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Eastern District of Pennsylvania, to wit: Be It Hemejimrm), That on the twenty-second day of November, in the forty-eighth year of the Independence of the United States of

! r a ) America, A. D. 1823, Jesse Torrey, junior, of the said District, 1 * 'j hath deposited in this office the title of a book, the right whereof he claims as author, in the following words, to wit:

"The Moral Instructor, and Guide to Virtue: being a Compendium of Moral Philosophy. In eight parts. Part 1. Original Essays on the Diffusion of Knowledge, Moral Reformation, &c—<2. Epitome of the Moral precepts of the Bible.—3. Abridgment of the Lives and Moral Discourses of Confueius and Socrates, and Seneca's Morals..—4. Abridgment of the Law of Nature, and the Economy of Human Lile.—5. Abridgment of Fenn's Maxims, Paley's Moral Philosophy, end Knigge's Art of Conversing with Men.—6. Selections from Franklin's Work*.—7. Miscellaneous Articles.—8. Pope's Essay on Man, &c. pesigned for a National Manual of Moral Science, in American Seminaries of Education, and private Families. By Jesse Torrey, junr.

Human Happiness is founded upon Wisdom and Virtue. Seneca.
"'Tis ignorance mainly binds people in chains:
•. 'Tis this too, the empire of folly maintains:

Vice shrinks from instruction, like darkness from light:
And despots shun noontide and covet the night."

In conformity to the act of the Congress of the United States, entitled, "An act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the times therein mentioned.'' And also to the act, entitled, "An act supplementary to an act, entitled, "An act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies during the tunes therein mentioned," and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving, and etching historical and other prints.''

D. CALDWELL, Clerk of the
Eastern District of Pennsylvania.

A

f.VWx TO THE PEOPLE

THE UNITED STATES.

The design of the following compendium, is more to disseminate useful instruction among all classes of society, than to gratify literary taste or curiosity.

The Author has long cherished the conviction, that if the community would appropriate as much wealth to the diffusion of useful knowledge among the rising generation, as is now devoted to the punishment instead of the prevention of crimes and vice, the desired object would be attained, and human misery averted to a much greater extent.

But a small proportion of the people have the means to purchase, or leisure to study voluminous systems of Moral Philosophy. On the contrary, dogmatical, sententious precepts, unsupported by demonstration, are not generally convincing, nor adapted to the independent spirit of human nature. Whenever men shall resolve to make moral rectitude their inflexible rule of action, each individual must be persuaded i.< his own mind, independently of the dictations of others, that his own welfare will be thereby promoted, as well as that of his neighbors.

It is but of little avail to the majority of the human family, that philosophers of different ages and nations have exerted their talents in perfecting the science of moral wisdom, as long as no one will take £he pains to collect and concentrate the best fruits of their labors into a convenient portable vehicle for universal distribution, upon the boundless table of the Printing-press.

The Compiler has been, for many years, impressed with the utility of such a work as the one now offered to the public; and has accordingly improved every means in his power, in accumulating from various and remote sources and periods, the requisite materials. The candid reader, who meets with several articles in this compilation, with which he has already been familiarized, will excuse its want of total novelty, when he reflects, that nearly all the youth, and a large proportion of adult readers, will find it as new to them, and as useful, as if it were an entire original work. If the sentiments be correct and valuable, and clearly expressed, it is of no importance whether they were first committed to paper yesterday, or three thousand years ago.

, One particular object of this work, is to inculcate the necessity and duty of general domestic and national economy and simplicity of manners. It may be confidently presumed, that if the idolatrous and slavish sacrifices of property, to Pride, Fashion, Custom, Tradition, Extravagance, and depraved Appetite, were abolished, Poverty, with its hideous train of calamities, might be expelled from society, and General Plenty, with its smiling train of blessings, substituted in their stead.

Embracing these important purposes, the work is respectfully submitted to the good sense of the people of the United States, for their adoption as a National Code of Morals in schools and families.

The Compiler does not delude himself with the vain hope that it will accomplish the moral reformation of the present hardened adult generations ;—but he does sincerely believe, that the universal dissemination of its impressive .precepts among the tender, susceptible, rising generation, cannot fail to produce a salutary influence upon the future national, moral and political character of our Republic. That such may be the result, is the ardent

wish of its devoted friend and servant,

J. T.

Philadelphia, Jan. 1824.

CONTENTS.

PART FIRST. Page

Chap. 1. Essays on the general Diffusion of Knowledge.

Sec. 1. Necessity and advantages of knowledge . . .13

2. A serious address to the rising generation of the United

States 18

Chap. 2. Essays on the Use of Intoxicating Liquors.

