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and prosperity of pharmacy in

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CANADIAN PHARMACEUTICAL JOURNAL JOURNAL has its opinion on all of them, and next

-AND

PHARMACAL GAZETTE.

month proposes to express it. In the meantime we throw them out as food for reflection for those who continue to take any interest in our honorable calling, whose very existence is endangered by nothing so much as by the apathetic indifference of its members.

ISSUED MONTHLY.

Editor,

J. E. MORRISON Business Manager, G. E. GIBBARD

Subscription, $1.00 per Year.

THE DOMINION ADULTERATION ACT.

Communications bearing on the text to be addressed to Editor, P.O. Box 683, Montreal.

All Copy for publication must be sent in by the 2oth of the month,

New Advertisements and changes received up to the 25th or 20th if proofs are required.

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Address all communications on business

CANADIAN PHARMACEUTICAL JOURNAL,

287 King St. West, Toronto, Ont.

THE ONTARIO COUNCIL ELECTION.

Some time ago we referred to the fact that this act recognized the British and United States Pharmacopeias as standards for drugs, and also to the inconvenience of such a condition; we are pleased to state that an effort is now being made to remedy this and make the British Pharmacopæia the standard for all drugs and preparations mentioned in it. For those not official therein the U. S. or French Pharmacopæia will be the standard. The proposed amendments if carried will put an end to the sale of preparations, which, although official in the British Pharmacopoeia, are not of the strength or quality laid down therein. For instance, there are manufacturers who make preparations, the names of which are official, but they label them “Not made according to the B. P.,” or “Made with diluted alcohol,” which is supposed to save them from prosecution. This practice must be put a stop to. It is dishonest, and unjust to the honest pharınacist, to the physician, and most of all to the patient. We do not blame those manufacturers as much as we do the pharmacists who demand such goods. Most manufacturers will supply what is asked for, but there are some exceptions,-houses which do not make anything but honest B. P. goods. These houses have had to suffer by dishonest competition long enough, and the time has come when a change in the Adulteration Act is imperatively needed to put an end to it.

The biennial election to the council of the Ontario College of Pharmacy is approaching, and as yet we have heard of but one candidate in the field. It is fair to presume that the inajority of the members of the expiring board will offer themselves for re-election. This being the case it would be well for Ontario pharmacists to consider a few questions which will come up for decision and action by the next council. The old members of the council are pretty well committed to a policy of enlarging the college building, increasing the term of tuition to two academic terms of six months each, and raising the standard of apprenticeship qualification. Now all of these questions are of more than passing importance to every member of the craft in Ontario, and should receive their attention. Are the changes suggested by all or any of these questions necessary, and will they conduce to the advancement

A compliment is a thing often paid by people who pay nothing else.

THE OWNERSHIP OF PRESCRIPTIONS. of patent medicines and general nostrum vendors.

Surely it is not for this that four years apprenticeThe U. S. Dep't. of State at the instance of Mr. ship service is rendered, followed by a course of ColJ. Jacobs, chairman of the commercial section of the lege instructions. Such a preparation should fit for A. Ph. A, recently issued a series of consular re- better things, and enable the possessor to exchange ports on the drug trade in different parts of the his equipment at a better commercial value than can world. Among other questions discussed is that of be commanded as a distributor of other men's wares. the ownership of prescriptions.

How many pharmacists are prepared to undertake a In Germany the prescrip:ion is supposed to belong chemical analysis of even a simple nature when such to the patient, and the pharmacist returns it as soon is presented? Food, water, ore, urine, all of these as filled. In Austria-Hungary there is no law gov- are being constantly presented for examination and erning this point, although the prescription is re- analysis, and in nine cases out of ten must be sent to turned, a copy being kept signed by the dispenser. some person especially engaged in such work in the Copies of prescriptions are not generally given, and city. We hold that every pharmacist should be prenever to anyone but the original owner.

pared to accept such work and perform it satisfactorThe French law is not clear on the point, but the ily. Bacteriology might also receive some attenusual rule of returning to the patient is generally tion. The microscope is not an impossibility, and followed.

