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ii. 191.

viii. 375

596.

ii. 232.

125, 126.

1509. Francisco Pizarro reaches Darien, ii. 506. | 1518. Map of the Pacific, ii. 217. Ojeda at Cartagena, where Cosa is killed, 1519. Enciso's Suma ae geografia, the first

book in Spanish relating to America, where 1510. Diego Alvarez at Bahia, viii. 390.

he gives the first hint of Mexican civilization, Dominican monks reach Hispaniola, ii. 305. i. 173 ; ii. 98, 208. 1510–12. The Lenox globe, ii. 170; iii. 212. Alonso de Pineda on the Florida coast, ij. 1511. Diego Velasquez settles Cuba, ii. 201. 237 ; and names a river, Rio del Espiritu San

The Portuguese reach the Moluccas by to, which is supposed to be the Mississippi, ii. way of the Cape of Good Hope, ii. 441.

292 Ferdinand Columbus maintains the theory Cortés reaches the Yucatan coast, viii. 261; of a westerly passage below South America, the Mexican coast, i. 149; ii. 351 ; and, July

10, writes his first letter about his conquest, ii. The American map in the Ptolemy (Sylva- 402. nus) of this year shows the first instance of Grijalva on the Yucatan coast, viii. 261. type inscription in a woodcut, ii. 122; viii. Panamá founded, ii. 505. 380.

Vera Cruz founded, ii. 356. The Portuguese in Rio de Janeiro bay, ii. Aug. 10. Magellan sails on his famous

voyage, ii. 592. Peter Martyr's earliest publication, i. p. xx ; 1520. The Pompey stone and Spaniards in and map, ii. 109, 232, 283.

New York, iv 434. 1511-17. The Spaniards at Darien receive Theophrastus Paracelsus first advanced

reports of the empire of the Incas, ii. 505. views respecting the plurality of races, insti1512. Sebastian Cabot entered the service of gated by the discovery of new races in AmerSpain, iii. 4.

ica, i. 372. Ponce de Leon empowered to settle Bimini, Oviedo begins his studies of America, ïi.

343. Stobnicza's map, ii. 116; iii, 10, 13.

Map of the Gulf of Mexico, ii. 218.
Feb. 22.
Vespucius dies, ii. 152.

Apian's map, ii. 182, 183. 1512-16. The so-called Da Vinci map, ii. 124, Schöner's globe, ii. 119 ; iii. 214.

Bordone's maps, viii. 382. 1513. Ptolemy map and that known as the De Ayllon sends an expedition to the Atlan

"Admiral's map” (Columbus's), ii. 111; iv. tic coast of Florida, ii. 238, 285. 34.

June 30. Montezuma dies, ii. 368. Oviedo at Panamá, ii. 563.

July 7. Cortés' fight at Otumba, ii. 370. Apr. 2. Ponce de Leon discovered and

Oct. 21.

Magellan entered Magellan's named Florida, ii. 233, 283.

Straits, ii. 604; and Nov. 28 reached the Pa. Sept. 25.

Balboa's discovery of the Pacific, cific, ii. 608. ii. 176; viii. 375.

The Portuguese suspected to have reached Map of the Pacific, 440.

America from the Moluccas, ii. 441. 1514. Cross-staff first described, ii. 98.

Oct. 30. Cortés' second letter, ii. 403. Pedrarias at Antigua, ii. 197.

1521. Giovanni da Verrazano as a French cor1514-19. The so-called Tross Gores (map in sair named Juan Florin, iv. 5. gores), ji. 120; iii. 214.

Alleged exploration on the northeastern 1514-20. Portuguese Portolano of the N. coasts of America by Alvarez Fagundes, iv. 37. American coast, iii. 56.

March. Magellan at the Ladrones, ii. 611. 1515. Biru visited, ii. 505.

