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• Razing the characters of your renown;

Defacing inonuments of conquer'd France ; • Undoing all, as all had never been !

* Car. Nephew, what means this passionate discourse? * This peroration with such circumstance 8 ? • For France, 'tis ours; and we will keep it still,

* Glo. Ay, uncle, we will keep it, if we can ;
* But now it is impossible we should :
Suffolk, the new-made duke that rules the roast,
• Hath given the dutchies of Anjou and Maine
* Unto the poor king Reignier, whose large style

Agrees not with the leanness of his purse”.
* Sal. Now, by the death of him that dy'd for all,
These counties were the keys of Normandy :-
But wherefore weeps Warwick, my valiant son ?

War. For grief that they are paft recovery: • For, were there hope to conquer them again, My sword fhould shed hot blood, mine eyes no tears.

Anjou and Maine ! myself did win them both; • Those provinces these arms of mine did conquer ; • And are the cities, that I got with wounds, • Deliver'd up again with peaceful words!! • Mort Dieu !

* York. For Suffolk's duke-may he be suffocate, * That dims the honour of this warlike ille! * France should have torn and rent my very heart, # Before I would have yielded to this league. . I never read but England's kings have had • Large sums of gold, and dowries, with their wives: *And our king Henry gives away his own,


8 This peroration with such circumstance?] This speech crowded with so many instances of aggravation. Johns 9 - wbose large fyle

Agrees oor wirb ibe leanness of his purse.) So Holinshed : “ King Reigner hir father, for all his long file, had too short a purse to send his daughter honourably to the king hir spowse." MALONE.

And are the cities, &c.] The indignation of Warwick is natural, and l with it had been better expressed ; there is a kind of jingle intende ed in wounds and words. JOHNSON.

In the old play the jingle is more striking. « And must that then which we won with our Swords, be given away with words " MALONE.

• To


• To match with her that brings no vantages.

* Glo. A proper jest, and never heard before, That Suffolk Thould demand a whole fifteenth,

For costs and charges in transporting her! • She should have staid in France, and stary'd in France, * Before

* Car. My lord of Gloster, now you grow too hot ;
It was the pleasure of my lord the king.
* Glo. My lord of Winchester, I know

''Tis not my speeches that you do mislike,
• But 'tis my presence that doth trouble you.
* Rancour will out : Proud prelate, in thy face

I see thy fury: if I longer stay, • We shall begin our ancient bickerings?. Lordings, farewel ; and say, when I am gone, I prophely'd-France will be loft ere long. [Exit.

Car. So, there goes our protector in a rage. 'Tis known to you, he is mine enemy: * Nay, more, an enemy unto you all ;

And no great friend, I fear me, to the king. Consider, lords -he is the next of blood, And heir apparent to the English crown; * Had Henry got an empire by his marriage, * And all the wealthy kingdoms of the west 3,

There's reason he should be displeas'd at it. * Look to it, lords ; let not his îmoothing words * Bewitch your hearts; be wise, and circumspect. What though the common people favour him, Calling him-Humphrey, the good duke of Glofter ; Clapping their hands, and crying with loud voice ' Jeju maintain your royal excellence?

2 – bickerings.] To bicker is to firmish. In the ancient metrical ro. mance of Guy Earl of Warwick, bl. I. no date, the heroes consult whether they thould bicker on the walls, or descend to battle on the plain. Levi pugna congredior is the expression by which Barrett in his Alvearie, or' Quadruple Diar. 1980, explains the verb to bicker.

STILVENS. 3.-of be weft,] Certainly Shakspeare wrote aft. WARBURTON. There are wealthy kingdoms in the weft as well as in the east, and the western kingdoms were more likely to be in the thought of the (peaker. Johnson.

• With · With-Gød preserve the good duke Humphrey ! • I fear me, lords, for all this flattering glois, • He will be found a dangerous protector.

* Buck. Why should he then protect our sovereign, * He being of age to govern of himself ?• Cousin of Somerset, join you with me, * And all together, with the duke of Suffolk,• We'll quickly hoise duke Humphrey from his feat.

* Car. This weighty business will not brook delay; * I'll to the duke of Suffolk presently.

(Exit. Som Coufin of Buckingham, though Humphrey's pride, • And greatness of his place be griet to us, Yet let us watch the haughty cardinal ; • His insolence is more intolerable • Than all the princes in the land beside ; • If Glotter be displac'd, he'll be protector.

Buck. Or thou, or I, Somerset, will be protector, * Delpight duke Humphrey, or the cardinal.

