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Isaac I. Hayes' Arctic Boat Journey in the party, who, leaving the “Advance” and the rest Autumn of 1854 (Boston, 1860, 1867) records of her company, made an unsuccessful attempt the experiences of a portion of Dr. Kane's to reach Upernavik in Upper Greenland.

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Hayes, Hall, and Nares, 1853–1876. Written by himself. Translated from the Eskimo language by Henry Rink. Edited by George Stephens (Lond., 1878). The book is said to be the unaided production of this famous Arctic companion of Kane and his successors.

NOTE. — The map opposite is from Osborn's Discovery of a Northwest Passage (Edinb., 1865), involving McClure's discoveries, and corrected to 1859 by Osborn. There is in Osborn's Stray Leaves a map showing the track of the “ Pioneer" in 1851-52.

• After map in Dr. Hayes' Arctic Boat Journey (Boston, 1868).

Dr. John Rae, in behalf of the Hudson Bay the Arctic and Antarctic Seas, ... and of an Company, journeyed to Castor and Pollux River open-boat expedition in search of Sir John Frank. in 1853-54, and got some tidings of a part of the lin, under command of the author (London, Franklin party, and his Proceedings were pub- 1884, in 2 vols.). M'Cormick had earlier served lished by the Admiralty in 1855. Cf. Rae's under Parry in 1827, in his attempts to reach Voyages and Travels in Arctic Regions (London, the north pole by the Spitzbergen route. The 1856).

boat expedition is followed in his second volRobt. M'Cormick’s Voyages of Discovery in

ume.

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P. L. Simond's Sir John Franklin and the expeditions sent by government and others for Arctic Regions (1851-53). The official Papers the rescue of Sir John Franklin (1855). Some relative to the Arctic Expedition in search of Sir * Eskimo reports respecting Sir John Franklin's John Franklin (London, 1854, in 2 vols.). Sir expedition” are examined in the Geographical John Ross's Narrative of the Circumstances and Magazine, Apr., 1878. Causes which led to the failure of the searching

The centre of the chart of the Arctic regions, in Hayes' Arctic Boat Journey (Boston, 1860). Cf. the map in Richardson's Polar Regions (1861).

Intelligence of the fate of the Franklin party Narrative of the Discovery of the Fate of Sir was at last made known in Captain M'Clintock's John Franklin and his Companions (London, Voyage of the Fox' in the Arctic Seas. A 1859, 1860, 1869, 1876; Boston, 1860, 1863).?

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1 Cf. the private journal of an officer of the "Fox,” published in the Cornhill Mag. (Jan., 1860); The Little Fox, the Story of McClintock's Arctic Expedition (London, 1870, 1875); and Sherard Osborn's Career,

• Reduction of a sketch map in M'Clintock's Voyage of the Fox (London, 1859).

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There is a further account of the Eskimo sto- that they had perished; Schwatka recorded it ries already referred to in W. H. Gilder's Schwat- as a fact.” Gilder's book may be supplemented ka's Search (N. Y., 1881), who says of that ex. by Heinrich W. Klutschak's Als Eskimo unter pedition : "It was the first expedition which den Eskimos (Vienna, 1881). The author had established beyond a doubt the loss of the Frank- been the draughtsman of the expedition, and he lin records. M'Clintock recorded an opinion gives an interesting map, “Der Schauplatz der

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CIRCUMPOLAR MAP, SHOWING ATTEMPTS TO REACH THE NORTHERN POLE.*

Franklinischen Katastrophe,” marking the posi- John Phipps's Voyage towards the North Pole, tion of the graves and other spots associated undertaken by his Majesty's command, 1773 (Lonwith the Franklin party.

don, 1774), which is also included in Pinkerton's

L'oyages, vol. i. The admiralty was induced to The modern efforts to reach the Pole as a dis- dispatch Phipps largely through the recommentinct aim began on the side of Spitzbergen in dation of the Royal Society, moved thereto by the voyage recorded in Captain Constantine Daines Barrington, whose somewhat credulous

* Reproduced from A. H. Markham's Northward Ho! (1879).

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