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was at all analogous to the present case. He concluded petition should go to the committee in its true garb, and by repeating his determination to vote for the rejection not in one which it had no right to assume. of the memorial.
Mr. HANNEGAN moved to amend the amendment, Mr. DAVIS was as much in favor of the right of peti- by adding the following: “ This House, in receiving the tion as any one could be; but, under the circumstannces memorial purporting to be from the Senate and House connected with this memorial, he should vote against its of Representatives of the State of Michigan, regard the reception. It was proper that he should tell his con- same in no other light than as the voluntary act of pristituents that Michigan was claiming a part of the State vate individuals, who have, without authority, assumed of Indiana. The memorialists urged, in round and une
a corporale capacity and name.” quivocal terms, that they have a right to take a part of Mr. SLADE proposed to strike out the words of the it. He would ask if there was a gentleman present who amendment printed in italics. was willing to support them in that claim?' He hoped Mr. HANNEGAN accepted the amendment, as a modi. not. If that House admitted the facts stated in the me. fication of his motion, morial, or admitted that a new Slate had a right to take
The question was then taken on the amendment of a part of the lands within the boundary of an old State, Mr. HANNEGAN, and decided in the affirmative, as follows: they would be setting a dangerous precedent.
YEAS-Messrs. Chilton Allan, Heman Allen, Bean, Ár, HAWES moved the previous question.
Bell, Bond, Buchanan, Bunch, John Calhoon, William B. Mr. LANE hoped the gentleman would withdraw the
Calhoun, Carr, Casey, George Chambers, John Cham. motion for a moment.
bers, Chaney, Childs, Nathaniel H. Claiborne, Coles, Mr. HAWES said he would do so most willingly, but
Corwin, Crane, Davis, Denny, Everett, Farlin, Forester, that at least fifty speeches were in a state of preparation Philo C. Fuller, Galbraith, Rice Garland, Gillet, Gran. on the subject.
ger, Grayson, Grennell, Griffin, Hiland Hall, Hamer, 'The previous question was seconded : 76 to 59.
Hammond, Hannegan, Hardin, Harper, Samuel S. Har. The House then determined that the main question rison, Hazeltine, Hiester, Hopkins, Howell, Ingersoll, should be now put.
William Jackson, Janes, Jarvis, Joseph Johnson, Henry Mr. HANNEGAN asked for the yeas and nays on the Johnson, Benjamin Jones, Kennon, Kilgore, Kinnard, main question; which were ordered, and were as follows: Lane, Lawrence, Luke Lea, Lincoln, Lucas, Abijah YEAS--Messrs. Chilton Allan, Heman Allen, Bond,
Mann, Samson Mason, Maury, May, McCarty, McKen. Boon, Bunch, Bynum, John Calhoon, Carr, Carter, Ca nan, McLene, Mercer, Milligan, Morris, Parker, Patter. sey, John Chambers, Chaney, Nathaniel H. Claibirne,
son, Patton, James A. Pearce, Pettigrew, Peyton, Pinck. Crane, Davis, Evans, Rice Garland, Graves, Griffin, Ha
ney, Reed, Rencher, John Reynolds, Seymour, William mer, Hammond, Hannegan, Hardin, Ilarlan, Harper,
B. Shepard, Augustine H. Shepperd, Shields, Slade, Howell, Huntsman, Cave Johnson, Henry Johnson, Kil.
Sloane, Spangler, Standefer, Storer, Taliaferro, John gore, Kinnard, Lane, Lay, Luke Lea, Lucas, Samson
Thomson, Underwood, Vinton, Washington, Webster, Mason, Maury, May, McCarty, McLene, Mercer, Milli- white, Whittlesey, Lewis Williams, Sherrod Williams, gan, Moore, Patterson, Pettigrew, Pinckney, Rencher, Wise-98. John Reynolds, Shields, Sloane, Spangler, Standefer, Narg--Messrs. Adams, Ash, Beale, Beardsley, Beau. -Storer, Waddy Thompson, Turner, Vinton, Washington, mont, Bockee, Borden, Boyd, Briggs, Brown, Chapman, Webster, White, Whittlesey, Sherrod Williams, Wise-62.
