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commerce. lives in Louis XI.'s old Gothic chancel. | Poitou), near the château of Comonacre, or Comacro. lerie, Hotel Gouin, in Rue de Commerce, which he whither Joan of Arc went, 1429, to fetch the sword of has restored. Another house, in Rue des Trois Charles Martel, with which he slew the infidels. The Pucelles, is called Maison de Tristans l'Hermite; but Marquis de Lussac is proprietor. The church is in it is not so old as Louis XI.'s provost-marshal. They the Renaissance style of Francis I. show in the town a block of stone (a remnant of some St. Maure (77 miles), on a branch of the Vienne, Roman building), said to be the tomb of Turnus, its called the Manse, which is traversed by a short reputed founder. A Roman wall and an amphi- | viaduct, 112 feet high, on 15 arches. There is a dol theatre have been traced, by M. Courtigis. At St. | men of six stones here. The old château de Brau is in Radegonde (3 kil.) are some remains of Marmoutiers sight. Coaches to Chinon (see Route 36), Courcoué abbey, founded in the 4th cent.

Latour-St.-Gélin, Ligneil, L'Isle-Bouchard, Richelier Tours is the native place of Destouches the comic St. Espain. writer. Duchesne the geographer, Heurteloup the At Isle-Bouchard (13 kil.), near the Vienne, je mayor, Alfred de Vigny, &c. The famous Battle of 1 another dolmen, and the curious Romanesque char el Tours was fought, 732, some think, at Miré (15 kil. of St. Leonard. south-west), near Artanes; here Charles Martel (i.e. [RICHELIEU (25 kil. south-west), on the Amable. Charles the Hammer) defeated Abd-el-rahman and belonged to the father of Armand du Plessis, liis Saracen hosts, who, having conquered Spain, had the famous Cardinal Richelieu, whose seat here, thus far overrun France. But for this check, "the which he enlarged and beautified, was pulled Koran (says Gibbon) might have been taught in the down at the Revolution. It was made the head schools of Oxford to a circumcised people."

of a dukedom, 1631, and the town was rebuilt Manufactures of silk stuffs, or gros de Tours, which by him a little while after.) flourished till the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, Port-de-Piles (64 miles), on the Creuse. (when the pop. fell from 80,000 to 33,000), ribbons, [HAYE-DESCARTES (7 miles south-east), higher up lace, carpets, muslins, pottery, powder, wax candles, the river, so called (since 1802) from the philososoap, saltpetre, &c.; and a trade also in grain, wine pher, Descartes, who was born here, 1596. They (of Vouvray, &c.), spirits, dry fruits, and chesnuts. show the house, with his bust, &c. To the east The large printing aud bookbinding establishment of of it is Gralmoont, the old seat of Louis XI.'s Mame and Co., in Rue de l'Intendance, deserves a gossip, Tristan l'Hermite.) visit, as do also Avisseau's potteries.

Les Ormes (3 miles), in department Vienne, has The railway goes on to Angers and Nantes, as in a fine château of the Argensons, surmounted by a Route 36, and to Le Mans, as in Route 39, Coaches column 80 feet high, with a staircase in it, whence to Château-Lavallière, La Châtre, and Loches. there is a wide prospect over the Vienne, &c.

[At PREUILLY (33 kil, south-east), beyond the ROUTE 35Continued,

Vienne, are the remains of the castle of the Pre

mier Barons of Touraine, and a good abbey Towards Poitiers and Bordeaux.

church, founded 1001. Pop., 2, 370.) Four trains, in 7 to 10 hours. Leaving

Dange (2 miles), on the Vienne. Tours, you pass the châteaux of Caude and La Ingrandes (5 miles), up the same river. Roche, and some deep cuttings and embankments, to (GUERCHE (13 kil. east), on the Creuse, has the the great viaduct across the valley of the Indre, 31, 120 château of Agnes Sorel, and a church of the 16th feet long, 70 high, on 57 arches.

cent.) Monts (87 miles), on the Indre. Coaches to Ar 1 Chatellerault (6 miles), 2 sous précaire , tannes (near tho field of Miré, as above mentioned), department Vienne (pop., 11,580), and seat of thu Esvres, Montbazon, Pont-de-Ruan, Vergnó.

