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Holies, where no one but the high. Palestine. In these expeditions the priest was allowed tu tuter, on the Jews had done such signal services great day of the expiation, he was to Antiochus, that he granted enim opposed by the voice and cries of the privilege of living according to the peop.c: and, when he persisted their own laws and religiou; and a in advancing beyond the inner court, power to prohibit strangurs from enhe was Sw12.d with such a sudden

tering within the sept of the temple. terror and consterniation, that he was

But as s00011 as Epiph.unes grew up obliged to be carried back, in a mati- Antiochus made peace with him ad ner, haif dead lle recovered, how- gave hun his daughter in marriage, ever, but when he lefi the cly he

with Cælusyria and Palestine for her vowed revenge: and accuidingly, up- portion. On this occasion, Joseph, on his return to Alexandria, he de- who had been Epiphanes' receivesprived

the Jews of ail ineir civil general in those provinces, and disrights and privileges, obligéd them placed by Artiochus, was restored. un ier pain of death to be stigmatized Epiphanes in a short time had a son with a huru, representing an ivy-caf, born to bim; and it being custoinin honour of Bacchus; aud exclude

such occasions, for all the ali fiom his presence, that would not great officers of slate to

go

aud consacrifice to this god. He also com- gratulate the king and queen, and mai ded as inany Jews as could be

lo make thein presents; Jose; hi, whose found in Egypt, to be brought up age wouid not permit him take and in closed in the Hippodrome, or so long a journey, sent his son Hyre place for horse-races, at Alexandria, carius : he having an unlimited credit to be devoured by elephants. But given hun by his fath's, upon his God turned the wild beasts upon arriy i at Alexandria, borrowed 1000 those that came to be spectators of tairnts, or 200,000 pounds sterling. this dreadful carnage; so that num. with this money he bought one hunbers of them became victinis to their died beautiful boys for the king, and cruel curiosity, and were slain. This as many beautiful young maids for jurginenit so terrified the king and the queeni, al

the price of a talent his subjects, with other tokens which a piece; and presented ihem with eacha appeared of the divine displeasure a taient in their hards; and dispo. and power, that Pniinpator released sed of the remaining sum anong the the Jews from the Hippodrome, res- courtiers and great officers. This gentored the whole nation to their for. erosity recominended him so effectually mec privileges, reversed the laws to the king and queen, and all the against them, and gave them leave court, that he found it an easy mat

put those Jews to death, who, ter to supplant his father, in being for fear of persecution, had 'basely collector of the royal revenues in all a postatized from their religion.

the country beyond Jordan; and ob

tained the cominission for hiirself: Philopator was succeeded by his son Prolomy Epiphanes, then only five Hyrcanus, after he had thus abused

old. The ininority of this the trust reposed in him by his father,

years

a

at

'ation of the book of the law: this inake submission and pacify the king. i anslation was finished by the orders This expedient was accepted by the *f Eleazar 'the high-priest, and is high priest, and approved by the called the Septuagint, on account of people. the joint labour of LXXII transla

Jusuph all this time had entertained tors employed therein.

Athenion in a most elegant manter Ptolemy Philadelphas died in the at his own house; and at his de 39th year of his reign, and in the parture, made

hiin such valuable 630 year of his age.

He was

presents, that when he arrived learned prince, and a great patron of Alexandria, he found the king prelearning So that men of learning pared much in his favour lo receive Hocked to his court from all parts, him. He made hiinself also further and partnok of his favour and boun- acceptable in the king by informing ty. Amongst these were the poets himn concerning the state and inTheocritus, Callimachus, Lycophron come of the revenues of Cælo-yria and Aratus, and Manetho, the Egyp- and Phænicia, whose value he had tian historian. But though Zoilus made himself master of by convers. would have insinuated himself into ing with the farmers, with whom his graces, his snarling wit, bitter he had travelled for soine days on and ill-patured criticisms, drew upon his way to court; and on his outhim a general odium, the aversion bidding these more than double, he of all men, and king Prolemy's in- was admitted the king's receiver gedignation.