Chapin, John F. H. Claiborne, Clark, Cleveland, Con. Narg-Messrs. Adams, Ash, Barton, Beale, Bean,
nor, Craig, Cushing, Cushman, Darlington, Doubleday, Beardsley, Beaumont, Bockee, Borden, Bovee, Boyd, Dromgoole, Fairfield, French, Fry, William K. Fuller, Briggs, Brown, Buchanan, William B. Calhoun, Cam.
James Garland, Glascock, Graham, Grantland, Haley, breleng, George Chambers, Chapman, Chapin, John F. Joseph Hall, Albert G. Harrison, Hawes, Hawkins, H. Claiborne, Clark, Cleveland, Coffee, Coles, Connor,
Haynes, Henderson, Holsey, Howard, Hubley, Hunt, Craig, Cramer, Cushing, Cushman, Darlington, Denny,
Huntington, Huntsman, Ingham, Jabez Jackson, John W. Doubleday, Dromgoole, Efner, Everett, Fairfield, Farlin,
Jones, Judson, Klingensmith, Lansing, Laporte, Lawler, French, Fry, Philo C. Fuller, William K. Fuller, Gal.
Joshua Lee, Leonard, Logan, Loyall, Lyon, Job Mann, braith, James Garland, Gillet, Glascock, Graham, Gran.
Manning, Martin, John Y. Mason, Moses Mason, McKay, ger, Grantland, Grennell, Haley, Joseph Hall, Hiland
McKeon, McKim, Miller, Montgomery, Morgan, Muh. Hall, Hard, Samuel S. Harrison, Albert G. Harrison,
lenberg, Owens, Parks, Franklin Pierce, Dutee J. Hawes, Hawkins, Haynes, Hazeltine, Henderson, Hiester,
Pearce, Phelps, Phillips, Potts, Joseph Reynolds, Roane, Hoar, Holsey, Hopkins, Howard, Hunt, Huntington, Rogers, Russell, Smith, Speight, Sprague, Steele, Tay. Ingham, William Jackson, Jabez Jackson, Janes, Joseph
lor, Towns, Turner, Turrill, Vanderpoel, Wagener, Johnson, John W. Jones, Benjamin Jones, Judson, Ken.
Wardwell--89. non, Klingensmith, Lansing, Laporte, Lawler, Lawrence,
So the amendment was agreed to, and the memorial Gideon Lee, Joshua Lee, Leonard, Lincoln, Logan, Loy.
was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary, and all, Lyon, Abijah Mann, Job Mann, John Y. Mason,
ordered to be printed. William Mason, Moses Mason, McKay, McKennan, Mc. Keon, McKim, Miller, Montgomery, Morgan, Morris,
INCREASE OF THE NAVY. Muhlenberg, Owens, Page, Parker, Parks, Franklin Mr. JARVIS moved the suspension of the rule, in Pierce, Dutee J. Pearce, James A. Pearce, Phelps, order to enable the Committee on Naval Affairs to report Phillips, Potts, Reed, Joseph Reynolds, Ripley, Roane, and offer for consideration the following resolution: Rogers, Russell, Seymour, Augustine H. Shepperd, Resolved, That the Committee on Naval Affairs be in. Shinn, Smith, Sprague, Steele, Sutherland, Taliaferro, structed to inquire into the expediency of increasing the Taylor, John Thomson, Toucey, Towns, Turrill, Under- | naval force in commission, wood, Vanderpoel, Wagener, Wardwell, Weeks, Lewis The motion was agreed to. Williams-137.
