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157, 161, 181.
1837. Mar. Michigan admitted, vii. 287, 583. 1843, Prescott publishes his Conquest of Mex-
ico, ii. 425.
mingo declared independent, viii. 288.
tion of Texas; but it is rejected by the U. S.
July 3. Treaty of the U. S. with China, vii.
Treaties concluded for the U. S. by Whea.
Roselly de Lorgues begins the movement to
procure the canonization of Columbus, ii. 69.
The memorial of Tecpan-Atitlan discov.
1845. Mar. 3. Congress by a joint resolution
action ; Texas annexed uly 4, vii. 506.
vii. 291, 355.
S. G. Morton holds the American Indian to dition in the “Erebus” and “Terror" sails
from England, viii. 89, 122, 127.
Britain, vii. 493.
mitted as a State, vii. 291.
The Naval Academy at Annapolis founded,
Garneau's Canada published originally
dians, iv. 359.
order Gen. Taylor to pass the Nueces River,
. 289. 440.
May 8. Battle of Palo Alto, vii. 408, 442.
May 13. Congress declares that war with
Mexico exists, vii. 292.
June. Com. Sloat and Fremont at Monte-
Bear Flag insurrection in California, vii.
July. Com. Stockton takes Los Angeles,
the N E. boundary, vii. 179, 292, 493, 525, ery in territory acquired of Mexico, vii. 292.
Sept. 21-23. Battle of Monterey, vii. 409.
The Sub-Treasury Act reënacted, vii. 289.
Non-protective tariff, vii. 293.
Maj. Emory's explorations to the Pacific,
Dr. Rae's overland Arctic exped., viii. 121.
Smithsonian Institution founded, i. 439.
Dr. O'Callaghan publishes his New Nether.
land, iv. 431.
The New Mexico and California campaigns
in this and the next year, vii. 444.
1847. Jan. 8 and 9. Stockton, by two fights, 1850. The first V. S. Grinnell Arctic exped. again takes Los Angeles, vii. 410.
under De Haven, with Dr. Kane as surgeon ; Feb. 22–23. Battle of Buena Vista, vii. 409, discover Grinnell Land, viii. 95. 442.
Collinson and McClure's Behring's Straits Mar. 2.
Col. Doniphan at Chihuahua, vii. exped., viii. 92, connecting by McClure's foot 410.
journey with Parry's earlier discoveries on the Mar. 29. Gen. Scott captures Vera Cruz, Atlantic side, showing water all the way and vii. 411, 442.
proving the existence of a northwest passage April 18. Battle of Cerro Gordo, vii. 411. (Oit.). May. N. P. Trist at Scott's headquarters Life and Works of John Adams published with power to make a treaty with Mexico, vii. (finished in 1856), viii. 427. 506; but negotiations fail, vii. 506.
San Martin dies in Europe, viii. 336. June and July. Gen. Scott in Puebla, vii. 1851. Kennedy in the Arctic regions, viii. 96. 411.
Dr. Rae descends the Coppermine River Aug: 19, 20, 21. Battles of Contreras, in the Franklin search, viii. 96. Cherubusco, and San Antonio, vii. 411.
Francis Parkman's first studies of Indian Aug. 23-Sept. 7. The armistice between character in his Pontiac, i. 317. the American and Mexican armies, vii. 412. L. H. Morgan's League of the Iroquois, i. Sept. 8. Scott again defeats Santa Anna, 325.
The Sparks-Mahon controversy, lasting three Sept. 13. Scott attacks Chapultepec, and on years, viii. 418. the 16th the City of Mexico is possessed, B. J. Lossing publishes his Pictorial Field
book of the Revolution, viii. 480. Wisconsin proposed, vii. 543.
Treaty of the U. S. with Costa Rica, vii. The Isbister movement against the Hudson 504. Bay Co., viii. 48.
1852. Sir Edw. Belcher's Arctic expedition, Hakluyt Society publications begun, i. p. when the “Resolute” is abandoned, May 15, xxxvii.
1854, but subsequently found, Sept., 1855, in 1848. C. M. Bustamante dies, viii. 268.
Davis' Straits, and the next year is restored Jan. 13.
The Hudson Bay Co. acquire by the U. S. government to the Queen, viii. 97– rights at Vancouver's Island, viii. 9, 52, 73, 74, 8o.
