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Generally, sir, (said Mr. M.,) I believe I have been was to be expended, of the character of the works reconsidered as radical in respect to appropriations of the quired, as well as of their necessity. A new doctrine, public money. True, sir, I have always endeavored, as and to him it seemed a dangerous one, bad been adfar as my vote would go, to withhold appropriations of vanced, to which he could not assent-ibat we should a personal chatacter, made for individual and personal receive the estimates of the Departments as prima facie objects of aggrandizement to the officers of the Gov-| evidence of the necessity and propriety of the works ernment. So, too, for local and sectional purposes. proposed. This was a degree of confidence which, as
In respect to public objects-great purposes of na-l å representative of the people, he was unwilling to tional defence-objects confided to the national Gov. | repose in any administration. This House was the ernment by the constitution, I have endeavored to dis- keeper of the keys of the Treasury, and responsible to tinguish in my action. Believing these distinctions, the people for the expenditure of its treasure. We to exist, and that they are apparent, it will not be ne could not surrender the keys to the Executive without cessary for me to defend myself against any charges of betraying our trust. The people were entitled to call seeming inconsistency in voting for this appropriation, on their representatives for a reason for every expendiand such others of the same character as may appear ne. | ture. Would the people be satisfied with the answer cessary and proper.
that it was asked for by the Executive! For one, he These estimates (said Mr. M.) are made upon the ba- was desirous in all cases to obtain such information as sis of peace, with a prudent foresight, however, to any would enable him to give a more satisfactory answer. contingencies which await us. It is not necessary now If the estimates are to be taken as prima facie evidence to consider or debate our relations with other nations. of the propriety and necessity of public works, they must Those relations are in a delicate condition at present, to nineteen twentieths of the House be conclusive. but we have a right to hope they will not be more se- Those few representatives who reside in the vicinity of the riously disturbed. Whether they are so or not, the place where the works are to be erected only can judge measure now under consideration seems to be required from actual knowledge, and they, too, are not very likeby all the motives of prudence and patriotism.
ly to be prejudiced against them. They will not at Mr. EVERETT inquired of the Chair, if it would be least be induced to search for objections. Take the in order to move to strike out the whole clause.
present case as an illustration: The honorable gentleThe CHAIR replied, not at that stage of the bill. The man, (Mr. CUSHMAN,] who represents the section of motion would be in order after the amendment had been country around Portsmouth, is not even satisfied with acted on.
the present estimate, and has given notice he shall move Mr. EVERETT said he was in favor of putting the to increase it. A similar notice has been given in relanavy yards that were necessary for the service in per- tion to the appropriation for Pensacola. He contended fect condition. He thought, however, that the present that such information should accompany the estimates number was more than was necessary. We had now as would satisfy the committees, and enable them to seven, viz: at Portsmouth, Charlestown, New York, satisfy the House, of the propriety of the appropriations. (Brooklyn,) Philadelphia, Wasbington, Gosport, and Mr. E. further contended that the House ought to be Pensacola; that, of these, three might, without injury informed, not only of the necessity of the work propo. to the service, be discontinued, viz: at Portsmouth, sed, but of the plan on which the money was to be exPhiladelphia, and Washington; at least, that we ought pended. They had a right to know, not only the genenot to erect any new works at these places, but only ral object proposed, but the means by which it was to keep them in repair for the present, and ultimately dis- | be effected; to see that their money was not wasted by incontinue them; and that all the appropriations for addi- efficient or extravagant expenditures. All that seemed tional improvements should be thrown on the four navy now required of the representatives was to vote the yards that were to be continued. The expense of main money for general objects, and let the Executive extaining the yards, independent of the cost of the per pend it at its own discretion. In his opinion, in appromanent works, was worth saving. To each yard were priations for all new works, the plan of expenditure attached commandants, navy agents, clerks, guards, should be exhibited to the House, and not only exhibit&c. &c. If gentlemen, however, would not be willing ed, but should be sanctioned and prescribed by the act to go with him in discontinuing the three navy yards, of appropriation. This was, he thought, very properly he thought there were strong reasons for discontinuing proposed to be done in a bill now pending, for