Ponce de Leon again visits Florida, ii. 234. Reisch's Margarita philosophica and its map,

Panamá made a city, ii. 199. ii. 113, 114

Aug. Mexico City captured, ii. 378. Schöner's or Frankfort globe, ii. 118, 173; 1522. Pascoal de Andagoya's expedition south . 214, 215;

from Darien, ii. 506; and learns of an Inca empire, ii. 199.

The maps in Ptolemy edited by Lorenz 1516. The earliest life of Columbus in a note Friess, ii. 173, 175, 218, 598. to the Giustiniani Psalter, ji. 64.

Map of Nuño Garcia de Toreno, viïi. 383. Las Casas made “ Universal Protector of Cortés' third letter, ir. 410. the Indians,” ii. 307.

Sept. 6. Del Cano returns in the “VictoPeter Martyr's account of Cabot, iii. 15. ria," viii. 382.

January. Solis in the La Plata River, iii. 1523, Dec. Cortés sends Alvarado to Guate5; viii. 375.

mala, ii. 383. January 23. Ferdinand of Spain dies, ii. Garay's expedition to Amichel, ii. 238, 284; 310.

and to Panuco, ii. 503. 1516-17. Alleged voyage of Seb. Cabot, iii. 1523, etc. Norman voyages to Brazil, viii. 384. 26, 28.

1524. Apian published his first cosmographical 1517. Balboa executed, ii. 199, 211.

treatise, ii. 182. Ruins in Cozumel first observed, i. 186.

Jan. Olid sent to Honduras, ii. 383. John Rut on the Newfoundland coast, iii. Oct. Cortés himself goes to Honduras, ii. 170.

384. Hernandes de Cordova on the Florida coast,

Cortés' fourth letter, ii. 411.

May. Congress at Badajos, üii. 4; iv. 10; 1518. Vadianus edits Pomponius Mela, ii. 182. Raron de Léry on the American coast, iv. 5.

Pizarro sails from Panama, ii. Grijalva at Cozumel and Vera Cruz, i. 149; 507

Verrazano supposed the earliest to sail

1515,04 later. The Nordenskjöld gores (map),

viji. 379.

ji. 236.

viii. 383.

Nov. 14.

ii. 203

i. 231.

ii. 339.

directly west in crossing the Atlantic, iii. 172; | 1530. The earliest knowledge acquired by the in seeking a way to Cathay, iv. 6, 17.

Spaniards of the Pueblo Indians, ii. 473. 1524-25. Gomez explores the eastern coasts Guzman's expedition to New Galicia, ii. of the United States, ii. 241 ; iv. 10, 29, 413, 503. 414.

William Hawkins on the Brazil coast, iii. 1524-40. L'Cuy globe, iii. 214.

60. 1525. Map of Lorenz Friess (Frisius), ii. 126, Alfinger's search for Eldorado, ii. 579. 127.

The Brazilian coast first permanently occuLoyasa on the South American coasts, and pied, viii. 350. one of his vessels, commanded by Francis de

June 20. The Moluccas confirmed to PorHoces, discovers Cape Horn, but the discovery tugal, viii. 383. was kept secret, viii. 384.

Peter Martyr's Eight Decades, iii. 18. Nov. Huayna Ccapac, Peruvian Inca, dies, The Sloan MS. map makes America one

with Asia, ii. 432. 1526. The monk Franciscus' map, ii. 431.

Alonso de Santa Cruz's variation chart, – Dominicans in Virginia, iv. 263.

the earliest known, ii. 100. Oviedo publishes his Sumario, ii. 343, 345. 1530-40. Map at Turin, iv. 38. Pizarro's second expedition, ii. 507.

1531.. Papal supremacy denied in England, iii. Nicholas Don on the Newfoundland coast, 236. iv. 62.

Diego Ordaz's search for Eldorado, ii. 579. Sebastian Cabot reaches the La Plata River, Jan. 1. De Sousa alleged to have discovii. 4; viii. 384.

ered the bay of Rio de Janeiro, and to have De Ayllon himself on the coast; reaches named it from the day, viii. 390. Chesapeake Bay, ii. 241, 285; iv. 414.

