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nown to the so many dangersm, but the Divine
themselves by flight are comparatively few; those who already have reached the Continent, and those immediately expected, are the only ones saved ; all the others you may reckon 'among the dead or the captive. Those even who have escaped from the Turks, must soon fall a prey to famine, as they are lurking about the mountains, without food or raiment. How we have escaped we hardly know, it seems like a dream, but the Divine Providence assisted us, having so many dangers to encounter, and being so well known to the Turkish inhabitants of Scio, it was only changing clothes, and being accompanied by the Austrian Consul, that saved us. Together we traversed the city, or rather hell, for the whole of the way was strewed with dead bodies of men and carcases of animals.
The walls of our beautiful houses built with black Trojan marble alone remained, and in them were seen figures of women and children, pale, wan, and emaciated, waiting in morbid despair till they should be transported as slaves on board the Turkish vessels. Methinks their cries, sighs, and lamentations, are still in our ears, as they implored the Consul, for the love of Heaven, to take compassion on them, not to deliver them into the hands of their worst foes, not to leave them in the power of those who would force them to embrace the Mahometan Faith. - Oh! how agonising were our feelings then ! But, alas ! what could be done to save them? It was thus through. scenes harrowing to the soul thatwe at last reached the ship, that was to convey us to Smyrna: yet, as if our cup of affliction and danger was not yet full, we unexpectedly found on board this vessel thirty-four young women of the heads of families, on their way to Constantinople, by way of Smyrna, sent thither by the Pasha, as presents to the Grand Seigniór.-Many of them we were personally known to; the least sign of recognition on their part would have immediately discovered us to their Turkish guard, and our lives would have been forfeited; it was with the greatest difficulty we veiled our features from observation, keeping all the day below decks, and only for a few hours in the night breathing the fresh air on deck; at last we reached Smyrna, were immediately transported on board the Austrian ship, and finally arrived here. But what tongue can utter the perils and dangers of every kind we have been exposed to ? 'Tis God, and God alone that can give aid and conso- · lation to this humiliated persecuted race of beings; those that are gone to another life are the most happy; it is the enslaved survivers that claim our pity. These are, my dear friend, the gloomy accounts that the above esteemed friends gave me. I have heard, and now tell you with a bleeding heart and a tear-fraught eye, that my poor father and uncle were among the hostages. Oh! God, what a blow! A vessel has just arrived from Constantino
sign of recognitip Turkish guaratest difficulty low decks, andker at
er des be
vation the breathing iately when espor
somon to this humod, and Gorgers of every home
ple, giving us the advice of the execution there of ten hostages; will this never have an end! I really.can write no more, I feel so sick at heart. Adieu !
A Letter in the French papers, from a young Greek at Smyrna, dated the 19th of May, gives some additional particulars respecting this dire event. The writer calculates that forty thousand individuals have either been murdered or sold to slavery. He says:
Throughout the opulent Scio, only fifteen houses are standing, containing our mothers, our sisters, our daughters, reduced to the most dreadful slavery. There the monsters profane every thing to gratify their rage and their passions, and often the virgins whom they have sullied by their embraces, receive from themselves the death which they wish for. All the chateaus which rendered our Island the most agreeable in the Mediterranean, our Academy, the Library, the superb Edifices of Saint Anaigiroso, Saint Victor, the Apostles, eighty-six Churches, and upwards of forty Villages, have been consumed by the flames.
The ferocious incendiaries then scoured the mountains, and the forests, and they are now at the twenty-fourth Village of Mastic. These tigers, a thousand times more cruel than those of the forest, have vented that whatred upon the dead which they bear to the living. They opened the tombs, and threw into the streets the bones of our fathers, and the corpses of their own victims were dragged by the feet through the brooks. Every day women of the first families in the Island are exposed to sale in the public mar. kets ; articles of great value, such as the sacred vases of the Greek and Catholic Churches, and the habiliments of the Priests, are by these wretches sold at a vile price.
THE REV. T. S. HUGHES,
FELLOW OF EMMANUEL COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE, .
By EDMUND HENRY BARKER, Esq.