the the one at Portsmouth. It was within sixty miles of erection of buildings for the State and Treasury Departthat at Charlestown. That yard was sufficient for the ments; the bill prescribed they should be erected accoast east of the Cape; the principal materials from the cording to the plan which is now exhibited on the wall South, live oak, &c., must all pass that depot in their of this House. He could refer to instances of an opway to Portsmouth. He saw no reason for maintaining posite character, in which the country had suffered, and two yards so near each other, and which were not re might yet suffer, for the want of similar provisions. quired for the use of the naval service. The appropria An appropriation was made for the armament of the tion now asked for was for the erection of new works, navy: the manner was left to the Executive, and by the with a view to the permanent continuance of the station. Executive to experiments of the navy commissioners. For one, all he was willing to do at present was, to pro Under their experiments, the weight of the guns, in vide for its present preservation; whatever should be proportion to their caliber, was reduced; and the result necessary for this purpose he would vote for. What is, that you have now seven hundred and fifty guns in the unexpended balance of appropriation was for Ports. your 'navy more dangerous to the crews than to an mouth he was not informed. On the 1st January, 1834, enemy. it was over $12,000, and $39,925 was then appropriated; Another case: In 1833, an act passed appropriating and he wished to know whether this had been expend. $200,000, on estimates, too, for building a bridge over ed. When the present motion was decided, he should the Potomac, between this city and Alexandria. The move to strike out the whole appropriation, with a view estimates were for a bridge of wood, and sufficient for to elicit information of what was necessary for repairs, the purpose; yet the act did not, though the estimates and to have the appropriation limited to that purpose did, say that the bridge should be made of wood. The only.
act merely provided for a bridge, but prescribed no When called upon to vote for appropriations, he was plan on which it was to be built. Under this $200,000 desirous of being informed for what object the money'act, a contract was made with a Mr. Dibble to erect à
stone bridge, for which he was to receive one million three limits of internal improvement--they would expect a hundred and fifty thousand dollars, ($1,350,000.) And similar jealousy on the part of the seaboard. Indeed, even this, by a very competent judge, was deemed less they think they have seen something of the kind althan one third of what the bridge would have ultimate-ready. ly cost. Mr Baldwin, an eminent practical engineer, Two years since it pleased the Committee of Ways estimated that it would cost four millions seven hundred and Means to drop from the harbor bill the appropriaand ninety-one thousand six hundred and twenty dol. tion of the $30,000 for surveys--this only remnant of the lars. The country owes the defeat of this magnificent system of internal improvement left to its friends. A expenditure to the vigilance of the honorable chairman motion was made to insert it, but failed, and failed, too, by of the Committee on Roads and Canals, (Mr. MERCER.] the opposition of the tide-water votes. What was the On his report the act was repealed by the almost unani consequence? The hill country saw that, while they mous vote of the House, and a wooden bridge ordered; were voting millions for others, not a cent could be exand which has been completed for something less than pended above tide water. They united, and laid the $120,000.
harbor bill on the table by a majority over twenty; and He would instance another magnificent project now there it would have laid till this time, had not the $30,000 in progress-the New York custom-house. The House been inserted. He would excite no sectional jealousy, had prescribed no plan for this work, nor fixed any limit but would insist that equal justice should be done to all to its cost. They had yoted ahead half a million, and parts of the country, and it would be the fault of those the work was hardly yet visible above ground; what, who united on that occasion if it was not done. He was with its columns and decorations, it would cost, he could not willing there should be one constitution for the seanot estimate; probably some millions of dollars. A board and another for the country. fourth case: We had now before us a bill appropriating He was willing to yote for every necessary approprialarge sums for what might be called floating fortifications, tion for fortifications, for the navy, and for navy yards. yet to be erected, on sites yet undesignated and unpur He would put the four principal navy yards in the best chased.
condition, but he could not vote for unnecessary objects, In all cases, he thought the House should not only useless objects of expenditure. Such he conceived that judge of the general utility of any proposed object of of the navy yard at Portsmouth. Though he did not expenditure, but should, as far as practicable, limit the propose now to abandon it, he would not consent to discretion of the Executive in the expenditure.
