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sir, to contrast the course of the agents of Michigan, and chusetts, has disqualified himself from taking this subject of the gentleman from Massachusetts, with that hereto- | into his hands, not only by his declaration that there fore pursued by the delegation from Ohio in the conduct ought to be no action upon it, but also by his course last of this question. The Senate of the United States, at session, when it was under his charge. A speech of the each session of the last Congress, passed a bill to confirm gentleman, made at the last session, which went the the boundary of Ohio. It so happened that there was a rounds of the country, and has been several times refermember from the State of Ohio on the Committee on red to during this debate, would naturally lead all who the Judiciary, and on the Committee on the Territories. did not know the facts to suppose the bill, then ander A gentleman from the State of Ohio, not now a member his charge as chairman of the committee, had been of this House, had in both instances moved the commit. under the consideration of Congress at the time it was ment of the bill to a select committee, stating to the delivered. Not so, sir. The gentleman, instead of House, as his reason for so doing, that it was the desire asking the commitment of the bill when it was reported of the Ohio delegation that the committee should be back from the select committee, or taking any order in composed wholly from States having no interest in the reference to it, left it where, in the then state of busiquestion in dispute; and at the same time expressing a ness in the House, it was altogether impossible for its wish that he might not be named as chairman of the friends to bring it before the House. While the bill committee, at the head of which he would be entitled by was thus situated, at a time when it was not before the courtesy to be placed, as the mover of the order. In House, the gentleman went out of his way, and beyond both instances, the committee was organized according the pale of the rules of the House, to assail the bill, and to the request of the mover. Now, sir, I leave the to pronounce a violent philippic against it and the States course of the delegation from Ohio to speak for itself, interested in it. It was impossible to make any reply when contrasted with this attempt of the agents of Mich to the assertions then made by the gentleman, both igan to obtain a one-sided report.

because the merits of so complicated a subject could The gentleman seems to think that, because the mem. not be gone into in detail when the bill was not before bers from Ohio may vote upon this question, he, as the the House, and because the state of its business would avowed partisan of Michigan, may, with the same pro- not justify the necessary consumption of time required priety, preside over the committee who shall report the to enter into the discussion. facts and law to the House. If any member from the The member Mr. BINNEY) of the select commitlee State of Ohio should attempt to take charge of the ques. who, as has been stated by the gentleman from Massation as chairman of the committee, or to thrust bimself chusetts, dissented from the opinion of the other six, into the committee as a member of it, then, and not till and who is not now a member of this House, sail, in then, will the analogy between us and the gentleman's reply, that he would not be drawn into the discussion present position hold good; and no gentleman can deny of the merits of the bill at that time; but that whenever that a member from Ohio might not be placed on the | it should come up for consideration, he was prepared to committee with as much propriety as the gentleman show that the construction put upon the ordinance of from Massachusetts can be permitted to retain his place 1787, by the gentleman from Massachusetts, was wholly on it.