[Exeunt BUCKINGHAM and SOMERSET. Sal. Pride went before, ambition follows him. • While these do labour for their own preferment, • Behoves it us to labour for the realm. • I never saw but Humphrey duke of Gloster • Did bear him like a noble gentleman. • Oft have I seen the haughty cardinal• More like a soldier, than a man o'the church, • As itout, and proud, as he were lord of all,• Swear like a ruffian, and demean himself · Unlike the ruler of a common-weal.• Warwick my son, the comfort of my age ! • Thy deeds, thy plainness, and thy houte-keeping, • Hath won the greatest favour of the commons, • Excepting none but good duke Humphrey.* And, brother York4, thy acts in Ireland,


4 And, breeber York,] Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York, married Cicely, the daugheer of Rali Nevil, Earl of Westmoreland. Richard Nevil, Earl of Salisbury, was fon to the Earl of Westmoreland by a second wife. He married Alice, the only daughter of Thomas Monta. cute, Earl of Salisbury, who was killed at the lege of Orleans (see p. 25, n. 1.); and in confequence of that alliance obtained the title of



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In bringing them to civil discipline;
• Thy late exploits done in the heart of France,

When thou wert regent for our sovereign,
* Have made thee fear'd, and honour'd, of the people :
• Join we together, for the publick good;

In what we can, to bridle and suppress
• The pride of Suffolk, and the cardinal,
"With Somerset's and Buckingham's ambition;
'And, as we may, cherish duke Humphrey's deeds,
While they do tend the profit of the land s.

* War. So God help Warwick, as he loves the land,
* And common profit of his country!
* York. And so says York, for he hath greatest cause.
Sal. Then let's make hafte away, and look unto the main.

War. Unto the main ! O father, Maine is lost;
That Maine, which by main force Warwick did win,
* And would have kept, fo long as breath did laft:
Main chance, father, you meant; but I meant Maine;
Which I will win from France, or else be flain.

[Exeunt Warwick and SALISBURY.
York, Anjou and Maine are given to the French;
* Paris is loft; the state of Normandy

Stands on a tickle point', now they are gone :
Salisbury in 1428. His eldest son Richard, having married the fifter
and heir of Henry Beauchamp Earl of Warwick, was created Earl of
Warwick, in 1449. MALONE.

- to civil discipline ;] This is an anachronism. The present scene
is in 1445, but Richard Duke of York was not viceroy of Ireland till
1449. MALONE.

5- the profit of the land.] I think we might read more clearly to profit of the land, i. e. to profit themselves by it; unless 'tend be written for attend. STEEVENS.

Perhaps send has here the same meaning as tender in a subsequent
kene :

I trader so the safety of my liege.".
Or it may have been put for intend; while they have the advantage of
the commonwealth as their obje?. MALONE.

- on a tickle point, ] Tickle is very frequently used for ricklish by
prets contemporary with Shakspeare. So, in the Spanish Tragedy,

« Now stands our fortune on a rickle point."
A32.0, in Soliman and Perseda, 1599:
" The rest by turning of my sickle wheel." STEEVENS.


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* Suffolk


* Suffolk concluded on the articles; * The peers agreed; and Henry was well pleas'd, * To change two dukedoms for a duke's fair daughter,

I cannot blame them all ; What is’t to them? * 'Tis thine they give away, and not their own. * Pirates may make cheap pennyworths of their pillage, * And purchase friends, and give to courtezans, * Still revelling, like lords, till all be gone : * While as the filly owner of the goods * Weeps over them, and wrings his hapless hands, * And Thakes his head, and trembling Itands aloof, * While all is shar’d, and all is borne away ;

Ready to starve, and dare not touch his own. * So York muit fit, and fret, and bite his tongue, * While his own lands are bargain’d for, and sold. * Methinks, the realms of England, France, and Ireland, * Bear that proportion to my fleh and blood, * As did the fatal brand Althea burn'd', * Unto the prince's heart of Calydon 8. Anjou and Maine, both given unto the French ! Cold news for me ; for I had hope of France, Even as I have of fertile England's foil. A day will come, when York shall claim his own ; And therefore I will take the Nevils' parts, And make a shew of love to proud duke Humphrey, And, when I spy advantage, claim the crown, For that's the golden mark I seek to hit: Nor shall proud Lancaster usurp my right, Nor hold the scepter in his childish fift, Nor wear the diadem upon his head, Whose church-like humours fit not for a crown. Then, York, te still a while, till time do serve : Watch thou, and wake, when others be asleep, To pry into the secrets of the state ; Till Henry, surfeiting in joys of love,

7 As did tbe fatal brand Althea burn'd,] According to the fable, Meleager's life was to continue only so long as a certain firebrand should laft. His mother Althea having thrown it into the fire, he expired in great torment,

- tbe prince's beart of Calydon.] Meleager. STEEVENS.


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