Imagens das páginas
[merged small][merged small][ocr errors]

course heretofore adopted, he should move that the addressed to the House, “shall not be debated or depetition, without reading, be laid on the table. Mr. A.cided on the day of their being first read." These rules was here interrupted by

were the laws of this House; those who enacted these Mr. PATTON, who asked whether the petition had rules were the law-makers, who enacted this little code been received.

for the government of our deliberations here. All genThe CHAIR replied in the negative.

tlemen who had spoken seemed to concur in the opinMr. GLASCOCK moved that the petition be not re ion, that the object of the provision that petitions or ceived.

memorials shall not be debated or decided on the day of The CHAIR stated that, upon looking into the authori. their being first read,” was to prevent debate upon a ties, he had formed the opinion that the first question to single petition, which might consume the day provided be decided upon the motion of a member was, whether by the rules for presenting petitions, and thus prevent the petition be received or not.

all other petitioners from bringing their petitions before Mr. GLASCOCK felt it his duty, he said, not with the House. We all agreed as to the spirit of the rule. standing the great discussion which had taken place on If we sustained the speaker, and permitted the debate the subject, again to bring before the House, for its-de upon the motion to reject the petition to occupy the day, cision, the question of the reception of these petitions. would we not entirely frustrate the object of the rule, as He contended that, according to Mr. Jefferson's authori. to which all concurred? That object was to secure to ty, which he cited, the motion was a proper one, and all gentlemen, at least for one day, an equal right to did not conflict with the right of petition; and, more present their petitions to the House; and here we would over, that it was expedient for the House to sustain the defeat that object, by permitting one gentleman, on the motion, if they wished to avoid the consideration of the first hour of the first day, to enter upon a debate in requestion.

Jation to this petition, that would, if not arrested, most The CHAIR here stated that the discussion must be

certainly consume the day. If we sustained the Chair, confined strictly to the question of the reception of the l (said Mr. V.,) that portion of the rule which intended petition.

to guard against debate on the first day of the presenta. Mr. GLASCOCK resumed his remarks in support of tion of a petition would be entirely nugatory. Yes, it the motion not to receive the petition.

would be worse than a nullity; for it was competent Mr. J. Q. ADAMS rose to a point of order. The for any gentleman, the moment a petition was intro. 45th rule, he said, required that no petition should be | duced, to rise in his place and move that that petition debated or decided on the day of its presentation. If

should not be received. if it be true that such a motion the rule was not observed, the question might be de. must be forth with disposed of, and may be debated the bated the whole day, and members deprived of an op- same day the petition to which it applies is presented, portunity of presenting their petitions. He appealed

then a single member might, at all times, prevent all to that rule of order, and demanded, he said, that the

other members from introducing their petitions; because question, if it was debated, should be postponed to a day

it was very obvious that the author of such a motion, in certain.

order to sustain it, would naturally go, and would surely The CHAIR decided that the 45th rule could not ap be permitted to go, into the whole subject matter of the ply to a petition until it had been received; and, there

petition. He would, perhaps, undertake to show that fore, that it was in order to debate the motion not to re it called upon the House to grant an unconstitutional receive.

quest; and we have already had experience enough to Mr.J. Q. ADAMS appealed from this decision, and convince us that speeches about constitutional doctrines thereon asked the yeas and nays; which were ordered.

were never distinguished for brevity. Gentlemen who 'The CHAIR stated the ground of his decision, and the

entertain adverse views would then undertake to show the question being, “ Shall the decision of the Chair that the object of the petitioners was right, reasonable, stand?"

and constitutional; and we would thus, before the petiA long discussion arose, in which Messrs. MERCER, tion reached the Speaker's table--nay, before it passed SUTHERLAND, CRAIG, REED, BRIGGS, BELL; out of the hands of the gentleman who presented it GLASCOCK, BEARDSLEY, WILLIAMS of North launch forth into a discussion, in extenso, upon the Carolina. PATTON, MANN. UNDERWOOD. THOMAS / relative merits and demerits of the subject-matter of of Maryland, HAMER, EVERETT of Vermont, and

the petition; and this, not only to the exclusion of all J. Q. ADAMS, took part.

