bring about an amicable set. thoroughly satisfied of the justice of their claim as the tlement of the question; and, so far as Obio is concerned, gentleman from Massachusetts is of its injustice. And a I feel constrained to say she has acted in strict accord majority of the people of that State were firmly persuaance with every stipulation she has made.
ded they were called upon to sustain the dignity and Sir, it is unjust and ungenerous to assail Ohio in the honor of the State against the repeated and unprovoked manner and language we have witnessed upon this floor; aggressions of the authorities of the Territory of Micbiand he is her recreant son who will not cast back the gan, during the past season, upon the jurisdiction of reproach, and stand forth as her champion.
the State, and to repel by force their lawless acts of mil. I had hoped, sir, that the remembrance of the blood itary violence. less frays upon our frontier would have been known A portion of the community had used their endeavors only in the border tales of the West; that they would to persuade the people to stay their hand, and to wait not have received form and substance, too, from the the action of Congress on this subject; they were as plastic hand and poetic genius of the honorable gentle sured they might rely on the justice and impartiality of man from Massachusetts. But, sir, I am mistaken. The Congress. He was one of those who had taken that events in the Northwest are now matter of history, and course; and he stood pledged that, whatever might be will descend to future time in the glowing diction of him the decision here, reliance might be placed on the jus. who has chronicled them in this day's debate.
tice and impartiality of this body. If, when the inflamSir, I make a final appeal to the gentleman from Mas. matory speech of the gentleman from Massachusetts, sachusetts. The people of Ohio bave, on more than with his undisguised avowal of his intentions, shall go one occasion, given him the strongest proofs of their forth to the people of Ohio, already excited and smartregard, and they still cherish for the memory of his dis- ing under a deep sense of outrage and injustice, the tinguished ancestor all the consideration that his eminent vote of this House, sustaining him in his attempt, shall services in their behalf so justly have claimed. Sir, it accompany that avowal, there can be no mistaking its cannot be unknown to this House, that, during the ne- effect among them. They are not in a temper, sir, gotiation of the treaty of 1783, at Versailles, the British quietly to submit to a disregard here of even the ap. minister insisted that the river Ohio should be the pearance of justice and impartiality. boundary of the United States; and it was while thus Tlie gentleman, sir, discloses the fact that the agents narrowed down in her territory that her borders were of Michigan, now in this city, solicited him to take this not only extended, but finally carried to the lakes and subject into his charge, and that he promised to further the Mississippi, by the uncompromising firmness and their designs by moving a select committee, of which, unconquered vigilance of John Adams.
by the courtesy of the House, he would be made the Sir, we cannot forget the past; and though we have chairman, and that, too, with a settled determination to witnessed to-day much to regret and much to disap- I make up a report against the State of Ohio. I beg leave,