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School Apparatus.--The facilities which the Department, through the liberality of the Legislature, has been enabled to offer to School Trustees for procuring apparatus, diagrams, and maps for their schools, have induced Trustees freely to avail themselves of the privilege, and to furnish their schools with these articles. The proper use and careful preservation of the apparatus have, therefore, become important matters of school economy. In the chapter devoted to this subject will be found embodied, it is believed, the result of much practical experience and intelligent discrimination.

Physical Training.-To this chapter we have devoted a large space, and illustrated it with a great variety of engravings. The importance of this branch of education is more and more felt every day. In Europe, especially, it has long held a' prominent place in school discipline and instruction. In the Normal and Model Schools, Toronto, it has always formed an attractive and valuable feature in the ordinary exercises of these Institutions.

School Discipline.---To aid the teacher in the discharge of this, perhaps the most delicate and difficult part of his duty, we have sought to make such a selection of authorities as will render the exercise of school discipline more certain and easy. The suggestions and advice of the best educators on this subject may, however, be summed up in these three words: kindness, firmness, and patience.

Teaching.--Effective teaching is a great art; and where the gift is not a natural endowment, it can only be acquired by diligent labor and by consulting the best authorities. To aid in the acquisition of this most essential qualification, we have inserted a separate article on the teaching of each of the various elementary branches of learning. The whole will be found valuable for reference.

Inspection of Schools. The frequent change of Local Superintendents seemed to render it desirable that the suggestions of the Chief Superintendent of Education on this subject should be arranged in a convenient and accessible shape for these officers; they have, therefore, been embodied in the work, together with the suggestions of the head master of the Normal School, (who is himself an experienced Inspector.) These papers give also unity and completeness to a compilation designed to form a convenient book of reference on various subjects relating to the discipline and economy of the schools.

Selections for School Recitations. This feature of the work has been added to meet a want much felt in many of the schools. Too frequently the master, --anxious to give variety and interest to the routine duties of the week, and to cultivate a taste for correct speaking and recitation, -has had no choice but to select either inappropriate pieces, which possessed no interest for the pupil, or those which, otherwise beautiful in imagery and eloquent in language, embodied political sentiments and opinions, the very reverse of those which should be imbibed by young Canadians who, otherwise, should be taught to love and venerate that great fatherland, whose annals are so rich in heroic incident and noble achievement. To aid the teacher in his selection for these exercises, we hè ve inserted a threefold series of extracts in prose and verse. In performing tl is duty we have sought to give a Canadian and national cast to the entire series. We have also had in view the various ages and capacities of the pupils. Short

pieces have been added for the younger pupils; and we have even ventured to insert, towards the close, a few pieces of poetry designed exclusively for girls, where the mistress of a school may wish to cultivate the taste of her pupils in this particular.

The first series of the extracts is taken entire from various Canadian speeches and addresses, which have appeared from time to time in the Journal of Education and other papers. The selection would have been more varied had the editor been able to procure additional materials. The names of the chief speakers,* from whose addresses extracts are made, and the local interest which naturally attaches to the speeches themselves, independent of their intrinsic merit and the forcible and eloquent language employed, are a sufficient guarantee that this feature of the work will prove highly attractive and popular in the schools. The editor has to apologise for the insertion, at the close of the first series, of two extracts from an address prepared by himself, added simply with the view further to enlist the sympathies of the pupils in the prosperity and success of our national school system.

The second series consists of extractz from recent speeches and addresses by various statesmen in England and other persons.

The third series includes a selection of poetry which has appeared in successive volumes of the Journal of Education. A few additional pieces have been added, as well to afford sufficient variety as to embrace in the selection, as far as possible, extracts from the standard poets in our language.

The editor acknowledges many imperfections in this compilation, owing to the interference of other duties. The work has by degrees grown upon his hands, and has exceeded the original limits assigned to it; but it was thought desirable to omit nothing materially affecting our school economy and discipline, which might prove useful or suggestive either to trustee, teacher, or local superintendent, in the prosecution of the great work in which we are all so deeply engaged, and on the successful accomplishment of which, under the Divine blessing, our prosperity and advancement as a people so largely depends.

January, 1858.

* Lord Elgin, Sir J. B. Robinson, Rev. Dr. M'Caul, Rev. Dr. Ryerson, Hon. W. H. Blake, Dr. Dawson and the Rev. Wm. Ormiston, A.M.

CONTENTS.

Prefatory Note ..

iii

SCHOOL ARCHITECTURE.

Part I. 1. The Educational Department, U.C. (6 engravings)

5

2. Plans for Grammar, Union, or Superior Common Schools (11 plans, 37 engravings) 10

IL Plans for Primary Schools in Villages and Rural Sections (10 plans, 23

engravings) ...

38

III. School Sites, Grounds, Trees, Shrubberies, &c, (4 engravings) ........ 56

“ IV. Interior of the School-House:

1. Heating and Ventilation (5 engravings).....

62

2. School Furniture, Seating, &c.(19 engravings).

SCHOOL ECONOMY AND DISCIPLINE.

V. School Apparatus, with Directions for its Selection, Use, and

Preservation (2 engravings) ..

84

1. Clock, Time-Table, Bell, Register, Thermometer.

86

2. Slate, Tablet and Object' Lessons, Drawing, Blackboard, &c..:

87

3. Maps, Diagrams, Pointers, Globes, Tellurian, Orrery (7 engravings);

88

4. Arithmetical Tables, Numeral Frames, Forms and Solids (3 engravings.). 91

5. Mechanical Powers, Electrical Apparatus (11 engravings).::

92

6. Apparatus for Pneumatics, Physiology, Optics (13 engravings).

93

7. Miscellaneous Remarks..

96

« VI. Exterior of the School House.-Gymnastics and Calisthenics....... 98

1. Introductory remarks.

2. Sketch of the Athletic Games of the Ancients (19 engravings).

99

3. Skeleton Illustrations of Gymnastics (91 engravings).

107

4. Simple Gymnastics for School Boys (13 engravings).

116

5. Calisthenics for School Girls (3 engravings)..

119

6. Gymnastics as a Branch of Education....

121

* VII. The School Room, Its Discipline and Management..

