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The originals of these two declarations were handed to Dr, Troy, and afterwards to Lord Fingal, by Marquis Cornwallis, His Excellency desired they should be discreetly communicated to the Bishops and principal Catholics, but not inserted in the newspapers. They appeared, nevertheless, in the English prints soon afterwards, and were copied into the Irish papers."
Under circumstances such as these, is it surprising that the Catholics should now feel that faith has been broken with them by the Government of England ? Mr. Pitt, so long ago as in Lord Westmorland's administration, had made no hesitation to say, in such a manner that his sentiments might be known to the Catholics, that he would not risk a rebellion by withholding emancipation. án 1795, he sent Lord Fitzwilliam to Ireland, to carry this measure 'into effect; and, in 1799, he held forth, in language not to be misunderstood, this measure, as the reward which he would give the Catholics for their support to the union. At this time he had governed England for fourteen years, he was supported by great majorities in Parliament, and he possessed the unbounded confia dence of the King, and of the people. What other construction, then, could his language on the union bear among the Catholics, than that of a positive engagement on the part of England to give them emancipation, provided they gave the union, in the first instance, their support? No one can say that they formed their expectations that this measure would be conecded to them without good grounds for doing so; and there being good grounds, no correct moralist can maintain that England made no such engagement,
Having now traced the history of the penal laws and the Catholics, from the treaty of Limerick down to the union, it remains only to make a conclusion of this work, by collecting the several inferences which may be drawn from the facts contained in it.
In the first place, the Catholics have to complain of three distinct breaches of faith by the Government of England. 1st. In the violation of the treaty of Limerick; 2d. In the recall of Lord Fitzwilliam ; and, 3d. In the treatment which they have received since the union. i Şecondly, They have to complain of having endured a greater share of insult and of oppression than it ever was the lot of any other people in any other country to be exposed to.
Thirdly, They have it in their power to repel all those charges which have been made against them for being disloyal to the House of Brunswick : 1st, By their conduct in 1715; 2dly, By their conduct in 1745; 3dly, By their conduct during the American war; and, lastly, By their conduct in 1798. · Fourthly, They have it in their power to show that their clergy have, at all times, inculcated sound doctrines of morality, of peace
and submission to the Government, and of brotherly affection for their Protestant fellow-countrymen.
Fifthly, They can prove that their religious principles have been wholly misunderstood, and that these principles are not in any degree repugnant to their duty as loyal subjects.
Sixthly, This very important inference may be drawn from what has already been stated, namely, “ that for a long period of time, there has prevailed amongst the Protestants of Ireland a very general inclination to concede to the Catholics a participation with them in constitutional privileges.
And, lastly, when we consider the effects, direct and collateral, of such a penal code as has existed in Ireland, it is not too much to say, that it may be laid down as incontrovertibly proved, that to the penal code it is, England has to look as the source of all alarm she now entertains for the safety of Ireland ; and to England Ireland has to look for the cause of all the misery and degradation which, at this day even, peculiarly mark her character among the nations of the world.
The Roman numerals refer to the vol. and the Arabic to the page.
ARM5, Catholics deprived of the use of xx; 201, 437, 447
admitted to be xxi, 99
to the Inhabitants of Cork *x, 447
to the King, 1774 xx, 456
- to the King, 1793 xxi, 112
admitted to be xxi, 99
- Laws in force against them in 1697 xx, 200
Catholic Clergy, Conduct of, in 1745 xx, 440
Exhortation of, in 1757 xx, 441
- Conduct of, in 1798 xxi, 127.
of 1792 xx, 443
--- admitted xx, 462. xxi, 99 Elections, Catholics not to vote at xx, 205, 435, 437
Catholics to vote at xxi, 105
- Recall of xxi, 124
- Converted xx, 433
-- Registering of xx, 434, 462 Popery, Act to prevent xx, 204
to discharge persons from penalties of xx, 436 Property xx, 204, 461, 462. xxi, 105 Penal Laws, Effect of xx, 451
-- Repeal of some of the xx, 463
-- Still in force xxi, 111
1791 xx, 466
1793 xxi, 101
admitted to be xxi, 99 .
TO THE REV. P. ELMSLEY, A.M.
IN ANSWER TO THE APPEAL
MADE TO PROFESSOR SANDFORD,
AS UMPIRE BETWEEN THE
UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD
- THE EDINBURGH REVIEW.
BY D. K. SANDFORD, ESQ.
PROFESSOR OF GREEK IN THE UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW.
Leonato to Dogberry. .
Much ado about Nothing.
Merchant of Venice. “ The Man's a Monk, and Monk-like has dreamed, to get a little moneygive him a hundred shillings, that he may not think he has been dreaming for nothing."
I ADDRESS this letter to you, as by far the most eminent scholar whom the University of Oxford at present numbers on her lists; as one, whose name stands high with the world in general for literature and genius; and whose aid, wherever it can be serviceable, will not be refused to a fellow-laborer in the cause of Classical Education. The appeal that has been made to me, by the anonymous assailant of the Edinburgh Review, in behalf of the open Colleges of Oxford, has placed me in rather an awkward predicament. With every wish and intention to act as an upright Judge, the consciousness, that a question so important must now be finally determined by my decision, makes me shrink a little from the responsibility imposed by the appellant. I am anxious, therefore, to associate some one with me in my office of Arbiter, and I see none, whom I can invite to be my assessor on the Bench, with greater propriety than yourself.
In calling upon me as an Oxford man, and considering me as much connected with that University as with Edinburgh, the Champion of the open Colleges has exaggerated my claims to the character which he has chosen to assign to me. Except that I suppose my name to be still on the books of Christ Church; that I shall probably graduate as a Master; and that I made the University, for upwards of 3 years, the scene of studies, which, for all the assistance I received in them, might as well have been conducted at Jerusalem ; I have no title to these fraternal hugs. Such is the full extent of my connexion with Oxford, which was my temporary residence, but never my home. I carried with me