neral of Cælosyria, Phænicia, Judea and

Samaria. He immediately satisfied Ptolemy Euergetes succeeded his

the king for the arrears due from father, Ptoleiny in Egypt. At the

his uncle, with five hundred talents, skine time, 0.1ias the Just succeded

which he borrowed at Alexandria the son of Simon the Just in the

on the credit of his

office. pontificate at Jerusalem ; who grew

This office he , enjoyed 22 years ; very old, weak, incor:siderate and

though he

met with great opposisovetous. And Euergetes understand

tion at his fi:st collecring, till he ing that the high priest had for ma

had brought some of the ring-leadny years withheld the tribute (which

ers 10 exemplary punishment. was annually to have been paid) sent Athanion, an officer of his court, to Je- All things were again composed rusalern to m.ke a demand of it, being a at Jerusalem; and Phifopater hav. very large sum. This demand, backed ing succeeded his father Ptolemy wish threatening to drive threin out Euergetes in Egypt, and defeated the of rheir country in case they refused, army of Antiochus the Great, in threw the whole nation into great the fifth year of his reign he visitponfusion, And Joseph, nephew to

ed Jerusalem, among

the other she high-priest, having sharply rebu, cities, which by his conquest he ked his unele for this act of injus. had regained. But this had like tice, zud his ill management of the to have been very

unfortunate for

new

was

Holies, where no one but the high. Palestine, In these expeditions the priest was allowed to enter, on the Jews had done such signal services gr«at day of the expiation, he to Antiochus, that he granted them opposed by the

voice and cries of the privilege of living according to the peop e: and, when he persisted their own laws and religion; and a in advancing beyond the inner court, power to prohibit strangers from enhe was suizod with such a sudden tering within the sept of the teinple. terror and consternation, that he was But as sooon as Epiphanes grew up obliged to be carried back, in a inan- Antiochus made peace with him a id ner, haif dead Ile recovered, how

gave hun his daughter in marriage, ever, but when he left the cly he with Cælusyria and Palestine for her vowed revenge: and accurdingly, up- portion. Ou this occasion, Joseph, on tus return to Alexandria, he de. who had been Epiphanes' receiverprived the Jews of all ineir civil general in those provinces, and disrights and privileges, obliged them placed by Artiochus, was restored. unter pain of death to be stigmatized Epiphanes in a short time had a son with a burti, representing an ivy-icaf, born to bim; and it being customin honour of Bacchus; and excluded ary on such occasions, for all the ali fium his presence, that would not great officers of stare to go and consacrifice to this god. He also coin- gratulate the king and queen, and ma ded

as many Jews as could be w muke thein presents; Joseph, whose found in Egypt, to be brought up age wouid not permit him to take and in closed in the Hippodrome, or so long a journey, sent his son Hyre place for horse-races, at Alexandria, canus : he having an unlimited credit to be devoured by elephanti.

But

given hun by his fath's, upon his God turned the wild beasts upon arriv. I at Alexandria, borrowed 1000 those that came to be spectators of tairnts, or 200,000 pounds sterling. this dreadful carnage; so that num- with this inoney he bought one hunbers of them became victims to their died beautiful boys for the king, and cruel curio-ty, and were slain. This as many beautiful young maids for jurginent so terrified the king and the queen, at the price of a taient his subjects, with other tokens which a-piece; and presented them with eacha appeared of the divine displeasure a talent in their hai ds; and dispoand power, that Phiinpator released sed of the remaining sum ainong the the Jews from the Hippodrome, res- courtiers and great officers. This gentored the whole nation to their for. erosity recominended him so effectually mer privileges, reversed

the law's to the king and queen, and all the against thein, and gave them leave court, that he found it an easy mat

put those Jews to death, why, ter to supplant his father, in being for fear of persecution, had barely collector of the royal revenues in all apostatized froin their religion.

the country beyond Jordan; and ob

tained the cominission for hiirself Philopator was succeeded by his son

brothers, he killed two of them; fessed the power of God dwelling and coming to Jerusalem, his father therein. He afterwards poisoned Se. refused to admit him to his presence; leuchus, with a view to obtain the and he was shunned and abhorred by kingdom to himself: but he was frusevery body Upon the death of his trated therein, by Eumenus, king of aged father, which happened soon Pergamus, and his brother Altalus, after, he endeavoured by force to who set Antiochus Epiphanes, son of eject his brethren, and possess himns. if Antiochus the Great, on the throne of the paternal estate These measures of Syria. disturbed the peace of Jerusalem for

Epiphanes, at his accession to the a while; 'till at last his brothers,

throne, finding himse.f hard pressed, assisted by the high priest, and the buik of the people, drove him beyond imposed by the Romans, by ail man

endeavoured to raise the heavy tribute Jordan, where he lived for soine time

ner of exactions,

Amongst other in a strong castle ; but at length in

means, which he devised for this. despair, he fell upon his own sword,

purpose, he made sale of the ponand becaine his own exécutioner, to avoid the severity of thut punishment tificate, and deposed the pious bigh

priest, Onias, and disposed of it to which Antinchus Epiphanes, upon his

his brother Jason, at the yearly rent succession to the throne of Syria,

of 360 talents; and afterwards he threatened him with.

