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dress. The election of members of the council, count. The question as submitted to the attorneys which was by ballot, resulted as follows : S. La read as follows: Can a licentiate of pharmacy, not chance, Jos. Contant, A. Robert, J. McNichol, A. keeping or having charge of a drug store, give a B. J. Moore and W. H. Chapman were elected for valid certificate for the admission of a certified clerk
The old members remaining in office or of a licentiate of Pharmacy, under sub-sections 2 are R. W. Williams, J. E. Tremble, A. MacMillan, and 3 of section 4024 of the Act. After mature conJ. E. Roy, C. J. Covernton, A. E. Duberger.
sideration on the part of the attorneys, a written opinYour Council upon retiring from office beg leave ion was given by them clearly against the pretention, to report to the membership their report of the work that a licentiate of Pharmacy, not a proprietor, could done during the past year.
give to a clerk or apprentice a certificate of time Your Council have held six regular meetings and served, such as that required by the Quebec Pharone special meeting during the year, at most of which macy Act. Acting upon our attorney's opinion, at questions of considerable importance to the interests a meeting held on March 2nd, 1898, the following of the association were carefully considered.
resolution was adopted (one member present dissentAt the first meeting of the new council held on ing) namely: That from and after the 1st day of July 7th, 1897, the officers of the association, to May, 1898, no time service of apprentices or certified gether with the Boards of Examiners and Auditors clerks will be accepted, unless such service has been were duly elected. At this meeting the following performed in a retail drug store, under a duly qualicommunication was received, and inscribed on the fied licentiate of Pharmacy or a physician holding a ininutes, as an answer to the congratulatory cable- permit from this association, a copy of this resolution gram sent to the Queen, on the occasion of her having been sent to the wholesale drug houses and Diamond Jubilee, by the association at its last annual others interested. meeting, reading as follows:
Referring to the actions taken last year against “Sir : In compliance with a request received from two departmental stores and two grocers for selling the colonial office, His Excellency the Governor patent medicines, these being compound drugs, judgGeneral, desires me to inform you, that the tele ment was rendered by Judge Dugas on the 14th of gram of the Pharmaceutical Association of the Pro May, 1897, condemning the defendants to a penalty vince of Quebec, congratulating the Queen, on the of $25 each with costs. From this judgment an apoccasion of Her Diamond Jubilee, was duly laid be. peal was taken to the Court of Queen's Bench, fore her Majesty, and that her Majesty has been Crown side. This appeal was heard before Judge pleased to command that her thanks be conveyed Wurtelle and by him dismissed, with costs on the to the association. I have the honor to be, sir, 14th of June, 1897, after which three of the defendYour obedient servant,
ants paid their fines and costs, but the fourth still C. 1. PANET,
further contested the judgment and obtained from For the Governor Gen'l. Judge De Lorimier a writ of certiorari, the said writ To R. W. WILLIAMS,
being argued before Judge Mathieu on the 27th of President Pharmaceutical Association of Quebec. September last, and by him taken en délibre and At this meeting also, the question of the Hamilton kept there ever since, no judgment having yet Pharmacy was fully investigated, when it was shown
been rendered by him. Why this delay in pronouncthat Dr. J. Leduc was registered in the Prothon ing judgment it is impossible to say, but the fact of atory's books, as the sole and only proprietor, that this case being still in abeyance has rendered it imDr. J. Leduc & Co's. name was on the sign, and all possible for your council to take further proceedings the labels and printing, have Dr. Leduc & Co. with against persons who have been openly disregarding “ Hamilton Pharmacy” stamped in red ink upon
Judge Dngas' judgment. It is, however, the intenthem. Upon this evidence the council considered it tion of the Council, should the judgment be in favor not expedient to proceed any further in the case for of the Association, to take fresh actions against these the present.
persons, and if possible bring them before a higher The question of time served in wholesale drug
court. stores was brought before your council for discussion, At a meeting of a council held on the 3rd of owing to some apprentices serving in Lyman Sons & November last the following resolution was adopted, Co., desiring to know what their position would be, namely: That the fees to be charged persons regissince the death of Mr Henry Lyman, he being the tered upon certificates from other Pharmaceutical only licentiate of Pharmacy in the firm of Lyman bodies accepted by us, shall be the full examination Sons & Co. This matter received consideration, re fee of the different grades of examination, required sulting in the question being submitted to the asso by the Pharmacy Act, in addition to the annual reciation's attorneys, as to whether the time of appren gistration fees charged by this Association. At this tices or clerks, served in wholesale drug stores, would meeting also a legislative committee was formed,
MES RS. HOWELL & CO., Toronto West, have purchased 10 doz. English Milk Food, Malted, since Jan. 1st, 1898.
