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The papers of Benjamin Lincoln were until lately preserved by his descendants in the Lincoln homestead at Hingham. A portion has been sold within a year or two at auction in Boston. What papers that general had with him, when he was surprised in 1777 in the Jerseys, were then lost.1
Of the Otis papers preserved in the cabinet of the Mass. Hist. Society, the second and third volumes cover the Revolutionary period and pertain to Col. James Otis, the father of the more famous patriot. The papers among them of the better known James Otis are not of great significance, but in the earliest part of the interval there are some letters of James Warren and others, with an occasional touch of the antipathies of the times; while there is something about the military service in the later papers of Brigadier Joseph Otis. Tudor in his Life of James Otis,the patriot, simply tells us that his papers have perished.
John Adams said in 1817: “Mr. Otis, from 1760 to 1770, had correspondence in this province, in New England, in the Middle and Southern colonies, in England and in Scotland. What has become of these letters and answers ?" Again he says that a daughter of Otis told him that “she had not a line from her father's pen; that he had spent much time and had taken great pains to collect together all his letters and other papers, and in one of his unhappy moments committed them all to the flames." 8
The collection gathered by Francis Parkman has been described elsewhere. It consists mainly of copies, and such portion as has already served him in his historical works has been placed by him in the Massachusetts Historical Society, except his collection of manuscript maps, which he joined to the collection in Harvard College library. Such portion as he still retains will ultimately be added to those in the Historical Society.
The papers of Col. Timothy Pickering descended to his son, Octavius Pickering, who wrote from them, mainly, his Life of Timothy Pickering, of which the first volume was published at Boston in 1867, bringing
the story well beyond the close of the war. The author died in Oct., 1868, and subsequently the papers became the property of his son, Henry Pickering, and were committed to the Rev. Charles W. Upham, who published the three additional volumes constituting the completion of the Life. In 1869 Mr. Henry Pickering signified his intention to carry out his father's wish in making his grandfather's papers over to the Mass. Historical Society, when Mr. Upham should have done with them, and in 1874 they were received by that society, bound in sixty-eight volumes.7
Museum of Fine Arts (Mason's Stuart, 211). It has been 6 Mass. Hist. Soc. Proc., 1869, p. 162. copied at different times (Mass. Hist. Soc. Proc., xv. p. 8). 7 The chief use that has been made of them since they A photogravure of what is called the panel likeness of Knox became the property of the society has been by Lodge in is given in Mason's Stuart. Drake gives an engraving of his Cabot, and by Adams in his N. E. Federalism. They a likeness by E. Savage. C. W. Peale's portrait of Knox are said to be the largest mass of Federalist papers open to was engraved by David Edwin. Cf. engravings in the inquirers. C. W. Upham, in preface to vol. ii. of Life of Impartial Hist. of the War ( Boston ed., ji. 218), a vignette, Timothy Pickering, says that only a small portion of the and the likeness given in the illustrated edition of Irving's sixty volumes of the Pickering papers belonging to the Washington, and the Mag. of Amer. Hist., Sept., 1883, Mass. Hist. Society, and of the five volumes retained by p. 174, and Aug., 1886, p. 123.
the family, have been used by his biographers ; adding that The mansion" Montpelier," which Knox built, after the the press copies of his letters as Secretary of State are very war, at Thomaston, Maine, is pictured in Scribner's much faded, and difficult in parts to decipher. The extent Monthly, ix. 616, and in the Mag. of Amer. Hist., Aug., of Col. Pickering's papers which are not in the above 1886, pp. 122, 125, etc., - the last accompanying a paper enumeration exceeded those included; but of this surplus by E. Margaret Lindley. Cf. Miss Thatcher's Seashore most had been retained by the family, though those relating and Prairie, and Williamson's Belfast. An account of the to agriculture had been given to the Essex Agricultural general's wife. Lucy Knox, is in Mrs. Ellet's Women of Society, and others to the Essex Institute. the Rev., vol. i. and iii.