enlarge it. Ultimately, be trusted, it would be disconA new and strong motive for economy is now present-tinued. ed-a motive which would have its influence on him in Mr. LINCOLN was in favor of the whole bill as it regard to every expenditure. He looked forward to stood, and contended at length for the necessity of keepthe passage of a bill now in progress for the distribution ing the navy yards in a state of complete repair; for, both of the proceeds of the public lands, in effect, of the sur. in time of war and in time of peace, they were indispenplus revenue, among the States. He trusted the bill sable. It was an error to say that no statements had would pass the present session. The principle was one of been furnished to the House; for a report had been sent those on which the present Executive came into power; / in embracing the very subject under consideration, Dola it had been favorably noticed in the message of 1829; it from the Secretary of the Navy, in general terms, and had been recommended by the Legislatures of many of from the commissioners of the navy, in detail, Better the States. He would now guard the Treasury with authority, better evidence, could not be adduced. the same vigilance as though it were already a law, with Would any gentleman in the House, or the gentlemen the same vigilance as though the surplus revenué had from Tennessee and Kentucky in particular, (Messrs. already been actually divided among the States, and the BELL and HARDIN,) presume to say they understood the questions now were on calling it back and reappropria subject better than the head of the Navy Department, ting it to objects of national concern.
or the commissioners of the navy? Mr. L. then referred Some gentlemen had advocated the appropriation as the report of the Secretary of the Navy, and the statemore necessary in view of our present relations with ments and recommendations of the board of commis. France, and bad taken the occasion to avow their course sioners, a body of gentlemen selected as being the best on war appropriations. He considered this as a bill qualified in the country, and conversant with the subfounded on peace estimates. Other bills reported looked ject from their youth. The works were proved indisto other prospects. He would not regard this bill aspensable, and the onus was upon the mover of the amend. having any relation to war. And he wished to be disment to prove that one half the sum proposed in the bill tinctly understood that he would not be induced to aban- would be sufficient for the completion. Mr. L. did don the principle of economy to wbich he had referred not believe there would be war; and he was mistaken if from any imaginary danger of war; that he would vote he did not see the lowering cloud dispelled by the Presfor no war appropriation, unless he believed there was ident's recent message. He did not believe war was danger of war; that then he would go as far as the contemplated or anticipated, and the very appropria. farthest, but that at present he had no such apprehen- / tions now asked for justified that conclusion. He besion; that he could not, from any mere imaginary dan- lieved, if war had been apprehended, more direct, specific ger, be induced to depart from the principle of economy, measures would long ere this have been recommended. and permit irrevocable appropriations to be made, to the This he believed, too, in view of the admonition of the peculiar advantage of any section of the country. He chairman of the Committee of Ways and Means (Mr. thought it not improbable that some who agreed with CAMBRELENG) yesterday, that he would put this country him on the leading principle might differ from him in its into a state of defence. If war should come, Mr. L. application. The appropriations for the navy and for would stand by his country to the last, but he had no fortifications would be expended on the seaboard. The anticipations of any thing but peace at present. He money of the Government, like the water of its streams, hoped the bill would pass without reduction. runs to the ocean. He trusted that those who represent. Mr. SMITH said there were two features in the reed the hill country would not be uncharitably judged by marks of the honorable member from Vermont (Mr. their brethren, if they should not be satisfied so easily EVENETT) which excited his special admiration. I alas themselves of the necessity of every appropriation. lude now, sir, to his profound love of economy in the Should the current be reversed-should the money ever expenditure of the public money, and to his frankness run up stream, and beyond the proper constitutional lin ayowing the ultimate purpose which he has in view
in opposing the particular appropriation now before the Mr. SMITH proceeded. I am happy to take the excommittee, for the navy yard at Portsmouth.
