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Large weighs for weighing 1, 2 or 3 or 5 pounds or more of substances frequently sold in large quan

tities (copperas, oilmeal, bleaching powder, etc.) can BY F. J. WULLING.

be made conveniently by counterbalancing standard Few pharmacists and chemists anneal their glass- weights with heavy bottles, to which is added a suffiware. It pays to take the little trouble involved.

cient amount of clean sand or gravel. The bottles Whenever graduates, funnels, flasks, pipettes, test

should be conspicuously labeled to designate their tubes and glassware of any description are pur

weights. chased, it is wise to put it into a boiler, add cold

Many pharmacists keep their lime water in two water, apply heat as gradually as possible until the

gallon bottles and pour the water from the bottles as water boils, and allow the boiler and contents to cool

needed. This is a cumbersome way, and always revery slowly. Glassware and porcelain treated in

sults in spilling some and disturbing the layer of this manner will stand sudden changes in tempera

calcium hydroxide at the bottom. A cleaner and ture without fracture. Into a flask or graduate thus

more satisfactory way is to use a glass tube syphon, treated, boiling water can be poured suddenly with

to the longer arm of which is attached a small length impunity, and solutions of rapidly dissolving salts

of rubber tubing, holding a pinch cock. To the made in them will not cause the bottom to fall out.

other end of the rubber tube may be attached a two Small quantities of emulsions may be quickly and or three-inch piece of glass tubing. efficiently prepared by means of a good sized piston Corks may be kept moist and flexible by keeping syringe. It is only necessary to put the ingredients in a metal tray fitted into a block tin lined drawer, into a mortar or other convenient vessel, and manip- in which is kept a little water. ulate the piston rapidly for a few minutes. Eight Glass stoppers that have become fastened in the ounces of a 50 per cent. emulsion of cod liver oil necks of bottles, usually may be removed by heating thus made in three minutes (including the time the neck of the bottle, turning the stopper and pullneeded to weigh out the acacia and tragacanth, and ing it upward before the expansion caused by the to measure the oil and water, etc.) has not separated heat is communicated to it. after three months.

Insects can be kept out of herbs, barks, roots,

SAUNDERS & EVANS, Sponge and Chamois Warehouse

SPONGES—Turkey, Nassau, Key West and Cuba,

Imported direct, and bleached, graded and packed by ourselves. CHAMOIS LEATHERS—English and American manufacture.

Electric Chamois (a recently perfected washing chamois); also splits for capping.

We also carry full line in the following goods : Rubber Goods, Trusses, Suspensories, Shoulder Braces, Stockings, Crutches, etc.

Corks, Borated Talcum Powder, Genuine Sea Salt.

Our Perfection Glass Sponge Cases. The John Wyeth & Bro. Preparations. 'I he Elwood Lee Preparations. The Davis & Lawrence Preparations, The Ricksecker Preparations.


30 Wellington St. E., TORONTO,

Icaves, etc., by adding a few drops of chloroform to the container when first putting away. A small piece of camphor will answer the same purpose.

In sifting tooth powders, powdered drugs and moistened powders, before packing into percolators, the common sieve requires too much time and manipulation. A new kind of four sieve provided with a rotary mechanism may be cheaply had at any hardware store. Such is far more useful to the busy pharmacist than the kind he usually uses. They may be had for coarse and fine powders.

A large size nutmeg grater is a useful thing to have in a pharmacy. With it a number of drugs can be grated to a coarse powder, which could not be reduced in a mortar or in a drug mill. In grating, the drug should not be firmly pressed against the grater, but should be only lightly passed over it.

Pharmacists sometimes have calls for hard pomades for chapped hands, etc., to take the place of the soft cold cream. An efficient preparation, and one that has given satisfaction to users, may easily be made by melting together I part of borax, 25 parts of almond oil and 75 parts of cocoa butter. Flavor with oil of rose sufficiently, or omit the flavoring, as the odor of the butter is quite agreeable. Pour the mass before it is entirely cool into small, flat ointment jars of two drachms or half an ounce capacity.

Patrons who first suggested a toilet article of the nature of cold cream, but much harder, and others, readily paid 25 cents for the half-ounce package, neatly put up.

A preparation hardened with wax or spermaceti did not meet with as much favor as that made with the cocoa butter.

The so-called double boiler, to be had made of tin or agateware in any housefurnishing establishment, is really a water bath, and with care may be also used as a steam bath. It is an economical and convenient substitute for the expensive copper water bath.

Agate or graniteware is useful in the laboratory. The porcelain casseroles, infusion jars, evaporating dishes, etc., are expensive and fragile. Agateware is cheaper and answers most purposes better than porcelainware. A good quality should be selected, because in the poorer the glazing is sometimes imperfect. Tin measures, funnels, etc., should not be used when the clean, non-corrosive agateware can be had nearly as cheaply.Pharm. Era.

“Mrs Shopper is just crazy after bargains. She is down town every bargain day and never gets home until dark.” “Yes, indeed. Yes, indeed. She'd die happy if she could be laid out on a bargain counter and buried as a remnant."

