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That still I lay upon my mother's head;
K. John. Mine eye hath well examined his parts, And finds thein perfect Richard.Sirrah, speak, What doth move you to claim your brother's land ? :
Phil. Because he hath a half-face, like my father; 7 With that half-face would he have all my land : A half-fac'd groat five hundred pound a year!
6 He hath a trick of Cæur-de-lion's face,] The trick, or tricking, is the same as the tracing of a drawing, mcaning that peculiarity of face which may be fufficiently thewn by the lightest outline, This expression is used by Heywood and Rowley in their comedy called Fortune by Land and Sea :-5. Her face, the trick nf her eye, her leer.” The following passages may more evidently prove the expression to be borrowed from delineation, Ben Jonfon's Every Man out of his Humour :
-You can blazon the rest, Signior? “O ay, I have it in writing here o' purpose; it cost me two fhillings the tricking." So again, in Cynthia's Revels :
the parish-buckets with his name at length trick'd upon them.” STEEVENS.
? With half that face-] But why with half that face? There is no question but the poet wrote, as I have restored the text : With that half-face-Mr. Pope, perhaps, will be angry with me for discovering an anachronism of our poet's in the next line, where he alludes to a coin not struck till the year 1504, in the reign of king Henry VII. viz. a groat, which, as well as the half groat, bare but half faces imprefied. Viche Stow's Survey of London, p. 47. Holinjhed, Camden's Remains, &c. The poet sneers
Rob. My gracious liege, when that my father liv'd, Your brother did employ my father much ;
Phil. Well, fir, by this you cannot get my land; Your tale must be, how he employ'd my mother.
Rob. And once dispatch'd him in an embassy To Germany, there, with the emperor, To treat of high affairs touching that time : The advantage of his absence took the king, And in the mean time sojourn’d at my father's; Where how he did prevail, I shame to speak : But truth is truth ; large lengths of seas and shores Between my father and my mother lay, (As I have heard my father speak himself) When this same lufty gentleman was got. Upon his death-bed he by will bequeath'd His lands to me; and took it on his death, That this, my mother's son, was none of his; And, if he were, he came into the world Fuli fourteen weeks before the course of time. Then, good ny liege, let me have what is mine, My father's land, as was my father's will.
at the meagre sharp visage of the elder brother, by comparing him to a silver groat, that bore the king's face in profile, fo Thewed but half the face; the groats of all our kings of England, and indeed all their other coins of filver, one or two only excepted, had a full face crowned; till Henry VII. at the time above-mentioned, coined groats and half-groats, as also some shillings, with half faces, i. e. faces in profile, as all our coin has now. The first groats of king Henry VIII. were like those of his father; though afterwards he returned to the broad faces again. These groats, with the impression in profile, are undoubtedly here alluded to : though, as I taid, the poet is knowingly guilty of an anachronisın in it: for in the time of king John there were no groats at all; they being firit, as far as appears, coined in the reign of king Edward III. THEOBALD.
The same contemptuous allusion occurs in The Downfall of Robert Earl of Huntington, 1601 :
“ You half-fai'd groat, you thick-check'd chitty-face." Again, in Hifriomafix, 1610 " Whilit I behold yon half-fac’d minion.”
K. John. K. John. Sirrah, your brother is legitimate; Your father's wife did after wedlock bear him : And, if she did play false, the fault was hers; Which fault lies on the hazard of all husbands That marry.wives. Tell me, how if my brother, Who, as you say, took pains to get this son, Had of your father claim'd this son for his ? In sooth, good friend, your father might have kept This calf, bred from his cow, from all the world; In sooth, he might: then, if he were my brother's, My brother might not claim him; nor your father, Being none of his, refuse hiin : *This concludes My mother's son did get your father's heir ; Your father's heir must have your father's land.
Rob. Shall then my father's will be of no force, To dispofless that child which is not his ?
Pžil. Of no more force to dispossess me, sir, Than was his will to get me, as I think. Eli, Whether hadīt thou rather, -be a Faulcon
bridge, And like thy brother, to enjoy thy land; Or the reputed son of Caur-de-lion, . Lord of thy presence, and no land beside ?