planations of the gentleman. But how is bis argument But, sir, it has often fallen under the observation of relieved by it? Have we not evidence before us of the most men, that those who set up for great economists in necessity and propriety of this appropriation? The honthe abstract are not always the most economical in fact, orable member from Massachusetts [Mr. LINCOLN) has when they come to the application or practice of what already adverted to the recommendation of the Secretathey call economy. And I believe (said Mr. S.) that ry of the Navy upon the subject; and also to that of the this remark will be found particularly true in relation board of navy commissioners. Yet another document to that class of expenditures of the public money to from the board of navy commissioners pronounces, in which the honorable member from Vermont has ever so many words, this class of works, at the navy yards been foremost in giving his most liberal support. But mentioned in the document, including the one at Portsof this by and by
mouth, as among the “ most important" of the GovernThe gentleman from Vermont avows his object in op- ment's works. Besides these recommendations from posing this item in the bill for the Portsmouth navy yard the board of navy commissioners, backed by the recto be, not simply to defeat this appropriation, but to ommendation of the Secretary of the Navy, you have discontinue and abolish the yard at Portsmouth entirely. also the report of a committee of this House, reiterating
And what, sir, are his reasons for opposing the appro the same recommendation. And yet the gentleman priation itself? Why, the first reason with which he says, we have no information, we have not sufficient insets out cannot but illustrate to every member of this formation to show the propriety of this appropriation! committee, most satisfactorily, that the gentleman has Why, sir, what other information would the gentletaken but a one-sided view of the subject that he looks man have than this accumulation of it in the printed but one way in relation to it. He says there is no ne. documents upon this table, and from the appropriate cessity for building up and keeping in repair the yard sources? He says it is impossible for all the members at Portsmouth, because within sixty miles westward of the House to understand the necessity of the work. ly, that is, at Charlestown, Massachusetts, the Gov- But, sir, it is not impossible, if he will but make the ernment has an extensive navy yard and depot. effort. If he be not negligent of the opportunity given Why, sir, if the gentleman had but looked in the bim to understand it, or blinded by prejudice against other direction, he would have at once seen a dis every recommendation that emanates from the heads of tance of three hundred miles of seacoast, upon the east Departments, he can fully understand the propriety of of Portsmouth, where not a single dollar of naval prep- every recommendation made. If he suspects their proaration has been made by Government for the defence priety or expediency, and the recommendations of the of the country against any enemy. If it be an argu- appropriate officers, he can, at very little trouble, possess ment against the continued existence of the navy yard himself of their whole merits; and unless he chooses to do at Portsmouth, that another yard is supported within this, with all due respect to the gentleman from Vermont sixty miles on the west of it, is it not a much stronger be it said, he cannot, with propriety, complain, or object, argument in favor of its continuance at Portmouth, that that lie has not sufficient authority for the appropriation. no other navy yard or depot has been provided by Gov. I maintain, Mr. Chairman, that we have all the necesernment for the wide distance of three hundred miles sary information to not only justify, but to require, this on the east of it! If it be true, sir, that the absence of appropriation. We have all that is usual, and all that all naval preparation by the Government through the ought to be desired, unless we are also actuated by the whole extent east of Portsmouth is the result of neces- ulterior purpose avowed by the gentleman from Versity, and from the want of suitable waters for the pur-mont, of destroying and abolishing entirely the navy yard pose on that seacoast, or that it is the result of other at Portsmouth-a purpose which I apprehend very few sufficient causes, it is equally obvious that the nearest members of this committee are disposed to entertain. point that you can approach to that unprotected coast Look at the question in point of economy, and how will is the most suitable point for such a provision of Goy. the case stand? Is it not good economy to construct ernment as is in question. With this understanding of sheds and docks at our navy yards, to preserve the proplocalities, no gentleman, as it seems to me, should thinkerty of the Government that necessarily accumulates of discontinuing the navy yard at Portsmouth under any there! The gentleman from Vermont is himself, I becircumstances.
lieve, an agriculturist, or if not, the region he repreBut the gentleman from Vermont urges other reasons sents upon this floor is made up of agriculturists. I in opposition to this appropriation, and perhaps they would ask him, what would be, what must be, his opinare equally cogent with that to which I have just ad- ion of the individual who is in the management of an verted. He says the appropriation ought not to be extensive farm, requiring an extensive body of imple. made, because the Government has appropriated, or is ments and materials, and who totally neglects to make about appropriating, some million or more of dollars to preparation of suitable sheds and buildings for the proerect a custom-house in the city of New York; and be- / tection and preservation of them from the elements that cause, forsooth, the Government appropriated some destroy them from rain, snow, dampness, and decay? considerable amount--I know not how much, but proba Would you, sir, would that gentleman, pronounce such a bly an extravagant sum-to construct a bridge across man a good husbandman, a prudent agriculturist? Would the Potomac river. Sir, there is no doubt a very stri he say such a man was practising upon principles of econ. king connexion between these subjects and the navy omy? It cannot be. Well, sir, apply the same reasonyard at Portsmouth, in the mind of the gentleman from ing to your Government. It necessarily engages an exVermont, although I confess I am totally unable to pertensive navy; it must maintain naval depots at different ceive it.