128

1. Reprove Gently-Introductory....

128

2. The Theory of School Government Analysed.

129

3. Objections to Corporal Punishment in School considered

131

4. School Jurisprudence-The Old Schoolmaster's Story...

134

5. Civility and Refinement in School

135

6. Advice to a Young Teacher....

136

7. General Rules and Principles for Teachers and Pupils..

137

8. Best Means of obtaining Order in a School..

139

9. Rules for Home Education.....

140

« VIII. The Teacher and his Duties:

1. Hints on Spelling, Reading, and Recitation...

141

2. Practical Hints on Teaching Pupils to Read..

141

3. Hinta how to Teach Writing...

143

4. Suggestions on the Mode of Teaching Arithmetic.

144

5. Mental Arithmetic--Best means of Teaching it, by Mr. J. H. Sangster, 146

6. Teaching Geography and History, by Mr. J. G. Hodgins...

148

7. Farther Hints on Teaching Geography..

148

8. Vocal Music in Schools---How Taught in Germany.

150

9. The Study of Botany...

151

10. Natural Bistory as a Branch of Elementary Instruction,

153

11. Methods of giving Lessons on Objects..

154

12. How to Teach Children....

156

TAGS

13. Suggestions to Teachers on the Duties of their Profession, by the Chief

Superintendent of Education for Upper Canada......

" IX. Hlnts ca the Duties of Local Superintendent, by the Chief Snperin-

tendent:

1. The Inspection of Schools.....

158

2. Annual School Lectures...

159

3. Spirit of the Law in regard to the Office of Local Superintendent

160

X. Hints on the Supervision and Inspection of Schools, by the head

Master of the Normal School.......

161

SELECTIONS FOR PUBLIC RECITATION IN SCHOOLS.

** XI. Part 1.-Extracts frona Canadian Speeches and Addresses :

1. The Religious Principles of our Public School System, by the Earl of Elgin 165

2. Valedictory at Spencer Wood, Quebec, by the same..

.... 166

8. The Monarchical Principle in Canada, by the Hon. Sir J. B. Robinson, Bart.. 166

4. The Progress of British America, by the same...

167

5. Cultivation of the Moral and Intellectual Faculties, the true source of National

Greatness, by the Hon. W. H. Blake...

168

6. The Diffusion of Education in Canada, by the Rev. Dr. McCaul.

168

7. Success in its highest Sepse-a Proof of True Greatness, by the same.

... 169

8. Canadian Prosperity, a Cause of thankfulness-a Rallying Point, by the same. 170

9. Canadian Patriotism, the Lever of Canadian Greatness, by the Rev. Dr.

Ryerson ...

171

10. The True Elements of Social Advancement in Canada, by the same

172

11. The Great Value of Inventions and Discoveries, by the same..

172

12. The Duties of Educated Men in Canada, by J. W. Dawson, Esq., LL.D..... 174

13. Young Men of Canada, the Hope of the Country, by the Rev. William

Ormiston, M.A.

174

14. Home and the Domestic Affections, by the Rev. Mr. Johnston, Ottawa..... 175

15. Loyalty to to the Queen, by the Hon. William Young of Nova Scotia 176

16. The United Empire Loyalists, from the Tornto Globe.....

176

17. The Stability of our Educational System, by Mr. J. George Hodgins 178

18. Our Educational Future and Responsibilities, by the same

178

« XI. Part II.--English and Miscellaneous Addresses :

1. Science and Social Progress, by His Royal Ilighness Prince Albert ....... 179

2. The Rise and Fall of Nations, by Lord John Russell ...

180

3. Developement of the Intellectual Qualities and Moral Feelings, by Lord

Palmerston....

181

4. Practical Value of a complete and Rational Education, by Lord Stanley... 182

5. St. Paul at the Acropolis of Athens, by the Earl of Carlisle..

183

6. The Greek and Latin Authors compared, by Sir E. B. Lytton, Bart.

84

7. The Triumphs of Knowledge- Anonymous.

185

8. Science and Art, by Dr. Waterbury.

186

9. Libraries and Study, by Thomas Davis, Esq.

186

10. The Poetry of the Steam Engine---Anonymous..

187

11. The Bible, the Best of Books

(1) From the Boston Anglo Saxon

187

(2) By the Rev. George Gilfillan ..

188

(3) By the Rev. Dr. Spring...

189

12. Milton and his Poetry, by the Rev. R. Turnbull.

190

18. Union of Religion, Science, and Literature in Eminent Characters, by the

Rev. George Gilfillan .

190

14. The Memories of Great Men--Anonymous.

191

15. The Memory of the Dead--Anonymous..

192

16, The Sainted Dend, by the Rev. Mr. Harba:gh.

193

17. The Sea, the Largest of all Cemeteries---Anonymous.

198

18. The Fall of the Leaf--Anonymous.

193

19. Beautiful Autuian, by Washington Irving.

194

XI. Part III.--Miscellaneous Poetry:

1. The Alma River, by the Very Rev. Dr. Trench.....

194

2. The East India Massacres, by the same..

195

3. The Islesman of the West-Dublin University Magazine

196

4. The Spanish Armada, by Lord Macaulay.....

198

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