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ellow.citizens of the Council and House of Representatives :

You are assembled, in conformity to a law of the last session 'the Legislative Assembiy, to resurne the responsible duties that volve on you as the representatives of the people of Wiscon.

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We have abundant cause to be thankful to divine Providence,

the many blessings conferred upon us. Crops of every kind, i ap'e! to our climate, have this season been unusually abundant, I the husbandman has reaped a rich reward for his industry. r citizens, who cultivate the soil, are rapidly developing the great icultural resources of the country; our prairies are being con. ted into luxuriant fields; and towns and villages are springing where the wigwam of the savage stood seven years ago. We e a territory of nearly sixty thousand square miles in extent, taining rich and inexhaustible stores of mineral wealth, possess. a climate of the most genial ani salubrious character, and a suited to the production of every thing calculated to minister jie necessities and comforts of man. . We have the great lakes, ligan and Superior, (our inland seas,) on the east and north, Father of Rivers on the west, with several noble streams pene. ig the Territory in different directions. ming immediately from the mass of your constituents, it is imed that you bring with you such a knowledge of their wants ll enable yon to enact laws accommodated to their state and tion. To legislate for enlightened freemen, is one of the important labors man is called upon to perform. To pre

what is right, and prohibit what is wrong, by the passage of ry laws, equal in their bearing on all classes of the com. v, is the great object for which we have been convened; ou may rely, gentlemen, on my co-operation in the support such measures, as have for their object the attainment of lesirable results. he last regular session of the Legislative Assembly, I sub. for your consideration, the importance of consulting the

people of the Territory, at an early period, on the subject of taki such measures, as might be deemed expedient, for the admissi of Wiscousin as one of the independent States of this Unia Elections will be held throughout the Territory, on the first M day of August next, for members of the House of Represen tives, and I would respectfully suggest to you the propriety passing a resolution recommending to the qualified electors in Territory to determine by their votes, cast at that time, whet they are for or against the organization of a state governm. The subject will then be fairly presented to the people, and i can decide for themselves

The laws passed at the annual and adjourned sessions of Legislative Assembly, have been but for a short time promulga throughout the Territory, and the people cannot have had the portunity to understand how far they are applicable to their si tion and wants. But one term of the district court has been he any one county, since their distribution. It appears to me, thu fore, that as few changes as possible are desirable at the pre session, and only such should be made as the public interest periously requires. At the next session of the Legislative sembly, the practice of the courts, as well as the adıninistratic the laws, will enable the Legislature to ascertain the deficier and to apply the proper remedy, by a repeal or modificatio such of them as are not suited to the wants and condition of apcople.

I would respectfully recommend to the Legislative Asse the propriety of memorializing Congress, for an appropriatic thirty thousand dollars, for the erection of a penitentiary in Territory, to be located at such point as may be designated bLegislative Assembly. The spirit of the age we live in, as as the humanity of our laws, are opposed to capital punishr except in cases of the highest grade of crime. The esta ment of a penitentiary would secure the commuvity agains aggressions of the depravedbe the means of punishin guilty--and operate as a salutary example in deterring others the perpetration of crime. Solitary confinement at hard

Fellow.citizens of the Council and House of Representatives :

You are assembled, in conformity to a law of the last sessa of the Legislative Assembiy, to resuine the responsible duties th devolve on you as the representatives of the people of Wisco sin.

We have abundant cause to be thankful to divine Providend for the many blessings conferred upon us. Crops of every kin adapte ? to our climate, have iliis season been unusually abundan and the husbandman has reaped a rich reward for his industr Our citizens, who cultivate the soil, are rapidly developing the gre agricultural resources of the country; our prairies are being co verted into luxuriant fields ; and towns and villages are springin up where the wigwam of the savage stood seven years ago. W have a territory of nearly sixty thousand square miles in exter containing rich and inexhaustible stores of mineral wealth, posses ing a climate of the most genial an :/ salubrious character, and soil suited to the production of every thing calculated to minista to the necessities and comforts of man. . We have the great lake Michigan and Superior, (our inland seas,) on the east and nort| the Father of Rivers on the west, with several noble streams pend trating the Territory in different directions.