Mr. CAMBRELENG said he did not rise to oppose So the motion to reject the petition was determined in the motion. He was glad that it had been offered. But the negative,
he entertained the impression that an increase of the Mr. LANE moved to amend the motion to refer the heads of appropriation in the bill reported from the petition to the Committee on the Judiciary, by adding Committee of Ways and Means would answer the purpose, that "it be considered as a memorial from the citizens Mr. WISE rose, he said, to oppose this resolution. It of the Territory of Michigan.” He was desirous that the was his duty to state that the Committee on Nayal Af.
fairs had already determined that they would not, with some means of defence, without waiting to hear from the out a call from the Navy Department, increase or rec- Department or the President. He was not afraid to ommend the increase of the naval appropriations. The take the responsibility of making the proposed inquiry, Committee on Naval Affairs would be called upon by without waiting for the opinion of the Executive. No the Navy Department for an increase of appropriations, injury could result from it, and he thought it highly should they be required. He had no idea that the com proper to invest the committee with the power of mamittees of this House should be over zealous and over king the inquiry. active in recommending and urging the increase of the | Mr. HAMMOND, of South Carolina, said this was an appropriations. If there was any necessity for an in extraordinary resolution, and the gentleman from Georcrease, it ought to be made known by the executive gia (Mr. GLASCOCK) had supported it with most extraorDepartments, and they should take the responsibility of dinary arguments. He had said that, on the evidences recommending the measure. If the appropriations around us, he was for the immediate action of this House. should not be found necessary, it would be said by the I understand him to be for putting the country in a state Departments, we did not recommend them to you. He of hostile preparation upon this subject. To what evibelieved that some of the Departments were anxious that dences does ihe gentleman allude? Were they the this House should take the responsibility of measures at paragraphs of foreign newspapers with which the counthe present time.
try had been lately inundated? Did the gentleman call Mr. JARVIS remarked that seven out of nine of the upon this House to legislate upon this kind of informacommittee united in the recommendation of the resolutionIf, sir, we are to bave a war, let the proposition tion proposed. The gentleman from Virginia seemed come to us from the proper quarter, and let us not be to think that this House ought not to take any responsi- smuggled into one by resolutions such as this, predicated bility upon itself, but merely to act as the organ of the on the idle rumors of the newspapers. Had a resolution will of ihe Executive. He dissented from this doctrine. I been offered calling for information from the Executive, If we found the Executive going too fast, it was our cu- he would have voted for it cheerfully; but without that ty to check him; and, if he was going too slow, to spur information he could not consent to act. him on.
| The question of war was a great question. It involved Mr. WISE put it, he said, to the honorable chairman vast interests. It should not be entertained in any shape to say whether he had called on the Secretary of the without all the information which the Executive could Navy to ask whether the additional appropriations con- give, and then fully discussed and deliberately decided. templated in the resolution were required. If the gen For his part, he could see nothing that had happened to tleman would not answer, he would state that this call change materially the relations of this country with had been maile upon the Department, and had not yet France since the opening of the session. The French been answered. He (Mr. W.) would not take action Government have refused to pay the indemnity to Mr. on this subject until it was answered. However much Barton. It was not the first refusal. No man in this he might seem to think that the House ought to be House, or in this country, could have expected its page merely the organ of the Executive, he was, in fact, went on his demand, under the circumstances. The
posed to such a doctrine. He did not wish to President himself could not have looked for it when he be the organ of the Executive, nor the tool of the Execu- instructed him to make the demand. Gentlemen spoke tive. When the Executive was afraid to call for money, of the tardy movements of the Government, and that it he did not wish him to make tools of us to make the required spurring. lle hoped the House would not call for him. He wished to know wliy this resolution suffer itself to be booted and spurred, for the purpose of was introduced here in anticipation of any information kicking this country into a war. "There had been irritaon the subject. The gentleman had said that, when tion enough already. The resolution was calculated to the President was too tardy, it was necessary to spur have that effect. There had been messages and correhim up. General Jackson never needed a spur in bis spondences, diplomatic and undiplomatic, sufficient for life, but some of the Departments needed it, with the that purpose; and he hoped this House would be disrowels struck in very deeply. He wanted to know posed to allay rather than increase the excitement. He what danger was now in prospect for which preparation saw no cause for war. He believed a war would be enshould be made. At the commencement of the session, tirely unnecessary; and, were it not for the serious conthe Secretary of the Navy proposed to fit out two new sequences it involved, he should say it would be utterly frigates and two sloops of war; a most ridiculous prep ridiculous in both parties. He looked upon this resoluaration, indeed, if it was intended to get into a war tion as the commencement of a series of war measures. with France. If there was danger, the call upon us for He should not therefore yote for it, nor would he at this appropriations should be made by the President him. time support any measure looking towards a war. self-not in a whisper, but in a bold and direct way, in Mr. HAWES was deeply mortified, he said, at tlie a message. He wanted the responsibility of the meas. speeches which he had heard. He believed it had been 'ures of preparation to rest where it belonged.