groundless and untenable. That gentleman, who, for The gentleman has informed you, and his statement is legal attainments, has no superior in this House or in true, that at the last session a week was consumed in this nation, gave to the subject in all its details the fullest debating this question before the select committee. investigation, which brought him to believe in the justice The statement itself must satisfy every member of this of tbe claim of Ohio, as firmly as the gentleman from body of the impossibility of making the question, in all Massachusetts does in its injustice. its details, understood in the House; and that, in coming | The gentleman from Massachusetts had gone out of to its decision, it must rely mainly upon the industry, bis way to remark, upon the report of the Judiciary impartiality, and cautious scrutiny of the committee. A Committee of the Senate on the subject of the Ohio right understanding of it involves the necessity of going boundary, and had seen fit to throw out an intimation back to the very foundation of the legislative and politi- that their report was wanting in ability, from which we cal history of the western country; of entering into a are to infer it is not entitled to our respect. Whether comparison of the early and modern geography of the it be or be not in order for the gentleman from Massa. country, and the true construction of a complicated chusetts to introduce the proceedings of that body into series of laws and ordinances, through a period of half a this House, he (Mr. V.) would not undertake to decide; century. Ancient and modern maps must be examined. but he would state what he knew of their report, and The very number of the House renders it impracticable gentlemen might decide for themselves how far their for each member, as the debate progresses, to obtain a opinion is entitled to respect. That committee was personal inspection and explanation of them, while the composed of gentlemen, not only eminent for legal accommittee, from the smallness of its nuinber, can sit quirements, but among the most eminent in the States down and go through all the details and facts with the from which they came. The question was most elabo. caution and accuracy of which the proceedings of a rately argued before that committee. Every thing that judicial tribunal are susceptible. To commit such a ques. could be said in favor of the pretensions of Michigan tion, involving rights of vital importance to three States was said—the opening argument for Michigan having of the Union, into the charge of one who has already occupied an entire day and a half. The committee gave ayowed his hostility to them, is worse than mockery. the most scrupulous attention to every thing that was

Again, sir: this subject is brought here for the action said, and investigated the subject in all its details with of the House upon it. I cannot forget that the gentle. the most cautious scrutiny. He (Mr. V.) was able to man from Massachusetts, at the last session of Congress, state what occurred in the committee of the Senate, as declared it as his opinion that there ought to be no action he was deputed by the delegation from Ohio to argue of Congress upon this subject; and yet, sir, strange as it the question on behalf of the State before the commit. may seem, the gentleman comes forward and proffers to tee-a duty which he had performed. The result was, take it into his charge, while, at the same time, he gives that committee came to the unanimous opinion that the us ample evidence that his opinion has undergone no State of Ohio was entitled to be confirmed in her claim, change. Now, sir, I am for putting it in the charge of and so reported to the Senate. In that body this questhose who will bring it forward for the action and de. tion has been twice debated, and a bill to confirm the cision of the House. The gentleman, sir, from Massa- I boundary of Ohio has been twice passed by a rote of

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something like thirty to nine. This statement of facts, Cleveland, Coffee, Cushman, Darlington, Deberry, Den,
sir, may lead us to doubt whether the claim of Ohio is ny, Doubleday, Fairfield, Fowler, French, William K.
so totally groundless as the gentleman from Massachu. | Fuller, Galbraith, Gillet, Glascock, Haley, Joseph Hall,
setts asserts it to be; and we may justly entertain some Haynes, Henderson, Hiester, Holsey, Hopkins, Hunt,
suspicion of the soundness of the gentleman's own Ingham, Jabez Jackson, Joseph Johnson, Cave Johnson,
opinion, when he declares that Michigan is entitled to the Lansing, Laporte, Lawler, Lay, Joshua Lee, Leonard,
country in dispute “by every law, human and divine." Lincoln, Lyon, Job Mann, John Y. Mason, William Ma.
4 Mr. V. said that, when the bill came from the Senate / son, Moses Mason, McComas, Miller, Montgomery,
to the House, by the direction of the delegation from Morgan, Muhlenberg, Parker, Parks, Franklin Pierce,
his State, he had argued the question before the select Dutee J. Pearce, Phelps, Potts, Robertson, Schenck,
committee of which the gentleman from Massachusetts Seymour, Shinn, Smith, Sprague, Taylor, Towns, Tur.
was chairman. He had endeavored to discharge his rill, Vanderpoel, Wagener, Ward, Wardwell, Weeks,
duty to his State faithfully; but with how little success Sherrod Williams-79.
the gentleman has already informed the House. Mr. V. So the House agreed to reconsider the vote referring
said that he did not know that his colleagues would be the boundary question to a select committee.
disposed again to devolve upon him the discharge of so The CHAIR stated that the question would be on the
important a duty. But he would say that, after what original motion, to refer the subject to a select com-
had happened, and after the avowals which the gentle mittee.
man had made to-day, he should be restrained by self-1 Mr. ADAMS withdrew the motion of reference to &
respect from going before that gentleman to argue the select committee.
question. He said it bad fallen to his lot to attempt in Mr. HAMER moved that the subject be referred to
a court of justice to argue a question which the judge the Committee on the Judiciary; and it was agreed to
had already decided; but in a case like the present, he without a count.
would not submit to the oppression of feeling attendant The House then adjourned.
upon such an effort; nor would he, under existing cir.
cumstances, argue it before him, out of respect to his
State; and when the gentleman's speech shall go to