There is a letter-brok (1781) of Col. Pickering preserved 1 Francis Bowen, who wrote the life of Lincoln for in the Pocomtuck Valley Museum at Deerfield, Mass. A Sparks's American Biography, complains that Gordon in considerable mass of his papers as quartermaster-general his History did not use these papers as much as he might was described in the N. Y. Tribune at one time as being have done. There are transcripts of some of them in the in the possession of the Hon. Arad Joy, of Ovid, N. Y. Ai Sparks MSS., no. 57. Cf. J. T. Kirkland's Life of Lin- a later day they were sold by his son, Professor Chas. A. coln in Mass. Hist. Soc. Coll., xiii. 233 (1815); and ante, Joy, to the War Department at Washington, but were lost
sight of until a year or two since, when the attention of the 2 Lecky, iji. 331, calls this a remarkable book, from which Department of State being directed to them, they were he has derived much assistance. Francis Bowen, who fur- found and transferred to the Archives of the latter Departnished the life in Sparks's Amer. Biog., used the papers ment. Mr. Worthington C. Ford describes it to me as “ a which Sparks had gathered from the English Archives. very large collection, but much mutilated by loss and thefi, 3 John Ad 's Works, x. 265, 277.
and almost without arrangement."
It contains numerous 4 Ante, Vols. IV. and V.
orderly-books. 5 Cf G. E. Ellis's memoirs of Upham in Mass. Hist. Soc. At the very beginning of the war (July, 1775) Pickering Proc., xv. 212.
drew up Rules a d Regulations of the Massachusetts
The papers of Com. Edward Preble are in the Mass. Hist. Society.1
The papers gathered by Thomas Prince, constituting a part of his library, are now on deposit in the Boston Public Library, and there is an enumeration of them in the appendix of the printed Catalogue of the Prince Library (Boston, 1870). They consist largely of papers gathered by the Mathers (1632-1689), and Hutchinson says that Prince took from the Mather library the most valuable portion of the papers in that library. They were printed, under the editing of Dr. Chandler Robbins, in the Mass. Hist. Soc. Collections, vol. xxxviii. The Prince collection also contains the papers of the Rev. John Cotton (1632-1680); others called “Cotton and Prince Papers "; those of Thomas Hinckley, governor of Plymouth Colony (1676–1699), which have for the most part been printed in the Mass. Hist. Collections, xxxv., with other minor collections.
The papers of Gen. Rufus Putnam are at Marietta College.?
The letter-book of Edmund Quincy, the father-in-law of John Hancock, is among the Belknap Papers in the cabinet of the Massachusetts Historical Society.3
The papers of Josiah Quincy, Jr., were bequeathed by his grand-daughter, Eliza Susan Quincy, to the Mass. Hist. Soc. (Proceedings, 1884, p. 40). Except a few extracts given by Gordon, these papers had remained unpublished till his son — left an infant of three years, and in later life president of Harvard University fifty years afterwards printed many of them in his Life of Josiah Quincy, Jr. (Boston, 1825),
- a book to which Miss Quincy added an appendix in the edition of 1875.4
The diary and letter-books of Judge Samuel Sewall are owned by the Mass. Historical Society, and have been printed in their Collections, xlv., xlvi., xlvii., li., etc.5
Lodge in his Cabot makes use of the papers of Governor Strong.
The papers of General John Thomas are in the possession of his descendant, William Appleton Thomas, of Kingston, Mass., bound in two volumes. Some use of them has been made in a brief memoir, The Life and Services of Maj.-Gen. John Thomas, by Charles Coffin (New York, 1844). The first volume of the MSS. opens with his commission as surgeon in 1746, but in 1755 he left the medical staff and joined the line officers.
Beside drafts of his own letters in Nova Scotia in 1755, there are others of General John Winslow at Grand Pré, and for the campaigns of 1759-60 there are various letters from Fort Edward, and others of Amherst and Timothy Ruggles. The Revolutionary papers cover the siege of Boston and the later part of the Canada expedition in 1776.6
The papers of Commodore Samuel Tucker are in Harvard College library, -- log-books, instructions, letters, etc. They were used by Shepherd in his Life of Samuel Tucker, and are described in the appendix of Winsor's Calendar of the Sparks Manuscripts.
The papers of General Peleg Wadsworth are not known to exist. It is believed by his family that they were captured with him at Penobscot.