MR. GEO. MARSHALL, Queen E., says : 0.C. Red Fly Paper and Borated Talcum is exceedingly satisfactory.
MR. R. ROBINSON, Queen E., says : English Milk Food, Malted, is giving most excellent results.
MESSRS. HANNA & CO.. Spadina Ave., says : We tind 0.C. Liniment always pleases. Have recommended it very often and never had a complaint.
composed of the following members, namely: R. W. Williams, S. Lachance, Joseph Contant, Alexis Robert, Henry R. Gray, E. Muir, Montreal ; J. Emile Roy, E. Giroux, W. J. B. Brunet, Alex. La Rue, Quebec; A E. DuBerger, Woterloo; T. J. Tuck, Sherbrooke ; J. C. Sutherland, Richmond ; R. A. Helmer, Hull; and Dr. E St. Jacques, St. Hyacinthe, with power to add to their number, whose duty should be to watch the interests of the association at the approaching session of the legis. lature, and that the council authorizes all legitimate expenses that may be incurred by members of the committee and others, who inay be called to Quebec to oppose any amendments that may be made to the Quebec Pharmacy Act.
Your council have to report that during the last session of the Quebec Legislature, two bills were introduced, which the council were compelled to oppose, namely: A bill asking the Legislature to authorize the Pharmaceutical Association of the Province of Quebec, to admit as a member, without examination, Joseph Ephriam Larose, of Nashua, New Hampshire, United States; also a bill introduced by the Grocers' Association of Montreal to amend the Pharmacy Act, so that general store-keepers would be by law authorized to keep and sell common drugs, Paris Green, and all patent medicines, and at the same time doing away with the present restrictions put upon the sale of Paris Green and London Purple. The first of these bills your committee had not much difficulty in disposing of, for the absurdity of it was self evident to the members of the private bills committee, who threw out the bill, when evidence was produced as to how the applicant had received his certificate of qualification. The second bill,
the Grocers' Amendment to the Pharmacy Act, had to be firmly fought at every step, in order to prevent it from becoming law, which your committee was enabled to do, by their persistent efforts, aided by the efforts and work of the Association's attorney, Mr. Brosseau, who. your council feel, is entitled to the gratitude of the members of the Association for the manner in which he defended their interests. In opposing these two bills a large amount of expense was entailed, owing mainly to the length of time (over a month) in which this bill was before the legislature, it having to be fought step by step until the very last day of the session. Your council, however, consider that the money was well spent for had this bill become law, it would have dealt a serious blow to the Pharmacy Act.
Since the close of the session of the legislature your council have had under consideration, the advisability of coming to some mutual understanding with the Grocers' Association, whereby a repetition of last sessions work might be avoided, and with this end in view, a committee was appointed composed of
Messrs Joseph Contant, C. J. Covernton and S. quarterly examinations, in July, October, January Lachance. This committee have not yet reported and April, when 124 candidates enrolled their names, any definite results, and have the matter still in and of these 37 passed. hand.
The Registrar reports upon the registers in good Your council have to report that all the accounts standing as follows: 216 licentiates, 61 certified in connection with the legislative work of last session clerks, 165 certified apprentices and 42 physicians, have been paid, with the exception of two, one being licensed under the provisions of Article 4035a of the from a Quebec attorney, and the other from one of Quebec Pharmacy Act. the Montreal delegates to Quebec, both of which are The treasurer's statement will be laid before you, disputed on account of being excessive and will be
showing a balance on hand as follows: In Banque contested if legal action is pressed.