government arms-factory. Here about 20,000 fireMONTBAZON (5 kil. east), up the Indre, has an old arms, and 3,500 armes blanches, i. e., swords and

castle, built in the 11th cent., by Foulques de bayonets, are made yearly. Inferior cutlery, grindNúra, Count of Anjou, Near it are Couziers stones, paste diamonds, &c., are branches of local château, where Louis XIII. was reconciled to trade on the Vienne, which a good bridge crosses, his mother, Catherine de Medicis, and the with an old four-turreted gate at one end. It standy Ripault powder and sugar works.)

among pleasant hills and gardens, and has the Gothic Villeperdue (5) miles). A little beyond is the church of St. Jean, a salle-de-spectacle, &c. The Duku oll village of Ste. Catherine-de-Fierbras (so called of Hamilton claims to be Duke of Châtellerault fruun Guillaume Fier-à-bras, or strong arın, Count of through the title conferred on his ancestor, tko

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Regent Arran, for negociating the marriage of Mary ance, with its gardens and meadows, but the streets Stuart.

are crooked, dirty, and steep; and the houses mean Hotels.-De l'Esperanon (the Horel; De la Teto though interesting from their antiquity. Some reNoire.

mains of the Gothic walls are left, pierced by six Steamer, in summer, early in the morning. down gates, four of which lead out to the Clain. That on the Vienne and Loire, to Tours, Saumur, Angers, the south, Porte de la Tranchée, takes you to the Nantes. Coaches to Aux-Angles, Plumartin, Le Parc de Blossac walk, on the rise of the opposite hill, Blanc, and Montmorillon (see below); Laroche and whence there is a fine prospect; beyond, at the her. Izeure. Cenon (4 kil.), as well as Moussay(on the Clain), mitage, are four arches of a Roman aqueduct, called is another supposed site of the Saracens' defeat by the Arcs de Parigny, which supplied the Arènes, or Charles Martel, at what is called the Battle of Tours. | amphitheatre, the ruins of which are in the court-yard (LAROCHE, or ROCHE-POZAY (23 kil. east-south

of hôtel d'Evreux. Its length was upwards of 500 feet. east), on the Creuse, where the Gartempe joins, Cæsar called this place Limonum; it was then the has some cold sulphur waters (discovered 1573), capital of the Pictavi, who gave name both to it and in the limestone, which are taken between July | the province. and September, and are useful in scrofula, skin

| The Vandals, Visigoths, Saracens, and Normans, diseases, intermittent fever, &c. To the north took it in succession, but the most memorable event, east of it is

to an Englishman, is the famous Battle of 1356 (fought BOUSSAY (with an old camp), where General Menor at Cardinerie, a few miles to the south-west) in which

who succeeded Kléber in Egypt, was born. Edward III., his son, the Black Prince, and Chandos, MIREBEAU (28 kil. west-south-west of Chateller with 14,000 men (4,000 of whom were archers), defeated

ault), the old capital of Mirebelais, had a castle, 50,000 French, taking prisoners king John and his built by Foulques Néra, in which Henry of son, with an archbishop, and seventy nobles, besides England's widow, Eleanor, was besieged by her men-at arms, leaving 11,000 French counts, barons, grandson, Arthur.)

knights, &c., dead on the field; the English loss being Les-Barres-le-Naintre (3 miles), near the 2, 400 killed. By the treaty of Bretigny, four years romains of a Roman mansio.

after, it was given, with the province, to the English, La Tricherie (3 miles)

but was recovered by Duguesclin, 1372. The Hugue. Dissais (27 miles), on the Clain, is known for its nots held it for a time in 1562 ; and it was besieged, red wines. It has an old church, &c.

in 1569, by Coligny (without success) before his defeat Clan (29 miles), higher up the Clain.

at Montcontour. They show, on the Clain's banks, Chasseneuil (14 mile), in the pretty valley of the grotto of Calvin, where he used to meet his the same river.

disciples. In modern days, Poitiers is remarkable for At 5 miles further is

the attempted rising of General Berton, in 1822, for

which he was executed. POITIERS, or Poitiers.