The papers of Samuel Waldo, relating to the French and Indian wars, are in the Mass. Historical Society.
The papers of Gen. James Warren and of his wife, Mrs. Mercy Warren, belong to Mr. Winslow Warren, of Dedham, who has kindly furnished the following particulars: There are 140 letters of John Adams to James and Mercy Warren, between 1773 and 1789, and scattered ones down to 1814, written from Braintree, Philadelphia, and Europe. There is one from Adams to Joseph Warren, which was received after the battle of Bunker Hill, and was delivered to James Warren as the successor of Joseph Warren in the chair of the Provincial Congress. Of this collection of Adams's letters, about twenty were printed by C. F. Adams; and the rest are thought to be unpublished. These 140 letters do not include those showing his part of the epistolary controversy with Mercy Warren, likewise in this collection. Thirty-six letters of Mrs. Adams to Mrs. Warren (1773-1811) are also preserved. From Samuel Adams, between 1771 and 1781, there are 86, of which were printed by Frothingham in his Rise of the Republic, and others were used, not always carefully, by Wells. Those from Washington (9) are dated at Cambridge, Valley Forge, Morristown, and Mount Ver
- a few
Army - Discipline for the Militia, and they were pub- 4 Some of Joseph Reed's letters to Quincy during the lished at Salem and Cambridge (Life of Pickering, i. 85; latter's stay in London are in Reed's Life of yos. Reed, Stevens's Hist. Coll., no. 636; Hist. Mag., i. 60; Thorn- i. 85, etc. Cf. for his character, D. A. Goddard in Mem. ton's Pulpit, 308).
Hist. Boston, iii. 142; Greene's Hist. View Amer. Rev. The usual likeness of Pickering, by Stuart, representing 327; E. S. Quincy in Penna. Mag. of Hist., iii. 182; J. him at a table, holding a pen, is engraved by H. W. Smith Davis in No. Amer. Rev., xxii. 176.
There is an engravin the first volume of his Life, and is also in the National ing of a portrait of him in Memorial Hist. Boston, iii. 37. Portrait Gallery (1834). It was owned in 1890 by Miss 5 Cf. ante, Vol. V. Mary Pratt of Boston; another was owned by Mrs. Thomas 6 There are numerous letters of Gen. Ward, several of Donaldson of Baltimore. His likeness is included among Joseph Warren, Horatio Gates, Richard Devens, James those in Independence Hall. There is a likeness by Lake- Warren, Mercy Warren, Charles Lee, John Hancock, John man (Aug., 1826) in the Essex Institute at Salem. Cf. the Stark, Thomas Miffin, J. M. Varnum, Richard Gridley, picture in J. C. Hamilton's Life of Hamilton, 1879 ed., - all pertaining to the events around Boston. The letters vii. 176.
of Washington at this period are mostly by the hands of his 1 Cf. ante, Vol. VII. 419.
secretaries. Illustrating the campaign on the St. Lawrence Cf. ante, Vol. VI. p. 709.
and Sorel are letters of Philip Schuyler, Benedict Arnold, & Mass. Hist. Soc. Proc., iv. 12, 27, where two of the the Baron de Woedtke, beside others from the Commisletters of March, 1776, are printed. Cf. for letters of 1775 sioners of Congress, Charles Carroll and Samuel Chase. N. E. Hist. Geneal. Reg., xi. 165; xii. 231.
non, and are not published, as is also the case with five from Martha Washington. Other correspondents are John Dickinson (five, 1767–1806), Arthur Lee (fourteen), Elbridge Gerry (nine), James Otis (a single letter while in college), Hancock (addressed to Joseph Warren), Knox, Lincoln, Jefferson, R. H. Lee, John Glover, James Bowdoin, H. G. Otis, James Freeman, etc., – beside the domestic correspondence of Warren and his family, and the original MS. of Mercy Warren's History.
The papers of Joseph Warren were burned in a barn belonging to a kinsman in Greenfield, Mass., and his autograph letters are scarcer than those of most of his contemporaries. Some of them were discovered among the Sam. Adams papers in 1842, and there are several letters in the Gen. Thomas papers. A letter given in 1825, in fac-simile, in The Life of Josiah Quincy, jr., was then thought to be the only one known.
