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counts for a great deal in TOILET PAPER, and customers are learning to ask for Eddy's make,
We can stock you up in full ; we make over 20 brands--$5 to $16 per case.
THE E. B. EDDY CO., LIMITED.,
Kindly mention this Journal when writing to Advertisers.
R. L. GIBSON,
GIBSON, General Agent, 88 Wellington St., West.
THE BEST NATURAL APERIENT WATER.
The Prices to RETAILERS are as follows :
$3.30 Case of 23 large glass bottles
30 small glass bottles
SEE that the Labels bear the
of the APOLLINARIS CO, Limited.
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CANADIAN PHARMACEUTICAL JOURNAL is permitted to assume the functions of a pharmacist.
and the candidate must show his fitness by passing two severe examinations on these branches before he
J. E. MORRISON Business Manager, G. E. GIBBARD
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Is The Quebec Pharmacy Act to be Annulled ?
As a result of all this study and expenditure of money, he acquires a profession which under the very best of conditions in this province yields him only a bare living. It may be stated that there are too many pharmacists. Possibly, but this fact is one which is to the great advantage of the public. When medicine is needed, it is usually important that it be secured as speedily as possible, and it is therefore to the convenience of the public and the improvement of the public health, that there should be as large a number of pharmacists scattered through this province as can honestly make a living. The only way in which this can be done is by granting to them the certainty of being able to make a living by restricting to them entirely the sale of all drugs and medicines. Again, it very frequently happens that people wish to use drugs which may be totally unsuited to the case, or which may be a positive injury to them. Is it likely in such cases that the grocers or dry goods clerks will be able to give any information as to the action of such drug on the human system, whereas the druggist has had to study these questions and is able to reply and perhaps save the patient from much ill health and advise him to see his physician, a thing which would never be done by the grocer or dry goods dealer, who would be more intent on making a sale than on preserving the health of the sick. Again, a great many patent medicines
on the market contain morphine, cocaine or other dangerous drugs, the frequent use of which causes habits to which drunkenness is nothing. If such medicines are allowed to be sold indiscriminately, there is great danger that the morphine and cocaine habits will become as common in this province as they are elsewhere, where such indiscriminate sale is permitted to exist. If the saie of such medicines is restricted to pharmacists, frequent purchasers of these goods are warned of the dangers of the habit, but in the other case the question of the public health is of very minor importance to the merchant. There is another aspect of this question which must be kept in view for the sake of justice,
An attempt is now being made to amend the Quebec Pharmacy Law so that grocers and others may be permitted to sell patent medicines and other drugs, the sale of which is now restricted to licentiates of pharmacy. Such attempt, if successful, will be fraught with the most dangerous results to the public health. There can be no question that the unrestricted sale of drugs is not desirable. Drugs should be sold only by those who are specially trained for that purpose, and such training involves a greater expenditure of time and money than is involved in that for any occupation besides law, theology or medicine. The Quebec Pharmacy Law, which for many years was the model law of this continent, demands a preliminary examination only a little less extensive and severe than that demanded for entrance to the other professions; an apprenticeship of four years under a licentiate of pharmacy; attendance at two courses of lectures on Materia Medica, Pharmacy, and Chemistry, and one on Botany;
The Press and the Quebec Pharmacy Act.
It is an axiom that vested rights must not be interfered with unless for grave reasons, and much less when these vested rights are in the public interest and for the protection of the public health. years the sale of drugs and medicines has been restricted to pharmacists by the Quebec Pharmacy Act. During that time almost all the pharmacists now practising in this province commenced and carried on their studies so as to ably fill the requirements of the law. They have sacrificed their time and money, and invested their capital under a government guarantee that when they had fulfilled the requirements of the law, they alone would have the right to sell drugs and medicines, exactly as the law guarantees to physicians the sole right to cure the sick, and to lawyers the sole right to interpret the law of the country. And now, after twenty five years is this guarantee to be abolished ? Is the faith which we have placed in the good sense and public spirit of the Government of the Province to be destroyed ? and is the health of the people to be sacrificed to the greed of a few individuals ?
From every point of view the sale of drugs and patents should in the interest of the public health be restricted entirely to licentiates of pharmacy. In country parts where there are no pharmacists, the country merchants should be allowed to sell certain drugs used in household medicine, but in the cities the sale of drugs and medicines should be absolutely restricted to those who have devoted so many years to studying the properties, uses and doses of drugs and medicines.
The Quebec Law was the first real pharmacy law put into force in North America, and every other province has followed the example. In the United States we find that every year the pharmacy laws of the different States are being made more stringent, and in some of the States the law is now much more stringent than that of this province, and still in the interest of public health they are yearly adding further restrictions. In Europe we find the same thing. With such examples before us, will the Province of Quebec take such a retrograde step as is demanded by the bill now before the Legislature ? Is the charge that this Province is behind the age to be substantiated by the actions of our law makers ? Are we to go backward twenty five years ? We think not; our members are too far-seeing, too progressive, to accede to the requests of any organizations who for the sake of a few dollars profit would sacrifice the public health on the altar of Mammon.
Coincident with the determination of the Grocers' Association to try another attack on the Pharmacy Act, appeared a number of items in the daily and weekly press animadverting on what the writer was pleased to call the druggists' monopoly. It was evident that the most of them were the productions of one individual who is said to be a Montreal advertising agent. If the statements in these articles bore any semblance of truth, no complaint could be made, but they were deliberately made to mislead the public as regards the point as issue, the statement being made that the Pharmaceutical As. sociation was seeking legislation in order to restrict the sale of patents. The Association is well satis. fied with the law as it is; perhaps a few more amend. ments in the way of restrictions would be a benefit, but there was no intention of presenting any amendments. This fact was carefully hidden from the public in the articles which were published by the daily papers as editorial matter. Some replies were sent in by prominent pharmacists containing a true statement of the facts, but some of our papers do not seek to publish the truth, so did not give them publicity. The Gazette, however, published a letter from Mr. J. E. Sutherland of Richmond, which we take pleasure in reproducing :
SALE OF PATENT MEDICINES.
A DRUGGIST'S VIEW OF THE CASE-SOME
OF THE SPECIFICS ARE DANGEROUS. To the Editor of the Gazette :
Sir,--I presume that even the editorial paragraphs of the Gazette are penned after more or less reflection. Is it not possible that a recent editorial paragraph, which asserted that anybody is competent to sell patent medicines, was penned after less reflection ?
Your paragraph contends that no public benefit is served by confining the sale of patent medicines, as much as possible, to the druge gists. With this contention I take issue, and that I am not moved thereto by the desire of maintaining or advocating a “monopoly” I may state that during the eighteen years I have been in the drug business I have dissuaded hundreds of customers, who have consulted with regard to various patent medicines, from using them and advised them to consult their family physician. This, too, in spite of the fact that the local medical men feel obliged to make up for small fees by doing the greater part of their own dispensing.
From the public point of view there are two good reasons why the sale of patent medicines should be confined, as much as possible, to those
A Meritorious Article.
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