OF THETFORD, NORFOLK;.
OCCASIONED BY THE PERUSAL OF THE
“ ADDRESS TO THE PEOPLE OF ENGLAND IN
THE CAUSE OF THE GREEKS.”
SECOND EDITION WITH ADDITIONS.
« Woods, that wave o'er Delphi's steep,
Isles, that crown th' Ægean deep,
DEAR SIR, I YESTERDAY read in a provincial Newspaper some extracts from your eloquent and powerful “ Address to the people of England in the cause of the Greeks," and I have the greatest possible satisfaction in devoting, to a serious consideration of the topics suggested to my mind by the perusal of it, the Sabbath—“A day, which," as Gilpin says, “is truly honorable in our eyes, and marked as a season of sacred delights."
1. I am not in the number of those, who have contemplated with " apathy" the present struggle of the Greeks for national existence and national independence; but I proudly reflect that I have, from its first commencement, felt the deep importance of it, both in a religious and in a political point of view; and, so far as my slender intercourse with the world permits, I have endeavoured to infuse into all, with whom I have conversed, the same ardor, which animates my own bosom in this most interesting and most righteous cause.
2. I perfectly agree with you that the repeated massacres in Smyrna, Salonica, Constantinople, and other great Cities of the Turkish Empire, " affix almost as deep disgrace on the Christian States, which have permitted them, as on the barbarians, by whom they have been perpetrated ;” and I feel most strongly that for a Christian Government to leave such crimes « unwhipped of justice” is to make a large, grievous, fearful, portentous addition to the too black catalogue of national sins. To avenge atrocities like these, I should have thought that in the present enlightened age “ ten thousand swords would leap from their scabbards."
3. It has been remarked in a Sermon, which was delivered by Bishop Shipley before the Society for Propagating the Gospel in Foreign Parts, and which a competent judge has pronounced to be the most finished composition in the English language, “ that the preaching of the Gospel has been of small efficacy amongst the Indians, The sagacity, for which they are remarkable, seems to be of a partial kind, and to partake more of instinct than of reason. They cau employ great art to obtain their ends, to procure what they desire, or to gain a superiority over an enemy; but their passions and habits proceeding always in one narrow track, they have neither relish nor disceryment for the clearest truths, to which they have not been accustomed. After showing the greatest address and courage in subduing or surprising an enemy, they cannot comprehend that it would be generous not to torture him, and that it would be wise to give such treatment, as they would wish to receive. They have besides an untameable savage spirit, which 'has refused to hear the voice of instruction, which has obstinately rejected the arts and improvements of the Europeans, and has hitherto only adopted the most beastly of their vices. For these reasons, though we ought not to remit our endeavours, yet I fear we have little reason to hope for their conversion, till some great change in their manners has made them abandon their savage vagrant life, and prepared them for the discipline of law and religion.” (Bp. Shipley's Works, vol. ii. p. 297.) Now, dear sir, if with these inauspicious omens, the respectable individuals, who constitute the Bible Society, have at an enormous expense deemed it to be their duty largely to disseminate copies of the sacred volume among the unconverted heathens, will not “ their heart burn within them” at the more glorious and "goodly prospect” of rescuing their fellow Christians, the Greeks, from the direst cruelty and oppression, which has ever been endured by afflicted humanity- will they not lavish their treasures and lend every means in their power to promote “a consummation most devoutly to be wished for”-will they not perceive the far weightier obligation of redeeming the Christian slave, than of enlightening the free-born heathen ? . 4. The Bill for the Admission of Catholic Peers into the House of Lords did not fail to excite the strongest interest in the minds of the Bishops ; and shall it be said—will posterity credit the fact that matters of such little moment, (considering the very small number of the Peers, who would have been benefitted by the passing of that Bill,) could stir up their zeal into vigorous action, but that, when a Christian population of seven million souls are fighting not' more for political existence, for the blessings of civil and religious liberty, for national independence, than for life itself on the very soil, which gave birth to them, " a soil filled with the monuments of freedom, enriched with the blood of its defenders, the sepulchre of their fathers," (Robert Hall's Sentiments,