De Sousa has a captaincy on the Brazil May. Cortés returns to Mexico, ii. 385. coast, viii. 390. Sept. 3. Cortés' fifth letter, ii. 411.

Map of Orontius Finæus, ii. 184, 431 ; iii. 1527. Las Casas begins work on his Historia, II; viii. 387.

Dec. 28. Pizarro again sails from Panamá Glareanus opens the discussion about the for Peru, ii. 514. ancients' knowledge of America, i. 40; ii. 25. 1532. Cartagena founded, viii. 292.

Narvaez's expedition to the upper Gulf of Simon Grynæus' Novis Orbis, i. p. xxiv. Mexico coast, ii. 242, 286.

Sebastian Münster's earliest map of AmerExploring fleet on the Pacific dispatched by ica, i. p. xxv ; ii. 121 ; iii. 199, 201. Cortés, ii. 441.

Ziegler's map of Schondia shows Greenland Guzman at Pánuco, ii. 386.

connected with Europe, ii. 434. Conquest of Yucatan begun, ii. 429.

May. Mendoza sails up the Pacific coast Doubtful stories of Verrazano, iv. 9.

for Cortés, ii. 393. Rut on the Newfoundland coast, iv. 64.

May 18. Pizarro advances from Tumbez, Normans and Bretons at Newfoundland, iv. 62.

Nov. 15. Pizarro enters Coxamarca, ii. 516. Supposed date of the Maiolo or Maggiolo 1532-40. Map from Kunstmann, iv. 46. map, ii. 219; iv. 27, 38, 39, 67.

1533. First printing in Mexico, jj. 400. Thorne's map, iii. 17

Oviedo begins to print his Historia, ii. 343, The so-called Ferd. Columbus map said to 345. be the work of Garcia de Toreno, ii. 43, 220. Guzman's expedition to Sinaloa, ii. 503. La Plata, river, first so named, viii. 375.

Schöner's map, viii. 388. 1528. Latimer and others meet at Cambridge, Cortés' expedition on the Pacific, ii. 441. Eng., iji. 231.

Cortés' map of the California peninsula, ii. The first English sea manual, iii. 206.

442. Alonso de Chaves, royal cosmographer of Cartagena founded, viii. 291. Spain, iv. 81.

Nov. 15. Pizarro enters Cusco, ii. 520. The Baron de Léry at the Isle of Sable, iv. The Inca Atahualpa executed, ii. 517. 63.

Pizarro orders his secretary Xeres to write Pizarro goes to Spain, ii. 512.

an account of the conquest of Peru, ii. 564. Cortés in Spain, made Marques del Valle Nov. Hernando Pizarro's letter on the Conde Qajaca, ii. 388.

quest of Peru, ij. 566. Coppo's map, ii. 127,

Ramusio and the Summario, iji. 19. Oit. 30. Cabeza de Vaca crosses the mouth 1534 (or thereabouts). The Lenox woodcut of the Mississippi, ii. 292.

map, ii. 222, 223. 1529. Treaty of Saragossa gives the Moluccas Jacques Cartier's voyage to Canada, iv. 46, to Portugal, ii. 441; viii. 383.

Hieronimo da Verrazano's map, iii. 194; iv. March. Pedro de Alvarado reaches Peru, 18, 25, 26, 27, 37:

Diego Ribero's map, ii. 221, 242; iii. 16; iv. Xeres' narrative of Peru ends. ii. 564. 30, 38, 413; viii. 386 ; first shows the name Cieza de Leon reaches South America, ii. Peru," ii. 505.

568. Norumbega or its representative begins to 1534-35. Cortés marches up the Pacific coast appear on maps, iii. 169.

and settles Lower California, ii. 393. Sahagún arrives in Mexico, ii. 415.

