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That have consented 3 unto Henry's death!
King Henry the fifth, too famous to live long!
England ne'er loft a king of so much worth.

Glo. England ne'er had a king, until his time.
Virtue he had, deserving to command:
His brandith'd sword did blind men with his beams;
His arms spread wider than a dragon's wings ;
His sparkling eyes, replete with wrathful fire,
More dazzled and drove back his enemies,
Than mid-day sun, fierce bent against their faces.
What should I say? his deeds exceed all speech :
He ne'er lift up his hand, but conquered.

Exe. We mourn in black, Why mourn we not in blood ?
Henry is dead, and never shall revive ;
Upon a wooden coffin we attend;

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3 Tbat bsve consented] If this expression means no more than that the stars gave a bare consent, or agreed to let king Henry die, it does no great honour to its author. I believe to consent, in this inAtance, means to act in concert. Concentus, Lat. Thus Erato the mufe applauding the song of Apollo, in Lylly's Midas, 1592, cries out, “O sweet consent !" i, e. sweet union of sounds. Again, in Spenser's Faery Queen, B. IV. c. ii :

“ Such mufick his wise words with time consented." Again, in his translation of Virgil's Culex :

“ Chaunted their sundry notes with sweet concent." and in many other places. Consented, or as it should be spelt, concented, means, bave thrown themselves into a malignant configuration, in promote tbe dearb of Henry. Spenser, in more than one instance, spells this word as it appears in the text of Shakspeare; as does Ben Jonson, in his Epithalamion on Mr.Wefton. The following lines,

shall we curse the planets of mishap, « That plotted thus, &c." seem to countenance my explanation ; and Falstaff says of Shallow's servants, that they Aock together in consent, like so many wild geele." STEEVENS.

Confert, in all the books of the age of Elizabeth, and long afterwards, is the usual spelling of the word concent. See Vol. IV. p. 319, n. 4; and Vol. V. p. 413, n... In other places I have adopted the modera and more proper spelling ; but, in the present instance, I apprehend, the word was used in its ordinary sense. In the second act, p. 28, Talbot, reproaching the soldiery, uses the same expression, certainly without any idea of a malignant configuration : You all consented unte Salisbury's dealb." MALONE, B 3

And

And death's dishonourable victory
We with our stately presence glorify,
Like captives bound to a triumphant car.
What? Thall we carse the planets of mishap,
That plotted thus our glory's overthrow ?
Or shall we think the subtle-witted French 4
Conjurers and forcerers, that, afraid of him,
By magick verses have contriv'd his end?

Win. He was a king blest of the King of kings.
Unto the French the dreadful judgment-day
So dreadful will not be, as was his fight.
The battles of the Lord of hosts he fought :
The church's prayers made him so prosperous.

Gl. The church? where is it? Had not churchmenpray'd
His thread of life had not so foon decay'd :
None do you like but an effeminate prince,
Whom, like a school-boy, you may aver-awe.

Win. Glofter, whate'er we like, thou art protector ; And lookeft to command the prince, and realm. Thy wife is proud; the holdeth thee in awe, More than God, or religious church-men, may.

Glo. Name not religion, for thou lov't the Neth; And ne'er throughout the year to church thou go't, Except it be to pray againit thy foes.

Bed. Cease, ceafe thele jars, and rest your minds in peace ! Let's to the altar :-Heralds, wait on us :Instead of gold, we'll offer up our arms; Since arms avail not, now that Henry's dead. Posterity, await for wretched years, When at their mothers? moisten's eyes babes hall fuck; Our ifle be made a nourish of salt tears,

And the subtle-witted Frencb, &c.] There was a notion prevalent a jong time, that life might be taken away by metrical charms. As superstition grew weaker, these charm's were imagined only to have power on irrational animals. In our author's time it was supposed that the Irish could kill rats by a song. JOHNSON.

So, in Reginald Scot's Discoverie of Witchcraft, 1584: “ The Irishmen addi&t tbemselves, &c. yea they will not sticke to affirme that they can rime either man or beast to death." STTEVENS.

ś Our isle be made a nourish of fale tears,] It seems very probable that our author wrote, a nourice; i. e. that the whole ise should be

And aone but women left to wail the dead.
Henry the fifth ! thy ghost I invocate;
Prosper this realm, keep it from civil broils !
Combat with adverse planets in the heavens !
A far more glorious star thy soul will make,
Than Julius Cæsar, or bright

Enter a Messenger,
Mef. My honourable lords, health to you all!
Sad tidings bring I to you out of France,
Of loss, of laughter, and discomfiture :
Guienne, Champaigne, Rheims, Orleans?,
Paris, Guyfors, Poitiers, are all quite loft,

Bed. What say't thou, man, before dead Henry's corse!
Speak foftly; or the loss of those great towns
Will make him burst his lead, and rise from death.

Glo. Is Paris loft? is Rouen yielded up?
If Henry were recall'd to life again,
These news would cause him once more yield the ghoft.