its use should be familiar in examinations of a diphIn Belgium, prescriptions must be kept for ten theritic swab. Other lines of usefulness and profit years. The prescribing physician may be given a will suggest themselves to wide awake men, on the copy as well as the patient Renewals are made lookout for opportunities of enlarging their sphere from the copy, which in certain cases must be signed and profits. If our college curriculum does not inby the physician.

clude the instruction necessary for such work, then
In Denmark the prescription is returned to the amend it without delay, so that our young men go
patient. Sometimes the physician notes on the pre- out properly equipped for their life's work:
scription the number of times it may be tilled, but
not more than five times, even with his consent.
Italian pharmacists copy all prescriptions, and re-

OUR APRIL BLUNDERS.
turn the original to the patient. Prescriptions for
powerful substances are always retained by the phar-

“Eternal vigilance, the price of accuracy,” is a macist, who may give a copy.

maxim the truth of which is forced upon us by our In Russia the original prescription is kept, and a

April experience. Pressure of work rendered it imcopy may be given the patient, but no repetitions for possible to stand with a club over the printer who poisons are allowed unless so ordered by the phy

“made up" the issue, and he took advantage of the sicians.

occasion to get even” with us for some previous The Turkish custom is to return the original after

vigorous kicking. Among numerous blunders two making a copy. No repetitions are allowed except

require a word of correction In a short reading on the doctor's order.

notice of the Bold Pharmacal Co's. 5 B's we wrote, “This preparation has been on the market but a

short time, and is already a good seller." The A WIDER FIELD FOR PHARMACISTS. printer rendered the word preparation as turpentine.

In the Pink List Holgate Fielding Co. advertise, The growing need of a wider range of knowledge or intended to advertise, “100 samples gratis," with and more expanded sphere of employment is forcing

an order for their Celery Herb Tea. The printer itself upon the attention of all thoughtful pharmacists

multiplied this by 10 and made it a 1000, with the The "good old days” when the chemist and druy

result that the manager of the Co’y., Mr. McLarty, gist enjoyed a domain free from intrusion have irre

has had his postage bill greatly increased in replying vocably passed away and now every “Calico drug

to inquiries for goods on the basis of the advertisegist” or “Green Grocer Chemist” buccaneer so dis.

One fact is demonstrated by such blunders, posed may poach on his preserve and none to say

that the JOURNAL is read everywhere, and that our This condition of things may prove to be

patrons get value for money expended with us. a blessing in disguise, rather than an evil to be deplored. Which it shall be depends entirely upon the individual rather than upon the aggregation. THE CANADIAN ADDENDUMI TO THE BRITThe faculty of adaptability to changed conditions

ISH PHARMACOPOEIA. will be a deciding factor.

After all, these “good old days" are not a thing to be particularly proud of. In our March issue we published some suggestions Many of us had become little better than distributors on this subject, which have attracted some attention

ment.

hiin nay:

1

done so.

from English pharmacists, as evidenced by the fol. Quebec; Dr. G. Adami, president of the Montreal lowing which appeared in the Chemist & Druggist Medico-Chirurgical Society ; Dr. Bazin, secretary ; of April ist.

and J. E. Morrison. The presidents of the various THE B. P. ADDENDUM.

provincial medical and pharmaceutical associations

aie also members. Professor J. E Morrison writes to the CANADIAN PHARMACEUTICAL JOURNAL, making various sug- Six years ago when the subject of the Imperial gestions for a Canadian Addendum to the British

Pharmacopæia was broached the writer urged CanPharmacopæia. Professor Morrison

appears to write on behalf of the Pharmaceutical Association of

adian pharmacists to interest themselves in the work, Quebec, and he makes suggestions for the inclusion but as the Chemist & Druggist puts it, “they have of certain drugs which are used in Canada but which been exceedingly apathetic.” None of the associaare not recognized in the B. P. He points out that

tions took any steps towards taking part in the work, that Pharmacopæia as well as the United States

and until the appearance of our article in the March Pharmacopæia is recognized under the Dominion Adulteration Act. Under the Pharmacy Acts the

issue the matter seemed to have been entirely forB. P. is recognized, but U. S. P. preparations are in gotten. Now that the work of compilation has been Canada more frequently prescribed than British, finished we hope that the honor of Canadian pharand in Quebec French Codex preparations are often

macy has been redeemed from the suggestion of ordered. The following are the additions recommended by Prof. Morrison :

apathy, and we think that the CANADIAN PHARMA

CEUTICAL J., URNAL can take the credit for having (Here follow the suggested additions) We hope that these suggestions of Professor Morrison will receive attention by Canadian pharmacists, because so far they have been exceedingly apathetic

THE WABASH RAILROAD. in regard to the proposed Imperial Pharmacopoeia, and Canada, as our oldest se.tlement, should surely take a leading part in the work.

