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both Houses; and that in the mean time, the rules ot'the last
The Senate then adjourned until to-morow 12 o'clock.
TUESDAY, JAN 7th, 1849. The Senate met pursuant to adjourninent and there being ne quormin present, adjourned until to inorrow 12 o'clock.
WEDNESDAY, JAx. 8th, 1940. The Senate met pursuant to adjournment, the proceedings of the two previous days were read.
The Senate then adjourned until 10-morrow 10 o'clock.
THURSDAY, Jan. 9th, 1840. The Senate met pursuant to adjournment and yesterday's proceedings were read.
Mr. Englis,h from the Southern District, appeared, was duly qualified and took bis seal.
Mr. Duval, offered the following resolutions, viz:
Be it resolved by the Senatc, that a committee be appointed to meet any committee on the part of the House of Representatives, 10 contract for the printing of the laws of the pres. ent session of the Legislative Council, which was adopted, Messrs. Duval, Wright and Mills, were appointed said committee.
Mr. Dupont, introduced the following resolution.
Resolved, That the Secretary of the Territory be requested to furnish to the Senate eleven copies of the compiled laws and the same number of the organize laws for the use of ine Senate, which was adopted.
The Senate then adiourned until Monday 12 o'cloek.
The Senate met pursuant to adjournment, and there being no quorum present, adjourned until to-morrow 11 o'clock.
TUESDAY, Jan. 14th, 1840. The Senate met pursuant to adjournment, and the proceedings of the previous day were read.
The following communication was received from the Secretary of the Territory, viz: To the Honorable the Senate of the Legislative Council of the
Territory of Florida.
In compliance with the request of the Senate contained in their resolution of the 9th inst. I transmit cleven copies of the Compilation of the Laws of Florida, and the same number of copies of the Laws of Congress, relative to Florida, in pamphlet form.
Secretary of Florida. His Excellency, the Governor, transmitted to the Sonate the following message:
Fellow Citizens of the Legislative Council:
The past year has been to us, remarkable, for the chastisements and mercies oí Providence. In portions of the Territory where diseases was scarcely known, sickness and death appeared in their most formidable guise, and many valuable lives have been lost to the country;--tie Seminole insurrection has continued with unabated violence, and the excitements and heats of a factious spirit, have sometimes made society--what it should bever be--a scene of anxiety and disorder. On the other hand, the general health of the Territory is a subject of congratulation, and the labors of the Planter are rewarded with a large increase. It is our duty to bow with fear, resignation and thankfulness betore that great Being, whose wrath and whose blessings have beer poured in a mingled stream upon our People.
The efforts of the General and Territorial Governments to quell the Indian disturbances, which have prevailed through four long years, have been unavailing, and it would seem, that the prophecy of the most sagacious leader of the Iudians will be more than fulfilled ;--the close of the fifth year will probably find us, still struggling in a contest remarkable for magnanimity, forbearance and credulity on the one side, and ferocity and bad faith on the other. We are waging a war with beasts of prey -the tactics that belong to civilized nations are but shackles and fetters in its prosecution ;-we must “fight fire with fire,” the white man inust, in a great measure, adopt the mode of warfare, pursued by the red man, and we can only hope for success, by continually harrassing and prsning the enemy. If we drive him from Hammock 10 llammock and from Swamp to Swamp-if we penetrate the recesses where his women and children are hidden--if, in self-defence, we show as little mercy to him as he has shown to us—the anxiety and suspense induced by such operations will not fail, it is believed, to produce prosperous results. It is high time that sickly sentimentality should cease. “Lo, the poor Indian!" is the exclamation for the Fanatic and Pseudo-Philanthropist;-"Lo the poor whiteman!" is the ejaculation, which all will uiter, who have witnessed the inhuman butchery of women and children, and the massacres that have drenched the Territory in blood.
In the future prosecution of the war, it is important that a generous confidence should be reposed in the General Government. It may be, that mistakes and errors have been commitied on all hands, but the peculiar adaptation of the countryto the cowardly system of the foe, and its inaptitude to the operations of a regular army-the varying and ofien contradictory views and opinions of the best informed of our citizens—and the emharrassments which these causes must have produced to the authorities at Washington, furnish to the impartial mind, some excuse at least, for the failures that have hitherto occurred. It is our duty to be less mindful of the past than of the future. Convinced ihat the present incumbent of the Presidental chair regards with a sincere and intense interest, the afilictions we endure-relying upon the patriotism, talent and sound judgment of the distinguished Carolinian who presides over the Department of War, and confident in the wisdom of Congress let us prepare to second, with every nerve, the measures that may be devised for our relief. Feeling as we do, the immediate pressure of circumstances, let us exert to the extremest point, all our powers to rid us of the evil by which we are oppressed. Let us by a conciliatory course, endeavor to allay any unkindness of feeling which may exist between the United States Army and the militia of Florida, and by union of sentiment among ourselves, advance the happy period when the Territory shall enjoy-what she so much needs--a long season of peace and tranquility.
