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A baseness to write fair and labour'd much shall stand at the king's mess : 'tis a chough; but, How to forget that learning, but, sir, now as I say, spacious in the possession of dirt.

90 It did me yeoman's service : wilt thou know

Osr. Sweet lord, if your lordship were at leiThe effect of what I wrote?

sure, I should impart a thing to you from his Hor.

Ay, good my lord. majesty. Ham. An earnest conjuration from the king, Ham. I will receive it, sir, with all diligence As England was his faithful tributary,

of spirit. Put your bonnet to his right use; 'tis As love between them like the palm might fiou- for the head. rish,

40 Osr. I thank your lordship, it is very hot. As peace should still her wheaten garland wear Ham. No, believe me, 'tis very cold; the wind And stand a comma 'tween their amities,

is northerly:

99 And many such-like 'As'es of great charge,

Osr. It is indifferent cold, my lord, indeed. That, on the view and knowing of these contents, Ham. But yet methinks it is very sultry and Without debatement further, more or less, hot for my complexion. He should the bearers put to sudden death, Osr. Exceedingly, my lord; it is very sultry, Not shriving-time allow'd.

as 'twere,- I cannot tell how. But, my lord, his Hor.

How was this seal'd? majesty bade me signify to you that he has laid Ham. Why, even in that was heaven ordinant. a great wager on your head: sir, this is the matI had my father's signet in my purse,

ter, Which was the model of that Danish seal; 50 Ham, I beseech you, rememberFolded the writ up in form of the other,

(Hamlet moves him to put on his hat. Subscribed it, gave't the impression, placed it Osr. Nay, good my lord; for mine ease, in safely,

good faith. Sir, here is newly come to court The changeling never known. Now, the next day Laertes; believe me, an absolute gentleman, full Was our sea-fight; and what to this was sequent of most excellent differences, of very soft society Thou know'st already.

and great showing: indeed, to speak feelingly of Hor. So Guildenstern and Rosencrantz go to't. him, he is the card or calendar of gentry, for you Ham. Why, man, they did make love to this shall find in him the continent of what part a employment;

gentleman would see. They are not near my conscience; their defeat Ham. Sir, his definement suffers no perdition Does by their own insinuation grow:

in you; though, I know, to divide him inventori'Tis dangerous when the baser nature comes 60 ally would dizzy the arithmetic of memory, tand Between the pass and fell incensed points yet but yaw neither, in respect of his quick sail. Of mighty opposites.

But, in the verity of extolment, I take him to be Hor.

Why, what a king is this! a soul of great article; and his infusion of such Han. Does it not, thinks't thee, stand me dearth and rareness, as, to make true diction of now upon

him, his semblable is his mirror; and who else He that hath kill'd my king and whored my would trace him, his umbrage, nothing more. mother,

Osr. Your lordship speaks most infallibly of Popp'd in between the election and my hopes,

him. Thrown out his angle for my proper life,

Ham. The concernancy, sir? why do we wrap And with such cozenage—is't not perfect con- the gentleman in our more rawer breath? science,

Osr. Sir?

130 To quit him with this arm ? and is't not to be Hor. Is't not possible to understand in anodamn'd,

ther tongue? You will do't, sir, really. To let this canker of our nature come

Ham. What imports the nomination of this In further evil?

70 gentleman? Hor. It must be shortly known to him from

Osr. Of Laertes ? England

Hor. His purse is empty already; all's golden What is the issue of the business there.

words are spent.
Ham. . It will be short: the interim is mine; Ham. Of him, sir.
And a man's life 's no more than to say ‘One.' Osr. I know you are not ignorant-
But I am very sorry, good Horatio,

Ham. I would you did, sir; yet, in faith, if That to Laertes I forgot myself ;

you did, it would not much approve me. Well, For, by the image of my cause, I see

sir? The portraiture of his : I'll court his favours : Osr. You are not ignorant of what excellence But, sure, the bravery of his grief did put me Laertes isInto a towering passion.

Наг. . I dare not confess that, lest I should Hor. Peace! who comes here? 80 compare with him in excellence; but, to know a

man well, were to know himself. Enter OSRIC.