Ohio, he doubted not but the united voice of the people

Mr. ELY MOORE, one of the Representatives from New and of the Legislature would forbid the argument of

York, appeared, was qualified, and took his seat. their claim before him.

Mr. CAMBRELENG moved a suspension of the rules Mr. V. said the opinion had been expressed from dif.

of the House, to enable such committees as were ready ferent sides of the House, that the two questions of the to do so to report bills; but the motion was negatived admission of Michigan with the boundaries she has as.

without a division. sumed for herself, and the question relating to the boun

Mr. CAMBRELENG then moved to suspend the rules dary of the States of Ohio, Indiana, and illinois, ought so far as to allow the Committee of Ways and Means to to be referred to the same committee, since both involve report sundry appropriation bills; but this motion was to the fullest extent the question of boundary in dispute. also negatived, (two-thirds of the number of members The House having already decided that the former should present being required to sustain it,) by the vote of ayes go to the Judiciary Committee, there seemed to be a pe. 50, noes 93. culiar fitness that the latter should accompany it. And

NEW YORK SUFFERERS BY FIRE. he would again repeat, in conclusion, that the latter ques. tion cannot be left in the hands of the gentleman from

Amongst other petitions presented by the gentleman

last named. was one from certain merchants who were Massachusetts, after the declaration he has made of his

sufferers from the recent destructive fire in the city of motives, without marked disrespect, on the part of the House, to the States whose rights are involved in the ref.

New York, in relation to which

Mr. CAMBRELENG said he should have pressed its erence. The question was then taken by yeas and nays, on

immediate consideration, had it not been that further the pending motion, and decided in the affirmative, 107

action was anticipated on this subject, such as might to 79, as follows:

tend to meet the views of the petitioners. The subject YEAs--Messrs. Chilton Allan, Bailey, Bockee, Bond,

was already before the House, but the arrival of a comBoon, Buchanan, Bunch, William B. Calhoun, Campbell,

mittee, deputed by the merchants of New York, was exCarter, Casey, Chaney, Chapman, Chapin, Childs, Clai

pected in this city on Monday next. The propositions burne, Clark, Connor, Corwin, Craig, Crane, Cushing,

contained in the petition he had presented, as to the

laws of the land, were of the highest importance. He Davis, Dromgoole, Efner, Evans, Everett, Farlin, For.

should therefore move that so much of the petition as ester, Philo c. Fuller, James Garland, Rice Garland, Graham, Granger, Graves, Grayson, Grennell, Griffin,

related to subjects not comprised in the former petition Hiland Hall, Hamer, Hammond, Hapnegan, Hardin,

should be referred to a Committee of the Whole on the Harlan, Harper, Samuel S. Harrison, Hazeltine, Hoar,

state of the Union; the remainder to the Committee of Howard, Howell, Hubley, Huntsman, Janes, Jarvis, Henry

Ways and Means. Johnson, John W. Jones, Benjamin Jones, Judson, Ken! The motion was unanimously agreed to. non, Kilgore, Kionard, Klingensmith, Lane, Lawrence,

· The remainder of the day was spent in the reception Gideon Lee, Luke Lea, Loyall, Lucas, Martin, Samson and disposing of petitions, bills, &c., till the hour of adMason, Maury, May, McCarty, McKennan, McKim, Mc

an. Mckim. Mc journment. Lene, Mercer, Morris, Page, Patterson, Pettigrew, Phillips, Pinckney, Reed, Rencher, John Reynolds, Rogers,

· WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 30. Russell, Augustine H. Shepard, William B. Shepperd, Shields, Slade, Sloane, Spangler, Standefer, Storer, Tal.