The Palais de Justice, in Rue des Cordeliers, on the A buffet, 2094 miles from Paris, 153) from Bordeaux. The station is not far from the old Castle, in the

hill, includes part of the seat of the counts of Poitou, valley of the Boivre.

such as Maubergeon tower, and the Salle des Gardes, HOTELS.-De l'Europe ; De France; Des Trois -a timber-roofed hall, in a half-Norman style, 162 Piliers.

feet long. It was rebuilt, 1395, after the English hail Post Ofice, in Place d'Armes, where the best hotels burnt it. Here Charles VII. was proclaimed king of are found.

France, when he was little more than "Roi de BourPopulation, 24,000.

ges." At the corner of Rues de St. Paul and du Coy KT OBJECTS OF NOTICE.-Roman arches - Palais is a house in which Diana de Poitiers lived. The de Justice - Maison de la Prévõte - Cathedral - Préfecture was the old bishop's palace, and offers Churches of Radegond, Montierneuf, St. Hilaire, nothing remarkable. The Hotel de Ville, is the head. Notre Dame, &c. - Baptistry of St. Jean-Pierre quarters of the Commune, a corporation, as old as Levée--Field of Cardinerie.

1199; and a University, founded by Charles VII, A very old city, capital of department Vienne and in 1431, is now represented by a Faculté des Lettres, the old province of Poitou, seat of a cour impériale, which, with the Ecole de Droit, founded 1431, have a university, college, bishopric, &c., on a rocky height, place in the ancient Hôtel Dieu, opposite Notre Dame. about 130 feet above the Clain, where the Boivre joins, Here also are var and, with the other, almost surrounds it. As you archives, the Bibliothèque of 25,000 vols., and 300 MSS. look at the town it has a most picturesque appear- | (missals, &c.), with museums of Natural history, pio. tures, and antiquities; open daily. There is a bust, | &c.; and inside a bas-relief of the Resurrection; a by David, to M. Boncenne, the lawyer, who died 1840. Lrass reading-desk and a pulpit are worth notice.

The Maison de la Prévote, a curious house of the St. Porchaire has a tower of the 11th cent., and a 25th cent., in that street, is now used as an Ecole carved front, with the tomb of its saint. Near Granda chrétienne; another of the same age is in the Rue Porte and the railway station, is part of St. Hilairc. de l'Arceau ; and in Rue du Marché stands one in the built 1049, on the site of one by Clovis, in honour of Rennaissance style. The ancient Jurisdiction Consta- Pope Hilary, and burnt, 863, by the Normans: it con. laire, in Rue de la Mairie, was built by a native, tains a Romanesque apse, the saint's shrine. (which Girpuard, who is the author of the portal of the holds part of his skull and arm bone !), and some Augustine church, in Place d'Armes. Poitiers is statues commemorating the deliverance of the town remarkable for many old churches, most of which have from the English, 1202. St. Triaise offers a front of been carefully renovated, of late years.

the 11th cent. In the Cordeliers' church, Madame de St. Pierre's Cathedral, in a mixed Romanesque and Montespan was buried. The Lyceum or college. Gothic style, was begun about 1042, carried on by founded by Henry IV., in 1608, has a chapel worth Henry II. of England, in 1152, and finished in 1379, notice, near the usine à gaz. except part of the front, which is as late as the 15th There are also the schools of medicine and design, cent., and has two towers and a rose window. Length a female deaf and dumb school (école de sourdes. 323 feet, by 100 wide, and 97 feet high, to the vault of muettes), public baths, a well built theatre, botanic the nave, which stands on sixteen pillars, and is

and is garden, and pepiniére or nursery (on the Cours), wi:h strengthened by buttresses. It contains painted a large hospital. Rev. M. Poupot is Protestant pastor windows, a fine organ by Cliquot, a good choir, and here. has immensely thick east walls. At the Seminary Paper, and a few woollen and cotton caps (at for priests, in the old Cordeliers' convent, is a good Liard), are made. Trade in wool, paper, iron, grain, library of 10,000 vols and MSS., with a figure of a winged | wine, spirits, honey, stone, &c., the produce of the dragon, called Grand Gueule, which used to be carried neighbourhood. in procession during Rogation days, and swallowed For the branch rail to Rochefort, &c., see Route 37. the offerings of the faithful. At Rouen such a Coaches to Le Blanc (59 kil.); Limoges (121 kil.) monster is called Gargouille, for a similar reason, | Some points of interest near this are-the Pierre namely, his having a capacious throat.