by such speeches as these that the country had been Mr. GLASCOCK said, if the gentleman would look prevented from receiving redress, before this, from at the resolution, he would see that it was not liable to France. The nation, he believed, had heen robbed of the objections which he had urged against it. . That its rights by factious speeches and essays. Are we (said there should be some action in reference to the increase Mr. H.) to stand here making speeches, wbich will be of the naval force, was agreed by the committee. They hailed abroad as evidence that the country will not insist had proposed this resolution, not from the idea that upon its rights, while the French are making hostile there existed any disposition on the part of the Depart. I preparations against us? He cared not through what ments to shrink from responsibility. But this House channel the proposition might come; he would support was not to be told that it could act only as the creature any measure for putting the country in a state of defence. of the Executive. The House, as well as the Depart. It was evident that France was making hostile preparaments, must share in the responsibilities of public meas- tions; and even if she was not, what objection could ures, and they should act in union. Perhaps the views there be to the proposed inquiry into the expediency of of the Department would be made known to the House increasing our naval force? In what a situation would to-morrow. If we looked to the preparations made by the constituents of the gentleman from Virginia stand, a foreign nation, and which, it was evident, had reference in case of a war? The whole seaboard of Virginia would to hostilities with us, we would not hesitate to adopt | be exposed to the enemy, unless we bad a sufficient naval
force to defend it. As a member of this Congress, and country. Who talks of war? Who has sounded the toc. as an American citizen, he hoped this proposition would sin which is to give the alarm throughout the country, be adopted.
to disturb the quiet of the land, and conjure up into Mr. McKEON would ask the indulgence of the House timid minds the dire apparitions of desolation and de. for a few moments. It was well known that he was not struction, the concomitants of a belligerant state? No in the habit of intruding himself; and, but for the cir- one but the gentleman himself. If war must come, it cumstances in which he found himself placed, he should was a question to be settled bereafter. That was not have remained a silent observer of the discussion. The the question then under consideration, but merely gentleman from Kentucky [Mr. Hawes] informed us whether it was expedient to inquire if the country that he was mortified to hear the language of the gentle should be put in a state of preparation. The inquiry men from Virginia and South Carolina, (Messrs. WISE may be necessary in other points totally separated from and HAMMOND,) who addressed the House in opposition our present difficulties. The gentleman from South to the resolution upon the table. He was not only mor Carolina tells us we are to be driven into-spurred into tified, but also astonished, at their arguments at such a - war with France, which he, if it should happen, period—at such a crisis as that in which we find the would term a ridiculous war. Sir, I deprecate as much country now placed. Representing as he did, in part, as he does a state of hostility. I regret that he has used a portion of the Union deeply interested in the question the term ridiculous. Much as I regret war, I prefer it which now engrosses the public mind, he (Mr. McK.) to dishonorable peace. Ridiculous be may consider the could not but endeavor to give an impulse to an investi war, if it must come; but there may be a peace which gation which had for its object the defence of our sea cannot be otherwise than degrading. With robberies coast and the protection of our commerce. Well might committed years ago upon our unoffending citizens, and he be astonished to hear opposition to a measure of this presenting in the acts a gross violation of the code of nature, with regard to the increase of our naval force, civilized nations; with years of patient negotiation; with when the rumor is abroad that we bave a squadron ap a treaty solemnly ratified; added to all these injuries, proaching our very borders. When the noise is actual. the insult of demanding from the American people exjy ringing in our ears of the armaments in hostile array, I planations (and those with a fleet before our harbors-while every thing portends difficulty, and points out the with the rod hanging over our heads) which are incompropriety and necessity of preparation, we must pause patible with their self-respect and character as an