REPRESENTATIVE FROM MICHIGAN. iaferro, Thomas, John Thomson, Waddy Thompson, Mr. BEARDSLEY said it was within the recollection Toucey, Underwood, Vinton, Webster, Whittlesey, of the House that, a few days since, he had moved that Lewis Williams, Wise-107

the gentleman who had presented himself there as a Rep. NAYS--Messrs. Adams, Heman Allen, Anthony, Ash-resentative from what is called the State of Michigan, be ley, Barton, Beale, Bean, Beardsley, Beaumont, Borden, permitted to occupy a seat on the floor during the sittings Briggs, Brown, Bynum, Cambreleng, John Chambers, l of the House. It seemed due from himself that he

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should ask the House to consider that motion; but, be- praying for an extension of the charters of the existing fore doing so, he wished to suggest that he designed to | banks in said District of Columbia, or for the establishmodify his proposition, by merely asking the House to ment of any other bank or banks in their stead, and to permit that gentleman to come within the hall during examine into the condition of the currency of said Disthe sittings of the House in the character of a spectator; trict, to inspect the books and to examine into the prothat, he trusted, would be acceptable to the whole ceedings of said banks, to ascertain whether their House; and he had done it with reference to former charters have been violated or not, and whether any precedents, particularly that of the State of Tennessee. abuses or malpractices have existed in their manageMr. B. then sent his modified proposition to the Chair, | ment, to send for persons and papers, to examine wit. to be read from the Clerk's table for the information of nesses on oath, and to appoint a clerk to record their the House, and was as follows:

proceedings. Resolved, That Isaac E. Crary, who claims to have Mr. SHEPARD said that the present question was been duly elected a member of this House, be admitted more a question of propriety and fitness than any thing as a spectator within the hall during the sittings of this else. It was for the House of Representatives to say House.

whether they would take this matter from a standing Objection being made,

committee, and refer it to a select committee. He said Mr. BEARDSLEY moved to suspend the rules of the the House could judge of the propriety of doing that as House to enable him to make the motion, and asked for well without argument as with it. It was not for him to the yeas and pays; which were ordered, and which were say whether the Committee on the District could peras follows:

form the duty as well as a select committee. To show YEAS-Messrs. John Q. Adams, Ashley, Bailey, Bar. the entire uselessness of the motion of the gentleman ton, Bean, Beardsley, Bockee, Boon, Rorden, Bovee, from Maryland, [Mr. THOMAS,] he held in his hand a Boyd, Briggs, Brown, Buchanan, Cambreleng, Camp- | letter from the president of one of the banks, requesting bell, Chapman, Chapin, Childs, Claiborne, Clark, that the Committee on the District would appoint some Cleveland, Connor, Corwin, Craig, Cramer, Crane, of their members to investigate fully the affairs of the Cushing, Cushman, Darlington, Deberry, Dickerson, banks. It seemed to him that the gentleman could have Doubleday, Dromgoole, Efner, Everett, Fairfield, Far: obtained his object by moving instructions to the Comlin, P. C. Fuller, Galbraith, J. Garland, R. Garland, mittee on the District. If this was done, he would Gillet, Glasc«ck, Granger, Grennell, Haley, J. Hall, I pledge himself to the House that any queries which the Hamer, Hard, S. S. Harrison, A. G. Harrison, Haynes, gentlemen would put to him should be put to the banks Hazeltine, Henderson, Hiester, Hoar, Howard, Howell, of the District, and answered; and then it would be for Hubley, Hunt, Huntington, Ingham, W. Jackson, | that gentleman to say whether they were answered J. Jackson, Janes, J. Johnson, R. M. Johnson, Cave properly or not. It was a question of propriety for this Johnson, H. Johnson, J. W. Jones, Judson, Kennon, House to say whether it would take from the Committee Kilgore, Lane, Lansing, Laporte, Lawler, Lawrence, on the District of Columbia that business which legitiLay, T. Lee, Leonard, Lincoln, Loyall, Lyon, A. Mann, mately belonged to it, and send it to another committee. J. K. Mann, Martin, W. Mason, M. Mason, S. Mason, Mau- If the House has no confidence in the Committee on the ry, McKay, McKennan, McKeon, McKim, Miller, Mont. | District, let it say so. He, however, as a member of gomery, Moore, Morris, Muhlenberg, Owens, Page, that committee, was willing to examine the banks of the Parker, Parks, Patterson, Franklin Pierce, Dulee J. District as scrupulously as he could. Pearce, Phelps, Phillips, Potts, Reed, Joseph Reynolds, Mr. THOMAS said that justice to himself made it proRoane, Rogers, Schenck, Seymour, Slade, Sloane, per to remind the House of an occurrence in the last Smith, Sprague, Storer, Taliaferro, Thomas, J. Thom-Congress connected with this question. There were son, Toucey, Turner, Turrill, Vanderpoel, Wagener, four banks in the District that stopped specie payments Wardwell, Weeks, Whittlesey-133.

in 1834, two of wbich are now asking a recharter. In NAYA--Messrs. C. Allan, Beale, Bond, Bunch, J. 1835, these banks memorialized this body for the passage Calhoon, W. B. Calhoun, Carr, Carter, Casey, J. of a law to recharter them. It was but justice to the Chambers, Coles, Davis, Denny, Evans, Forester, city that we should act understandingly on this matter; French, Graham, Graves, Grayson, Griffin, Hammond, that an inquiry should be instituted to ascertain the Hannegan, Hopkins, Huntsman, Jarvis, Kinnard, L. Lea, causes of these failures. But he said that, without obLucas, May, McCarty, McLene, Mercer, Morgan, J. A. jection from him, the memorials of the last session were Pearce, Pettigrew, Pickens, Pinckney, John Reynolds, referred to the Committee on the District; the subject Russell, W. B. Shepard, A. H. Shepperd, Shields, was taken up by that committee, but no investigation Standefer, W. Thompson, Underwood, L. Williams, was had. He said he then, under a deep sense of duty S. Williams-47.

to his constituents, gave a promise that if this subject So the House determined to suspend the rules. was put off to another session of Congress, he would

Mr. BEARDSLEY then moved the foregoing resolu. make it his business to examine into the state of these tion; which was agreed to.

banks. Now, if you send this matter to the Committee BANKS IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.

on the District, you send it to a committee which has

prejudged the question. Under these circumstances, he The House resumed the consideration of the petitions | felt it to be his duty to ask of the House a select compresented yesterday by Mr. W. B. SHEPARD, from sun mittee. He said if it was proper for the House to refer dry banks in the District of Columbia, praying an ex matter in relation to the Territories to a select committee, tension of their charters.

it was proper, he thougbt, to refer this matter to a select A motion having been made to refer the petitions to committee. He said the Chief Magistrate had called the the Committee on the District of Columbia,

attention of Congress to the question of currency, and Mr. THOMAS, of Maryland, moved to send them to he therefore conceived it a very important one, and a select committee, with instructions. Mr. T. modified asked of the House a committee, whose especial duty it his proposition as follows:

should be to make a thorough investigation of the matResolved, That a select committee be appointed to in. ter. quire into the condition of the currency of the District Mr. BOULDIN said, as a member of the Committee of Columbia, to whom shall be referred all other memo- on the District, he did not wish to take upon himself rials which may be presented to the present Congress, I very arduous duties; but he was as willing to take up