Levi'e, or druid stone (2 kil. south-east), 33 feet long, Close to the Cathedral is the church of Ste. Rade- noticed by Rabelais. It stands near the Clain, on gonde (Clotaire's wife), a narrow Romanesque building five low pillars, and is inscribed with names as far of the 12th cent., with a carved portal of the 15th back as the 16th cent., among which is Mercator. cent., a good nave, unsupported by pillars, an ancient The Cardinerie (6 kil.) near Noaillé abbey ruins, sacristy, the Pas de Dieu chapel, and a crypt, where where the battle of Maupertuis (as the French histothey show the tomb of the saint, as well as of St. rians call the battle of Poitiers), was fought. St. Agnes, first abbess of St. Croix, before which lights Benoit abbey ruins, near another famous rock, Pussée are kept perpetually burning.

lourdin, celebrated by Rabelais. Also, Beruges (8 kil. A little further, is the very ancient rectangular bap- west), with its Roman vaults, Fleury aqueduct, an I tistry of St. Jean, built in the 4th or 5th cent. (some Guienne tower; and the Cistercian abbey of Pin 03 say the 3rd, as a Roman temple). lately used as a kil, west), now a thread factory, near the castle of musée of antiquities, and now in course of restoration, Montreuil-Romien, which belonged to the dukes of Another old church is that of Montierneuf, built Aquitaine, the Lusignans, &c., and was the residence 1076-96, as part of a Benedictinabbey, founded by of Coeur-de-Lion, Duguesclin, the Montmorencies, &c. Guy Geoffry, Count of Poitiers; a mixture, like the (At VOUILLÉ, or Vougé, or Voulon, on the Auzance rest, of the round and pointed styles, except the choir, below Latille, 16 kil. west of Poitiers, Clovis, in which was rebuilt in the 14th cent., and contains a the battle of 507, defeated Alaric II. (who was modern tomb to the founder. It stands near the killed), and his Visigoths, and finally drove them large cavalı, barracks, and Pont de Rochereuil, in out of Gaul. the north division of the town.

CHAUVIGNY (23 kil. west), on the Vienne, offers In Place dr Marché is the Roma, armann Church of remains of castles and a curious old church, of otre Dame la Grande, which some fix in the 9th cent., the same age as St. Savin, which is 16 kil. beand some in the 10th; it has a rich and highly curious yond, and has an old Norman-style church, with front, carved with statues and sculptures, of Adam ancient wall paintings of the 10th cent. and Eve, the Annunciation, Christ in the Manger, 1 At 50 kil. south-south-east, is

MONTMORILLON, a sous-préfecture (pop., 3,700), on [About 42 kil. east, is the sous-préfecture of

the Gartempe, in a pretty spot, but ill-built, CONFOLENS (pop. 2,070), at the old bridge on the having a seminary, hospital, &c.; and noted for Vienne, where the Goire joins, having the square its biscuits and macaroons. Paper and linen are tower of its ancient castle, and a library of 13,000 also made. It is further remarkable for a Chapel volumes. Trade in cattle, which are grazed here, or temple, partly Romanesque, eight-sided and timber for shipping, &c. Hotel,-Courteau Lavaulted, over a vault or crypt lit with narrow grange. slits. Four quaint groups, of thirteen figures, Half-way to Germains, 2 kil. down the river, is the are carved above the chapel door, composed of island of St. Madelire, having a pagun temple, women holding snakes and toads to their breasts, excavated in the rock, about 39 feet by 10, and young and bearded men, a man and woman near it, a cromlech of nine tons, resting on four kissing, &c., and supposed to represent the pillars, of Grison stone, a sort of grapite found Vices and other emblems. Hotel.-Du Grand here. It has an altar and benetière, for the use Monarque.)

of the priest on the saint's fète day.) Leaving Poitiers for Angoulême (a part opened Moussac (54 miles) is near Les Négres, on the 1853), you pass through a tunnel, of 984 feet in the Lien, opposite Verteuil château, a seat of the dukes town rock, to the Clain, which is still ascended by of Rochefoucauld, lately restored. It was once the rail, with a succession of bridges, cuttings, and

occupied by the English. Here Louis XIII. staid in embankments,

1616, on his return from Bordeaux. The next station, St. Benoit (1miles).

| Luxe (53 miles), is not far from Mansle, on Liguge (about 3 miles), on the Ciain, was once the Liain, where it joins the Charente, which runs the seat of St. Martin de Tours, who here founded through green meadows, under a high stone bridge. the earliest monastery in western Europe. Then Luxe has a trade in grain, wine, and spirits. another tunnel at Brachées, of 1,407 feet.