Geo. Bancroft's volumes covering the RevoFeb. 2. The treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo lutionary war published between this date and signed by Trist and the Mexican commission- 1875, viii. 475. ers; ratified by the U. S. Mar. 10, and the 1853. Dr. Kane in the “Advance" again goes treaty settled May 30, vii. 412, 507, 535, 553. to the Arctic regions, viii. 99, reaching nearly Wisconsin admitted, vii. 291.
79° N. lat. — the highest yet — and discoverFreesoil party (U. S.) formed, vij. 293. ing Washington Land; but the vessel is
The New York “Barnburners ” allied with abandoned May 17, 1855, viii. 99, 100, 125, the Abolitionists, vii. 293.
Dr. Rae in the Arctic regions finds (Apr., Sir John Richardson's Franklin Search Ex- 1854) articles in the hands of Eskimos which pedition by way of the Mackenzie River, viii. had belonged to Franklin, viii. 100, J26. 91, 121.
The Gadsden Purchase by the First expedition under Sir James Clarke
U, S., vii. 553: Ross in search for Sir John Franklin, viii. 91. Schoolcraft's Indian Tribes published, i.
Kellett and Moore's Franklin Search Expe. 376. dition by way of Behring's Straits, lasting three 1854. Dr. Hayes' Arctic boat journey, viii. 125. years, viii. 91, 121.
Varnhagen publishes his Historia do Brazil, Arthur Helps begins to publish his studies of Spanish American history, iv. 428.
Reciprocity treaty of the U. S. and Canada, American Asso. for the Advancement of
viji. 167 Science begins to publish, i. 437.
The New Republican party in the U. S. Brasseur de Bourbourg begins his researches formed, vii. 282. in Mexico, i. 170.
Curtis' Hist. of the Constitution (vol. i.) pub1849. Simpson announces his discovery of cliff lished, vii. 263. houses in the Colorado region, i. 395.
1855. Freesoil party (U. S.) formed, vii. 288. Treaty of the U. S. with Guatemala, vii. Hartstein searching for Kane in the Arctic 504.
regions, viii. 100. Richard Hildreth's United States originally 1856. Gov. Bradford's History of Plymouth published, with a second series in 1851, viii. Plantation published, iii. 293. 479.
C. R. Markham begins his publication of his 1850. The Democratic policy of “popular Peruvian studies, ii. 578. sovereignty and “Squatter sovereignty The English Calendar of State Papers begun, (U. S.), vii. 293.
Sept. 9 (Dec. 13). Congressional boundary E. G. Squier publishes his Nicaragua react determines the upper bounds of Texas, vii. searches, i. 197. 553
Geo. Tucker's United States published, one Seven expeditions engaged in searching for of the earliest sustained Southern views of the Sir John Franklin, viii. 92.
U. S. history, viii. 480. Austin and Ommanney's Arctic expedition 1857. Parliamentary inquiry into the affairs of through Lancaster Sound, viii. 94.
the Hudson Bay Co., viii. 53. Capt. Wm. Penny's Arctic exped., viii. 95, McClintock in the “Fox" in the Arctic re
gions, and finds, May, 1859, a written record
of the progress of the Franklin exped. of Apr. 1867. July 1. The Dominion of Canada be26, 1848, by which it appears that Franklin gins its life, viii. 170. had died June 11, 1847, viii. 102, 127.
The Hudson Bay Co. surrender their charter, 1857. Movement begun in France, under the viji. 64.
direction of Aubin, Brasseur, and others, to 1869. Royal Historical MSS. commission es. study American archæology, i. 441.
tablished (England), viii. 460. New Grenada becomes the United States of Lossing publishes his Pictorial Field-book of Colombia, viii. 339.
the War of 1812, viii. 480. The Historical Magazine begun, viii. 480. 1872. The German Emperor gives an award
Brasseur de Bourbourg's Nations Civilisées favorable to the Americans in the De Haro published, ii. 418.
controversy, vii. 562. 1858. Icazbalceta publishes his Coleccion de The U. S. boundary line from the Lake of documentos (the last volume in 1866), ii. 397. the Woods westerly run,
Charnay begins his Mexican studies, i. 176. The Reports of the Dominion (Canada) Photography, first used in delineating the archivist begin, viii. 464. Yucatan ruins by Charnay, i. 195.
Richard Frothingham's Rise of the Republic Right of search at sea abandoned by Great published, viii. 480. Britain, vii. 493.