The papers of the Williams family, a prominent family in Western Massachusetts during the period of the French wars, are scattered. Those of Col. William Williams are in the Pittsfield Athenæum ; a journal of Col. Joseph Williams, during the campaign of 1758, is in Harvard College library; and the papers of Col. Israel Williams are in the Mass. Hist. Society. 1
For the earlier periods of New England and Massachusetts history, there is probably in private hands no manuscript collections to be compared for value with those in the possession of the Hon. Robert C. Winthrop
1 Ante, V. 188.
of Boston, where they have finally been gathered, and a large proportion of which, that for a long period were preserved in New London, Conn., were transferred to Boston in 1861. Some of them, which had descended to Mr. Winthrop through his father, were printed in the Mass. Hist. Soc. Coll., xxix. and xxx. The publication from the general mass distinctively called Winthrop Papers has been thus far in five volumes : vols. i. and ii., 1628-1650 (Collections Mass. Hist. Soc., xxxvi., xxxvii.); iii., being those in part used by the first John Winthrop in his Hist. of New England (Collections, xli.); iv., the letters of the second John Winthrop and his relatives to the close of the seventeenth century (Collections, xlviii.); and v., the papers of Fitz-John Winthrop, and other papers connected with him and Joseph Dudley (Collections, liii.). A sixth volume is to contain the papers of Wait Winthrop, and other volumes may follow.
The main body of the Winthrop papers, beside suffering the loss of those already mentioned as coming to the father of R. C. Winthrop, were also diminished at some time by those which were printed by James Savage in the appendix of his edition of John Winthrop's New England, and which are now in the cabinet of the Massachusetts Historical Society; and still further decreased by such as Governor Jonathan Trumbull was allowed to take from them, which now form a portion of the Trumbull papers, and are in part printed in the first volume of the Trumbull Papers (Collections, xlix.).
In addition to all these printed portions of the Winthrop papers other use has been made of the collections, as will be seen in the Life and Letters of John Ilinthrop (Boston, 1864, 1867); in the Mather Papers (Collections, xxxviii.); and in many parts of the Proceedings of the Mass. Hist. Soc., where they have from time to time been communicated by R. C. Winthrop, father and son, in smaller groups, the latest of which being various papers by the Sylvesters of Shelter Island (Proc., Feb., 1889). An account of the manuscript given in the preface and appendix of Winthrop Papers, vol. v., says: “Nearly everything of any historical value down to the death of Governor Winthrop the elder, in 1649, has already appeared, and there is very little worth printing of a later date than 1750; but the manuscripts of the intervening century still exhibit a mass of original material, much of it only partially examined, which cannot fail to repay future study.”
After the death of Gov. Joseph Dudley in 1720, a part of his papers passed into the possession of his daughter, Mrs. John Winthrop, and so got engulfed in the Winthrop papers; and these Dudley papers include some letters of Lord Cutts, the friend and patron of Dudley, which were printed in the Mass. Hist. Soc. Proc., 2d series, ii. 171-198.
Among the minor collections of Revolutionary papers in the cabinet of the Mass. Hist. Society are: some of those of Artemas Ward, 1775-1776; a miscellaneous collection formed by the Rev. Dr. Charles Lowell ; those of Oxenbridge Thacher ; 1 the Boston Port Bill letter-books, 1774-76; and sundry other papers in collections lettered "Miscellaneous Papers, vol. v., 1761-1776;" “ Miscellaneous Papers, 1632-1795;” “Miscellaneous Papers, vol. i., 1777-1780;” “ Papers of Cotton Mather and others, 1702-1792;" 2 the papers of Nathaniel Appleton, the commissioner for Massachusetts of the Continental Loan Office, 1778, etc.
The cabinet of the Mass. Historical Society contains some other earlier collections of papers ; but no good list has as yet been printed. A tentative list is given in their Proceedings, x. 158. Chief among such collections may be named: the Holmes papers, mainly relating to the ecclesiastical history of New England, 1726-1825; the Andrews and Eliot letters, 1720-1810; the Wallcut Papers, 1678–1840; those collected by Jeremy Belknap, 1660-1776, and another collection, 1637-1799 (cf. Proc., X, 323); Winslow papers, 1737-1775 ; Colman letters, 1697–1747 ; Pepperrell papers, mostly of 1745-1746; Col. Israel Williams papers, 1730-1780, — not to name others; beside various miscellaneous collections.