Osr. I mean, sir, for his weapon; but in the Osr.

Your lordship is right welcome back to imputation laid on him by them, in his meed he's Denmark.

unfellowed.

150 Ham. I humbly thank you, sir. Dost know Ham. What's his weapon? this water-fly?

Osr.

Rapier and dagger. Hor. No, my good lord.

Ham. That's two of his weapons: but, well. Ham. Thy state is the more gracious; for 'tis Osr. The king, sir, hath wagered with him a vice to know him. He hath much land, and six Barbary horses: against the which he has imfertile: let a beast be lord of beasts, and his crib poned, as I take it, six French rapiers and poniards, with their assigns, as girdle, hangers, Hor. Nay, good my lord, -. and so: three of the carriages, in faith, are very Ham. It is but foolery; but it is such a kind of dear to fancy, very responsive to the hilts, most gain-giving, as would perhaps trouble a woman. delicate carriages, and of very liberal conceit. Hor. If your mind dislike any thing, obey it: Ham. What call you the carriages ?

I will forestal their repair hither, and say you are Hor. I knew you must be edified by the mar- not fit.

229 gent ere you had done.

Ham. Not a whit, we defy augury: there's a Osr. The carriages, sir, are the hangers. special providence in the fall of a sparrow. If it

Hant. The phrase would be more german to be now, 'tis not to come; if it be not to come, it the matter, if we could carry cannon by our sides: will be now; if it be not now, yet it will come: I would it might be hangers till then. But, on: the readiness is all: since no man has aught of six Barbary horses against six French swords, what he leaves, what is't to leave betimes? their assigns, and three liberal-conceited carriages; that's the French bet against the Danish. Why Enter KING, QUEEN, LAERTES, Lords, Osric, is this ‘imponed,' as you call it?

and Attendants with foils, &c.

171 Osr, The king, sir, hath laid, that in a dozen King. Come, Hamlet, come, and take this passes between yourself and him, he shall not ex

hand from me. ceed you three hits: he hath laid on twelve for [The King puts Laertes' hand into Hamlet's. nine; and it would come to immediate trial, if Ham. Give me your pardon, sir: I've done your lordship would vouchsafe the answer.

you wrong; Ham. How if I answer 'no'?

But pardon't, as you are a gentleman. Osr. I mean, my lord, the opposition of your This presence knows, person in trial.

179 And you must needs have heard, how I am punHam. Sir, I will walk here in the hall: if it

ish'd

240 please his majesty, 'tis the breathing time of day With sore distraction. What I have done, with me; let the foils be brought, the gentleman That might your nature, honour and exception willing, and the king hold his purpose, I will win Roughly awake, I here proclaim was madness. for him an I can; if not, I will gain nothing but Was't Hamlet wrong'd Laertes? Never Hamlet: my shame and the odd hits.

If Hamlet from himself be ta'en away, Osr. Shall I re-deliver you e'en so?

And when he's not himself does wrong Laertes, Han. To this effect, sir; after what flourish Then Hamlet does it not, Hamlet denies it. your nature will.

Who does it, then? His madness: if't be so, Osr. I commend my duty to your lordship: Hamlet is of the faction that is wrong'd; Нап. Yours, yours. [Exit Osric.] He does His madness is

poor
Hamlet's enemy.

250 well to commend it himself; there are no tongues Sir, in this audience, else for's turn,

Let my disclaiming from a purposed evil Hor. This lapwing runs away with the shell Free me so far in your most generous thoughts, on his head.

That I have shot mine arrow o'er the house, Ham. He did comply with his dug, before he And hurt my

brother. sucked it. Thus has he-and many more of the Laer.

I am satisfied in nature, same breed that I know the crossy age dotes on- Whose motive, in this case, should stir me most only got the tune of the time and outward habit To my revenge: but in my terms of honour of encounter; a kind of yesty collection, which I stand aloof; and will no reconcilement, carries them through and through the most ffond Till by some elder masters, of known honour, and winnowed opinions; and do but blow them I have a voice and precedent of peace, 260 to their trial, the bubbles are out.