du Peuple $1432.33 ; on City and District Savings Your council have to report that owing to the Bank, $345.85, and cash on hand $27.06, making a heavy legislative expenses, it has been found neces total balance of $1703.24. Your council beg to state sary to increase the registration fees for the year here that the balance of $1432.33 in Banque du commencing May ist, 1899, and at a meeting of the Peuple, is not at present available, but it is expected council held on March 2nd last, the following resolu that another dividend will soon be paid, and for the tion was adopted, namely: That the fees for the remainder your council trust that it will all be paid year commencing May 1st, 1898, and ending April by patient waiting. It will therefore be seen that 3och, 1899 be as follows: For Licentiates of Phar the actual available cash balance on April 30th macy and Physicians under Article 4033a, $10; cer amounts to $370.91. tified clerks, $5; and certified apprentices, $2; the The registrar's books and treasurer's financial secretary being instructed to send to all interested
statement have been duly audited by the auditors apparties a copy of a circular on the subject which had
pointed by the council, and by them signed and cerbeen adopted by the council. A petition was receiv tified correct. ed from Dr. Weneslas Sinith of Nicolet, on behalf
All of which is respectfully submitted. of his son Harry, who is an apprentice of this asso
PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS, 1898. ciation, asking the council to grant to him the license and diploma without examination, the grounds of the GENTLEMEN :-Assembled under the shadow of application being that he, Harry Smith, was a medi the Parliament Buildings, where last winter cal student, as well as a pharmacy apprentice, that fought a prolonged battle against great odds, I welhe had attended the lectures, required by the Phar come you to your twenty-eighth annual meeting, and macy Act, at Laval University, and had passed be trust that the wise counsel of all will be contributed fore his professors examinations on these subjects.
to advance the interests of that long suffering but After mature consideration your council declined to ever obliging member of society, the Quebec Druggrant the petition, upon the ground that he had not gist. fulfilled the requirements of the Quebec Pharmacy Since our last annual meeting your Council have Act, holding, that passing examinations under pro had to safeguard the interests of our profession. fessors of medical colleges, was not equivalent to The fight was most bitter and was waged against our passing the Pharmaceutical Board of Examiners and legal standing, not I believe by the grocers, but in did not come up to the requirements of the Quebec reality by the department stores and cutters. So Pharmacy Act.
that had we lost our status, the poor grocer, who enYour council regret to report the death of three of deavored to pull the chestnuts out of the fire for our the members of the association during the past year, foes, would not have benefitted thereby, but would namely: Henry Lyman of Montreal, Dr. J. A. have been in a worse position than before, because Hamel of Chicoutimi, and J. E. Burton, late of the cutters would have been given the means to still Quebec.
further ruin legitimate trade. I am pleased, howThe regular Board of Examiners held their semi ever, to state that the legislature of our land did not annual examinations as follows : In Quebec, on destroy by one fell blow all the labor and study of Oct. 12th to 14th 1897, when 19 candidates for the their predecessors who endeavored to give to the major, and 17 for the minor examinations presented people of this Province a just and reasonable law to themselves. Of these, 6 major, and 5 minor candi safeguard then against poisoning accidents, and redates passed. In Montreal, on April 19th to 22nd, prehensible sales of drugs It must not be forgotten 1898, 26 candidates for the major and 38 candidates that our Pharmacy Act was amended and amended, for the minor examinations presented themselves, and and sanctioned only after long arduous labor and of these 5 major and 9 minor candidates were suc thought. Our population is yet protected by a just cessful.
and reasonable law, and I trust it may long be preThe Preliminary Board of Examiners held their served intact, to continue its good office for the wel.
fare of mankind.
Defending our rights in parliament was rather expensive but our treasury was not altogether depleted,
will have noticed by the treasurers report. Yet your council deemed it prudent to have a certain reserve in the bank to meet any future necessary expenses and so thought it wise to increase the annual fees for the current year.
The press in general did not show itself very just, or independent during our battle for equitable rights.
The heavy advertiser was almost always favored. Even some of our pharmaceutical journals contained articles injurious to our cause. So the long cherished idea that the press is the defender of the right was belied. Experience has taught us that the mighty dollar has more weight with most newspapers than right.
We druggists of this province should sink our petty differences, band ourselves together and work as one man for the welfare of our Association. We see guilds formed by the grocers, the wine merchants, the tobacconists, etc. Even barbers band themselves together for protection. Why not do likewise and, uniting in conclave, lay out plans for the furtherance of our common prosperity. Let us come together, discuss the questions of the day, and be in a position to meet the foe of our just rights. Why not organize a Druggists' Guild in every centre, the delegates from which could meet in central committee and deliberate on the various opinions advanced by the branches ?
Pharmacy continues to advance everywhere. In the United States, several States have passed improved pharmacy acts ; Greater New York has now a fairly good legal pharınaceutical standing; in France where we thought there existed a model pharmacy law, they have amended it' and now possess very strict legislative measures to 'regulate the sale and compounding of "drugs. We in Quebec have also advanced.' Last April, we required of the candidates seekíng our diploma and license, an examination in practical chemistry and it is proposed to make further changes in our examinations so as to keep abreast of the 'times.