1873. Dr. C. C. Abbott's earliest announce1859. Kunstmann's Atlas, iii. 217.
ment of human implements being found in the San Juan Island in Washington Sound Trenton gravels, i. 333. jointly occupied by American and British Map of the Arctic regions, viii. 109. forces, vii. 560.
Von Holst begins his publications on the Map of the Northwest Passage, viii. 124. Constitutional History of the United States, 1860. Léon de Rosny's studies in Mexican vii. 264 ; viii. 507. hieroglyphics first attracted notice, i. 201. 1875. Las Casas' Historia first printed, ii. 340.
Dr. Hayes' Arctic explorations, viii. 125; First session of the Congrès des Amériand his map of his supposed open Polar Sea, canistes, i. 442. viii. 126.
H. H. Bancroft begins the publication of his Capt. C. F. Hall's Arctic voyages (the last series of historical works, i. 415. in 1871), reaching 82° 16', with the “ Polaris," Nares' Arctic exped., when A. H. Markham
with sledges reaches 83° 20' 264 N. lat., viii. Civil war in the United States, viii. 169.
129. 1863. Squier's explorations in Peru, i. 272.
Allen Young in the "Pandora" in the ArcBrasseur discovers Landa's Relacion, i. tic seas, viii. 129.
1876. Le Plongeon discovers the statue of Brasseur develops his new theories about Chackmool at Chichen Itza, i. 190. early Mexican history, i. 165.
Count Circourt publishes a translation, with October. Conference at Quebec to consider comments, of Bancroft's Chapters on the the consolidation of Canada, viii. 170.
French Alliance in 1777, viii. 506. The Documentos inéditos of Pacheco, etc., 1877. The Cartas de Indias published, ii. p. begun, ij. p. vii.
viii. C. C. Rafn dies, i. 193.
Maj. Powell begins to publish the Contribu1865. Faillon begins his record of the Sulpitian tions to Ethnology, i. 440.
labors in Montreal in his Colonie Française 1879. Archæological Institute of America en Canada, iv. 360.
founded, i. 438. Reciprocity treaty between U. S. and Can- Map recording attempts to reach the North ada ended, viii. 167.
Pole, viji. 128. Life and Public Services of Samuel Adams 1880. The publication of James Schouler's published, viii. 428.
Hist. of the United States begun, viii. 481. 1866. Jomard's Monuments de la géographie, 1881. The Bureau of Ethnology begins to
publish, i. 439. Henry Harrisse begins his publications with Greely's Arctic expedition attains the highhis Notes on Columbus, ii. p. viii.
est latitude yet, 83° 24', viii. 129. Feb. The Calaveras skull found, i. 351, 1882. Bancroft's Hist. of the Constitution, vii. 384.
263 Peabody Museum of Amer. Archæology and 1883. The publication of J. B. McMaster's Ethnology founded, i. 439.
Hist. of the People of the United States begun, Jared Sparks dies, viii. 475.
viii. 481. 1867. The United States secure the right of George Bancroft's United States in its final
transit across the isthmus by treaty with Nica- revision appears, viii. 477. ragua, vii. 504.
1886. Feb. 28. Henry Stevens dies, i. p. xv. May 27. Alaska purchased by the U. S., 1887. H. T. Cresson's first announcement of
supposed prehistoric pile dwellings found in British North America Act, viii. 172.
the Delaware River, i. 341, 363.
This History was intended to close at about the middle of the present century; but in the record of the several countries some convenient stonping place has been found, without strict attention to that common purpose. The scanty entries in this Conspectus for the last forty years show that the events of these later days have been only incidentally touched upon in the work.
This index, as respects the present volume, is itemized as the indexes of the previous volumes have been ; but it
In this and previous indexes the titles of works cited have been italicized, so that the sources of the work can be
The principal comprehensive headings employed, beside those of countries, are AMERICANA, ARCHÆOLOGY, Discovo
ABASCAL, J. F., viii, 323, 342; in Peru, to his wife, viii, 428 ; Familiar Brit. Amer. Provinces, viii, 184;
viii, 323; made Marquis de la Con- Letters, viii, 428, 488; on Sam. his labors on the Nova Scotia Ar-
Adams's papers, viii, 428; letters to chives, viii, 464 ; List of MS.
viii, 460; on the speeches in Con- Albany, viii, 445.
viii, 468; on the material for a his- Havana, viii, 272.
viii, 469; relations with Wm. Gor- Brazil, viii, 254, 374:
don, viii, 470; relations with Mercy Alcedo, Ant. de, Diccionario, viii, 259.