To keep my name ungored. But till that time,

I do receive your offer'd love like love,
Enter a Lord.

And will not wrong it.
Lord. My lord, his majesty commended him Ham.

I embrace it freely; to you by young Osric, who brings back to him, And will this brother's wager frankly play. that you attend him in the hall: he sends to know Give us the foils. Come on. if your pleasure hold to play with Laertes, or that Laer.

Come, one for me. you will take longer time.

Ham. I'll be your foil, Laertes: in mine ig. Ham. I am constant to my purposes; they follow the king's pleasure: if his fitness speaks, Your skill shall, like a star i’ the darkest night, mine is ready; now or whensoever, provided I be Stick fiery off indeed. so able as now.

Laer.

You mock me, sir. Lord. The king and queen and all are coming Ham. No, by this hand. down.

King. Give them the foils, young Osric. Cousin Ham. In happy time.

Hamlet,

270 Lord. The queen desires you to use some

You know the wager? gentle entertainment to Laertes before you fall Ham.

Very well, my lord; to play.

Your grace hath laid the odds o'the weaker side. Ham. She well instructs me. (Exit Lord. King. I do not fear it; I have seen you both: Hor. You will lose this wager, my lord.

But since he is better'd, we have therefore odds. Ham. I do not think so: since he went into Laer. This is too heavy, let me see another. France, I have been in continual practice; I shall

Ham. This likes me well. These foils have win at the odds. But thou wouldst not think how all a length? (They prepare to play. ill all's here about my heart: but it is no matter. Osr. Ay, my good lord.

norance

211

King. Set me the stoups of wine upon that Ham. O villany! Ho! let the door be lock'd : table.

Treachery! Seek it out. If Hamlet give the first or second hit,

Laer. It is here, Hamlet: Hamlet, thou art Or quit in answer of the third exchange, 280

slain; Let all the battlements their ordnance fire; No medicine in the world can do thee good; The king shall drink to Hamlet's better breath; In thee there is not half an hour of life; And in the cup an union shall he throw,

The treacherous instrument is in thy hand, Richer than that which four successive kings Unbated and envenom'd: the foul practice In Denmark's crown have worn. Give me the Hath turn'd itself on me ; lo, here I lie,

329 cups;

Never to rise again: thy mother's poison'd: And let the kettle to the trumpet speak,

I can no more: the king, the king's to blame. The trumpet to the cannoneer without,

Ham. The pointenvenom'd too! The cannons to the heavens, the heavens to earth, Then, venom, to thy work. (Stabs the king. Now the king drinks to Hamlet.' Come, begin:

All. Treason! treason ! And you, the judges, bear a wary eye. 290

King.

.

O, yet defend me, friends; I am but Ham. Come on, sir.

hurt. Laer. Come, my lord.

[They play.

Han. Here, thou incestuous, murderous, Ham.

One.

damned Dane, Laer.

No.

Drink off this potion. Is thy union here?
Ham.
Judgement. Follow my mother.

[King dies. Osr. A hit, a very palpable hit.

Laer.

He is justly served ;
Laer.
Well; again. It is a poison temper'd by himself.

339 King. Stay; give me drink. Hamlet, this Exchange forgiveness with me, noble Hamlet : pearl is thine;

Mine and my father's death come not upon thee, Here's to thy health.

Nor thine on me!

(Dies. [Trumpets sound, and cannon shot off within. Ham. Heaven make thee free of it! I follow

Give him the
cup.

thee.
Ham. I'll play this bout first; set it by awhile. I am dead, Horatio. Wretched queen, adieu !
Come. [They play.) Another hit; what say you? You that look pale and tremble at this chance,
Laer A touch, a touch, I do consess.

That are but mutes or audience to this act, King. Our son shall win.

Had I but time-as this fell sergeant, death, Queen.

He's fat, and scant of breath. Is strict in his arrest--0, I could tell you-
Here, Hamlet, take my napkin, rub thy brows: But let it be. Horatio, I am dead;
The queen carouses to thy fortune, Hamlet. 300 Thou livest; report me and my cause aright
Ham. Good madam!