inde and discuss the expediency of inquiry into the propriety pendent people. If, under such circumstances, comof moving forward in a work which relates to the public pelled to assume a hostile attitude, 1, said Mr. McK., defence. We must debate the question by whom the cannot consider that attitude ridiculous. first step ought to be taken-on whom the responsibility He regretted that this discussion had taken place. To ought to rest. For one, he was willing to assume the our divided councils many of our difficulties may be at. responsibility. Why, sir, said Mr. McK., I was sent here tributed. They give confidence to those who deny us to take responsibility like that now under considera- justice. It is time, these divisions should be healed. He tion. Every member of this House was bound to take had hoped that, on an occasion like the present, but one the similar responsibility. We are bound to our con- feeling pervaded their body, as was certain but one feel. stituents, to the country, by every tie which can unite ing animated the entire people of the country. To re. us to the honor and safety of the country, not to hesi fuse the inquiry would look like an indisposition on the tate. The present situation of our foreign affairs re- part of the House to sustain the country. He could not quired the patriotism and action of every member of believe that one would object to a course which was de the Government. While around all was activity, we manded by the exigency of the times, or that we should ought not to be passive. It was well known that the present, when the slightest speck was visible in the Executive, as the head of the Government, had been alive horizon portending the approaching storm, a divided to the importance of this question. To the Executive people. On the question which had given rise to this the country, throughout the long and difficult negotia debate, let us, whether it continues to retain its present tions to which gentlemen had alluded, looked with anxie- aspect, or assume any other character, rally around the ty, and thus far the movements of his patriotic adminis. altar of our country, and be true to our motto; let us tration had received the grateful applause of the coun. be, in fact, E pluribus unum. Let us be true to our try. The Chief Magistrate had thrown into the whole selves and to our own character, and present to the question the powers of his mighty intellect; had called world but one front. Coming, as he before remarked, into action his wonderful foresight; and with sleepless from a section of country, the lives and property of the vigilance had endeavored to obtain the rights of our cit- citizens of which were most exposed, he (Mr. Mck.) izens, and to maintain the dignity of the country. With felt compelled to address those remarks to the House on an Executive identified as he is with the history of the this occasion, and ask the adoption of the resolution. most brilliant periods of the country, he had no fears Mr. REED, of Massachusetts, observed that the chair. but that in his hands the interest and character of our man of the Committee on Naval Affairs (Mr. JARVIS) country would be entirely secure. While other branches had stated that seven out of nine of the committee had of the Government were zealously engaged, must we instructed him to present the resolution he had just of hesitate to execute our portion of the task imposed upon fered. us by the peculiar state of things! It did not become Being one of the committee, I beg to state to the us, said Mr. McK., to hesitate about directing an inquiry House the part I have taken. The chairman, a few into the expediency of putting the country into a state hours ago, banded me in my seat the resolution now of preparation against aggression. It cannot result in under consideration, and asked me, as one of the com. producing trouble; it cannot throw us into difficulty. mittee, to give my consent that he should offer it to the The resolution should have been adopted without a House. After I had read it, I replied that I did not question; but, sir, it appears obstacles must be thrown know that I had any objection. On further reflection, in the way, impediments interposed before us, to opere apprehending that the resolution might lead to an ex. ate upon our minds, and deter us from an attempt to citing debate, I called upon the chairman, and expressed overcome them. The gentleman from South Carolina my fear to him, and retracted my approbation of pre. [Mr. HAMMOND] threw out the suggestion that a war senting it. into which this country was about to be plunged, would I feared it might lead to a debate which might be inbe a ridiculous war, and fatal to the liberties of the jurious to the country. I do not consider the resolu.