other petitioners, but at a stage of the matter so early, Mr. VANDERPOEL said that he did not profess to that it was very unreasonable to ask gentlemen to vote be very deeply learned in rules and orders, but the at. as to the merits or demerits of the object of the petitention he bad paid to what honorable gentlemen had

tion. It was well known to the House that he (Mr. V.) already said upon this question of appeal, and the little was opposed to the object of this petition, but he felt reflection he had bestowed upon it this morning, had himself called upon to say that he could not sustain the brought his mind to the conclusion that the Speaker was Speaker consistently with what he thought was the spirit wrong; and he would very briefly state his reasons for

of the forty-fifth rule, and consistently with the fair exthe conclusion which bis mind had attained.

ercise of that equal right of petition which he supposed Mr. V. said it had been remarked by the Speaker, belonged to all the citizens of this confederacy. and by his honorable colleague, (Mr. BEARDSLEY,] that

Mr. BYNUM said he entered on the discussion of this the rules had not provided for such a case as was pre- subject with a mingled sense of pain and pleasure. He sented by the motion “not to receive the petition," had ever been opposed to the agitation of this subject, made by the honorable gentleman from Georgia, (Mr. here or elsewhere, and he denounced now and proGLASCOCK.] It was, then, he supposed, a casus omissus, tested against the discussion of abolition within the walls according to the views of certain gentlemen. Suppose of this House. But he had said that he rose with a sense it were so what was the question And did it not come of mingled pain and pleasure-he was pleased to see at least within the spirit of one of the rules of the House? gentlemen show their hands on this subject. He thereThe question was, whether the motion of the bonorable by was enabled to tell those who favored this unboly gentleman from Georgia could be debated to-day? He agitation which threatened so imminently the dissolution humbly apprehended that this question was reached by of this blessed Union. He had said that he disdained to the spirit of the forty-fifth rule of this House, which debate this question in this place; this was not the propprovides that petitions, memorials, and other papers, Ier place to settle it; and he took the occasion to assure

VOL. XII.-134

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

gentlemen who thought differently, that that question from Virginia, (Mr. PATTON,) and the honorable gentlecould never be settled within the walls of Congress hall. man from Tennessee, (Mr. BELL.] They had said that !t involved rights that this House had nothing to do with, they thought it unimportant how this question was de. nor would his constituents permit him in this place to cided. He (Mr. B.) thought otherwise. He thought call them in question. He repeated it, that he was not it a subject of the first magnitude, and an object of the sent here to pass on and settle the rights of his people, or greatest importance, to settle a precedent whether this constituents, to their property. Whenever that was in. House had the right to reject an offensive petition vaded, it would not be settled here, but on the battle whenever it was presented. He hoped the House field.

would never consent to bind up its own hands, so as to The SPEAKER reminded Mr. B. that he could not be incapable of defending itself, by refusing to consid. debate the merits of the question on an appeal.

er any insulting or otherwise dangerous communicaMr. BYNUM said he was aware of that. He was tion, that might be incompatible with either its dignity going on in reply to the remarks of the gentleman from or safety. Massachusetts, (Mr. ADAMS,] who seemed not to know The gentleman from Massachusetts had said some. the spirit and feelings of the southern people on that thing about the want of precedents on this subject, and subject. That honorable gentleman had said, as well that the Speaker bad quoted a precedent of eighteen as others who preceded him on the same side of the years' standing to justify bis decision. He (Mr. B.) question, that it should and ought to be met. He wag would call the gentleman's attention to the conduct of the last man, he hoped, in or out of the House, that the Senate for a precedent or precedents, during that would blink this or any other question; but he had said ever-memorable session, called the panic session, and he disdained to meet the question here, and discuss it ask him how many memorials were rejected, and rehere, because it was not, nor could it be, settled by fused to be considered by that body, and on the same Congress; and gentlemen who thought so deceived day, too, that they were presented? I ask if the gentle. themselves most egregiously, and he was determinell man's colleagues in the Senate--yes, both of them-did that they should know it on the first and every occasion not vote to refuse to consider objectionable and offen. that presented itself.

sive memorials and petitions? Mr. B. recollected vaThe SPEAKER again informed Mr. B. that he must rious occasions when it had been done by that body, confine himself to the motion before the House, and during the session alluded to; and why should this House was not to discuss the main question.