There are various orderly-books in the library of the American Antiquarian Society, a list of which, prepared by Mr. Nathaniel Paine, has been printed in the Proceedings 3 of that society.
There seem to be no papers preserved in the western parts of the State. 4
of the period later than that of the active Federalists, the most conspicuous use has been made of the papers of Daniel Webster. Such as the literary executors did not deem useful for their purpose finally passed from Peter Harvey to the New Hampshire Historical Society, where they now are. The reserved portion was used by Geo, Ticknor Curtis in his Life of Webster, and after that, excepting such portion as passed to Charles P. Greenough of Boston, the collection was burned in New York.
The papers of Edward Everett are in the hands of Dr. William Everett, of Quincy.
1 Given by Miss Quincy in 1882, who supposes them to have come to Josiah Quincy, Jr., in 1765, when Mr. Thacher died, and was succeeded in his law business by Mr. Quincy. A few of them are printed in the society's Proceedings, XX. 46, etc.
2 This collection contains many of the letters of the Committees of Correspondence of Boston and other Massachusetts towns.
3 New series, vol. i. pp. 163-165.
• Professor A. L Perry, of Williamstown, writes to me: “The papers of Joseph Hawley, if they had been preserved, would have been invaluable; but I believe them to have been mostly scattered long ago, for a descendant of
his gave me several stray pieces of no great consequence twenty years since. Not even the papers of Col. John Stoddard were cared for or kept together. Another thing that makes this end of the State barren is the fact that nearly all the great men — the quondam leaders -- were tories, such as Israel Williams, John Worthington, Wil. liam Williams of Pittsfield, Col. Benjamin Simonds, of Williamstown, was the military leader in Berkshire throughout the Revolution. He was colonel of the sole regiment
of the northern regiment till 1781. He commanded the Massachusetts men at Bennington, and the Berkshire men at White Plains."
NEW HAMPSHIRE.- The New Hampshire Historical Society has of late been procuring copies and calendars of papers from the English Public Record Office, illustrating early New Hampshire history. Mr. John Scribner Jenness caused at one time certain transcripts, relating to early New Hampshire history, to be made from the documents in the Public Record Office, and printed them as Transcripts of Original Documents in the English Archives relating to New Hampshire (N. Y., 1876). The book was privately printed, and soon became scarce; and the papers covered the dates 1629-1723. They have of late been reprinted in the New Hampshire State Papers, vol. xvii.
The archives of the province were partly burned in 1736; but the State has printed the essential part of its remaining records in its Provincial Papers, which reach the Revolutionary period in vol. vii. : Documents and Records relating to the Province of New Hampshire from 1704 to 1770, covering the administration of John Wentworth, the last royal governor,2 the correspondence of New Hampshire with the other colonies in organizing the methods of the Revolution,3 and the journals of the early provincial Congresses.* The next volume (viii.) of the series is denominated State Papers, 1776-1783.5 A volume (ix.) is given to the papers relating to Towns, 1038-1784, covering necessarily the local agitations of the Revolution; and then the last, edited by Bouton (vol. x.), gathers up omissions and papers on certain definite subjects, and is called Provincial and State Papers, 1749-1792. It includes much on the great controversy of the New Hampshire Grants, 1749–1791 ; 6 goes over the period of the British attempts to alienate the people of Vermont; gives a brief history of the controversy by Dr. Belknap (pp. 221–228); and finally it presents the letters and orders of the New Hampshire Committee of Safety, 1779-1784 (pp. 501-620). The New Hampshire Historical Society has the MS. records of conventions of the New England States, held at Providence in 1776, at New Haven in 1778, and at Boston in 1780. They are printed in the New Hampshire Hist. Soc. Collections, vol. ix. They print in the same volume the orderly-books of Capt. Daniel Livermore's company, West Point, 1780; and of Adjutant Sylvanus Reed, Rhode Island campaign, 1779.