Coming immediately from the mass of your constituents, it presumed that you bring with you such a knowledge of their want as will enable yon to enact laws accommodated to their state an condition. To legislate for enlightened freemen, is one of th most important labors man is called upon to perform. To pre scribe what is right, and prohibit what is wrong, by the passage salutary laws, equal in their bearing on all classes of the com munity, is the great object for which we have been convened and, you may rely, gentlemen, on my co-operation in the suppor of all such measures, as have for their object the attainment o these desirable results,

At the last regular session of the Legislative Assembly, I sub mitted, for your consideration, the importance of consulting the

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low-citizens of the Council and House of Representatives : You are assembled, in conformity to a law of the last session The Legislative Assembiy, to resume the responsible duties that olve on you as the representatives of the pcople of Wiscon.

Ve have abundant cause to be thankful to divine Providence, he many blessings conferred upon us. Crops of every kind, vel to our climate, have iliis season been unusually abundant, the husbandman has reaped a rich reward for his industry. citizens, who cultivate the soil, are rapidly developing the great ultural resources of the country; our prairies are being con ed into luxuriant fields; and towns and villages are springing here the wigwam of the savage stood seven years ago. We a territory of nearly sixty thousand square miles in extent, ining rich and inexhaustible stores of mineral wealth, possessclimate of the most genial an :i salubrious character, and a uited to the production of every thing calculated to minister ? necessities and comforts of man. . We have the great lakes, igan and Superior, (our inland seas,) on the east and north, ather of Rivers on the west, with several noble streams pene. g the Territory in different directions. ming immediately from the mass of your constituents, it is med that you bring with you such a knowledge of their wants ll enable yon to enact laws accommodated to their state and tion. To legislate for enlightened freemen, is one of the important labors man is called upon to perform. To pre, what is right, and prohibit what is wrong, by the passage of ry laws, equal in their bearing on all classes of the com. v, is the great object for which we have been convened; ou may rely, gentlemen, on my co-operation in the support iuch measures, as have for their object the attainment of esirable results. je last regular session of the Legislative Assembly, I subfor your consideration, the importance of consulting the

people of the Territory, at an early period, on the subject of taking such measures, as might be deemed expedient, for the admission of Wiscousin as one of the independent States of this Union. Elections will be held thronghout the Territory, on the first Mon. day of August next, for members of the House of Representa. tives, and I would respectfully suggest to you the propriety of passing a resolution recommending to the qualified electors in the · Territory to determine by their votes, cast at that time, whether they are for or against the organization of a state government The subject will then be fairly presented to the people, and they can decide for themselves

The laws passed at the annual and adjourned sessions of the Tegislative Assembly, have been but for a short time promulgater throughout the Territory, and the people cannot have had the op portunity to understand how far they are applicable to their situa tion and wants. But one term of the district court has been held i any one coun’y, since their distribution. It appears to me, there fore, that as few changes as possible are desirable at the preser session, and only such should be made as the public interest ir periously requires. At the next session of the Legislative A sembly, the practice of the courts, as well as the administration the laws, will enable the Legislature to ascertain the deficienci and to apply the proper remedy, by a repeal or modification such of them as are not suited 10 che wants and condition of t people.

I would respectfully recommend to the Legislative Assem the propriety of memorializing Congress, for an appropriation thirty thousand dollars, for the erection of a penitentiary in t Territory, to be located at such point as may be designated by Legisiative Assembly. The spirit of the age we live in, as as the humanity of our laws, are opposed to capital punishme except in cases of the highest grade of crime. The establ ment of a penitentiary would secure the community against aggressions of the depraved-be the means of punishing guilty-and operate as a salutary example in deterring others f the perpetration of crime. Solitary confinement at hard la

would have a greater effect in preventing the violations of our pa laws than any other means that could be devised ; and, by leay the convict to his own reflections, would have a good effect, in claiming him from the crror of his ways and restoring him to path of rectitude. Constant employment, and entire separa froin evil communications, might be the means of its accompl ment.

