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print was ten or ten thousand. When a large edition of any docu.
ment was ordered, the printer invariably lost money; when he
was called upon to print a small edition, he made an extravagant
profit. In order, therefore, that the Legislature may know some.
thing respecting the price I think the public printing of Wisconsin
can be done for, I would say, that I will do any portion of the pub-
lic printing the legislature may favor me with, at the same rates
the state of Michigan pays her public printer; and I will engage
to do the entire public printing of the Territory, for a term of not
less than one nor more than five years, for a less sum than that
paid in Michigan, viz: I will discount 20 per cent. from the Mich-
igan price, on all plain composition and press work; and I will
give good bonds for the faithful execution of the contract on my
Respectfully submitted,

Madison, December 9, 1839.

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Document A. Resolution directing the manner in which the printing of the Con. gress

shall be executed, fixing the prices thereof, and providing for the appointment of a printer or printers.

Resolved, 8-c., That the printing of Congress, unless when otherwise specially ordered, shall be done in the following form and manner, viz : Bills, as heretofore, with English type, on fool. scap paper, rule and table work, in royal octavo size, where it can be brought into that size, by any type not smaller than brevier; and where it cannot, in such form as to fold conveniently into :he volume. All other printing with a small pica type, on royal paper, in pages of the same size as those of the last edition of the laws of the United States, including the marginal notcs. And the fol. lowing prices shall be allowed and paid for the above described work: For the composition of every page of bills, one dollar; of every page of small pica, plain work, one dollar; of every page of small pica, rule work, iwo dollars ; of every page of brerier, rule work, thrce dollars and fifty cents; and for a larger form of brevier rule work, in proportion. For the press work of bills, in.

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cluding paper, folding and stitching

for filty copies, twenty-fivo cents per page ; for four hundred copies, one dollar and twenty. five cents per page; for the press work of tables, other than those in the regular octavo form, for six hundred copies, including as above, five dollars and fifty cents per form; for the press

work of the journals, of nine hundred copics, including as above, one dollar per page; for all other printing, in the octavo form, of six hundred copies, including as above, eighty.scven and a half cents per page; and for a larger or smaller number, in proportion. That, as soon as this resolution shall liave been ap. proved by the President of the United States, each house shall proceed to ballot for a printer, to execute its wo!k during the next Congress; and the person having the greatest number of votes shall be considered duly elected; and shall give bond, with sure. ties, to the satisfaction of the Secretary of the Senate, and Clerk of the House of Representatives, respectively, for the prompt, accurate, and neat execution of the work; and in case any inconve. nient delay should be, at any time, experienced by either house, ia the delivery of its work, the Secretary and clerk, respectively, may be authorized to employ another printer to execute any portion of the work of the Senate or House, and charge the excess, in the account of such printer, for executing such work, above what is herein allowed, to the printer guilty of such negligence and delay : Provided, That nothing herein contained shall preclude the choice of the same printer by the Senate and House of Representa. tives."

Approved, March 3, 1819.

[The above may be found on page 1756 of Story's Laws of the United States in Wisconsin Library.]


Document B.
Section 6, of an “ Act creating permanently the ofice of State

Printer, and to define his duties," passed by the Legislature of
Ohio, during the session of 1886.

“That said State Printer shall be allowed for the composition of laws, journals, reports, messages and other papers or docu

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ments, at the rate of thirty-five cents for every thousand ems, with the addition of fifty per centum on all rule and figure work ; at the rate of forty cents for each token of press work, of one hun. dred and twenty-five sheets, for which the Auditor of State is here. by authorized to issue bills in favor of said State Printer, payable at the State Treasury out of any moneys appropriated for that purpose, his account therefor having first been audited and ap. proved by the Auditor, Trcasurer, and Secretary of State, afore. said : Provided, That the Auditor of State shall be, and is hereby authorized, at his discretion, to issue bills in advance in favor of sai] State Printer, lo any amount not exceeding one third of the probable amount of his account per annum: Provided, That any amount of composition not exceeding four pages, may be charged as four pages, and no more; and if more than four, and not ex. ceeding eight, as eight and no more."

[The above section may be found on page 57, vol. 35, of the Laws of Ohio, in Wisconsin Library.]



SS. COUNTY OF DANE, George 'Trumbull, being duly sworn, deposeth and saith, that he is a practical printer, and well acquainted with the business of printing. That for the five years previous to last September, he was foreman ia an extensive book and job printing office in the city of Albany, and that according to the best of his knowledge and belief, the following are the prices which Edwin Croswell, Esq. Printer to the State of New York, receives from the State for public printing. He receives at the rate of 70 cents per 1000 cms for plain work, and for rule and figure work, double price, or $140

per 1000 ems; and 70 cents per token for press work.The price charged for paper is $6 00 per ream. The prices for blanks, jobbing, etc., are the same as above. Fifty cents per 1000 ems, (rule and figure work, double,) and fifty cents per token are the prices I have understeod Mr. Croswell pays Packard, Van Benthuysen & Co. for doing the State work ; and the same is the standard price for all ordinary work.

The prices paid journeymen in Albany at present are, for plain English work, 25 cents per 1000 ems, and double price for rule and figure work. Additional charges are made for tronble when the work is not plain. The prices for press work are in proportion to the prices of composition.


Subscribed and sworn before me, this Ith day of December, 1939.

WM. N. SEYMOUR, Justice of the Peace.

Document D.




COUNTY OF DANE, Augustine W. Hovey, being duly sworn, deposeth and saith, that he is a practical printer; that he has followed the business most of the time for the last ten years, and is well acquainted with Legislative printing has worked in the Stata office of Michigan, and knows the prices charged by the State Printer of that State ; and, also, the prices paid by him to journeymen. The prices charged the State are cents per one thousand ems for composition, and seventy-five cents per token for press work, exclusive of paper and ink, which articles are furnished at the cur. rent prices. The prices paid journeymen are twenty-seven cents per one thousand ems for composition, and twenty-three cents per token for press work. In addition to the above prices charged by the State Printer, and aside from the charges for stitching and binding, charges were made for drying and pressing the sheets after printing

Journeymen, who work by the week, receive ten dollars per week.


Subscribed and sworn before me, this 9th day of December, 1839.

WM. N. SEYMOUR, Justice of the Peace.

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Washington, 2 May, 1839. SIR :

We proceed to answer your note of the 22d ultimo, left at our office in our absence, relative to the price paid by Congress for public printing

The Congressional printing is executed under a joint resolution of Congress, passed in March, 1819. It may be found in the 6th volume of the laws of the United States, page 444. It requires the octavo page to be the same size as the laws of the United States, including the marginal notes. We make that page 1732 cms small pica, and 3031 ems brevier. Others make it about 1660 ems small pica; and 2800 ems brevier. Congress pays for composition of plain matter, $1 per page for small pica, and $1 75 per page for brevier. For rule or rule and figure work we are paid double those prices for composition. For press work and paper, and folding and stitching, we are paid 87 1.2 cents for every 600 pages. The paper costs at the mill from $2 50 to $300 per ream, royal sheet, 19 by 24 inches. The bills are printed on cap paper which costs from $2 50 10 $275 per ream, and with English type. There are 25 lines on a page, with riglet between the lines to make it fill out the page.

We do not know, exacily, how many ems are in a bill page. We get one dollar a page for the composition of a bill page; and $1 25 for press work and paper and folding and stitching every 400 pages. When there is 100 copies, or less, of bills ordered to be printed, we get 50 per cent. more, for the press work and paper and folding and stitching.

We send to you, enclosed, one sheet of our account against the Senate, which will shew you our charge.

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