To the unsatisfied.
King:
Gertrude, do not drink. Hor.

Never believe it:
Queen. I will, my lord; I pray you, pardon me. I am more an antique Roman than a Dane:
King. (Aside) It is the poison'd cup: it is too Here's yet some liquor left.
late.

Ham.

As thou'rt a man, Ham. I dare not drink yet, madam; by and by. Give me the cup: letgo; by heaven, I'll have't. Qucen. Come, let me wipe thy face.

O good Horatio, what a wounded name, Laer. My lord, l'll hit him now.

Things standing thus unknown, shall live behind King. :

I do not think 't.

me! Laer. (Aside] And yet 'tis almost 'gainst my If thou didst ever hold me in thy heart, conscience.

Absent thee from felicity a while, Ham. Come, for the third, Laertes: you but And in this harsh world draw thy breath in pain, dally;

To tell my story. I pray you, pass with your best violence;

[March qfar off, and shot within. I am afeard you make a wanton of me. 310

What warlike noise is this? 360 Laer. Say you so? come on. [They play. Osr. Young Fortinbras, with conquest come Osr. Nothing, neither way.

from Poland, Laer. Have at you now!

To the ambassadors of England gives [Laertes wounds Hamlet; then, in scuffling, This warlike volley. they change rapiers, and Hamlet wounds Ham,

0, I die, Horatio ; Laertes.

The potent poison quite o'er-crows my spirit: King.

Part them; they are incensed. I cannot live to hear the news from England; Ham. Nay, come, again. [The Queen falls. But I do prophesy the election lights Osr.

Look to the queen there, ho! On Fortinbras: he has my dying voice; Hor. They bleed on both sides. How is it, So tell him, with the occurrents, more and less,

Which have solicited. The rest is silence. [Dios. Osr. How is't, Laertes?

Hor. Now cracks a noble heart. Good night, Laer. Why, asa woodcock to mine own springe, sweet prince;

370 Osric;

And flights of angels sing thee to thy rest!
I am justly kill'd with mine own treachery. Why does the drum come hither?
Ham. How does the queen?

[March within. King. . She swounds to see them blecd. Queen. No, no, the drink, the drink,-0 my

Enter FORTINBRAS, the English Ambassadors, dear Hamlet,

and others.

320 The drink, the drink! I am poison'd. [Dies. Fort. Where is this sight?

351

my lord

more:

Hor.

What is it ye would see? | Fall’n on the inventors' heads: all this can I If aught of woe or wonder, cease your search. Truly deliver. Fort. This quarry cries on havoc. O proud Fort. Let us haste to hear it, death,

And call the noblest to the audience. What feast is toward in thine eternal cell, For me, with sorrow I embrace my fortune: That thou so many princes at a shot

I have some rights of memory in this kingdom, So bloodily hast struck?

Which now to claim my vantage doth invite me. First Amb.

The sight is dismal; Hor. Of that I shall have also cause to speak, And our affairs from England come too late: And from his mouth whose voice will draw on The ears are senseless that should give us hearing, To tell him his commandment is fulfill’d, 381 But let this same be presently perform'd, That Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are dead: Even while men's minds are wild; lest more misWhere should we have our thanks?

chance, Hor.

Not from his mouth, On plots and errors, happen. Had it the ability of life to thank you:

Fort.

Let four captains He never gave commandment for their death. Bear Hamlet, like a soldier, to the stage; But since, so jump upon this bloody question, For he was likely, had he been put on, You from the Polack wars, and you from Eng. To have proved most royally: and, for his pasland,

sage, Are here arrived, give order that these bodies The soldiers' music and the rites of war

410 High on a stage be placed to the view; 399 Speak loudly for him. And let me speak to the yet unknowing world Take up the bodies: such a sight as this How these things came about: so shall you hear Becomes the field, but here shows much amiss. Of carnal, bloody, and unnatural acts,

Go, bid the soldiers shoot. Of accidental judgements, casual slaughters,

[A dead march. Exeunt, bearing off the Of deaths put on by cunning and forced cause,

dead bodies; after which a peal of ordAnd, in this upshot, purposes mistook

nance is shot off.

