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selves, or at least did not receive but very little care from others and that little the least that could possibly be bestowed.

“The deaf and dumb man was held aloof from all communion with his kind. The blind man was set aside as an almost utterly helpless and pitiable creature. The mantle of true charity had no fold with which to cover them. They were pushed outside the circle of human sympathy.

“ The world is better now because it is wiser. The causes of these abnormal conditions of humanity have been made the subject of scientific analysis as well as of a tender christian chari

The acutest intellect, the most unwearied patience have been devoted to the duty of giving eyes to the blind, voices to the dumb, to shedding light,

and dispelling darkness where no light had ever been.

- The present age has reason to be proud of its material triumphs, of its subjugations of the great forces of nature to the will of man. It has still more reason to be thankful that the divine philosophy of the christian religion has received a new and practical application to human life in its humblest and most painful relations."

Almost can we say, in the language of our Great Redeemer, that the blind are made to see and the dumb to speak.

Who would not take a part, who would not put forth an effort, who would not take from his purse, if need be, to assist in so goodly and kindly a work that will open to the darkened and benighted soul a book of knowledge from the pages of which it may grow wiser and wiser through eternity?

Who would not send the rays of light containing truth and reason, philosophy, morality and religion to the spirit and mind of him whose physical form is clothed in outer darkness? Who would not have a part in sending the rays of the light of knowledge to guide the moral and intellectual path of him who has never seen one ray of light from our common sun to guide his footsteps or cheer his pathway?

In a word, so far as he has the power and the means, who

would not be instrumental in giving eyesight to the blind and speech to the dumb ?

The Board have proof that the hearts, hands and purses of the citizens of Michigan have always heretofore been open to assist these unfortunate classes, and they believe that the Legislature of 1861 will make all needful appropriations for completing and furnishing the building without unnecessary delay, and for conducting the Institution for the next two years.

The regular meetings of the Board are upon the first of January in each year, and quarterly thereafter, while in the interims such other meetings are held as the Board deem necessary. Our political year ends on the last day of November.

At our regular quarterly meetings the pay and expenses of the Board, salary of Principal and teachers, and the incidental expenses and all other unpaid claims, if presented, are examined and allowed. The annexed report of the acting Commissioner shows the receipts and expenditures for the last two years, but brings forward the ordinary and incidental expenses of the In. stitution only until the first day of October last. The many hands now at work upon the buildings and fixtures are daily and hourly lessening the amount of the unexpended part of the appropriations. An early appropriation will therefore be needed to defray the necessary expenses of the Institution, and to complete and carry out the present plans and contracts.

BENJAMIN PIERSON,
JAMES B. WALKER,
JOHN P. LEROY,

Board of Trustees. November, 30th, 1860.

COMMISSIONER'S REPORT.

To the Board of Trustees of the Michigan Asylum for the Deaf

and Dumb and the Blind : Section one of Act No. 254, of Session Laws of 1859, entitled "An Act making an appropriation in aid of the Michigan Asylum for the Deaf and Dumb and the Blind, at Flint,” reads as follows:

The People of the State of Michigan enact, That the sum of sixty-five thousand dollars, for supporting the Asylum for the Deaf and Dumb and Blind, at Flint, and for the purchase and putting into operation the heating and ventilating apparatus, and for finishing so much of the building as can be done the present year; and the further sum of seventeen thousand dollars for supporting the Asylum for the year eighteen hundred and sixty, be and are hereby appropriated out of the general fund, and the same shall be passed to the credit of said Asylum fund on the books of the State Treasurer for the respective years above mentioned, and be drawn upon warrants made by the Board of Trustees, and countersigned by the Auditor General, and be applied as above provided.”

The Legislature undoubtedly made this appropriation in this way in good faith, supposing, from precedent, that the money having been appropriated, and provision made for its being collected, the State Treasurer would advance the amount appropriated for each year, so that it could be used in accordance with the law, although no part of the amount would be paid into the Treasury until after the expiration of the year in which, according to the law, it was to be used.

Upon application to the State Treasurer, after the passage of

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this act, he declared it impossible to advance the amount so that it could be used during the years specified in the act.

It was found to be with great difficulty that enough could be advanced during the year eighteen hundred and fifty-nine to cancel the outstanding indebtedness and pay the necessary expenses to keep the Institution in operation. By reference to the annexed table of receipts and expenditures, it will be seen that instead of sixty-five thousand dollars to use during the year eighteen hundred and fifty-nine, only fifty-two thousand has been drawn up to the present time ; out of which the expenses of the Institution have had to be paid for two years instead of one, as contemplated by the act, thus reducing the amount to be used for building purposes, not only the amount not drawn from the Treasury, but also one years' expenses of the Institution, which had to be paid out of the amount drawn.

It was so late in the season of eighteen hundred and sixty before money could be drawn for building purposes, that the work was necessarily delayed and is still in progress, thus rendering it impracticable at this time to state the precise cost of each description of work done or in progress; but I will state as near as I can in general terms, what has been done since commencing'work in the season of eighteen hundred and sixty. The center building, as shown in the original plan, containing the kitchen, dining room, and chapel, was found to be entirely too small for the necessities of the number of pupils that would otherwise be accommodated in the Institution. Accordingly the Board of Trustees decided to enlarge the center building ten feet in width and eleven feet in length, besides a projection on each side for a passage way from each of the wings of the main building to the center building. It is impossible at present to state the expense of these additions to the dimensions of the center building as the work has not yet been measured. This center building has been built and covered with a slate roof; a fine ventilating cupola, (which is not shown in the original plan) is built in the roof, the windows are put in, the floors laid, and most of the doors put in.

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