It is not in my power to present to you a detailed account of the military operations within the Territory, of the past year. Three Companies employed in defending the country this side of the Ocilla, acting under Territorial Officers, and independently of the Regular Ariny, have been retained by me in the service, together with the Major commanding them, a quartermaster and a Surgeou. The Secretary of the Territory, will prepare and submit to you, as soon as possible, statements showing ihe amount of money raised for military purposes, upon the credit of the Territory, the sums disbursed, and the quantity of stores and provisious now on hand.
Your attention is respectfully directed to the act of last year authorising the employment of troops on the Territorial account, by it, the Governor is empowered to detail or appoint field officers, captains, and commissioned officers. Is the precedent affording so ample a power, entirely prudent ;-should not those who take up arms in defence of the country, be entitled to the selection of their own officers ;--would not the strength and efficiency of the corps be promoted by the mutual confidence of the commanding and commanded, springing from the preference evinced on the one side, and the trust and honor conterred on the other ? These are questions which, it occurs to me, deserve some consideration. Whatever measures you may adopt, having, for their object, the defence and protection of the Territory, will meet with an earnest effort on my part, to carry them into execution—and may Heaven grant, that the darkness that now settles upon all our prospects, may soon be dispelled by a bright and cheering morning.
The Banks and the currency of Florida are topics, which can scarcely be touched without exciting sensibilities and, it is feared, producing irritation. This should not be so. If the corporations of the country have performed their duty to the public and kept themselves strictly, within the limits prescribed by their Charters--a generous and intelligent people will sustain them. It it be otherwise—if they have advanced the interests of the few, and disregarded those of the many—if they have considered their charters as mere paper barriers which may be broken down at pleasure-it must be expected that the people will sooner or later, do themselves justice, and that frown or resist who may, they will detect the abuse of those privileges, for which the very corporators themselves are indebted to the popular kindness and generosity. The people have a right to investigate and enquire into the affairs of the Banks, which have been created by their Representatives, who derive all their powers from the General Government, and hold them in trust for their constituents. The veil of mystery overshadowing these creations of the Legislature—and which is one of the chief evils incident to the system--should not be impenetrable to those, whose duty it is, to scrutinize every cause which may have the remotest tendency, for weal or woe, upon
the destinies of society.
The public mind has for some time past been actively alive to this important subject. On the one hand, it has been insisted, that the banks have been mismanaged, and are in the broad road to ruin ;--on the other, it is declared that they are entirely solvent and have been conducted with prudence and skill. Thus, is an issue made up, and it remains to be tried. The adduction of facts and an impartial investigation will lead to a correct judgment. It may not he denied that the currency of the Union Bank is in a depreciated state ; in the extremes of the Territory ---to the East and to the West-it is almost valueless, and, at the threshold of the banking house, high prices--particularly of the great staple of the country, which sells in Tallahassee at a considerable advance over the markets of other southern cities: prove, that whatever may be the soundness of the institution, its promises to pay are held in some suspicion and its credit is impaired. The connexion of the Bank of Pensacola with the projected Alabama, Florida, and Georgia Railroad, has not it is believed, been prosperous. It is said that the construction of the road is for the present, at least, abandoned, and that the iron, locomotives, cars and materials collected for the work have been withdrawn from the Territory. It is understood that the bank, as a bank, has been and is conducted with prudence, and that specie is forthcoming at its counter in payment of its notes ; but fears are entertained that its affairs are inextricably entangled with those of the railroad company, for which it is responsible to a very formidable extent. Its circulation does not run into East Florida, and its notes are said not to be receivable at the Union Bank. There are complaints also against the Southern Life Insurance and Trust Company. There are many who think its operations are conducted more for the benefit of persons abroad than of our people at home—that it"waves the flag of its displeasure" over those who demand the specie to which its currency purports to be equivalent, and dispenses its favors only and largely, to its friends. To all these institutions it is objected, that they have entered the political arena and are struggling to produce a conflux of money and political power, whose overwhelming tide would threaten with destruction the best interests of a free people.
With these impressions and suspicions circulating far and wide, it is due boih to the banks and the people that the true situation of things should be distinctly understood. If the banks have been wronged they are entitled to redress in its most ample form. On the other hand, if it be found that there are just grounds of complaint, no effort should be spared to apply the appropriate remedy and to introduce a thorough reformation. The Territory possesses another motive for strict and rigid scrutiny into the affairs of these institutions. It is the guarantce of the Pensacola Bank to the amount of $500,000—its bonds have been given to the Union Bank, and for its use, to the amount of three millions--to what amount a credit has been afforded to sustain the Southern Life Insurance and Trust Company, it is not in my power at present to say. There are those who content against any authority in the Legislative Council to cast such responsibilities upon the people of the Territory bat, without venturing to touch this question at allait is the obvious duty of those charged with the administration of the