1534-38. George of Spires searches for EldoEarliest phonetic rendering of the Mexican

rado, ii. 579 tongues, i. 156.

1534-54. Ulrich Schmidel in South America, 1530. Pizarro returns to America, ii. 512.

viii. 389, 407 July 15. Cortés reaches Vera Cruz, ii. 391. 1535, Jan. 6. Pizarro founds Lima, ii. 522.

ii. 514.

63.

ii. 520.

536.

1535. Pedro de Valdivia reaches Peru, ii. 528. 1541. Cartier's third voyage to Canada, iv.

Spain's first viceroy in America, viii. 191. 56, 65.
The coast of Chili first mapped with approx-

Coronado's expedition, ii. 292.
imate correctness, viii. 386.

Santiago de Chili founded, ii. 529.
Mendoza in the La Plata region, which he Philip von Huten's search for Eldorado, ii.
calls Buenos Ayres, viii. 387.

581.
1535–36. Cartier's second expedition, iv. 51, June. Francisco Pizarro assassinated, ii. 534.
164.

1541-42. Allefonsce, as pilot of Roberval, on
1536. Cabeza de Vaca reaches Culiacan, after the coast, iv. 72, 84; and his maps, iv. 74-77.

nine years' wandering, from Florida, and re- 1541-45. Many Norman fishermen on the
ports encountering buffaloes and the Pueblo American coasts, iv. 61.
Indians, ii. 244, 287, 474, 488.

1541-56. Benzoni in the Spanish provinces, ii.
The Peruvians lay siege to Cusco, ii. 524. 346.
Almagro invades Chili, ii. 525.

1542, Jan. 26. Sainterre sails to succor Rober-
Sept. Saavedra reaches Valparaiso bay, ii. val, iv. 66.
525.

Cabrillo's expedition in the Pacific coast of
Chaves' lost chart, iv. 81.

North America, ii. 444, 481 ; vii. 555.
B. Agnese's maps, iii. 218; iv. 40.

April. Coronado's army began their return
Map of the Gulf of Mexico, ii. 225.

march, ii. 497 ; viii. 191.
California generally shown in maps as a

May 21. De Soto dies, ii. 253.
peninsula, iv. 445.

Cabeza de Vaca publishes his story, ii. 499.
1536-46 (?). Map in British Museum, iv. 85, Loaysa, bishop of Lima, ii. 537.
87.

Audiencia of Quito, viii. 295.
1537. Quesada conquers New Granada, ii. 580. Vaca de Casco in Peru, and defeats the

Asuncion (La Plata) founded, viii. 387. Young Almagro, and the latter is executed, ii.
April 8. Almagro seizes Cusco, ii. 526.
July 12. Defeated by Orgoñez, ii. 526.

The “New Laws” respecting the Indians
Oviedo's description of the North American made by the Spanish king, ii. 320; viii. 192;
east coast supposed to be founded on the and enfotced in Peru by the Viceroy Vasco
reports of Chaves, iv. 73.

Nuñez Vela, but he is arrested, ii. 327, 537-8.
1538, April 26. Hernando Pizarro defeats John Rotz's Idiography, iii. 195; iv. 82, 83;
Almagro, ii. 527:

and map, ii. 226.
Belalcazar at Bogotá, ii. 580.

Ulpius' globe, iii. 214; iv. 19, 42. Its “Nova
Mercator's cordiform map, i. 125.

Gallia" perhaps the earliest use of the name
1539. Ferdinand Columbus dies, ii. 65.

of New France, iv. 67; and Jean Allefonsce
Olaus Magnus' map, i. 128.

followed in his MS. in 1545, iv. 69.
Federmann at Bogotá, ii. 579.

The English tongue first used in English
Fray Marcos makes a preliminary expedition worship, iii. 232.
to prepare the way for Coronado's, ii. 475, 503. 1543. Ferrelo on the Pacific coast, ii. 444.