deposed Jason, and sold it to his Antiochus the Great, falling by

brother Menelaus, who had bid 300 the hands of the inhabitants of Ely

talents more for it Menelaus, find mais, as he attempted by night to ing himself streightened to raise the plunder the temple of Jupiter Belus, annual sum he had contracted for, in order to raise money to make good assisted by Lysiinachus his brother, his engagements to the Romans; his robbed the temple of many golden son Seleuchus Philopater succeeded vessels, which he turned into money him in the provinces of Syria and Ju. to pay the king; and therewith also deæ, &c. and resided at Antioch.

he bribed Audronicus, the governor

of Antioclı, to murder his brother Seleuchùs, on his coming to the

Onias, lest at any time he should government, continued to the Jews

stand in his way At the instances the privileges allowed them by his

of the people, Andronicus was execufather; but being afterwards informed

ted for this murder; and Lysimachus by Simon, a Benjamite, that there

was put to death by the mob at jewas great treasure in the temple, he

rusalem. Biit Menelaus, by means rent Heliodorus his treasurer to pillace of bribery and other corrupt methods, it, and to bring the wealth thereof to Antioch. Heliodorus, in attempts but had address and influence enough

was not only acquitted of those crimes, it to execute this commission, was

to obtain the execution of the three struck down by angels, on entering delegates, that went from Jerusalem the temple, and carried from

to prosecute him in the name of the thence half dead; but by the

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lometer in Egypt, Jason, on a false form to the religion of the king, Athereport which had been spread abroad, næus, a Grecian idolater, was `pitched that the king was dead, got together upon to instruct all the Jews that a thousand men, and

with

these would turn idolaters, and to punish surprises Jerusalem, drives away Me- with the most cruel deaths such as nelaus, and cruelly puts to death all should refuse. Now it was that the that he thought were adversarics. temple was dedicated to Jupiter OlymThe news of this revolution and pus; the books of the law were burned; massacre reaching Antiochus, he has and women accused of having their tened to reduce the Jews to their obe- children circumcised, were dragged dience. And being informed that the about the streets with these children inhabitants of Jerusalem had made tied about their necks, and both togreat rejoicings at the report of bis gether thrower hadlong from the highdeath, he was so provoked thereat, est part of the wall For many of them that, having taken the city by storm, chose rather to suffer death, and underhe slew 10,000 persons, and sold as go the most cruel torments, than to remany more for slaves ; and entering nounce their God, and offer sacrifice to into the temple, prophaned the sanc- idols. As the holy zeal, and religious tuary, and sacrisced a sow upon the fortitude and martyrdom of the aged altar of burnt-offerings, and caused and piou. Eleazar, a chief doctor of the the liquor thereof to be sprinkled law; and of the heroine Salomona, and all over the temple. He pillaged the seven Maccabean brethren, her the temple also of as inuch gold sons, do testify; whom neither the and furniture as amounted to 800 tal- view of the instruinents of death, nos onts of gold. On his return to Antioch, the exquisite tortures practised on their he made Philip, a most Aagitious man brethren before them could terrify, nor and cruel in his disposition, governor the allurements of the tyrant could perof Judæa; and Andronicus, as bad a suade to forfeit their integrity, and deman, governor of Samaria ; and contin- peudence upon the Almighty, by the ued Menelaus, the most infamous of least instance of idolatry or dissimulaall, in the pontificate. And, as if the tion. wicked and oppressive measures and practices of these men were not suffi

Mattathias, great grandson of Asmocient to satisfy his rage, he soon after

næus, and a priest of the first course, sent an ariny of 22,000 m), under

retired with his five sons, John, SiApollonius his general, with a coin- mon, Judas, Eleazar, and Jonathan, mission to put all the min of Jerusalem

from the persecution Jerusalem, to the sword and to make slaves of the to a little place called Modin in the women and children : which was rigor.

tribe of Dar : but as soon as they ously executed on a sabbath-day ; so

were discovered there, Antiochus sent that none escaped, but such as bid Apelles, to compel the inhabitants themselves in caves or fled to the therof, on pain of death to turn idolInountains.

This officer in delivering his

commission, endeavoured to persuade This cruelty did not stop here, but Matiathias to embrace idolatry, by

aters.

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