Important Announcement

Concerning Antitoxin.

The potency of our “Standard” (“Special") Antitoxin has been increased to 250 units per c.c., which insures a product of high potency for general use without any advance in price. All the sizes, except Nos. 3 and 4 will be furnished in our improved Antitoxin Tube, as follows : "STANDARD” (Special) containing 250 units of Antitoxi: per c.c. of serum.

No. 1 500 units, List Price $o 75
No, 2

I 50
No 2B 1500

2 25
No. 3 2000
No. 4 3000

4 50

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We suggest that you send us a memorandum of your stock, and replace same with above higher strengths

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Kindly mention this Journal when writing to Advertisers.

The Truth About Castoria.


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The people who make Fletcher's, otherwise known as the “original” Castoria, are flooding the drug and lay journals with accounts of a few lawsuits that they have successfully conducted against imitators of their product. Some inquiries have reached us on this point, as evidently some do not clearly understand the grounds on which the decision of Justice Brewer, adverse to the Centaur Company, and favorable to Heinsfurther & Daggett, was rendered last year. It was simply this : That Castoria being a patent medicine on which the patent had expired, the judge held that anyone who so desired could make it, and as there was no other name by which it was known, the preparation made by the patented formula was entitled to be called Castoria. So much for this. There has been no imitation of Fletcher's Castoria by that firm, and they have not attempted to sell their remedy for anything but what it actually is, so far as we know.

The cases mentioned so much in the drug journals recently are, so far as we have observed, decided on different grounds. The question of the patent was not at issue. The defendants had closely imitated the wrappers and packages of the Centaur Company, and this was clearly a violation of equity. · No one has a right to sell an imitation of Castoria, colorable or otherwise, that will deceive the purchaser ; every make of Castoria must stand on its own merits and the man who makes Smith's Castoria, must not imitate the wrappers and packages of Jones or any other man's Castoria. To imitate a medicine is to violate its maker's common law "rights, and so far as we know, the courts have never failed to punish such fraud. Imitation is most contemptible and ought to be severely punished every time it is practised.

Anyone can make and sell Castoria by that name. No one but the Centaur Company has a right to use the trademark of the Centaur Company, which is the signature of Charles H. Fletcher; no one has a right to imitate the wrappers and packages of the Centaur Co., with a view to deceiving the public. Hence the recent convictions, which do not in the least alter the importance of Judge Brewer's decision. New Idea

The number and variety of objects that an enterprising youngster of an inquisitive turn of mind can cram into its nostrils are almost infinite. A case containing objects removed from the nasal fossæ of children under 5 years of age, in one of the clinics of Paris, contains, among other things, several bullets, dozens of buttons, a number of coins, rings, seeds, nuts, beads, and even a lady's thimble. The usual method of removing these objects is to seize them with forceps with serrated teeth and to pull them out by main strength-an operation frequently fraught with laceration and hemorrhage, and considerable pain. The following simple procedure avoids all this and is successful in ninety-nine cases in a hun. dred, and can be practiced by any person : The patient is firmly held in the lap of its nurse mother, with the head thrown slightly backward. The operator then places the left hand firmly over the mouth of the child, completely closing it. Into the free nostril, or that opposite to the obstructed one, is inserted one end of a short rubber tube, the other being held in the mouth of the operator. When all is ready a sudden, quick and powerful blast of air is driven into the fossæ, which in the vast majority of cases expels the foreign body, frequently driving it out with șreat force. Any bit of rubber tubing, large enough to make a somewhat tight fit in the nostril will answer the purpose. If the nostrils have been much irritated an application of a 4% solution of cocaine may be applied shortly before making the attempt at expulsion.-National Drnggist.



Messrs Cohen Brothers, who have during the past few years been mainly instrumental in placing the means of obtaining an optical training within reach of the druggists of the North West, have arranged ro repeat their previous efforts by holding a class for optical instruction in Winnipeg during the ensuing month.

As will be seen by their announcement on another page, Mr. L. G. Amsden, Principal of the Canadian Ophthalmic College, who is well known to the opticians of the Western Provinces through his former optical class in Winnipeg, and well known to the drug trade in the Dominion as the optical editor of the PHARMACEUTICAL JOURNAL, will meet the intending studeots in Winnipeg on March the 27th, and the advanced students on April the 3rd. This is an excellent opportunity for the druggists of Manitoba and the North West to get in line with their eastern brothers and add an pptical department to their regular line.

COMMERCIAL KNOWLEDGE NECESSARY. How many graduates in pharmacy know anything of book-keeping and commercial usages ?. And yet a knowledge of the art of book-keeping is the one thing absolutely essential to success in any business. Without it how can any man know whether he is making or losing money, even though he does in entirely cash business (and how many druggists do this?) both in buying and selling. What opportunity does the boy or youth have to learn anything, even the rudiments of the art, while he is acquiring his practical experience. How much better off, in this direction, after he has graduated and entered on the active life of a clerk ? There is absolutely no good reason why a course in book-keeping and commercial usage should not be made a part of the curriculum of every college of pharmacy.