Ulloa explores the Gulf of California, ii. Archives formed at Simancas, ii. p. i.
442.

1543-5. Agnese's map, iv. 82.
De Soto's expedition from the Florida coast 1544. Ruscelli's map,

ii.

432.
ii. 245, 288, 294 ; crosses the Mississippi at the Sebastian Cabot's Mappemonde marks John
lowest Chickasaw Bluff, ii. 292.

Cabot's Landfall at Cape Breton, ii. 227, 447 ;
Franciscans in New Mexico, iv. 263.

iii. 6, 20, 22, 45; iv. 76, 82. 84; viii. 385.
The “ Bloody Statute in England sent Pastene on the coast of Chili, ii. 530.
English clergymen to Geneva, iii. 231.

Sept. 3. Valparaiso founded, ii. 531.
1540. Münster's best known map, iii. 199, 201; Oct. 28. Gonzalo Pizarro enters Lima, ii.
iv. 38, 41.
Homem's map, ii. 446.

Orellano's abortive attempt to establish
Roberval's attempt to colonize Canada, iv. New Andalusia, ii. 585.
135.

Münster's Cosmographia, i. p.
Earliest picture of Cholula, i. 178.

1545. Pedro de Medina's Arte de Narrgar and
Cibola reached by Coronado, ii. 483.

its map, ii. 98; iv. 83, 85; viii. 395.
Alarcon's exploration up the Gulf of Cali- Münster's map, iv 84.
fornia to coöperate with Coronado's inland Loaysa made Archbishop, ii. 537.
expedition, ii. 443, 481, 500.

Oct. 20.

New laws revoked, ii. 539.
March. Valdivia marches to Chili, ii. 528. 1545-52. Valdivia's reports on affairs in Chili,
Expedition of Melchior Diaz, ii. 503.

Alvarado's expedition to the South Sea, ii. 1546, Jan. 18. Blasco Nuñez defeated by the
503.

rebels, ii. 538.
Cortés again returns to Spain, ii. 395; viii. July. Gonzalo Pizarro enters Lima, ii. 538.
191.

Aug. 11. Pedro de la Gasca reaches Pana-
Cabeça de Vaca in the La Plata region, viii.

má, ii. 540.

Freire's map of the Pacific coast, ii. 448; iv.
Camargo's explorations of the west coast 85, 86; viii. 393
of South America, viii. 394.

Henri II. or Dauphin map, made by Desce-
1540-41. Orellana follows the Amazon to the liers, iii. 195; iv. 77, 83, 85.
sea, ii. 528, 563, 584 ; viii. 389, 396.

1546-49. The reports of Gasca on Peruvian
1541. Mercator's map, ii. 177 ; vii. 214.

affairs, ii. 568.
Simon Grynæus dies, i. p. xxiv.

1547. Gasca drives Gonzalo Pizarro, ii. 541.
Castillo's map of the Gulf of California, ii. Archbishopric of Mexico or New Spain
444; viii. 257

created, viii. 193.

538.

XXV.

ii. 572.

387.

200.

396.

ii. 547

1547. Las Casas finally returns to Spain, ii. | 1555. Richard Eden's Decades, i. p. xxiii ; iii. 29,
308, 314.

Pastene, having founded a colony in Chili, Olaus Magnus' map, i. 124.
returns to Callao, ii. 534.

Guillaume Le Testu's atlas, iv. 77, 90; viii.
Seb. Cabot returns to England, iii. 6.
Dec. 2. Cortés dies, ii. 396.

Villegagnon at Rio de Janeiro, accompanied
Nic. Vallard map, iv. 86, 87; viii. 394.

by André Thevet, iv. II; viii. 391.
Earliest printing of a book in an Indian Jacques Cartier dies, iv. 66.
language, i. p. viii; ii. 401.