A supplementary series of Town Papers, Collection of 1880, makes the next three volumes (xi., xii., and xiii.). These were edited by I. W. Hammond between 1882 and 1884, based on twelve MS. volumes in the Archives, so denominated. A further collection was at the same time arranged from the manuscripts, called Indian and French Wars, and Revolutionary Papers, Collection of 1880, extracts from which are printed in vols. xi., xii., and xiii. The Rolls of the Soldiers in the Revolutionary War, 1775 to May, 1777 (1885), which has a few French and Indian war-rolls prefixed (29 pp.), are printed in vol. xiv., and later ones in vols. xv., xvi., and xvii. (1886–1888), also edited by Mr. Hammond. Vol. xvi. has also pension lists, paid prior to 1790. Vol. xvii. contains the Revolutionary war papers of Col. Timothy Bedel ; others from the collection of Mrs. Harry Hibbard; others on Sullivan's Staten Island expedition, 1777 ; papers from the English Archives, 1629-1686, and from the State Archives, 1675-1725, — which last series will be continued to 1800 in vol. xviii., now in press.8
Chas. H. Bell has set forth in an address the part taken by the State in the Revolution.9
The local histories and a few biographies touch the war in its influences upon the life of the people, Cochrane's Antrim ; J. W. Jewett's Barnstead (p. 104); Edward D. Boylston's Hillsborough County Congresses at Amherst (N. H.), 1774 & 1775, with other revolutionary records (Amherst, N. H., 1884); Worces. ter's Hollis (ch. xii., etc.);* C. A. Bemis's Marlboro (ch. iii.); Gould and Kidder's New Ipswich; Grant Powers' Coos Country, 1754-1785; Cogswell's Nottingham, etc.; A. Smith's Peterborough ; Brewster's Portsmouth ; Wm. Bassett's Richmond ; Stearns's Rindge; Runnel's Sanbornton; H. A. Blood's Temple; a Hist, of Washington, N. H., 1768-1886 (Claremont, 1886); Morrison's Windham (ch. vi.), etc.
Beside the biographical memoirs later to be mentioned, there are reminiscences of the Revolution in C. R. Corning's John Fenton (Concord, N. H., 1886) and Mary P. Thompson's Memoir of Judge Ebenezer Thomp son of Durham, N. H. (Concord, 1886, — privately printed).
The principal MS. collections of New Hampshire men are as follows:-
Among the manuscripts collected by Dr. Belknap in New Hampshire, and constituting a portion of the third volume of one of the sets of Belknap papers in the Massachusetts Hist. Society's cabinet, are various papers of the times of the Stamp Act commotion and some of the correspondence of the Sons of Liberty.
-- as in
1 Ed. by Nath. Bouton (Nashua, 1973). See ante, Vol. V. p. 166.
? The autographs of the royal governors are given on pp. 396-398.
Kidder published a history of The First New Hampshire
8 Letter of I. W. Hammond, June, 1889.
s Pp. 250, 329, 353, 381, 456, 475, 488, 498, 512.
4 Pp. 407, 442, 452, 468, etc. The journal of the first Congress is also printed in the Hist. Mag , xiv. 145. There is a volume of selections from the Revolutionary papers in the office of the secretary of state of New Hampshire, in the Sparks MSS., no. xxxv.
5 Ed. by Bouton (Concord, 1874). 6 See further, Vol. V p. 178.
? In the Hist. Mag., xiv. 145, there is a list of the officers of the N. H. regiments during the war. Frederick
9 Hist. Mag., Oct., 1868. Cf. N. E. Hist. and Geneal. Reg., 1870, p. 354, and a paper by E. H. Derby in Ibid., 1877, p. 34. 10 A few of his letters, 1776-1778, are in the Hist. Mag.,
A small portion of his papers is preserved in the library of the “Northern Academy of Arts and Sciences" at Hanover, N. H. A statue of Bartlett was unveiled at Amesbury, Mass., July 4, 1888, with an oration by Robert T. Davis. Cf. Presentation of the Bartlett Statue by Jacob R. Huntington (Newburyport, 1888).