You have all heard of the new B.P. and no doubt have seën the very able résúmé which appeared in one of our pharmaceutical journals, written, I believe, by an officer of our College of Pharmacy. Personally I have not had sufficient time to seriously look into the changes made. My humble opinion is that all such changes, etc., should be considered by a special Board composed of physicians and druggists, who, with their united knowledge, would be in a position to give us clear and proper report on any and all changes and innovations. The B.P. is our pharmaceutical authority and we should have a voice
Abbey Effervescent Salt Co.,
in the matter.
Your council deem it expedient not to enforce the last edition of B.P. until the examinations of April 1899.
Whilst Pharmacy, Chemistry and the allied sciences have been making rapid progress, therapy has been jogging along in the uncertain light of the past century, because no scientist has devoted any time or knowledge to its advancement.
The reason is easily found, which is, that there is very little honor and no cash in such a branch of science. Besides, the multitude of syntheic drug manufacturers would oppose any such scientific advancement as being detrimental to their financial interests. The study of therapeutics offers a vast field of study to the physician and druggist Why should not some of our young Canadians venture into this field of science and help medicine to obtain some data on the therapeutical value of almost all the vegetable drugs now in use, and of which there is such uncertain knowledge.
Sooner or later the prejudice against this science will disappear. Then why should not Canadians be the pioneers on this continent and elsewhere? Let us put our pharmaceutical education to some practical scientific use.
Another field which awaits us is that of the botanical garden. There is a splendid future for some young and awake Canadian pharmacist who will push this industry and thus establish a good paying business.
I think we, as druggists, should take steps to disclaim the avalanche of questionable advertisements we meet with in most newspapers, etc. The greater part of these shady announcements treat of subjects fit only for the consulting office of some physician of good standing. Some are not even advisable to the sanctum of tne doctor. Nowaday it is sufficient in most cases to be merely a quack to pass off as a physician or a druggist, and these plagues are persons who reap a rich harvest from the gullible and ailing public, by polluting the columns of our daily press with objectionable ads., thus rendering the newspapers, books, etc., unfit reading matter for our families. For this reason, and others relating to the welfare of Pharmacy, I would welcome a federal law obliging the manufacturers of all medicinal preparations to submit their formulæ to a Dominion Board of doctors and druggists, and to be manufactured by licentiates in pharmacy. Otherwise, not to have the right to offer their preparations for sale whether wholesale or retail.
At a few of our council meetings letters from outside ciruggists were read, asking the Board why it did not prosecute the cutters for illegally selling drugs. The reply was, that one of the judgments we obtained before Judge Dugas some thirteen months ago, was contested by a certiorari which was
argued and taken en delibre on the twenty-seventh of September last, and that, so long as the certiorari was not adjudged we could not proceed. I learn that the decision on this obstructive move was rendered in our favor on the sixth inst. I merely avail myself of this opportunity to explain our apparent inaction. We were amazed to see the boldness of cutters who had apparently no respect for oui courts of justice and who openly violated judgments which were in force by publicly advertising prohibited goods.
While treating on legal matters I may state I was very much surprised on learning that the Monument National case had gone against us.
I feel confident that our law clearly states, who can and who cannot be proprietors of pharmacies.
We are pleased to note that some of our Montreal students constituted themselves into a society for mutual improvement. I trust that the beautiful flag which graced their meetings will long wave over them, and that their united studies will materially increase their pharmaceutical knowledge.
Our scheme for a federal Pharmaceutical Society is not yet realized. I sincerely hope that the incoming council will take this matter up at once and carry it through to a successful issue. It is urgent that we Canadian Pharmacists have a federal society where we could lay down lines of action for our mutual protection.
I was proud to be your President at the first annual banquet which was held last year at the Windsor, Montreal.
Such reunions as we saw there speak well for the future of pharmaceutical matters in this old Province. And as the pleasure and honor is to be repeated this evening at the Frontenac, I will retire from office with most pleasant and lasting memories of the happy reunions that were inaugurated during my terms of office. I must not, however, lay down the gavel of the executive office without recognizing the many favors and assistance I received from the members of the council and its ever watchful and just secretary. I leave the chair, at peace with all the pharmaceutical world and will bear a grudge only against the typo. who set up my last address in English, (the French was translated from the printed English.) If the typo. who sets up this feeble effort of mine wishes to have my blessing, I would suggest that he send me a proof so that I may correct any typographical errors.
Please accept my thanks for the honor you conferred on me.
R. W. WILLIAMS.
Parson—“Pat, I am sorry to see you so sick, but put your trust in the Lord.”
Pat—"Trusht, sor? Be gorra, Oi'm a dimmycrat, sor, an' don't balaive in trushts."