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PERSONS REPRESENTED.

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ANTIOCHUS, King of Antioch.
Pericles, Prince of Tyre.
HELICANUS,

two Lords of Tyre.
ESCANES,
SIMONIDES, King of Pentapolis.*
Cleon, Governor of Tharsus.
LYSIMACHUS, Governor of Mitylene.
CERIMON, a Lord of Ephesus.
THALIARD, a Lord of Antioch.
PHILEMON, Servant to Cerimon.
LEONINE, Servant to Dionyza. Marshal.
A Pander and his Wife. BouLT, their Servant.
Gower, as Chorus.

The Daughter of Antiochus.
DIONYZA, Wife to Cleon.
Thaisa, Daughter to Simonides.
Marina, Daughter to Pericles and Thaisa.
LYCHORIDA, Nurse to Marina. DIANA.

Lords, Ladies, Knights, Gentlemen, Sailors, Pirates,

Fishermen, and Messengers, fc.

SCENE, dispersedly in various Countries.t

* We meet with Pentapolitana regio, a country in Africa, consisting of fire cities. Pentapolis occurs in the thirty-seventh chapter of King Appolyn of Tyre, 1510; in Gower; the Gesta Romanorum ; and Twine's translation from it. Its site is marked in an ancient map of the world, MS. in the Cotton Library, Brit. Mus. Tiberius, b. v; In the original Latin romance of Apollonius Tyrius, it is most accurately called Pentapolis Cyrenorum, and was, as both Strabo and Ptolemy inform us, a district of Cyrenaica in Africa, comprising five cities, of which Cyrene was one.

+ That the reader may know through how many regions the scene of this drama is dispersed, it is necessary to observe that Antioch was the metropolis of Syria; Tyre, a city of Phoenicia, in Asia; Tharsus, the metropolis of Cilicia, a country of Asia Minor; Mitylene, the capital of Lesbos, an island in the Ægean sea ; and Ephesus, the capital of lonia, a country of the Lesser Asia.

PERICLES, PRINCE OF TYRE.

ACT I.

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Enter Gower. Before the Palace of Antioch.
To sing a song that old ? was sung,
From ashes ancient Gower is come;
Assuming man's infirmities,
To glad your ear, and please your eyes.
It hath been sung at festivals,
On ember-eves, and holy ales;
And lords and ladies in their lives
Have read it for restoratives.
The purchase * is to make men glorious;
Et bonum quo antiquius, eo melius.
If

you, born in these latter times,
When wit's more ripe, accept my rhymes,
And that to hear an old man sing,
May to your wishes pleasure bring,
I life would wish, and that I might
Waste it for you, like taper-light.--
This Antioch then, Antiochus the Great
Built

up

this city for his chiefest seat; The fairest in all Syria; (I tell you what mine authors say ;)

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1 Chorus, in the character of Gower, an ancient English poet, who has related the story of this play in his Confessio Amantis.

2 i. e. that of old.

3 That is, says Dr. Farmer, by whom this emendation was made, churchales. The old copy has "holy days."

4 « The purchase” is the reading of the old copy, which Steevens changed to purpose. The word purchase was anciently used to signify gain, profit; any good or advantage obtained.

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This king unto him took a pheere,
Who died and left a female heir,
So buxom, blithe, and full of face,?
As Heaven had lent her all his grace;
With whom the father liking took,
And her to incest did provoke.
Bad child, worse father! to entice his own
To evil, should be done by none.
By custom what they did begin,
Was, with long use, account no sin.
The beauty of this sinful dame
Made many princes thither frame,
To seek her as a bedfellow,
In marriage-pleasures playfellow;
Which to prevent, he made a law
(To keep her still, and men in awe,)5
That whoso asked her for his wife,
His riddle told not, lost his life.
So for her many a wight did die,
As yon grim looks do testify.6
What now ensues, to the judgment of your eye
I give, my cause who best can justify." [Erit

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SCENE I. Antioch. A Room in the Palace.

Enter Antiochus, PERICLES, and Attendants. Ant. Young prince of Tyre, you have at large re

ceived The danger of the task you

undertake.