Exe. How were they lost? what treachery was us'd? one common rurse, or nourisher, of tears : and those be the nourish. ment of its miserable iffue. THEOBALD.

I have been informed, that what we call at present a few, in which fih are preserved alive, was anciently called a nourish. Nourice, howerer, fr. a nurse, was anciently spelt many different ways, among which nsuriß was one. So, in Syr Eglamour of Artois, bl. l. no date :

* Of that chylde she was blyth,

After toryjnes she sent believe."
A scurisb therefore in this passage of our author fignifies a nurse, as it
apparendy does in the Tragedies of Hobo Bocbas, by Lydgate, B. Í. . 12 :

" Athenes whan it was in his floures
“ Was called nourish of philosophers wise.”
- Jubæ tellus generat, leonum

“ Arida nutrix." STEEVENS.
6 Tbar Julius Cæsar, or brigbe--] It might have been written,
er brigbt Berenice. JOHNS

This blank undoubtedly arose from the tranferiber's or compositor's not being able to make out the name. So, in a subsequent passage the word Nero was omitted for the same reason. See the Differtation at the end of the third part of King Henry VI. MALONE.

7 Guienne, Champaigne, Rbeims, Orleans,] This verse might be come pleted by the insertion of Rouen among the places lost, as Gloster in his sext speech infers that it had been mentioned with the rest. $TLEVENS.

B 4

Mef

NSON.

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Mef. No treachery; but want of men, and money. Among the soldiers this is muttered, That here you maintain several factions; And, whilst a field should be dispatch'd and fought, You are disputing of your generals. One would have ling'ring wars, with little coft ; Another would fly swift, but wanteth wings; A third thinks, without expence at all, By guileful fair words peace may be obtain'd. Awake, awake, English nobility! Let not sloth dim your honours, new-begot: Cropp'd are the flower-de-luces in your arms; Of England's coat one half is cut away.

Exe. Were our tears wanting to this funeral, These tidings would call forth her flowing tides.

Bed. Me they concern; regent I am of France :Give me my steeled coat, I'll fight for France.Away with these disgraceful wailing robes ! Wounds I will lend the French, instead of eyes, To weep their intermisive miseries 8.

Enter another Messenger. 2. Mes. Lords, view these letters, full of bad mischance France is revolted from the English quite; Except some petty towns of no import : The Dauphin Charles is crowned king in Rheims; The bastard of Orleans with him is join'd; Reignier, duke of Anjou, doth take his part; The duke of Alençon fieth to his fide.

Exe. The Dauphin crowned king! all fly to him! O, whither shall we fly from this reproach?

Glo. We will not fly, but to our enemies' throats
Bedford, if thou be flack, I'll fight it out.

Bed. Glofter, why doubt'st thou of my forwardness ?
An army have I muster'd in my thoughts,
Wherewith already France is over-run.

8

her flowing rides.] i. e. England's flowing tides. MALONI.

their intermiJive miseries.) i, e. their miseries, which have had only a short intermition from Henry the Fifth's death to my coming amongst them. WARBURTON,

Enter

Enter a third Messenger. 3. Mel. My gracious lords,-to add to your laments, Wherewith you now bedew king Henry's hearse, I must inform you of a dismal fight, Betwixt the stout lord Talbot and the French.

Win. What! wherein Talbot overcame? is't fo? 3. Mell. O, no; wherein lord Talbot was o'erthrown: The circumstance I'll tell you more at large. The tenth of August last, this dreadful lord, Retiring from the fiege of Orleans, Having full scarce lix thousand in his troop, By three and twenty thousand of the French Was round encompassed and set upon : No leisure had he to enrank his men; He wanted pikes to set before his archers; Instead whereof, sharp stakes, pluck'd out of hedges, They pitched in the ground confusedly, To keep the horsemen off from breaking in. More than three hours the fight continued ; Where valiant Talbot, above human thought, Enacted wonders with his sword and lance. Hundreds he sent to hell, and none durft stand him; Here, there, and every where, enrag'd he New*: The French exclaim'd, The devil was in arms; All the whole army stood agaz'd on him: His soldiers, spying his undaunted fpirit, A Talbot! a Talbot ! cried out amain, And rush'd into the bowels of the battle. Here had the conquest fully been seal'd up, If Sir John Fastolfe had not play'd the coward';

He 9 Having full scarce, &c.] The modern editors read, --scarce full, but, I think unnecessarily. So, in the Tempeft:

“ - Prospero, master of a full poor cell." STEEVENS. - be dew:] I suspect, the author wrote-flew. MALONE. ! If Sir Foba Faftolfe, &c.] Mr. Pope has taken notice, “That Falstaff is here introduced again, who was dead in K. Henry V. The occafion whereof is, that this play was written before King Henry IV. or K. Henry V." But it is the historical Sir John Fastolfe (for lo he is called by both our Chroniclers) that is here mentioned; who was a lieutenant general; deputy regent to the duke of Bedford in Normandy, and a knight of the garter; and not the comick character afterwards introduced by our authos, and which was a creature merely of his own

brain.

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