be less sensitive, or tenacious of its dignity or safety, Then, (said Mr. B.,) the illustrious framers of this than the Senate? For his part he could see none; and, body were reputed to be men of intelligence; and, if for himself, he would be the last to acknowledge it. so, they would hardly have organized a body, such as He hoped the House, therefore, would sustain the Chair this House is, without giving it power to protect itself. in the decision it had made, and refuse at once a con. In fact, a contrary supposition would be a reflection on sideration of the obnoxious petition. Here the matter their illustrious memories; and how could that be effect. could not, and would not, be settled. ed without the power of rejecting an offensive petition Mr. VINTON rose, he said, not to take a part in the or memorial, the very entertaining of which struck | discussion, but to endeavor to put an end to it. The both at their dignity and very existence? The cases whole question debated was, whether the motion not to alluded to by his honorable friend from Ohio, (Mr. Hac receive should be debated to-day or to-morrow; and this NER,] he thought perfectly analogous--the gentleman day being already spent in the discussion, if the House from Massachusetts to the contrary notwithstanding. adjourned, they should settle the question, and to-more If the House bad not the right to reject, on the first row the motion would be in order for debate. blush, an offensive communication on its presentation, On motion of Mr. VINTON it was subject, at all times, to the insults and impudent The House then adjourned, at four o'clock. abuse of every miserable, contemptible combination of the following gentlemen were appointed the select wretches that might choose to reflect on and bring it committee on the banks of the District of Columbia, into disrepute. Mr. B. said he had thought that, under the resolution offered by Mr. THOMAS, of Mary. after the precedent just read by the honorable Speaker, land: there would not have been any further doubt entertain- Mr. THOMAS, of Maryland; Mr. PIERCE, of New Hamp. ed by any gentleman on the propriety of the decision of shire; Mr. REED, of Massachusetts; Mr. Mar, of Illinois; the Chair, or of the course that the petition should take. Mr. BEAUMONT, of Pennsylvania; Mr. HUNTSMAN, of But the venerable gentleman from Massachusetts had ob- Tennessee; Mr. PixCKNEY, of South Carolina; Mr. jected to the similitude or analogy of the two cases; to GARLAND, of Virginia; Mr. CLAIBORNE, of Mississippi. prove wbich, he undertook to discuss the characters of the memorialistsone he said was a foreigner. He (Mr. B.) would not say that the characters of the me.

TUESDAY, JANUARY 5. morialists, whose petition the gentleman had present. ed, were worse iban foreigners. From the respect

NEW YORK SUFFERERS BY FIRE. which he entertained for the honorable gentleman, and Mr. CAMBRELENG, from the Committee on Comfor others of the House, he did not wish to discuss the merce, reported the following amendment to the bill characters of those wicked, infamous petitioners, nor for the relief of the sufferers by fire in New York, as a would be at that time, though there might be a time substitute for the second section of the bill reported: and an occasion when he would speak freely of those Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, that the collector wretches that were throwing firebrands in this House, of the port of New York is hereby authorized and di. that might light up a flame, not to be quenched with rected to extend the payment, in the manne: prescribed water, but with blood; and the only way, in his judg. in the first section of this act, of all the bonds given for ment, to avoid it was to stifle every attempt at excite duties at the port of New York prior to the late fire, ment on the occasion, by putting an early stop to the and not provided for in the first section as aforesaid, for consideration of all such memorials by an immediate re six, nine, and twelve months, from and after the day of jection.

payment specified in the bonds. Provided, however, He was sorry that he differed most widely from the ihat nothing contained in this act shall extend to bonds opinions of two honorable gentlemen, for whom he en- which had fallen due before the 17th day of December tertained the greatest respect--the honorable gentleman | last.

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors]

Mr. C. said the substitute would, he hoped, meet the law of 1819, it was provided that, in case of inconvenient approbation of the House, as it did that of the commit- | delay in the printing of documents by the printer to the tee of the sufferers; and he gave notice that he should | House, it should be the duty of the Clerk to employ anask the House to go into the Committee of the Whole other printer, and charge the excess of cost to the print. on the state of the Union to-morrow, for the purpose of er guilty of such delay. He had risen to ask the Clerk taking up the bill.

if he could inform the House what was the cause of the PUBLIC LANDS.

delay and gross negligence which had occurred in the Mr. CASEY, from the Committee on Public Lands,

execution of the order of the House! 'The message and reported a bill to graduate the price of public lands,

documents were annually ready in ten days; and now a make provision for actual settlers, and cede the refuse

month had passed, and but a few copies had been laid lands to the States in which they lie. Read twice, and

on our tables. cominitted to the Committee of the Whole on the state

The CHAIR said he could not entertain the discussion

without the assent of the House. of the Union. Mr. WILLIAMS, of North Corolina, said the bill and

Mr. GILLET offered to give the explanations re

a quested. report just made by the gentleman from Illinois, [Mr. CASEY,s related to a very important subject; and it was

Mr. REYNOLDS moved an adjournment; which was desirable that information should be distributed as to the

agreed to; and nature and object of the measure proposed. He there.