1 Wife; the word signifies a mate or companion.
2 i. e. completely beautiful.
3 Account for accounted.
4 i. e. shape or direct their course thither.

5 « To keep her still to himself, and to deter others from demanding her in marriage.”

6 Gower must be supposed to point to the scene of the palace gate at Antioch, on which the heads of those unfortunate wights were fixed.

7 Which (the judgment of your eye) best can justify, i. e. prove its resemblance to the ordinary course of nature.

8 By prince, throughout this play, we are to understand prince regnant.

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Per. I have, Antiochus, and with a soul Imboldened with the glory of her praise, Think death no hazard, in this enterprise. [Music.

Ant. Bring in our daughter, clothed like a bride, For the embracements even of Jove himself; At whose conception, (till Lucina reigned, Nature this dowry gave, to glad her presence,)? The senate-house of planets all did sit. To knit in her their best perfections.

Enter the Daughter of Antiochus.
Per. See, where she comes, apparelled like the

spring,
Graces her subjects, and her thoughts the king
Of every virtue gives renown to men ! 3
Her face the book of praises, where is read
Nothing but curious pleasures, as from thence
Sorrow were ever rased, and testy wrath
Could never be her mild companion.
Ye gods that made me man, and sway in love,
That have inflamed desire in my breast,
To taste the fruit of yon celestial tree,
Or die in the adventure, be my helps,
As I am son and servant to your will,
To compass such a boundless happiness!

Ant. Prince Pericles,
Per. That would be son to great Antiochus.

Ant. Before thee stands this fair Hesperides,
With golden fruit, but dangerous to be touched;
For death-like dragons here affright thee hard.
Her face, like heaven, enticeth thee to view
Her countless glory, which desert must gain ;
? In the old copy this line stands :-

Music, bring in our daughter clothed like a bride." Malone thinks it a marginal direction inserted in the text by mistake. Mr. Boswell thinks it only an Alexandrine. 2 The words whose and her refer to the daughter of Antiochus.

3 “ The Graces are her subjects, and her thoughts the sovereign of every virtue that gives renown to men.”

* By “her mild companion ” “ the companion of her mildness" is meant. 5 Hesperides is here taken for the name of the garden in which the golden apples were kept; as we find it in Love's Labor's Lost, Act iv.

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And which, without desert, because thine eye
Presumes to reach, all thy whole heap must die.
Yon sometime famous princes, like thyself,
Drawn by report, adventurous by desire,
Tell thee with speechless tongues, and semblance pale,
That without covering, save yon field of stars,
They here stand martyrs, slain in Cupid's wars ;
And with dead cheeks advise thee to desist,
For going on death's net, whom none resist.

Per. Antiochus, I thank thee, who hath taught
My frail mortality to know itself,
And by those fearful objects to prepare
This body, like to them, to what I must.
For death remembered, should be like a mirror,
Who tells us, life’s but breath; to trust it, error.
I'll make my will, then; and as sick men do,
Who know the world, see heaven, but feeling woe,
Gripe not at earthly joys, as erst they did;
So I bequeath a happy peace to you,
And all good men, as every prince should do;
My riches to the earth from whence they came,
But my unspotted fire of love to you.

[To the Daughter of ANTIOCHUS. Thus ready for the way of life or death, I wait the sharpest blow, Antiochus.

Ant. Scorning advice.—Read the conclusion then, Which read and not expounded, 'tis decreed, As these before thee thou thyself shalt bleed. Daugh. In all, save that, mayst thou prove pros

perous! In all, save that, I wish thee happiness!

1 i. e. “for fear of going,” or “ lest they should go.". 2 That is, “to prepare this body for that state to which I must come." 3“I will act as sick men do; who, having had experience of the pleasures of the world, and only a visionary and distant prospect of heaven, have neglected the latter for the former ; but at length, feeling themselves decaying, grasp no longer at temporal pleasures, but prepare calmly for futurity.” 4 The old copy reads :-

« Of all said yet, mayst thou prove prosperous ;

Of all said yet, I wish thee happiness!” The emendation is Mr. Mason's.

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