The successful druggist of the future will be he who is best educated in the ways and usages of commerce, who can go into the markets and buy with a full knowledge of the exact worth of each article, whose general information in the minutiæ of manufactures, the trends of markets, the supply and demand, etc., enables him to buy and to sell to the best advantage. To do all this, he must have training on a far broader basis than our schools and colleges have hitherto provided. Will they meet the emergenty at once, or be gradually and slowly forced into it ?--- National Druggist.

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Acid Citric
Codeia Phosphate

Acid Sullanilic
Creasote Valerianate


Balsam Copaiba

Neatsfoot Oil

Mountain Ash
Gum Myrrh

Pumpkin Seed
Gum Gamboge

Camphor Moth



Opoponax Cachous
Sclemup Formalin Vaporizers

Golden Hair Grower
Balsam Fir

Formalin Dusting Powder Golden Hair Restorer
Dore's Dandruff Cure

Formalin Pastilles


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See COVER for Lyman's Lightning Fly Paper particulars. 1899,

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Sourcis of error in the B. P. method of estimating strychnine. T. F. Harvey draws attention to this point in a recent issue of the Chemist & Druggist. In the original paper by Dunstan & Short, upon which the process is based, they direct that any quantity of the 'mixed alkaloids not exceeding 20 centigrammes be taken, and the authors also pointed out that the brucine in the precipitating liquid must not exceed .08 per cent. or unreliable results will be obtained. Mr. Harvey finds this statement correct, and suggests that instead of using 10 cc. of the liquid extract for the assay not more than 5 ccs. should be used.

JOHN FRITH. Ano:her of the old employees of The Lyman, Knox Bros. & Co. has passed over on Wedr.esday, Feb. 22nd. John Frith died at his residence, 320 Borden Si., at the age of 62 years.

Mr. Frith had been in the employ of the house for over 30 years, latierly in charge of the wet department.

He was an Irishman, and possessed in a full ineasure the generous-hearted sympathetic nature characteristic of the sons of the emerald isle. Wit an ear ever on the alert and hand ever ready to aid in trouble, he endeared himself to his fellow employees, who will his kindly presence.

The funeral took place on Friday the 24tn, the reinains being interred in St. James', the heads of the house of Lyınan Bros. & Co. and alınost the entire stali altending.


Pew Remedies.


ALCOHOL IN TABLET FORM. A Gerinan inventor has succeeded in obtaining tablets containing about 90 per cent. of alcohol. One tablet will boil about a quart of water in ten minutes.

NIRVANIN. A new local anæsthetic introduced by Einhorn & Heinz is the hydrochloride of diethylglycocollparamidoorthooxybenzoic methyles. ter. It crystallizes in colorless prisms, readily soluble in water. A 5 per cent. solution injected subcutaneously produces complete anæsthesia

EULACTOL is a new food substance put on the market by the Nührmittel-Actien Gesellschaft of Cologne. It is prepared from milk and plant albumen, and is said to contain all the necessary constituents of a perfect food.

BONAL, a food preservative, has been examined by
Dr. Aufrecht, who states its composition to be as

Sodium sulphite.
Sodium chloride.

Sodium phosphate..

2.5 Sugar of milk.

56.8 Water DIONINE is another morphine derivation which has been suggested as a sedative, the effects being more energetic and durable than those produced by codeine. The dose is 15 to 30 milligrammes.

Acoin is the trade name of di-para-anisyl-monophenetyl-quanadin-chloral hydrate, which is said to be superior to cocaine as a local ana sthetic. It is said to be less toxic and the effectis more lasting.

SOLID ALCOHOL. L. Bemegan mixes the alcohol with Kieselguhr, and forms the mixture into briquettes by means of resin A briquette weighing 50 grammes is sufficient to boil a litre of water in ten minutes. Another form is that introduced by a Berlin firm, in which advantage is taken of the property of cured soap of absorbing large quantities of alcohol while retaining the solid form. Briquettes thus made contain 62.5% of alcohol.

The head of the great Chemical Manufacturing firın of E. Merck, of Darmstadt, Germany, passed away on Jan. 12th.

Wilhelm Merck, the last surviving of three brothers, was the man to whose wisdom and energy the house owes its present commanding position in the chemical world.

Darmstadt was Mr. Merck's native city, where he was born in 1833, a descendant of a line of pharmacists, the first of whom, J. F. Merck, founded the Merck pharmacy in 1668.

Mr. Merck's early education was secured in his native town ; his professional equipment was secured under such masters as Loewig, of Breslau Univer. sity ; A. W. Hofmann, of London, Eng., and at the Wurtz Laboratory in Paris. In 1873 Mr. Merck took charge of the laboratories and works and in 1885, on the death of his brother Karl, assumed the entire management of the business. So well did he administer the affair of the concern that during the 40 years of his connection it has grown twenty fold, having now branches in London, Moscow and New York.

Mr. Merck was more than a leading chemist, he was a public spirited citizen occupying a position on the Municipal Council of his city for almost a quarter of a century and later appointed a privy councillor and life member of First Chamber of Estates for the Grand Duchy (a position similar to that of our senators.)

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