Pop. 900. Cross the Charente on a bridge of 4 Vivonne (8 miles), up the Clain, where the Vonne

arches. Then comes joins. A good trade in woollens, grain, &c. Pop., ! Vars (94 miles), on the Charente, 6 miles from the ,850.

old abbey Church (built 1170), of Amand de Boise, Couhe Verac (83 miles), on the Dive.

Hereabouts the sons of Chilperic were killed in Epauvilliers (4 miles).

fighting against Sigebert, in 576. Civray (5) miles), a sous-préfecture (2,400 pop.), Į (ROCHEFOUCAULD (about 20 kil. west), a place in department Vienne, in a rich hollow on the of 3,000 souls, on the Tardoire, having an old Charente, includes an old château, in the faubourg

château in the Renaissance style, with peaked across the river, and has a large, ancient, and curi towers at the corners, where the Duc de la ously carved church, of the 12th cent. Trade in Rochefoucauld, author of “Les Maximes,” was

born. 1613. Several caves are found along the woollens, truffles, corn, chesnuts, walnuts, cattle, &c. Hotel.-De France.

banks of the river. ] (CHERVOUX, 10 kil, east, (past the Camp des Anglais, At 9 miles further (across the Touvre) is 3 kil.), has some fine ruins of a church, belonging

ANGOULEME to a monastery founded by Charlemagne, in 785. A buffet, 280 miles from Paris. The station in At Availles, 20 kil. east-south-east of this, on faubourg de l'Houmeau, is the old Marine Schcol, the Vienne, is a good cold sulphur spring; i remodelled for the purpose. In this faubourg are has a trade in wine and mill-stones.]

several works for paper, sugar, spirits, pottery, &c. Ruffec (83 miles), on the little rivulet Liain, (which) HOTELS.-Grand Hotel du Palais; first-rate hotel

for families and gentlemen. A buffet at the Station. produces good trout), is a sous-préfecture in depart

Grand Hotel des Postes, Rue du Palais. ment Charente, (pop., 3,650), in a grass and corn Population, 16,622. country, noted for its trufles and partridge pies, OBJECTS OF NOTICE.-Cathedral - Castle- Hôtes chesnuts, and cream cheeses.

de Taillefer-St. Martial's Church. Hotel, -des Ambassadeurs.

An ancient town or city, on the Charente, capital The church is of the 11th cent. Near it are the of that department (fo:ymerly of the province of Condac windmills and several forges, and the old Angoumois), seat of a bishopric, &c., called Iculisma château of Broglie, in a large forest. Plans tunnel, by the Romans. It stands at a good height (about which next succeeds, is 1,640 feet long, and is near | 230 feet) on the rocks above the river, in a pure but the ancient church of Courcôme. Several deep sharp air, looking at a distance, something like cuttings are passed in this part of the line.

Chester, and commanding, from the old ramopaxts, a

wide prospect over tho rich and beautiful wine Charente, in the middle of vast meadows, country round the basins of the Charente and An and is famous for the battle of 1569, when the guienne, &c. The old town is, as usual, a nest of ill Duke of Anjou defeated the Huguenots, under built narrow streets. In the Place d'Artois, is a fine Coligny and the Prince of Condé, who was killed. sloping promenade running from the Hotel de Ville, When Guy Chabot de Jarnac and La Chataignewith a pillar 50 feet high, raised to the memory of raie, of Vivonne, were once having a friendly her husband, by the late Duchesse d'Angoulême. At pass at arms in the presence of Henry II., in 1547, a later date this memorial was painted in tricolour, the latter received from his opponent a stab and dedicated to the heroes of July!