points. Vast amounts of property, in a wrought and in [Mr. EVERETT asked leave to explain. He said the an unwrought condition, are necessarily accumulated gentleman from Maine had misunderstood his remarks. there. And is it not economy in the Government to That he alluded to the expenditures relative to the cus. construct, at such points, the sheds and docks by which tom-house at New York, and the Potomac bridge, as alone we can hope to preserve the property thus accucases in which the acts of appropriation prescribed no mulated from the action of the elements that destroy it, plan of the works to be constructed. The same objec- that it may be ready for the service of the Government tion, said he, applies to the appropriation now proposed on any emergency? It would be neglect and waste not at Portsmouth. We want evidence of its necessity.) Ito make such preparation.
The question that alone remains is, are the appropria- the House was uninformed. A communication had been tions proposed--$18,000 for timber sheds, $25,000 for made from the Navy Department to the Committee on mast and boat house, $20,000 for a timber dock, and Naval Affairs, some days or a week ago, recommending $4,000 for repairs--proportioned to the character of the a large appropriation in reference to our present foreign works needed? The gentleman from Massachusetts relations. That committee had ordered this communi(Mr. LINCOLN) has well said that, before objection be cation to be reported to the House; and it would be made to these propositions, regard ought to be had to done, doubtless, as soon as the chairman had an opporthe nature of the works designed. They are proposed tunity. That communication expressly stated, that when to be permanent and durable works, and not to be con- the Secretary of the Navy made his recommendation, at structed of materials and after the fashion of many of that the commencement of the session, for an increase of class of works for which the honorable member from two frigates and three sloops of war, he made it solely Vermont has invariably voted most liberally to support with a view to a peace establishment. He now recomworks of internal improvement, in barbors and rivers, mended an increase of appropriations to the enormous of which the first parts constructed have actually, in nu- sum of $6,337,000. merous instances, fallen into decay and ruin before the Mr. W. supported the motion of Mr. BELL, and drew other parts were completed. It is not such a kind of a contrast between the sums expended on the east and economy as the gentleman's favorite works have been those on the south coast, and condemned the whole conducted upon that is designed to be applied in the policy of the Government in corstructing navy yards construction of the navy buildings at Portsmouth. The near the large cities. There was not a single navy yard works are to be permament and durable--of lasting ma- in the country but what was defenceless. He was opterials; and if they should cost more in the outset, they posed to the item under consideration, and said that, are designed to be cheapest in the result.
while so large a sum was proposed for Portsmouth navy But, sir, we hear the cry of war sounded upon this yard, which was not necessary, Charleston, South Carosubject, and with what view I can scarcely conceive. lina, would require at least $250,000, and Pensacola War, and war measures, and war appropriations, appear $500,000, to put them in a fit condition. With regard to have, in the estimation of some gentlemen, an intimate to war, it was not a war with France, with Louis Philconnexion with almost every proposition that comes be- lippe, but it was a war on our own public Treasury. fore the House at the present session. No proposition, Mr. CUSHMAN said the navy yard at Portsmouth wag however trivial, no appropriation, however small, comes not only one of the oldest in the country, but one of the up, which does not seem to partake of war in some way. most important for its locality. It was approachable at This panic appears to be very much of the character all seasons of the year, which was not the case of any one with that which pervaded the British nation subsequent yard north of the Potomac. Even from four to six to the French Revolution. Nothing could occur there, weeks, in the winter, Boston harbor was frozen up, nothing could be proposed, at all out of the common while there was not a day in the whole year that ships course, either in public or private circles, though it were could not enter Portsmouth. that a letter was discovered to have two seals instead of Mr. CAMBRELENG said he had made application at one, which did not excite alarm at once, as partaking in the proper Department to ascertain whether the approsome way of French influence, or having some connexion priations for the yard at Portsmouth were necessary, and with the French Revolution! Sir, I see no war measure bad ascertained ihat the estimate submitted by the naval in the proposed appropriations for the navy yard at Ports officer of that station was one hundred and eleven thoumouth: it is a work of economy, of expediency, and of sand dollars, which the navy commissioners had reduced necessity. The idea of rejecting it, with a view of dis- to sixty-seven thousand dollarg. continuing the navy yard at that place, cannot, I trust, Mr. JARVIS said that the navy yard at Portsmouth influence any considerable portion of this committee. It had been long in existence, and was a