tion itself as one of great moment. I admit the im- possible. Of this Mr. L. had no doubt, and he could portance of the subject. But the resolution does not see no cause thus to arraign the Executive for want of instruct the committee; it is one of inquiry only. I con vigilance, industry, or patriotism. sider the whole subject now before the Committee on Mr. L. well recollected what had taken place on a Naval Affairs. They have power at any time, whether former occasion. He recollected that complaints, long the resolution be adopted or not, to report a bill to in and loud, were made, that the proposed measure of precrease or any way improve the navy, and of course the paring the country for defence at the last Congress was appropriation of money to carry those objects into ef. intrusting the President with too much power. Mr. L. fect. The subject of increasing and improving our would now say that he rested under the firm conviction, naval force is one that deserves the deliberate consider- and he would proclaim it bere and elsewhere, that if the ation of the committee and of this House. Our com- last Congress had sustained the President of the United merce needs protection, and this is stated by the Exec States, by making appropriations to put the country in utive in his message; and new difficulties may arise with a reasonable state of defence, the provisions of the treaty Mexico, which may require a part of our navy in that with France would all have been complied with, and quarter.
the money paid, and this dark and lowering cloud, now I regret that, upon a subject of inquiry merely, gen hanging around us, would never have been seen. It tlemen should indulge themselves in debating upon the was the maxim of the Father of his Country, “in peace danger and probability of a war with France. i regret prepare for war." What was the situation of this that the debate should assume a tone and manner calcu. country, compared with France? She had been actively lated to produce mischief. It is calculated, unneces. Preparing and fitting out her fleets and armaments, sarily and unjustly, to alarm the country. It seems to which were hourly expected upon our coasts. What me we are precipitate. The debate is assuming a most was the situation of the American people? Scarce a unfavorable character. We are debating upon the all- ship in a condition to defend them! Not a solitary regi. important subject of peace and war with France. I hopement, perhaps, full! The very omitting to make that and trust we shall have more light and knowledge upon appropriation might involve this country in war, cost this momentous subject, before we seriously debate it. hundreds of millions of money, and tens of thousands of The debate seems to me ill-judged and unadvised, and lives, all of which might have been averted. Had this calculated to produce the evil which I am quite sure a appropriation been adopted, we should have had no war, great majority of this House and nation deprecate, and | no apprehension of war, with a powerful and ancient hope to avoid. I do not propose to engage in such; it is ally. Mr. L. said he was in favor of the resolution, altogether premature. i beg the House to be calm and though, if he had been consulted, he would have pre
and to avoid excitement, which may be in- / ferred waiting for a communication from the President, jurious, but cannot be useful to the country.
who, he had no doubt, would, at as early a period as posMr. MILLER asked for the yeas and nays on the sible, communicate all the information of which he was question, and they were ordered.
possessed; and then the House may be called upon to Mr. EVERETT, of Vermont, said he should vote act in a very different manner and form. for the resolution. He could not disregard the signs Mr. GRENNELL said, if he felt all the alarm that of the times; he thought it high time that the country seemed to oppress the minds of some gentlemen, he should prepare for defence. From assurances in the might vote for the resolution of the member from Maine. annual message, the House had reason to expect a But he believed these alarms unnecessary, and the dec. special message on the arrival of the final answer of laration of them uncalled for and unwise. If the public France to our demand for payment. It was now known dangers resulting from our relations with a foreign that the Executive had been in possession of that answer Power were so imminent as gentlemen imagine, we for more than five days; yet the promised special message should hear from the Executive, and in twenty-four had not been received. It was also known that a hours we may have information from him that will make French fleet had been ordered to the West Indies. us act intelligently on the subject. It was certain the This, however, was only procured through the papers. President had received communications from France; Yet, in the absence of all official information, the course but he (Mr. G.) was disposed not to anticipate their of the Executive is no secret. The result of a cabinet character, and should regret the expression of senticouncil is no secret. In the course of this debate, a ments of horror and alarm here, which might make a gentleman of high standing, and in the confidence of false and injurious impression upon the country. They the administration, had stated that he was prepared to were not to suppose that the Executive had neglected anticipate the course of the Executive. He begged the his duty, or that he was slumbering over it. No; Mr. House to mark the expression, taken in connexion with G. would not for a moment entertain such a suspicion. his support of this resolution, and not what that course It had been said this was a very important resolution; will be. If the Executive bad neglected its duty to the that it was demanded by the exigency of the times; and House, he trusted the House would not neglect its duty it was also said by the gentleman from Indiana, (Mr, to the country. Why the special message was delayed, LANE,] that if, at the last session of Congress, an approhe would not undertake to say; he referred the question priation had been made for the navy and fortificato those more immediately in the confidence of the tions, there would exist no necessity for calling upon Executive. He was prepared to go for every proper Congress now. measure for defence.