Phil. Madam, an if my brother had my shape, * And I had his, fir Robert's his, like him;
And : This concludes] This is a decifre argument. As your father, if he liked him, could not have been forced to resign him, fo, not liking him, he is not at liberty to reject him. Johnson.
' Lord of thy presence, and no land befider] Lord of oly presence can signify only, master of thyself; and it is a strange expression to fignity even that. However that he might be, without parting with his land. We should read : Lord of the presence, i, e. prince of the blood. WARBURTON,
Lord of thy presence may signify something more distinct than master of thyself: it means master of that dignity and grandeur of appearance that may sufficiently distinguish thee from the vulgar, without the help of fortune,
Lord of his presence apparently fignifies, great in bis ope's perfor, and is used in this sense by king John in one of the following icenes.
JOHNSON. : And I had his, fir Robert's his, like him ;] This is obscure and
And if my legs were two such riding-rods,
ill expressed. The meaning is: If I bad bis Soape--fir Robert's as be bas.
Sir Robert bis, for fir Robert's, is agreeable to the practice of that time, when the 's added to the nominative was believed, I think erroneously, to be a contraction of his. So, Donne :
Who now lives to age,
-my face so thin,
Left men should fury, Look, where three-farthings gocs.') In this very obscure paflage our poet is anticipating the date of an. other coin; humoroully to rally a thin face, eclipsed, as it were, by a full-blown rose. We muit observe, to explain this allusion, that queen Elizabeth was the first, and indeed the only prince, who coined in England three-halt-pence, and three-tarthing pieces. She at one and the same time coined fhillings, lix-pences, groats, three-pences, two-pences, three-half-pence, pence, three-farthings, and half-pence. And these pieces all had her head, and were alternately with the rose behind, and without the rose. The shilling, groat, two-pence, penny, and half-penny had it not : the other intermediate coins, viz. the fix-pence, three-pence, three-half-pence, and three-farthings had the rose. THEOBALD.
So, in The Shoemaker's Holiday, &c. 1610 :
" Firk. 'Tis but three-half-pence I think : yes, 'tis threepence ; I smell the rose.” STEEVENS.
As we are on the subject of coinage, it may be observed that the foliowing passage in Ben Jonson's Devil is an Afi, remains unexplained ;
“ I will not bate a Harrington o'th' fum." Lord Harrington obtained a patent from K. James I. for making brass farthings. See a Historical Narration of the First 14 Years of K. James I. p. 56. TOLLET. The same terin occurs in Ben Jonson's Magnetic Lady: “ They shall ne'er be a Harrington the better for't."
STEEVENS. . That in mine ear I durft not fick a rose,] The sticking rofis about them was then all the court-fashion, as appears from this pallage of the Confclion Catholique du S. de Sancy, 1. j.c. 1 : “ Je luy ay appris à mettre des gojes par tous les coins," i. e. in every place about him, says the speaker, of one to whom he bad taught all the court-fashions. WARBURTON
Lest men should say, Look, where threc-farthings
Eli. I like thee well; Wilt thou forsake thy fortune,
These roses were, I believe, only roses composed of ribbands. In Mariton's What you will is the following passage:
“ Dupatzo the elder brother, the fool, he that bought the halt-penny ribband, wearing it in his ear, &c."
Again, in Every Man out of his Humour: “ -This ribband in my ear, or so." Again, in Love and Honour, by fir W. Dave, nant, 1649:
" A lock on the left side, so rarely hung
" With ribbanding, &c." I think I remember, among Vandyck’s pictures in the duke of Queensberry's collection at Ambroíbury, to have seen one with the lock nearest the ear ornamented with ribbands which termi. nate in roses; and Burton, in his Anatomy of Melancholy, says, “ that it was once the fashion to stick real flowers in the ear.”
STEEVENS. Marston also in his Satires, 1599, alludes to this fathion as fantastical :
“ Caftilios, Cyprians, court-boyes, Spanish blocks,
" Ribanded eares, Grenada ncther-Itocks."
" Thou know'st I love thee, dear ;
unto the death.] This exprellion is common among our ancient writers. So, in A Merye Jeft of a Man called Howleglas, bl. I. no date : “Howleglas found a woulie that was frozen ta the deth,” STEEVENS.