485. See United States.
vili, 301; Peru, Tierra-Firme, etc.,
Adams, J. G., Fifty notable years, viii, 294, 343.
Alden, Roger, viii, 415
letters on the study of the Bible, viii, 356. Cf. ii.
Alexander, Sir J. E., Canada, viii,
destroyed, viii, 428 ; letters to James Alexander, Wm. See Stirling, Lord,
viii, 460; hurt at Gordon's intima- Alfonso, Simão, viii, 384.
tion of his enmity to Washington, Alaman, Lucas, acc. of, viii, 267;
viii, 260, 268; dies, viii, 268.
Algiers. See Barbary Powers, viii.
Corresp., viii, 414 ; edits yohn Africa, its position in the history of Alien Act (1804) in Canada, viii, 143.
Gouv. Morris, viii, 475. Cf. vi; vii. coast, ii ; instigated by Prince Henry Allard, Carolus, viii, 294.
Sierra Leone receives negro settlers United States.
from Nova Scotia, vii, 140; com- Allen, Ira, papers, viii, 440.
Allen, Paul, amer. Reri, vii. 474.
don, viii, 468: Guerra per l'inde- Allende, Gen., viii, 216; in command,
viii, 220; shot, viii, 220. See Mex-
Allibone, S. A., life of Sir John Frank-
lin, viii, 122; Dict. Authors, viii,
Allyn, John, letters, viii, 444.
viii, 416 ; Parliamentary Register,
viii, 498. Cf. vi.
hist., viii, 345.
Mexican bishoprios, viii, 200.
See Rivers and
Archæology, i. Arctic regions, ji; v; vi; vii. Periodicals, i.
Asior, i, p. xvii. Aubin, i, 162. ii ; 11, 208. Pilgrims of Plymouth,
Geo., i, p. xvii ; viii. Bancroft, H. Alp., i; ii. Prescott, W. H., i,
Blenheim, i, J. F., ii, 398, 399. Religions, i.
Spofford, A. R., vii.
British Museum, ii; v; Squier, E. G., i. Stevens, Henry,
Strozzi, iv, 17. Stuttgart, Lit.
Parliamentary library, i, p. xviii ; xili
Thottiana, ii, 171. Tiele,
naer, iii; viii.' Waikinson, i, p. xii.
i: ill. Dexter, H. M., i, p. xvii; iel, iii, 245. Williams, Dr., Library
Ames, Fisher, as orator, viii, 485. Cf.
ii, 293. English colonies of North Amherst, Sir Jefferey, thought of to
America, iii ; v. Estense, ii, 107. command in America during the
ida, Early, ii. Force, Col. Peter, Amiens, peace of, viii, 285. See Trea-
French colonies Amory, T. C., viii, 439; his books in
defence of Gen. John Sullivan, vili,
Lakes (North America), iv. Amos, A., Trials relative to the de.
viii, 40, 78
299; viii, 475. Sec Colleges. Hawa O'Higgins, viii, 347, 348.
Humboldt, Alex. von, Ancients, iheir discoveries. See Amer-
Ancon, viii, 334
Anderson, Adam, Origin of Cem.
Anderson, A. C., viii, 79, 80.
Lenox, James, ii; iii; iv; vii. gions, viii, roi.
land in the Colonies, viii, 134.
iv. 17. Maryland, iii; v; vi; vii.
. Mar- Andrews, John, letters from Boston,
Ango, family of Dieppe, vil, 374.
foundland, vini, New Jersey, iii. Anian, Straits of, viii, 33, 214, 257. Se
Northmen, i. Norumbega, iii. Annapuquio, viii, 329,
Anqueul, Universal History, viii, 259.
the ancients' knowledge of, i; early
ing collections of early descrip-
Brevoort, J. C.,.i; iv.
Paul, i; ii; iv; viji.
viii. Gravier, Gabriel, i ; ii; iv;
Harrisse, Henry, i; ii ; iii; iv.
sius, iv; vii.
schoten, i; ii; iv; viii.
C. R., ji; viii. Martyr, Peter, i ;
iii; v. Murphy, H. C., ii ; iv.
i; vii. Purchas, Samuel, i; ii;
viu. Thevenot, i; iv. Thevet,
André, iv; vii.
111, 35, 204. Winsor, Justin, i; ii;
tains a detailed account of the
voyages respecting America.
X111. Americana in general, i, pp.