The House then adjourned. fore moved the printing of 3,000 extra copies of the bill and report; which motion, by consent, was considered

WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 6. and agreed to.


Mr. WARD from the Committee on Military Affairs, Mr. BEARDSLEY asked leave to present a memorial | asked to be discharged from the further consideration of from the Senate and House of Representatives of the the petition of sundry citizens of the town of Coventry, State of Michigan.

State of Connecticut, praying the erection of a monu. An objection being made,

ment to the memory of Captain Nathan Hale, of the Mr. BEARDSLEY moved the suspension of the rule. revolutionary army. Mr. W. stated that the committee

Mr. BOND said he should move that the memorial be were of the opinion that they possessed no jurisdiction not received.

of the matter referred. Mr. KINNARD called for the yeas and nays; which Mr. JUDSON moved that the petition of the citizens were ordered.

of the town of Coventry be committed to a select com. Mr. ASHLEY inquired what was the character of the mittee; and, in support of that motion, proceeded to rememorial.

mark that this petition came from nearly five hundred Mr. BEARDSLEY said it related to the general bound of his fellow-citizens, wbo were honest in purpose and ary question.

respectable in character. It had been heretofore refer. The question was then taken on the motion to suspend ed to the Committee on Military Affairs, and that com. the rule, and it was determined in the negative: Yeas mittee had come to the result that the subject of the 110, nays 101.

memorial did not necessarily fall within their jurisdicSLAVERY IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.

tion. The motion was now made to refer the memorial

to a select committee, upon the idea that there was no Mr. CRAIG asked the unanimous consent of the standing committee organized by the House to whom House to the postponement of the question of order be.

the same coull be appropriately referred. It was, in. fore the House at the last sitting, for the purpose of deed, matter of surprise that, to a request so reasonable, calling the States for petitions; which was objected to. there should be one objection heard; when the question

Mr. BEARDSLEY moved the postponement of the should be understood, he was sure all such objections question of order before the House till Tuesday next. would be withdrawn.

Mr. J. Q. ADAMS asked what was the question be. Captain Nathan Hale, of the State of Connecticut, a fore the House when it adjourned.

brave young man, stimulated by his ardent patriotism, The journal was read, and Mr. A. expressed his as. entered the army, and was intrusted with a captain's sent to the postponement.

commission; and, during tbat glorious struggle, General The motion to postpone was agreed to.

Washington requested the services of some officer to MICHIGAN MEMORIAL.

ascertain the condition of the invading army, when a Mr. BEARDSLEY presented the memorial of the

knowledge of the movements of that army were essential Senate and House of Representatives of the State of

to the existence of the American army. No officer could Michigan, and moved its reference to the Committee on

| be found to perform this delicate and hazardous service,

until Captain Hale became a volunteer; and, in that the Judiciary. Mr. HANNEGAN called for the reading of the me.

service, he died a martyr in the cause. morial.

No notice had ever been taken of that event by the The Clerk proceeded to read it.

Government. It was due to the honor of the nation that On motion of Mr. HANNEGAN, the reading was sus

it should now be done; and this was the object of the pended; and

reference moved. This was not without precedent. Mr. HANNEGAN moved the rejection of the memo

Congress had ordered a monument to be erected over rial.

the remains of the lamented General Brown, at the ex. The CHAIR decided that the motion and the subject

pense of the United States. Every American approved to which it related must lie over till to-morrow.

the course; and it might now be asked, was not this a

case of equal moment? Should the reference be made, PRINTING DOCUMENTS.

it would be competent for the committee to report on Mr. WISE rose and said, that on the 8th day of De. the specific prayer, or they might report that suitable cember, it was, on his motion, ordered that 15,000 co measures be taken to remove to the sepulchre of his pies of the President's message and accompanying doc. fathers the remains of Captain Hale, or to extend to his uments, and 5,000 copies of the message without the doc- beirs at law the benefits of the resolution of 1780. . uments, be printed for the use of this House. By the | The House should not be now detained further on the

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

mere question of reference; but when the committee of every attempt to alienate any portion of our country should have reported, it should then be his business to from the rest, or to enfeeble the sacred ties which now show this House that these petitions must not be sent bind together its various parts.'" away unheard.