very important would be, in my estimation, ihe extreme of folly in the one. In consequence of its situation, it was to be apGovernment to forego the privileges which that yard proached at all seasons of the year. Efforts had hereto. combines, the facilities which that harbor furnishes for fore been made to abolish that station, which proved unship-building. In no place of the Union is ship-building successful for that very reason. One argument made use carried on with higher reputation than at Portsmouth. of against these appropriations was that gentlemen could The best, or among the best, vessels that float upon the not depend on the estimates submitted by the Depart. ocean were constructed at Portsmouth; and the facilments. He thought those estimates were to be relied ities of the Government for the purposes of a navy yard on, because they came through the hands of persons of of certain magnitude at Portsmouth are unsurpassed at long experience. In the first place, the estimafes were any other point of our seacoast, from one end to the submitted by the commanders of those stations, who are other of the Union. And I trust that the item of the always old and experienced officers, to the navy combill now before the committee will not be stricken out, missioners. Then it was the duty of the commissioners with a view to delay the construction of the necessary to visit those stations yearly, to ascertain whether those buildings, and much less with a view to discontinue the estimates were correct; and, if so, to concur in them. navy yard at Portsmouth. It would not only be bad They were then laid before the Secretary of the Nary, economy to do so, but a direct and serious injury to the and had to pass his inspection, and from him they came public service.
to the House. Another objection to the appropriation Mr. JENIFER thought the estimates of the proper was, that there was an unexpended balance in the Treas. Department, sustained as they were by the Committee ury. Mr. J. said there must necessarily be a balance of Ways and Means, were sufficient, in the absence of in the Treasury on the 1st of December; otherwise any evidence against their propriely, to justify him to there would have to be a suspension of operations in the vote for all these appropriations. He was entirely op- navy yards between that time and the time that our posed to the proposed reduction, whether with reference appropriations would be available. to war or peace; though Mr. J. did not consider war to | Mr. BELL had, in the first instance, risen to probe at all improbable; for the acceptance of the mediation pound an inquiry, whether this appropriation was ne. of England was so conditional that no one could say what cessary or not, without going into the general question; would be the result, though he, from bis heart, hoped for on that he would take the very authorities adsuch a crisis would be averted.
duced by gentlemen on the other side, which went to Mr. WISE wished to make known a fact of which I demonstrate that the navy yard at Portsmouth ought to
be abolished altogether. He had not got a specific an- also, copies of all letters written by the late Commisswer to his inquiry. But with regard to the general sioner of the General Land Office, and Gideon Fitz, question, the propriety of having seven navy yards, it Esq., formerly register of the land office at Mount Salus was generally admitted, by competent officers, that a or Clinton, in the State of Mississippi, upon the subject single station was better. England, with her thousands of allowing pre-emption on floats, under the second sec. ships of war, had but two naval stations, by which means tion of the pre-emption law approved May 29, 1830; she was enabled to concentrate the best talent, and to together with copies of all the instructions that have carry on her works with more vigor. He had made the been given to the registers of land offices and receivers motion he had to test the sense of the House, and see of public moneys, for their government in executing whether or not, with a view to a probable contingen- the pre-emption laws of May, 29, 1830, and the 19th cy, they were inclined to dispense with what he bę. June, 1834. lieved to be unnecessary buildings. He could not him. Mr. VINTON further modified his resolution by adding self conceive them to be necessary. He could not see the following: the necessity of erecting a timber shed to preserve the Also, that he communicate to the House any informaaccumulated timber in the yard. But it was not so tion in his possession respecting combinations of permuch into this inquiry he wished to go, as whether or sons, by force or otherwise, to prevent or obstruct the not some part of these large appropriations might not sales of the public land, either at public sale or private be wisely and prudently dispensed with during the present year. He intended to apply the same principle Mr. BOON moved to strike out so much of the resoto every part of this bill, to an amount of three or four lution as called for the “opinion" of the head of the hundred thousand. Mr. B. referred to the unexpended Department. Mr. B. was willing to vote for any rebalances, and said it appeared that the estimates of the quisition for information, but was decidedly opposed to Navy Department had been made without reference to
asking the opinion of that officer. those unexpended balances made for the same objects Mr. VINTON had no objection to modify that clause last year.