1555-56. Villagra fought the Araucanians in
1547-55. Hans Stade in Brazil, viii. 350, 391. Chili, ii. 549.
1548. Gastaldi's map, iv. 86, 88.

1556. Thevet's alleged voyage along the North
Carta Marina of the Ptolemy of this date, American coast, iv. 12.
ii. 435; iv. 43; viii. 396.

Mendoza, Marquis of Cañete, viceroy of
April 9. Gasca receives the submission

Peru, ii. 545.
Gonzalo Pizarro, ii. 541.

Gastaldi's map in Ramusio, ii. 228 ; iv. 90, 91.
April 12. Gasca enters Cusco, ii. 542.

Vopellio's map, iv. 90, 436.
June 18. Pascual de Andagoya dies at 1557. Oviedo, chronicler of the Indies, dies.
Cusco, ii. 564.

Irala, who had opened a route from the La
1549. Brazilian captaincies revoked, and De Plata to the Pacific, dies, viii. 388.

Sousa made captain-general at Bahia, and in- Hurtado de Mendoza in Chili, ii. 549.
troduces the Jesuits under Nobrega, viii. 350, 1558. The Inca and his people return to Lima,
391.
Pedro de Ursua seeks Eldorado, ii. 582.

Labazares at Pensacola bay, ii. 256.
Cancer de Barbastro in Florida, ii. 254.

The Zeni narrative published, i. 73, 114; iii.
Roberval again attempts to colonize Canada, 100; with map, i. 126, 127, 128.
iv. 66.

André Thevet's Les Singularités de la
1550. Hooper's refusal to wear clerical vest- France, iii. 32; iv. 30.

ments the first active manifestation of Puri- Diego Homem's maps, ii. 229, iv. 78, 90,
tanism in England, iii. 232.

showing the Bay of Fundy for the first time,
Ramusio's first volume published, iii. 24. v. 472; South America, viii. 398.

Valdivia again in Chili, ii. 548, but is cap. 1558–80. Bestelli e Forlani's Tavole moderne
tured and killed by the Araucanians, ii. 549. di Geografia published, iv. 369.

Cartrera's revolt in Nicaragua, viii. 232. 1559. A Tunisian map of America, iv. 78.
The Royal Audiencia rule in Peru, ii. 542. Pedro de Ursua again starts for Eldorado,
Early maps, iv. 88, 89.

ii. 582.
Gastaldi map made; published 1556, iv. 77. Tristán de Arellano's exped. to Florida, ii.
Brazil Indians at Rouen, viii. 349.

227, 504.
Galvano's chronicle of American discov- Dominicans among the Mobilians, iv. 263.
eries ends, viii. 377.

Spaniards in Florida, viii. 194.
Diego Gutierrez' map, iv. 81.

Audiencia of Charcas, viii. 295.
1550-3. Descelier's portolanos, iv. 87.

1560. Spaniards in Northern Georgia, v. 359.
1551. Cortes' Arte de Navegar, ii. 98.

Many French ships on the American coasts,
Earliest particularized account of the Portu- iv. 61.
guese discoveries in America published in The Portuguese destroy the French settle.
Castanheda's Historia, viii. 372.

ment at Rio de Janeiro, viii. 394.
1552. First Council of I ima, ii. 552.

Forlani's map connects America with Asia
Ant. de Mendoza, viceroy of Peru, ii. 542. ii. 438; iv. 40.

Gomara's Conquista de México, ii. 412. 1561. Ruscelli's map, iv. 92; viii. 398.
1552-53. Las Casas prints his Tracts, ii. 333; Polo de Ondegardo's Relaciones about Peru,
1553. Richard Hakluyt born, iii. 189.

Francisco de Villagra in Chili as governor,
Gomara's work on the conquest of Peru, ii.
414.

Villafañe at Port Royal harbor (Carolina),
Cieza de Leon's Parte primera de la Chro-

ii. 260.
nica del Peru published, ii. 573.