Mr. J. said that comment on this resolution was useAfter a few remarks of an explanatory character, and less. It was not his intention to enter further into this in reference to the meritorious services of Captain Hale, | discussion; nor would he have said thus much, had it by Messrs. JUDSON, WARD, PEARCE of Rhode Isl. not been for misrepresentations (no doubt unintentional) and, ADAMS, and TOUCEY, the memorial was refer- which had been made upon this floor, with regard to red to a select committee of five, and, on motion of Mr. the feelings of the people of the eastern States, which, BRIGGS, ordered to be printed.

at the time, there was no opportunity to repel. SLAVERY IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.

When Mr. J. concluded his remarks,

Mr. J. Q. ADAMS moved to lay the resolutions on The CHAIR proceeded, under the rule, to call for the table. resolutions by States, commencing with the State of Mr. GLASCOCK asked for the yeas and nays; which Maine.

were ordered. Mr. JARVIS, of Maine, submitted the following res. Mr. MILLER asked for the reading of the resoluolution:

tions; which being done, the question was taken on layResolved, That, in the opinion of this House, the sub ing the resolutions on the table, by yeas and nays, as folject of the abolition of slavery in the District of Colum lows: bia ought not to be entertained by Congress. And be YEAS-Messrs. Adams, Chilton Allan, Heman Allen, it further resolved, that, in case any petition praying the Anthony, Ashley, Bailey, Beaumont, Bond, Borden, abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia be here Briggs, Carr, George Chambers, John Chambers, Childs, after presented, it is the deliberate opinion of the House Clark, Corwin, Crane, Cushing, Davis, Denny, Evans, that the same ought to be laid upon the table, without Philo C. Fuller, Grennell, Haley, Hiland tall, Hambeing referred or printed.

mond, Hard, Hardin, Henderson, Hoar, Howell, Inger. Mr. JARVIS said the resolution which he had just soll, William Jackson, Janes, Joseph Johnson, Kennon, submitted was precisely similar to the one which the Kinnard, Klingensmith, Laporte, Lawrence, Lincoln, gentleman from Georgia (Mr. Owers) had endeavored Logan, Love, Job Mann, S. Mason, McComas, McKento bring before the House without success, and he now nan, Milligan, Morris, Parker, Dutee J. Pearce, Peyton, offered it at his request; but he was not doing so out of Phillips, Potis, Reed, Russell, Shields, Sprague, Storer, mere courtesy to that gentleman, but from a desire that Sutherland, Underwood, Vinton, White, Whittlesey, this subject might be settled in such a manner as might | Lewis Williams, Wise-66. be satisfactory to the southern people.

Nais-Messrs. Ash, Barton, Beale, Bean, Beards. Mr. ADAMS requested that this resolution might be ley, Bell, Bockee, Boon, Brown, Buchanan, Bunch, postponed until the States were called through for reso Bynum, William B. Calhoun, Cambreleng, Campbell, lutions.