We hear it said, sir, (said Mr. G.,) in a way of comMr. LANE rose, he said, with no intention of discus. plaint, that Congress did not sustain the President at the sing this subject, but merely to state, for the informa
last session; by which, I suppose, the gentleman from tion of the House, what his understanding was in rela. Indiana intends that the Senate did not vote the three tion to the course of the Executive on this occasion. | millions to his discretion, in the fortification bill. And, He believed it was only on Saturday or Sunday that Mr. moreover, the blame of losing the entire bill is intended Barton arrived in Washington. (Several voices: “that to be cast upon that body. Sir, (said Mr. G.,) what was is not correct; he has not yet arrived."] Well, said Mr. the action of this House on that important bill, and what L., there was such a report, and he made no inquiries of the Senate? It originated and passed here, and was as to its foundation. He would observe that he was sent to the Senate. That branch, deeming our approwell assured that the President would communicate all priations too low for the repair and preservation of the the information in his possession, at as early a period as great seaboard defences of the country, raised them, by
amendment, if recollection serves me, by about 400,000 The motion for the previous question was seconded dollars; and thus the bill was sent to the House for con by the House, and the main question was ordered to be currence and adoption, several days before the close of put. the session. On the last evening of the session, the The question being taken on, the adoption of the res. House agreed to the increased appropriation, and added, olution, it was decided in the affirmative, as follows: with unwarrantable baste, the sum of three millions of Yeas-Messrs. John Q. Adams, Ash, Bean, Beardsley, dollars by way of amendment, to be expended, in whole Beaumont, Bell, Bockee, Bond, Korden, Boyd, Briggs, or in part, under the direction of the President, for the Brown, Buchanan, Bunch, John Calhoon, William B. military and naval service, fortifications, and increase of Calhoun, Cambreleng, Carr, Carter, Casey, George the navy. And those who voted against the monstrous Chambers, Chaney, Chapman, Chapin, N. H. Claiborne, proposition, and the Senale too, because they saw J. F. I. Claiborne, Clark, Cleveland, Coles, Connor, danger in placing that great amount of treasure at the Craig, Cramer, Cushing, Cushman, Darlington, Davis, President's discretion, and almost without specification | Denny, Doubleday. Dromgoole. Everett. Fair or restriction, are to be charged with leaving the fortifi.
lin, Forester, French, Fry, Philo C. Fuller, William K. cations of the country, and the navy too, in an unpre- Fuller, Galbraith, James Garland, Rice Garland, Gillet, pared and ruinous state-with not sustaining the Presi. Glascock, Graham, Granger, Grantland, Haley, Jodent! Sir, (said Mr. G.,) did the President ask the ar
seph Hall, Hamer, Hannegan, Harper, Albert G. Har. propriation? No. Did any of the Departments ask for
rison, Hawes, Hawkins, Haynes, Hiester, Holsey, this amount, or any thing like it, or any committee of Hopkins, Howard, Hubley, Huntington, Huntsman, Ing. the House? No, sir, none. It was moved by a gentle ham, William Jackson, Jabez Jackson, Janes, Jarvis, man of the House, on his own responsibility, and adopt.Cave Johnson, John W. Jones, Benjamin Jones, Jud. ed. A majority was found here to take three millions,
son, Kennon, Kilgore, Kinnard, Klingensmith, Lane, and lay them at the feet of the Executive. The Senate
Lansing, Laporte, Lawler, Lawrence, J. Lee, L. Lea, wisely disagreed to the precipitate measure; and subse- | Leonard, Lincoln, Logan, Loyall, Lucas, Lyon, Abijah quent proceedings showed that the Senate was ready | Mann, Job Mann, Manning, Martin, John Y. Mason, and anxious to save the bill, and instead of the three Moses Mason, Samson Mason, Maury, McCarty, McKay, millions, in such general, unlimited form, to appropriate McKennan, McKeon, McKim, Miller, Milligan, Mont$500,000 for the refitting and equipments of ships of