Lone de Aguirre on the Amazon, ii. 582.
Earliest English book mainly devoted to

Cañete dies, ii. 547.
America, being Richard Eden's Newe India, 1562. The French under Ribault occupy Port
iii. 27, 199.

Royal, ii. 260, 292 ; V. 357.
Queen Mary crowned, and 800 English re- John Hawkins at Hispaniola, iii. 60.
formers flee to the Continent, iii. 231.

Yucatan separated from Mexico, viii. 194.
Seb. Cabot governor of a company to find Landa's alleged destruction of Mexican
a northeast route to Asia, iii. 6.

MSS., i. 203.
Nov. Giron’s revolt in Peru, ii. 543.

Diego Gutierro's map, iv. 90, 92; viii. 399.
1553-56. Ramusio's third volume, i. p. xxviii. Forlani's map, iv. 92,
1554. March 30. Alvarado enters Cusco, ii. 1563. Laudonnière at Fort Caroline, St. John
544; but is soon defeated by Giron, ii. 545. River, Florida, ji. 262.
Dec. 6. Giron beheaded at Lima. ii. 545. Rodrigo de Quiroga governor of Chili, ii. 551.
Herrera's Historia ends here, ii. 563.

Ibarra's expedition to Copala, ii. 504.
Agnese's map, iv. 90.

Martin Cortés in Mexico, viii. 194.
The Bollero or Bellero map, iv. 89; viii. Galvano's Tratado published, iii. 32.
396–7.

Manoquin dies, viii. 232.
1555.' Zarate's Historia of the conquest of 1564. Lope Garcia de Castro governor of
Peru published, ii. 568.

Peru, ii. 551.

viii. 193:

ii. 571.

ii. 551.

Mar. 30.

ii. 454.

86, 99.

iii. 87.

ii. 552.

1564. The Conde de Nieva, viceroy of Peru, | 1572. Toleration in religion established in Holkilled, ii. 547

land, iii. 231. Spain permanently occupies the Philippines, Drake on the Spanish Main, iii. 65; viii.

195; joins with the Cimarrones, viii. 233. 1565. Royal Audiencia in Chile, ii. 551.

Porcacchi's L'isole, with its maps, published, John Hawkins in the West Indies selling ii. 449, 453; iv. 95, 96. negroes, and on the Florida coast, iii. 60. 1573. A ship's log first described, ii. 98.

Menendez attacks the French settlements, Nov. 19. The first Auto da Fé at Lima, ii. ii. 263, 271, 292.

557 St. Augustine founded by Menendez, ii. 1574. Earliest Auto da Fé in Mexico, viii. 197. 265, 267.

Silva's second Eldorado expedition, ii. 586. Monardes' Dos Libros, i. p. xxix.

First Cimarrone war ends, viii. 233. Benzoni's account of the Spanish provinces Ruscelli's map, iv. 78. published, ii. 347.

Furlano's map of the North Pacific, iii. 68. B. Agnese's atlas, iv. 90.

1575. Oxenham in the Pacific, viii. 233. 1566. Martin de Proveda's search for Eldora- Archbishop Loyasa died at Lima, ii. 557. do, ii. 585.

Thevet's map, iv. 95: Juan Pardo's exped. to Florida, ii. 504.

Ortelius' map, iv. 78. July. Las Casas dies at Madrid, ii. 314. 1576. Apian's map, iv. 101. Nic. Des Liens' map, iv. 78, 79.

Sir H. Gilbert's map, iii. 203. Zaltieri's map is thought to be the earliest Frobisher's first Arctic expedition, iii. 35, engraved one to show the Straits of Anian, ii. 449, 451; iv. 93.

Belleforest's Cosmographie, iii. 36. 1566-73. Spaniards in the Chesapeake, iii. 1577. Frobisher's second voyage to the north,

167. 1567. John Hawkins's third voyage to the Richard Willes' ed. of Eden's Martyr, iii. West Indies, iii. 63.