Carter, Casey, Chaney, Chapman,N. I. Claiborne, J. F. Mr. JARVIS resumed. Ile said if he thought there H. Claiborne, Cleveland, Coffee, Coles, Connor, Craig, was any probability of keeping off a discussion of the Cramer, Cushman, Deberry, Doubleday, Dromgoole, subject, he would not object to having it postponed; Efner, Everett, Fairfield, Farlin, Fry, William K. but, as it was, he thought we might as well take it up | Fuller, Galbraith, James Garland, Rice Garland, Gillet, now as at any other time. He did not mean to enter Glascock, Graham, Granger, Grantland, Grayson, into a discussion of the subject, but merely to state, Griffin, Joseph Hall, Hamer, Hannegan, Samuel S. in a few words, that, from all he had seen for the last Harrison, Albert G. Harrison, Haynes, Hazeltine, month, he entertained no doubt that not only a large | Hiester, Holsey, Hopkins, Howard, Hubley, Huntingmajority of the House, but also a large majority of the ton, Hunstman, Ingham, Jabez Jackson, Jarvis, R. M. Representatives of the non-slave holding States, were Johnson, Cave Johnson, Henry Johnson, John W. decidedly averse to any action on the subject of the Jones, Benjamin Jones, Judson, Kilgore, Lane, Lanabolition of slavery in the District of Columbia by sing, Lawler, Gideon Lee, Joshua Lee, Luke Lea, Congress. His constituents deprecated the agitation Loyall, Lucas, Lyon, Abijab Mann, Manning, Martin, of the question. They consider that it belongs ex- William Mason, Moses Mason, Maury, May, McKay, clusively to the southern States, and that any interfere McKeon, McLene, Miller, Montgomery, Moore, Morence by us would be unwise and unwarrantable. He gan, Muhlenberg, Owens, Page, Parks, Patterson, Patthought he was fully justified in making this assertion, ton, James A. Pearce, Phelps, Pickens, Pinckney, .by what took place in Maine during the last summer. | Rencher, John Reynolds, Joseph Reynolds, Ripley, In the meetings which were then held party spirit was Roane, Robertson, Rogers, Seymour, William B. Sheplost sight of, and men who had never acted together be ard, Augustine H. Shepperd, Shinn, Slade, Smith, fore were found uniting, like a band of brothers, to Spangler, Stande fer, Steele, Taliaferro, Taylor, Thomas, avert a catastrophe which impended over us. Then, John Thomson, Toucey, Towns, Turner, Turrill, Vanwithout distinction of party, the most prominent in sta- derpoel, Ward, Wardwell, Washington, Weeks-133. tion, in private worth, in wealth and intelligence, attend. Mr. CAMBRELENG called for the orders of the day; ed these meetings; and resolutions were adopted at but withdrew his motion at the request of Mr. WISE, them which spoke but one language, and that was a rep., who pledged himself to renew it. robation of the abolitionists. By permission of the House Mr. WISE then moved the following amendment: he would read a resolution which was unanimously Amend by striking out after Resolved,” and insert, adopted at the meeting which was held at Augusta, the “ That there is no power of legislation granted by the seat of Government of the State of Maine:

constitution to the Congress of the United States to abol. Resolved, That any interference by the non-slave- ish slavery in the District of Columbia, and that any ate holding States on the subject of slavery is incompatible tempt by Congress to legislate upon the subject of slavewith the preservation of the Union; we view with regret ry will be not only unauthorized, but dangerous to the and alarm all attempts to excite such interference or to / Union of the States." disturb the peace of the country by the fruitless agita- Mr. WISE said, before he renewed the motion of the tion of that exciting subject; and we hold it to be the gentleman from New York, he would take that opporo duty of every patriot to frown upon the first dawning tanity to say that he boped his amendment to the reso

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors]

lution of the gentleman from Maine would bring the di | South, and if such a result was anticipated, gentlemen rect question before the House. The war was now com- were indeed mistaken. But he did believe that if, on the menced between evasive and direct propositions upon present occasion, there could be a clear expression of this subject, for he regarded the propositions of the gen- opinion against the right of Congress to interfere with tleman from Maine as entirely evasive. He regarded slavery in this District, coupled with the sentiments of them as unsatisfactory to the South, and nothing could the public meetings held throughout the different States satisfy them but a bold, direct, and manly vote upon this of the North, that it would tranquillize the "troubled question. Let it be settled. That was all they asked. waters," and have the tendency to quiet and satisfy the He wished now to see who would vote for the one prop- South. But if it be not done, these fond anticipations osition, and who for the other. He wished to see now would never be realized. Now, said Mr. G., was the who would move the previous question to cut off this proffered time for his northera brethren to come forth; amendment. He wished the whole South to mark it, if the crisis had arrived when they should speak out, and the previous question to this amendment should be put if they spoke and acted as he expected, then all would upon them. Let them toe it, and let the South be un- / be well. deceived, or let the South be guarantied in her rights. / Mr. G. said he had no objections that a direct resoluMr. W. moved to print the original resolution and the tion, or series of resolutions, should be offered, declaring amendment, and then renewed the motion for the orders that it was a violation of the constitution for Congress to of the day.