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and go through with the investigation, as the gentleman. the countrymen of his (Afr. V's) ancestors; but still his He said the committees were appointed by the Speaker, American feeling was very much disturbed at the idea and he could not see the difference between them. The of being sold out to foreigners. In further proof of the greatest objection is, that the chairman of the Committee assertion, that the duties of the District Committee were on the District has bad this matter before him at the | heavy enough to engross all their time and attention, he Jast session. This he thought was a favorable circum- would state that, a few years ago, a special committee stance, because that gentleman must have more knowl-was appointed to revise the laws of the District. They edge of the business than he otherwise could have. He had sat during the recess of Congress, and have reported said that he was ready to go into an investigation with a code of laws which filled a pretty large volume, and out any prepossessions, and was willing to investigate which was not yet acted upon by the House. A few the matter as thoroughly as the gentleman from Mary | days ago a special committee was raised in relation to land or any other gentleman.

that part of the President's message, which relates to Mr. VANDERPOEL said that he, as a member of | the bequest of an English gentleman, made to this Dis. the District Committee, cherished no pride of jurisdic. trict. For these reasons, he would vote to refer this tion, and was therefore willing, for his part, to dispense matter to a select committee. with the pleasure and honor of making an investigation Mr. McKENNAN said he wished to make a few re. into the past doings of the banks in the District, which marks, for the purpose of correcting a mistake into was contemplated by the resolution of the honorable which the gentleman from Maryland had fallen, and into gentleman from Maryland, [Mr. Thomas.] He did not which the gentleman from New York appeared willing believe that the proposition of that honorable gentleman to fall also, respecting the course pursued b was founded in a distrust of the capacity of the District mittee on the District of Columbia at the last session of Committee to make the necessary examination, nor upon Congress. Mr. McK. had the honor of being a member any apprehension that they felt indisposed to do so. of that committee, and he had in charge the bills reThe duties of the District Committee were very onerous, ported by that committee for rechartering certain banks and though willing, as a member of that committee, to in the District. The gentleman from New York ap. perform, to the utmost of his bumble ability, every duty peared to yield to the charge that that committee had that might be imposed upon him, yet, as he could, as he acted precipitately on the subject. To this Mr. McK. thought, be otherwise more profitably employed in his did not assent. The charge was not properly founded; public capacity, he would for his part rather be excused there was no precipitancy; and the bill itself would from the labor of inquiring into the details of the past | satisfy the House that there was no intention on the part operations of the District banks. He thought that a se of the committee to recharter these banks without the lect committee could be raised, every way competent to most searching inquiry into their situation and their conexecute this duly; and that the Committee on the District, duct. It would be recollected that the charters of the pressing, important, and multifarious as were the calls

t, and multifarious as were the calls | Bank of Washington, the Bank of the Metropolis, the upon its attention, could spend its time in the execution Patriotic Bank, and the Farmers and Mechanics' Bank of duties in a manner better calculated to subserve the l of Georgetown, expired in March, 1836; and there bepublic interest, than would be the duty or task of wading | ing no time during the last session to give this subject a for days and weeks, if not for months, through the books | fuil investigation, the committee had reported a bill to and legers of the banks within the District.