gomery, Morgan, Morris, Muhlenberg, Page, Parker, war, and $300,000 for fortifications. If this proposition Parks, Patterson, Patton, F. Pierce, Dutee J. Pearce, had heen adopted by the House, the bill might have J. A.' Pearce, Pettigrew, Peyton, Phelps, Phillips, been saved, and the result would have been, that it | Pinckney, Rencher, John Reynolds, Ripley, Roane, might have passed into a law making appropriations for Rogers, Russell, Seymour, A. H. Shepperd, Shields, the defences of the country, greater by about $1,200,000 Shinn, Slade, Smith, Spangler, Sprague, Standefer, than had originally been proposed by the House of Rep Steele, Storer, Sutherland Taliaferro, Taylor, Thomas, resentatives. Such (said Mr. G.) is my general recol
Nr. 6.) 's my general recole | John Thomson, Toucey, Towns, Turner, Turrill, lection of the facts, as they transpired about the last mid Underwood, Vinton, Wagener, Wardwell, Washington, night hour of the last session of Congress. If I am in Webster, White, Whittlesey, Sherrod Williams-164. correct, there are many gentlemen present who can set Nays-Messrs. Chilton Allan, Heman Allen, John me right, and some who had no very obscure agency in Chambers, Corwin, Crane, Grennell, Hammond, Har: the matter.
din, Harlan, Hazeltine, Hoar, Howell, Ingersoll, Mercer, Now, Mr. G. was neither disposed to be too basty | Potts, Robertson, Waddy Thompson, Lewis Williams, nor too slow; he believed, and had long believed, the Wise--19. navy ought to be increased and the fortifications repaired. Indeed, he believed both to be in a worse condition than at the beginning of the last war. Yet alarm
TUESDAY, JANUARY 12. ing haste, be trusted, was not required; and there was something in the idea that each department should sug.
SLAVERY IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. tain its own appropriate responsibility. And when Mr. WARD said, as there was a bill before the House a proposition should come from the Executive, or from for the relief the sufferers by fire in New York, which any of the Departments, relating to the increase of it was necessary should be acted on, he would move either arm of the public defence, giving this House the that the further consideration of the memorial praying requisite information, he would be found ready to con- for the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia, sider the exigency under which it was brought forward, presented by the gentleman from Massachusetts, (Mr. and act with promptness and liberality. He deprecated | ADAMS,] be postponed to Monday next. the voting and speaking as if war was surely impending: Mr. ADAMS said he hoped the gentleman would alAnd he must hear, from those who know, of the state of low the vote to be taken on the point of order. The our relations with France, and in regard to the public question was upon the appeal which he took from the danger, before he voted for this or any other resolution decision of the Speaker. If the House would come to which looks to a great increase of our naval or military | a decision on the appeal, he would be willing to let the force, in the trembling apprehension of war with a for consideration of the memorial lie over, and he would be eign Power.
glad if the discussion of these memorials would also lie Mr. PEARCE, of Rhode Island, protested, he said, over, at least on the day appropriated for the receiving against the doctrine that we could not act without hear- of petitions. Gentlemen had not an opportunity of geting from the Executive or the Departments. He was ting in their petitions, on account of these discussions. not disposed to wait for the recommendations of the one There was a great many obstacles thrown in the way of or the other before he acted, on any question. He did petitions--motions were made to reject them--that they not wish to enter into an argument on this subject. In be not received. He should rather see a multiplication ordinary times not a voice would be raised against this of modes for getting in petitions than for getting rid of proposition. It was but a simple inquiry, was proper them. Petitions appeared to be in bad odor; and now, and would be proper at any time. He moved the when be heard a gentleman commence a speech by previous question.
saying that he was very much attached to the Union, Mr. HOWELL moyed an adjournment: negatived, he took it for granted he was going to end by a motion 80 to 96.
I to exclude petitions. Petitions had been presented on