204. Dominic de Gourgues attacks the Spaniards Dec. 13. Drake begins his voyage round in Florida, ii. 280, 297.

the world, iii. 65. The Solomon Islands discovered from Peru, 1578. Oct. 28. Francis Drake in the Pacific,

iii. 66; viii. 233; sees Cape Horn, viii. 354. Jesuits reach Peru, ii. 552.

Sir Humphrey Gilbert's exped., iii. 126, 171. Second Council of Lima, ii. 552.

Frobisher's third voyage to the north, iii. 88. Jan. 20. The Portuguese finally possess Frobisher's map, iii. 102. Rio de Janeiro and name it San Sebastian, viii. De Léry's account of Brazil published, viii. 351, 394.

392. Olaus Magnus' map, i. 125.

Cellarius's map, iv. 101. 1568. Audiencia at Santiago, viii. 295.

The Martines map, ii. 229, 450; iv. 97; viii. Silva and De Cerpa in the Eldorado region, 386. ii. 586.

1579. Simon Ferdinando on the Norumbega Hawkins at Vera Cruz, viii. 195.

coast, iii. 171. Francisco Cano's exped: to New Mexico, ii. Drake on the California coast, and called it 504.

“New Albion,” ii. 453 ; iii. 72. Adventures of Ingram, Hortop, etc., through Sarmiento sent from Peru to the Straits of the present United States, iii. 170, 186.

Magellan, ii. 557. Bernal Diaz begins his Historia, ii. 414.

Bishop Landa dies, ii. 429. 1569. Francisco de Toledo governor of Peru, 1580. John Walker at Norumbega, iii. 171.

Dr. John Dee's map, iii. 196; iv. 96, 98. Juan de Orozco's exped. to New Galicia, ii. The Dutch first on the Guiana coast, vii. 504

363 Mercator's great map, ii. 449. 452, 470; iv. 1580–1600. Japanese map of the West coast 78, 94, 364-373; viii. 398; and his projection. of America, ii. 460. 1569-89. Ercilla's versified account of the 1581. Martin Henriquez viceroy of Peru, ii. Araucanian war, ii. 571.

557 1570. Earliest Norse maps of Vinland, i. 129. Archbishop Toribio reached Lima, ii. 557.

The original edition of Ortelius' Theatrum Maps by Gemma Frison, iv. 101. published, ii. 93 ; ii. 34 ; iv. 94, 95, 369; viii. Xahila's Memorial de Tecpan-Atitlan writ398; and his list of accessible maps show how ten, ii. 419. jealously the Spanish government had kept Chamuscado's expedition, viii. 254. out of sight their American discoveries, ii. 471. Robert Browne and followers go to Zealand,

Francis Drake in the West Indies, iii. 64. iii. 261.
Spaniards in the Chesapeake, ii. 282. 1582. Second Council of Lima, ii. 557.

Supposed date of Forlani's map of South Antonio de Berreo's expedition on the OriAmerica, viii. 400.

noco, ii. 586. The island of Juan Fernandez discovered, A. Millo's map, iv. 101.

Popellinière's map in his Trois Mondes, iii. 1571. Ferdinand Columbus's Life of Columbus 37 ; iv. 95; viii. 399. published, ii. 62, 64, 65, 89.

Michael Lok's map, iii. 40; iv. 44. Inquisition established in Mexico, viii. 197. Richard Hakluyt's Divers Voyages, i. p. xxix; Fernandez's Hist. del Peru published, ii. 569. iji. 37, 189, 204 ; iv. 43. Tupac Amaru's revolt, ii. 553; viii. 315. 1582-84. Ant. de Espejo's expedition to New

Queen Elizabeth denounced as a heretic by Mexico, ii. 504. the Pope, iii. 223.

1583. Sotomayor governor of Chili, ii. 561.

ii. 552.

viii. 407

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