recharter those banks for one year only, for the conve. It would be recollected that some of those banks sus- nience of those cities, and to afford an opportunity to pended payment and closed their doors, two years ago. I the present Congress to make the most searching inYes, when the tocsin of alarm and distress and panic was vestigation. That was all that was done by the Comsounded from one extreme of the country to the other, I mittee on the District, and he begged permission of the it had been insinuated by some that these banks had | House to have that bill read by the Clerk, in order that lent their still small voices to aid that momentous occa- this matter might be set right. [The bill in question sion. He (Mr. V.) would not undertake to state, or even was then read from the Clerk's table.] insinuate this. The banks may have had most justifiable As to whether this subject should go to the Committee reasons for suspending specie payments; but, after what on the District of Columbia or to a select committee, if had occurred, it was most emphatically proper that a | the members of the former were willing to yield, Mr. strict scrutiny should be made into the past doings of McK. had no objection. He believed it, however, a these institutions, before we gave them any renewed legitimate subject of examination for the former compledge of our confidence. Should the result prove that mittee; and unless the members of that committee, like the banks in this District should have been improvidently the gentleman from New York, yielded, he should feel rechartered, the constituents of the gentleman from himself bound to vote that the subject should have that Maryland, from their proximity to these banks, and reference, and none other. from their constant business intercourse with the region Mr. W. B. SHEPARD begged the indulgence of the where they would operate, would be more exposed to House to make a few remarks in reply. The gentleman loss than the constituents of those gentlemen who resided from Maryland said that Mr. S. had prejudged this quesat a greater distance; and since the gentleman from Mary. tion. Now, he was at a loss to know how he had prejudged land, from a sense of duty to his constituents, seems to this question. As a member of the Committee on the Dis. be anxious to look into the past doings of the bankstrict of Columbia, during the last session, he could not within this district, he (Mr. V.) thought it but just and have prejudged the question, because nobody asked reasonable that he should be gratified.

them to make these investigations. How, then, could Mr. V. had stated that the District Committee would he prejudge the question, when he had neither made, have a great deal to do. Yes. He was justified in say-1 nor' been asked to make, any investigation? Why did ing so, when he stated that the District was reeling and not the gentleman himself, as vigilant as he seemed to staggering under a debt, to the subjects of a foreign po be, submit instructions to that committee then? Mr. S. tentate, of nearly two millions of dollars! And he con really thought that the gentleman was laboring under a fidently asserted that that committee would be obliged serious mistake in making that charge upon him. Certo put in requisition all its industry, and all its inventive tainly, Mr. S. did not pretend to the skill in banking the powers, to devise ways and means to save this great na. gentleman himself avowedly did; for the gentleman bad tion the degradation of having their Capitol sold to the bad opportunities which had fallen to the lot of few countrymen of his forefathers. They were, to be sure, 1 members on that floor, Mr. S. remembered very well

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the gentleman was a member of two committees on the not taken up this subject. Mr. L. remarked, that it subject of banking, and then saw and examined the had not been referred to them, exeept informally; that "great monster” himself; and he also remembered that the committee had met but twice; and when it should be one of those committees reported to that House a very ascertained that they had neglected their duty, it would voluminous document; and he had no sort of doubt that, be time enough to charge them with a direct omission to if the members of the House had thought proper to do so. read that very voluminous document, they would have The gentleman had referred to the opportunities been very much enlightened on the subject of banking which he had to investigate banking institutions, and He should be sorry to obscure the slightest ray the had urged an objection to the District Committee, gentleman shed upon the subject..