Since the organization of the Territorial government, perso convicted of crimes of a high grade, who merited punishment hard labor, have been pardoned on the petitions of the citizens counties where the offences were committed, who stated that expenses incurred for the safe keeping of their convicts would burthensome in the extreme to the inhabitants of those counti without their being able to derive any advantage from their lal during confinement. From the generous donations made Congresss for the erection of the Capitol of Wisconsin, we m reasonably expect that the same liberality will be extended to in making suitable appropriations for the erection of a penitentiar

I would respectfully invite the attention of the Legislative A sembly to the embarrassed state of the currency in this Territor It is a fact well known that the constant drain of specie, in pa ment of the public lands, has rendered it impossible for those wh are indeb:ed, 10 procure the constitutional currency to enab them to pay their debts, and unless relief is granted by the Legi Jative Assembly, the ruin of many is inevitable. The State Ban of Illinois, and its branches, have suspended specie payments, an the Mineral Point Bank, (the only banking institution now in op ration in the Territory,) does not discount any paper at present. | A forced sale of personal property, under the existing execu lion laws, would not only deprive the debtor of the means of sur port, but in many cases prevent the creditor from a recovery his debi. If the present execution laws were so amended as t give a stay of twelve months on an execution, upon the defendar entering into such security as would be approved by the court, does seem that no injustice would be done to the plaintiff. In le gislative action between debtor and creditor a due regard shoule

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vuld have a greater effect in preventing the violations of our penal vs than any other means that could be devised ; and, by leaving : convict to his own reflections, would have a good effect, in re. iming him from the crror of his ways ani restoring him to the th of rectitude. Constant employment, and enuire separation in evil communications, might be the means of its accomplish.

Since the organization of the Territorial government, persons, victed of crimes of a high grade, who merited punishment at d labor, have been pardoned on the petitions of the citizens of nties where the offences were committed, who stated that the enses incurred for the safe keeping of their convicts would be hensome in the extreme to the inhabiiants of those counties, out their being able to derive any advantage from their labor ng confinement. From the generous donations made by gresss for the erection of the Capitol of Wisconsin, we may onably expect that the same liberality will be extended to us aking suitable appropriations for the erection of a penitentiary. vould respectsully invite the attention of the Legislative As. ly to the embarrassed state of the currency in this Territory, i fact we!l known that the constant drain of specie, in pay. of the public lands, has rendered it impossible for those who ideb:ed, to procure the constitutional currency to enable to pay their debts, and unless relief is granted by the Legis. Assembly, the ruin of many is inevitable. The State Bank nois, and its branches, have suspended specie payments, and ineral Point Bank, (the only banking institution now in ope. in the Territory,) does not discount any paper at present. orced sale of personal property, under the existing execu. ws, would not only deprive the debtor of the means of sup. ut in many cases prevent the creditor from a recovery of it. If the present execution laws were so amended as to stay of twelve months on an execution, upon the defendant g into such security as would be approved by the court, it em that no injustice would be done to the plaintiff. In le. 2 action between debtor and creditor a due regard should

11 Dec. 3.

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. be had to the rights of both. In numerous instances the forced payment of a prior judgment would deprive the debtor of the means of discharging other just demands. I have deemed it an act of official duty to present these views, on an important sub. ject, for your serious consideration..

I would respectfully recommend to the Legislative Assembly, the propriety of taking such legal measures as they may decin nececessary, (by the appointment of a Committee, or otherwise, ) to ascertain the true state and condition of the Bank of Mineral Point and to report thereon during the present session. This bank is the only one now in operation in our Territory; and, from the grea scarcity of circulating medium, added to our present pecuniar embarrassments, it becomes the duty of the public functionaries t guard with the utmost viglance the rights of the people against barn abuses. The principal currency of the Territory, for nearly tv years, was in the notes of the bank of Wisconsin, which, it is sai are now purchased at a discount of from fifty to seventy per cer Banking institutions generally commence their operation in gre (apparent) good faith--until they have gained the confidence the people--and then expand or contract their issues as will most conducive to their own interests; and, it is not uncomm for a bank failure to take place, when least expected by the p ple. The experience had in banking operations in Wiscon should admonish the representatives of the people of the neces: of carefully securing their constituents against a recurrence similar events.

It is contended by many, interested in bank charters, they are out of the reach of legislative control. This trine, held and maintained, would be subversive of the est rights of the people, by a submission to the banks of entire control of the currency during the existence of charters. Banks were instituted for the benefit of the ple, and should at all times be thrown open to the ser and examination of the proper authorities. The history of porations unequivocally demonstrates that men, in their corp capacity, will do acts which they would not perpetrate as indivi

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