with a dagger, which he was unprepared for; The Cathedral of St. Pierre, mostly rebuilt, 1816, is hence a treacherous blow came to be called a a square pile, remarkable chiefly for its Romanesque coup de Jarnac. front of the 12th century, surmounted by an entabla COGNAC (65 kil.), a sous-préfecture, and small town ture and two pepper boxes at the corners, of the 16th of 3,409 pop., on the south side of the Charente, century. Near the top are figures of the Almighty is commanded by an old castle, and stands at and the four Evangelists. Its tail steeple was burnt the west end of the beautiful country furnishing ly the Calvinists in 1568 ; in falling it crushed a the Cognac Brandies so well known in Europe, church, and the handsome Renaissance chapel of St. The tract belonging to the growers of La Societió Calais. Its new tower is one of six stages, by Abba Vignicole Champenoise, who profess to sell the die, who is the architect of the new Romanesque genuine article, is within a circle, 20 to 25 miles church of St. Martial, begun 1852, 190 feet long.

in diameter, near the Charente; having Segoniac Two round and polygonal towers of the 12th and for the centre, and taking in Cognac on the west, 14th centuries, still remain at the Castle or châtelet, Jarnac on the north, Chateauneuf on the east, where the sister of Francis I., Marguerite des Mar and nearly to Barbezieux, on the south. Francis guerites (Pearl of Pearls) was born. It is now a prison. I. was born here, under an elra, in the castle Our John Lackland's wife, Isabelle de Taillefer, was

grounds. Dorn, in the old palace of the family, in the street of Hotels.-De France; Du Faisan (Pheasant); Trois that name. The Hôtel de Ville is in Place de la Marchands Three Merchants). Commune. The Palais de Justice contains the For Saintes (27 kil.) and Rochefort (66 kil.), sce Library of 14,000 volumes, including the first book Route 37.] printed here (1481), and a Xenophon by H. Stephen, From Angoulême stat. the line passes a tunnel of with his autograph. New Lyceum in Place de 2,423 feet under the town, and crosses the Anguienne, Beaulieu. The Hôtel Dieu was founded by Guez de &c., leaving on the west the ancient Church of St. Michel Balzac, a reformer of the French language, opposite d'Entraigues, built 1137, an octagonal edifice, lately the house he was born in. The bishop's house has restored by Abbadie. been restored by Abbadie. Under the wocks to the La Couronne (5 miles). Pop., 2,349. Here north, is the Grotto of St. Cybard.

are an old church, founded in the 6th cent., and the Ravaillac, who assassinated Henry IV., and Poltrot, tine abbey ruins of the

fine abbey ruins of the 13th cent. the assassin of the Duke of Guise, were natives. An- Mouthiers (45 miles), on the Boeme, in a plain. goulême was given up to the English after the battle dividing the basins of the Charente and Dronne. of Poitiers. It suffered in the wars of the Huguenots: 1 On a conspicuous rock sa

On a conspicuous rock stands Rocheandry Castle and first gave title to the Duc d'Angoulême, who built in the 9th cent., and restored, in 1855, by an commanded at the final siege of Rochelle.

Angoulême banker. Couteaubières viaduct, on 12 Trade in excellent paper (made in the various mills arch

la arches, 993 feet long, succeeded by cuttings, ono around at Veuze, Maumont, &c., on the Touvre), wine,

of which is 92 feet deep. spirits, grain, truffles, chesnuts, cork, hemp, needles,

To the west is BEAULIEU, a fine spot at the source iron, copper, &c. A goverument cannon foundry at of the Touvre, which springs up among rocks Ruelle (7 miles) and powder factory at Thérouat, on (under the ruins of Ravaillac Castle), and is the Charente.

thought to be like Vaucluse.] Conveyances to St. Jean d'Angély, Rochefort, Li | Charmant (41 miles), has an ancient spire church moges, Cognac, Périgueux, Saintes, Brives, Tulle, &c. of the 12th cent. The country is flat and uninterest (From Angoulême, on the Rochefort road, you ing, and traversed by deep cuttings, and Livernant

come to Hiersac (14 kil.), noted for its red wines. tunnel, 4,826 feet long. Then a cast-iron viaduct. JARNAC (15 kil.), with a pop. of 2,400, and a good over the Chavenat, brings us to the valley of the Tude.

brandy trade, is at the suspension bridge on the Monitor'eau (8 miles), on the Tude, has some

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