because some of its members resided at a distance. If Mr. S. said, for himself, he had no interest in the this argument was good, the gentleman might draw question, nor did he care one farthing about it in any under his immediate charge almost every other quespoint of view; but so long as he was a member of the tion which should be presented for consideration. Committee on the District of Columbia, he would assert Reference had been made to the fact that the Michiupon that floor what he believed to be the rights and gan question had the other day been sent to the Judicial privileges of that District, and the rights and privileges Committee, instead of the Committee on the Territories. of the Committee on that District. It was for the House The reason of this was obvious. Legal questions were to say whether that committee was as fit, bad as much involved, and that committee was composed of able law. time, as much knowledge, and as much interest in the yers, who were more competent to investigate it. The welfare and prosperity of the District, as the gentleman gentleman from Maryland was a member of the Judiciary from Maryland. Mr. S. could not pretend to as much Committee. Did the gentleman draw an inference from interest, perhaps, as the gentleman from Maryland, in | the case, that because his honorable self, and those who one point of view. The gentleman tells us that he had might be associated with him upon the select committee, a peculiar interest in the question, because the people were more competent, that therefore bis motion ought of his district came down to the District of Columbia to | to prevail? For one, if the subject should be referred trade, and the money of the District circulated among to the Committee on the District, he should be disposed them. Why, the people of the gentleman's district, to spare neither time nor labor to discharge his duty when they came down there, sometimes staid at the tav. with fidelity. erns, and, for the same reason, the House ought to raise Mr. L. alluded to the remarks which had been made a select committee, and put the dram shops under its in reference to the course and the solvency of the banks charge; for it was as much a matter of interest to them. in the District. He was opposed to prejudging the in. Why not put every matter that touched the gentleman's stitutions, and in favor of the strictest scrutiny into their district under his special charge? However, Mr. S. operations. If they had acted improperly, let it be aswould only remark that it was a mere matter of fitness certained before they were condemned. He, for one, and propriety, of which the House was the judge, and would not attempt to screen them, nor to sanction any which needed no argument from him.

abuse which might be fixed upon them. Mr. LANE was a member of the Committee on the Mr. BOULDIN again addressed the House, in reply District of Columbia, and he believed no person would to the last remarks of the gentleman from Maryland. In charge him with any particular partiality for these banks, conclusion, he moved to amend the motion of the genor any other banks in the United States. He must, tleman from North Carolina, (Mr. W. B. SHEPARD,] by however, object to the reasons assigned by the gentle adding the following instructions to the Committee on man from Maryland (Mr. THOMAS] for taking the sub the District of Columbia, to wit: ject from the committee to which it legitimately be. To examine into the condition of the currency of the longed, and sending it to a select committee. The said District; to inspect the books, and to examine into gentleman might disguise his sentiments as he pleased, the proceedings of said banks; to ascertain whether their but it was evident that he had not only reflected, but charters have been violated or not, and whether any had made a direct imputation upon the District Com abuses or malpractices have existed in their management; mittee.

to send for persons and papers, to examine witnesses on The gentleman had charged the committee with hav

teman nad charged the committee with hav- oath, and to appoint a clerk to record their proceedings. ing prejudged the question. He was mistaken. There Mr. MERCER said that it was the duty of the Speaker were five new members upon this committee, and he of the House to appoint the committees, and to discould assure him that, so far as he was concerned, he tribute the business of the House among the members as was in favor of a speedy and critical investigation into the equally as possible; and, for that reason, he rose to call affairs of these institutions. It had been contended that the attention of the House to this fact, that if the busi. the Commitiee on the District was not the legitimate ness was taken from one committee and transferred to one, because the subject was one of general concern. another, the labors of the House would be unequally These banks were local, and the people of the District divided; and if you continued to pursue that course you were more interested in them than those who resided at would take from the District Committee all its duties. a distance,

It was in vain for the gentleman from Virginia to say But the gentleman bad asked, if this subject was sent that he had no feeling in this matter. He had supposed to the District Committee, when would the investigation the whole country felt an interest in it. The people in take place, and when would it close! He would answer, bis district felt an interest in this question, and he would as soon and as speedily as the untiring industry of the say that he felt the fullest confidence in the Committee committee would permit. Could more be expected of a

on the District, and would be pleased to have the matter select committee? The gentleman from Maryland was referred to that committee. He said that the failure of a member of four important committees, while the certain banks in the District was an unfortunate occurmembers of the Committee on the District were on no

rence, and ought not to be reflected upon by the gentleother committee. The gentleman must therefore have man from Maryland. four times the ability and four times the industry of Mr. MANN said he had but a word to say on the himself and associates, if he could perform this duty subject. It should be remembered that the Committee more promptly.

on the District had all the legislation of this body, in re. It had further been charged, that the committee, lation to the District, in their own hands; and certainly although it had been in existence for several weeks, had that committee bad as much business as they could

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