so as to inquire of the Department what had been the Mr. CAMBRELENG would inform the gentleman "effect" of the pre-emption laws. from Tennessee tbat, on the 1st of December, the whole Mr. BOON assented; and after a few remarks from Mr. of the unexpended balance remaining on hand was HOWARD, the resolution, as modified, was agreed to. $135,000, the whole of which would probably be ex.
FRENCH AFFAIRS. pended before this bill passed both Houses. The ar
The following resolution, heretofore offered by Mr. gument of the gentleman, that only two navy yards ex
Mason, of Virginia, was taken up: isted in England, would, if carried out, create at least
“Resolved, That the President of the United States be thirty on our three thousand miles of coast; Plymouth and Portsmouth, in England, being only one hundred
requested to communicate to this House a statement
showing the amount of duties received into the Treasury and fifty miles apart. Mr. C. agreed with the gentleman from Virginia, that the southern coast had been neg
of the United States on wines and silks, of the produclected, and he would cheerfully go with the gentleman
tion of France, since the passage of the act entitled from Florida to increase the appropriation for Pensa
"An act to carry into effect the convention between the cola.
United States and His Majesty the King of the French, Mr. PEARCE, of Rhode Island, then moved that the
concluded at Paris on the 4th of July, 1831, approved
13th July, 1832; and the amount of duties which would committee rise; agreed to: Ayes 83, noes 48. The committee accordingly rose, reported progress,
have been chargeable on the same importations under the and asked leave to sit again; and, on motion,
revenue laws as they existed at the time of the passage of The House adjourned.
that act, with the amount of importations of those articles in each year, for five years past; that he be also re
quested to communicate to this House a statement showTHURSDAY, FEBRUARY 11.
ing, in analytical form, the awards made by the commis
sioners who acted under the act aforesaid, in execu. PUBLIC LANDS.
tion of the said convention, their amount, the several The following resolution, heretofore submitted by Mr. classes or categories in which they are arranged, and Vinton, was, by consent, taken up:
the amount of the awards belonging to each class, and « Resolved, That the Secretary of the Treasury be direct the persons and companies, and the sums awarded to ed to communicate to this House any information in his each." possession of frauds or fraudulent practices, under the Mr. ADAMS moved as an amendment the following existing pre-emption laws; and that he also inform the resolution, heretofore offered by him: House what has been the effect of the pre-emption laws Resolved, That the President of the United States be now in force, or heretofore passed, upon the sales of also requested to communicate to this House, if not incomthe public lands, and upon that branch of the public patible with the public interest, a copy and translation of revenue."
the act of the Legislative Chambers of France, making Mr. GARLAND, of Louisiana, offered the following appropriations for carrying into effect the indemnity stipamendment, which was accepted as a modification by ulated for claims of citizens of the United States by Mr. VINTON:
the treaty of 4th of July, 1831; and, also, copies of all the Also, the quantity of land entered or purchased in the communications from the French Government, and State of Louisiana, under the pre-emption law approv their representatives in the United States, in relation to ed the 19th June, 1834, designating the quantity entered the execution of that treaty, in the French language. or purchased in each land district, and the quantity en Mr. EVANS moved, as an amendment to the amendtered as floats in each district, under the several sections ment, the following; which was agreed to: of the pre-emption law approved May 29, 1830, revised And, also, to communicate, if it be, in his opinion, by the pre-emption law of June 19, 1834; together with compatible with the public interest, so much of the copies of all documents and papers on file in the several letters of Mr. Livingston, addressed to the SecDepartment relating to the official conduct of the late retary of State, of October 4, 1833, of November 22, register of the land office and receiver of public moneys 1834, of December 6, 1834, and of December 22, 1834, at Opelousas, in the aforesaid State, or either of them; as have not been heretofore communicated to Congress;