Sec. 1. Public calamities produced by intemperance . . 21

2. The habitual use of spirituous liquors a violation of

duty 28

3. Speech of the Little Turtle, an Indian Chief, on the

ravages of whiskey among the Indians ... 29

Crap. 3 Essays on Political and Domestic Economy.

Sec. 1. Observations on the use of tea, coffee, sugar, and to-

bacco ........ 30

2. Observations on extravagance, fashion, causes of pov-
erty, war, &c. ....... .35

PART SECOND.

('n.ii'. 1. Selections from the Old Testament . . . 41

Chap. 2. Extracts from the Wisdom of Jesus .... 44

Chap. 3. Selections from the New Testament.

Sec. 1. Instructions of Jesus Christ . . . . . 45

2. Instructions of Paul the Apostle . . . .49

3. Extracts from the Epistles of James, Peter, and John 51

PART THIRD.

Chap. 1. Abridgment of the life and precepts of Coifucius' . 53

Chap. 2. AbAdgment of the life and moral discourses of Socrates.

Sec. 1. Character of Secrates . . . . 56

2. Dialogue between Socrates and Glauco, on ambition 59

3. Discourse of Socrates on the beneficence of God . 61

4. Accusation, defence, condemnation and death of So-

crates ........ 63

5. Discourses of Socrates on filial and fraternal affection 66

6. Dialogue between Socrates and Critobulus, on friendship 68

Chap. 3. Abridgment of Seneca's Morals.

Sec. 1, Abridgment of Seneca's discourse on beneficence . 70

Abridgment of Seneca's Treatise on a happy Life.

2. On a happy life, and wherein it consists . . .71

3. Human happiness is founded upon wisdom and virtue 73

4. There can be no happiness without virtue . . 74

5. Philosophy is the guide of life ..... 76

6. No felicity like peace of conscience ... 79

7. Contemplation of Providence, remedy of misfortunes 81

8 Of levity of mind, and other impediments to a happy

life . . . 82

9. A sensual life is a miserable life . . . . .83

10. Avarice and ambition are insatiable and restless . 85

11. The.blessings of temperance and moderation . . 86

12. Constancy of mind makes a man happy, &c. . ,. 87

13. Our happiness depends on our choice of company • 88

PAGE

Sec. 14. The blessings of friendship .... 89

15. He that would be happy must take. an account of time 90

16. Happy is the man that may choose his own business 91

17. On immoderate sorrow for the death of friends . 92

18. Mediocrity the best state of fortune ... 93

Abridgment of Seneca's Treatise on Anger.

19. Anger described: it is against nature . . ib.

20. Anger is a short madness, and a deformed vice . 95

21. Anger is neither warrantable nor useful . . .96

22. Advice in cases of contumely and revenge . . 100

PART FOURTH.

Chap. 1. Abridgment of the Laic of Nature.

Sec. 1. The law of nature defined and illustrated by examples 103

2. Characters of the law of nature .... 104

3. Principles of the law of nature, as they relate to man;

importance of instruction and self-government . 105

4. Of the basis of morality; of good, of evil, of crimes,

of vice and virtue ..... 107

5. Of private virtues; of knowledge, temperance, indus-

try, cleanliness 108

6. Of domestic virtues; economy, parental affection, con-

jugal love, filial love, brotherly love ... . 112

7. Of the social virtues; of justice, charity, probity, sim-

plicity of manners, patriotism . . . . 114

Chap. 2. Abridgment of the Economy of Human Life.

Sec. 1. Duties that relate to man as an individual . . . 119

2. The Passions; joy and grief, anger, pity . . 121

3. Woman 123

4. Duties of children and brothers .... 124

5. Wise and ignorant, rich and poor, masters and servants 125

6. Social duties; benevolence, justice, charity, religion 127

7. Man considered in general 129

PART FIFTH.

Crap. 1. Abridgment of Penn's Reflections and Maxims relating

to the conduct of Human Life; and his advice to his

children 133

Chap. 2. Abridgment of Paley's Moral Philosophy.

Sec. 1. Definition and use of the science .... 143

2. Human happiness . . . . . . . 144

3. Virtue 148

4. The Divine benevolence . 149

5. Promises: contracts of sale: of lending of money: of

labor 151

6. Lies .. revenge: duelling: slander . . . 153

7. Of the duty of parents. Education .... 154

Chap. 3. Abridgment of Knigge's Practical Philosophy.

Sec. 1. General rules for our conversation with men . . 156

2. On the conversation with ourselves . . . . 158

3. On the conversation with people of different tempers 160

4. On the oonversation with people of a different age . 162

5. On the conyeisation between parents and children . 164

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