DRAMATIS PERSONÆ.

LEAR, king of Britain.
KING OF FRANCE.
DUKE OF BURGUNDY.
DUKE OF CORNWALL.
DUKE OF ALBANY.
EARL OF KENT.
EARL OF GLOUCESTER.
EDGAR, son to Gloucester.
EDMUND, bastard son to Gloucester.
CURAN, a courtier.
Old Man, tenant to Gloucester.
Doctor.
Fool.

OSWALD, steward to Goneril.
A Captain employed by Edmund.
Gentleman attendant on Cordelia.
A Herald.
Servants to Cornwall.
GONERIL,
REGAN,

daughters to Lear.
CORDELIA,
Knights of Lear's train, Captains, Messengers,

Soldiers, and Attendants.

SCENE: Britain.

50

ACT I.

Lear. Meantime we shall express our darker

equin purpose. SCENE I. King Lear's palace.

Give me the map there. Know that we have

divided Enter KENT, GLOUCESTER, and EDMUND.

In three our kingdom: and 'tis our fast intent Kent. I thought the king had more affected To shake all cares and business from our age; 40 the Duke of Albany than Cornwall.

Conferring them on younger stre

while we Glou. It did always seem so to us: but now, Unburthen'd crawl toward death. Our son of in the division of the kingdom, it appears not Cornwall, which of the dukes he values most; for equalities And you, our no less loving son of Albany, are so weighed, that curiosity in neither can make We have this hour a constant will to publish choice of either's moiety.

Our daughters' several dowers, that future strife Kent. Is not this your son, my lord?

May be prevented now. The princes, France Glou. His breeding, sir, hath been at my and Burgundy, charge: I have so often blushed to acknowledge Great rivals in our youngest daughter's love, him, that now I am brazed to it.

II Long in our court have made their amorous Kent. I cannot conceive you.

sojourn, Glou. Sir, this young fellow's mother could: And here are to be answer'd. Tell me, my whereupon she grew round-wombed, and had, daughters, indeed, sir, a son for her cradle ere she had a Since now we will divest us, both of rule, husband for her bed. Do you smell a fault? Interest of territory, cares of state,

Kent. I cannot wish the fault undone, the Which of you shall we say doth love us most? issue of it being so proper.

That we our largest bounty may extend Glou. But I have, sir, a son by order of law, Where nature doth with merit challenge. Goneril, some year elder than this, who yetis no dearer in Our eldest-born, speak first., man my account:fthough this krave came something Gon. Sir, I love you more than words can saucily into the world before he was sent for, yet

wield the matter; was his mother fair; there was good sport at his Dearer than eye-sight, space, and liberty; making, and the whoreson must be acknowledged. Beyond what can be valued, rich or rare; Do you know this noble gentleman, Edinund? No less than life, with grace, health, beauty, Edm. No, my lord.

honour; Glou. My lord of Kent; remember him here- As much as child e'er loved, or father found; 60 after as my honourable friend,

A love that makes breath poor, and speech unable ; Edm. My services to your lordship.

Beyond all manner of so much I love you. Kent. I must love you, and sue to know you Cor. [Aside] What shall Cordelia do? Love, better.

31

and be silent. Edm. Sir, I shall study deserving.

Lear. Of all these bounds, even from this line Glou. He hath been out nine years, and away to this, he shall again. The king is coming.

With shaciowy forests and with champains rich’d,

With plenteous rivers and wide-skirted meads, Sennet. Enter KING LEAR, CORNWALL, ALBANY, We make thee lady: to thine and Albany's issue GONERIL, REGAN, CORDELIA, and Attendants.

Be this perpetual. What says our second daughter, Lear. Attend the lords of France and Bur- Our dearest Regan, wife to Cornwall? Speak. gundy, Gloucester.

Reg. Sir, I am inade

70 Glou. I shall, my liege.

of the self-same metal that my sister is, [Exeunt Gloucester and Edmund. | And prize me at her worth. In my true heart

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