interfere with slavery here; that he had satisfied himself Mr. GLASCOCK rose to request the gentleman from it was unconstitutional, and should vote for any such Virginia to withdraw his motion, as he simply wished to resolution. But, whilst he was disposed to do this himoffer an amendment to the resolution also."

self, he was not prepared to censure those, or impugn Mr. WISE said it lay with the gentleman from New the motives of such as might differ with him. And he York.

felt it to be bis duty in candor to state that, so far as the ab. Mr. CAMBRELENG assented.

stract question of the constitutional right was concerned Mr. GLASCOCK moved the following, as an additional as to this District, there were various and conflicting resolution:

opinions, among the best jurists as well as constitutional Resolved, That any attempt to agitate the question of lawyers of the country, and he regretted that some of slavery in this House is calculated to disturb the com these were to be found even in the South. And even promises of the constitution, to endanger the Union, and, here, in this House, said Mr. G., he knew several who if persisted in, to destroy, by a servile war, the peace would vote against any resolution declaring it unconstiand prosperity of the country.

tutional in Congress to interfere with slavery in the DisThe CHAIR said the gentleman must move it as an trict, but who would go heart and hand with the southamendment to the amendment.

ern members against any such interference, and against Mr. GLASCOCK then made that motion.

the reading and even printing of the petitions of the abo- Mr. WISE accepted it as a modification of his amend. litionists, or furthering their views, either directly or inment.

directly. And, from what had taken place, he looked Mr. GLASCOCK wished, he said, his amendment to with great confidence for a warm and cordial support of be offered as a substitute for that of the gentleman from the resolution which he had the honor to offer. lle Virginia, so that the whole question, in some form or thought it the least the South ought to expect, and what other, would be presented to the consideration of the they had a right to require, from their brethren of the House

North. The CHAIR said that could only be done by moving Mr. HOLSEY then rose, and, after proceeding a few to strike out from the amendment all after a certain moments, gave way to word. It would be competent for the gentleman from Mr. CAMBRELENG, who moved the orders of the Georgia to move to strike out all after the word "that," day; which motion was agreed to. and insert his amendment. Mr. GLASCOCK said he would make that motion.

SEMINOLE HOSTILITIES. His object was, as expressed by the gentleman from Vir. On motion of Mr. CAMBRELENG, the House re. ginia, io come to some understanding, and, by some di solved itself into a Committee of the Whole on the state rect and decisive vote, ascertain how far their northern l of the Union, Mr. Coxnon in the chair. brethren were disposed to go with those of the South on On motion of Mr. CAMBRELENG, the committee this question; and he was gratified to find that, for the proceeded to consider the following bill: first time, it began to assume some tangible sbape.

A biil making an appropriation for repressing hostilities Mr. G. said he wished it distinctly understood that, so far as the resolutions of the gentleman from Maine went,

commenced by the Seminole Indians. they met his approbation; but that they did not go far! Be it enacted, &c., That the sum of $80,000 be, and enough was perfectly clear to himself, and evident upon the saine is hereby, appropriated, out of any money in the very face of them. Whatever might be the consti the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the extutional difference of opinion as to the right of Congress penses attending the repression of hostilities commenced to interfere with slavery in the District of Columbia, it by the Seminole Indians in Florida. was expected by the South, if such a right be recog. A communication from the Secretary of War on the nised, (which he would not for a moment believe,) that subject was read; when something definite should be done, and that we should | Mr. CAMBRELENG briefly adverted to the deprebe placed in possession of their views on this important dations cmmitted by the Seminoles, their having laid subject; and he believed they would be such as to quiet waste and desolated the country for eighty miles, &c. all fears, and sooth the feelings of a now agitated Mr. VINTON inquired whether the gentleman from people. If, however, he was mistaken, in the lan- New York was in possession of any information as to the guage of his resolution, further attempts to agitate this cause of this war, or who commenced it? question here would be calculated to disturb the com- Mr. CAMBRELENG said he had in his possession a promises of the constitution, and endanger this Union. package of documents containing the desired informaThe simple act of laying petitions of the character of tion. The disturbance had grown out of a treaty with those presented here, and expected to be presented, on the Seminoles, the execution of which had been postthe table, was not calculated to allay the feelings of the poned from time to time by them; and when a portion

« AnteriorContinuar »