With its superb and magnificent train service, is And also by a letter from Prof. Atifield, addressed now acknowledged to be the most perfect railway to Dr. Adami of Montreal, in which he endorsed the system in America

The great winter tourist route suggestions made by us. We might state that we to the south and west, including the famous Hot made no pretense of writing in behall of the Quebec Springs, Arkansas, Old Mexico, the Egypt of the Association, but simply as a pharmacist interested in new world, Texas and California, the land of sunthe work. Proofs of the article were shown to Dr.

shine and flowers. Passengers going by the Wabash, A. D. Blackader, Prof. of Pharmacology, McGill

reach their destination in advance of other routes. University, and on his suggestion and that of Prof. Wabash trains reach more large cities, than any Adami a comunittee was named to superintend the

other railroad in the world. Detailed information work of preparing the Canadian Addendum, and the will be cheerfully furnished by any railroad agent, or editor of this JOURNAL was asked to undertake the J, A. Richardson, District Passenger Agent, Northpractical work in connection therewith, his list being east corner of King and Yonge Streets, Toronto, in the opinion of those interested, sufficiently com- and St. Thomas, Ont. plete. The work of preparing the formulie and making the preparations for exhibition to the committee was duly carried out in the laboratory of

Robert Gibson & Co., Limited. Messrs. Lyman Sons & Co. of Montreal. Samples and full descriptions of the processes used, ready for This firm has merited and secured a world wide transmission to Prof. Attfield, were presented at the reputation for excellence of manufacture and flavor meeting of the committee, held on April 21st, and in Confections and Lozenges, and when they have an with a few deletions were accepted, and copies were announcement to make it is worth the while of every ordered to be sent to the presidents of all the medi- druggist to read what they say. Money is what we cal and pharmaceutical associations of Canada for are working for and druggists in handling only the criticism. As soon as replies will have been received, best are bound to make money. Not the least nothe work of comparison and arrangement will be ticcable feature of their preparations is the clean and completed, and the finished copy forwarded to the attractive style of package used; the last addition to General Medical Council.

their long list is no exception. The enamelled and The Montreal Committee is composed of Dr.

decorated tin in which their “Linseed Liquorice and Blackader, of McGill University, Dr. Hernieu, of

Chlorodyne Cough Lozenges” are shipped will be Laval, Dr. Wilson, of Bishop's, Dr. Gordon Camp- an attractive addition to a druggist's stock, besides bell

, W. H. Chapman, president of the Montreal which he will add a good selling commodity which College of Pharmacy; R. W Williams, president of has already become popular where introduced. Read the Pharmaceutical Association of the Province of the ad. on page 446 this issue.

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One of the best wrinkles we have seen yet to

British pharmacists are discussing the new poison enable one to distinguish poison containers is one re

regulations issued by the Pharmaceutical Society, commended by a correspondent of the Chemist

which, having been sanctioned by the Privy Council, Druggist. It consists of applying varnish in strips

are now law. Some are in favor, while others oband while still dry powdering on silver sand, which as the varnish dries is held firmly on the bottle, and

jected to them as being useless, burdensome, and inimmediately gives notice as soon as it is touched of

sulting to the ability of pharınacists to look after

their stocks. One result has been the bringing out the poisonous nature of the contents.

of innumerable devices for the prevention of acci

dents, as shown by the pages of the Chemist Eve The labors of one of American pharmacy's best Druggist and other English journals. friends have been appreciated and fittin:ly recognized by the members of the craft who have profited by these labors.

The Pharmacists of Great Britain are learning by Dr George F. Payne, of Atlanta, Ga.. has been presented with a handsome diamond stud

bitter experience the lesson which was forced home by the pharmacists of the U. S. navy.

on Ontario pharmacists a few years ago.

The AssoIt was due to his untiring efforts as chairman of the A. Ph. A.

ciation in England has been endeavoring for some special committee, that they secured the proper re

years to amend the Pharmacy Act. The Lord cognition of rank and pay for services.

Chancellor asked the Association for a "draft Phar-
macy Act.” To this request they responded but fell

into the error, committed by our own council some The questions given at the recent Quebec Associa

years ago, of asking for too much. By this means tion examinations were not very complicated or diffi

they placed themselves practically “out of court" cult to answer, still a large percentage of the students

and now the Lord Chancellor comes in with a bill,
which, if passed, will entirely destroy the value of a

degree in pharmacy, by conferring the title of By the way, where did the pharmacy examiner chemist and druggist on any and every person or buy his burettes which measured 14.035 ccs. of deci

company who may have money enough to open a normal sulphuric acid? We have seen burettes grad- shop and hire a qualified assistant to manage it. uated to 1/10 cc., but to 1/1000 cc. is beyond us. Another question. Who is the authority that 95% alcohol has a specific gravity of .82g? All the A new and effective vermin exterminator has been tables at our disposal are unanimous in giving the devised by a farmer living near the town of Zurich, strength of .820 alcohol as .94%, but perhaps they Ont. The following despatch describes the agent are all wrong. We also notice that officinale is still and mode of application, as also the results realized. given as the French translation of official, although The principal feature of the incident is the amount in conversation a few days ago with a prominent of “fool in the head” possessed by the man, and the French Canadian physician, a professor of Laval effectiveness of his treatment. University, we noticed that he used the word officiel, Zurich, April 17.—Daniel Henofer, a farmer, liv. not officinale, when speaking of what we call official ing near this place, tried a trick which will likely

teach him a lesson. preparations.

It appears that his cattle for

some time past have been bothered with lice. Last We do not think that questions on the 1885 phar- night he tried how coal oil would work on them. macopoeia should have been admitted, particularly After thoroughly saturating a heifer with the fluid, in the minor. None of the minor students have he applied a match to the animal, and the oil ignited studied it since the '97 edition came into force, and, immediately, burning several other head of cattle, as one of them remarked, they have tried to forget also the barn, with its contents. The loss is heavy; all they knew of it, in order not to get the two con no insurance. Mr. Henofer was badly burned, but founded.

will recover.

failed to pass.

1

The

Elliot & Co., Ltd

TORONTO.

OUR DRUG FRIENDS will find in our “Handbook of Specialties” a list of pharmaceutical preparations in every day use at terms which will enable them to successfully compete for the custom of physicians, of whom an alarmingly large number are purchasing their drugs and chemicals from Physicians'Supply Houses. Our discount being large a liberal discount can be made to the medical men. Prices count.

We believe it to be detrimental to our customers' interest to request physicians to specify any particular manufacture when writing prescriptions. The druggist can be depended upon to supply reliable medicines and selection should be entrusted to him in most cases. Doctors can be brought to see it so. Quality is paramount, and we confidently invite an examination of our products, upon which conscientious care has been expended. Extra lists will be gladly furnished.

Fluid Extracts, Syrups,
Elixirs,

Pills,

Tinctures,
Wines, &c.

ELLIOT'S CONCENTRATED

LIME JUICE

Being a First-class West Ir dian product, refined and bottled on our own premises,

we certify the excellence of these goods. Appolinaris “Pints" $..60 doz. Whiskey “Quarts” $3.80 doz.

LIME JUICE CORDIAL $2 00 and $4 25

per dozen.

Squire's Companion,
Archer's Fountain Shaving Brush,
Archer's Tooth Paste,
Hay's Hair Health, and Soap,
Hoflrau,

Vapo Cresoline,
Baker's Hot Springs Bath Soap,
Baker's Thymo-Lysterive Shaving Soap,
Breathlets,
Norwegian C. L. Oil, 1899.

HIRE'S ROOT BEER GRAPE SALINE is an excellent FRUIT SALT in which

price, qualiiy and quantity combine to make it a desideratum. When you sell a bottle of GRAPE SALINE you give your customer eminent satisfaction and make a good bargain for yourself. Our present experience goes to show that one bottle sells another. The new style in blue waxed paper does not soil or fade.

Price $1 80 Dozen. Prompt Shipment a Specialty.

Special care given to Letter Orders.

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