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LONDON ENCYCLOPÆDIA,

OR

UNIVERSAL DICTIONARY

OF

SCIENCE, ART, LITERATURE, AND PRACTICAL MECHANICS,

COMPRISING A

POPULAR VIEW OF THE PRESENT STATE OF KNOWLEDGE.

ILLUSTRATED BY

NUMEROUS ENGRAVINGS, A GENERAL ATLAS,

AND APPROPRIATE DIAGRAMS.

Sic oportet ad librum, presertim miscellanei generis, legendum accedere lectorem, nt solet ad convivium conviva
civilis, Convivator annititur omnibus satisfacere ; et tamen si quid apponitur, quod hujus aut illius palato non
respondeat, et hic et ille urbane dissimulant, et alia fercula probant, ne quid contristent convivatorem.

Erasmus.
A reader should sit down to a book, especially of the miscellaneous kind, as a well-behaved visitor does to a ban-
quet. The master of the least exerts himself to satisfy his guests ; but if, after all his care and pains, something should
appear on the table that does not suit this or that person's taste, they politely pass it over without notice, and commend
other dishes, that they may not distress a kind host.

Translation,

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R, GRIFFIN & Co., GLASGOW; TEGG AND CO., DUBLIN; ALSO J. & S. A. TEGG,

SYDNEY AND HOBART TOWN.

1839.

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LONDON ENCYCLOPÆDIA.

F. The letter (Saxon f) is evidently derived ment of Custom-houses; on the Effects of the from the Greek digamma, through the medium of Free Traffic of Raw Material; on Rewards for the Latin language. Some contend that this is the Encouragement of Trade; on the Chemical derived from the con phi, by first making the per- Action of Metals; on the Value and Reciprocal pendicular stroke, and, in adding the circle at Proportion of Coins; on the Scales and Steeltwo strokes, carelessly omitting to make them yards of the Chinese; on the Palaces of Spain; join. This, however, the learned bishop of Salis- and on the ancient Hebrew People. He left bury disputes. He says it was anciently called behind him many unpublished memoirs. He vau, or wau, and is in fact a double vau of the died at Florence in 1823, aged upwards of Hebrew and Syriac, and corresponding in shape seventy. with the vau of the Arabic and Ethiopic. Ains- FABELL (Peter), a reputed magician, and worth, however, derives it from the Hebrew o native of Edmonton, lived and died there in the phe, or , pe final, which, if turned, nearly gives reign of Henry VII. In Norden's account of the figure; and he observes, that in changing Peter Fabell, that lieth in this church, who is

Edmonton, we read, “There is a fable of one Hebrew words into Latin, 7 is converted into F. said to have beguiled the devell by policie for Its sound, in English, is very uniform, being money; but the devell is deceit itself. Weever formed by compression of the lips, or a junction supposes Fabell to have been an ingenious man, of the upper teeth with the under lip, and a who amused bimself and astonished his neighforcible breath. In the preposition of, indeed, and bours by sleight-of-hand tricks, or chemical exon some few other occasions, it is pronounced periments. There is a very scarce pamphlet, softer, or like v.

entitled — The Life and Death of the Merry As an abbreviation, F, in physical prescrip- Devil of Edmonton ; with the pleasant Pranks tions, stands for fiat, i. e. Let it be done, or made of Smug the Smith, &c.' In this book Fabell is up. Thus f. s. a. signifies fiat secundum artem. styled an excellent scholar, and well seene in F, in the civil law, doubled thus, ff, signifies the the arte of magicke.' pandects. See PANDECTS. F, in the criminal

FABER (Basil), a protestant German critic of law, was a stigma put upon felons with a hot the sixteenth century, was born at Sorau in Luiron, on their being admitted to the benefit of satia, and, after studying at Wittemberg, and clergy; by stat. 4 Hen. VII. c. 13. F, as a other universities, was about 1550 appointed numeral, anciently signified 40, and when a

rector of the seminary of Nordhausen. He died dash was added at top (thus F), it stood for rector of the Augustinian College at Erfurth in 40,000.

1576. He was one of the protestant ecclesiasFAABORG, a sea-port town of Denmark, on tical historians, termed the Centuriators of Magthe south coast of the island of Funen. It has deburgh. Faber's literary reputation is founded but an insecure harbour; and its trade, which is on his Thesaurus Eruditionis Scholasticæ, 1571, in provisions, is not considerable. Population folio, of which improved editions were published about 1100. It is seventeen miles south of in 1735 and 1749, Oldensee.

FABER (John), a German divine, born at FABBRONI (Giovanni), a modern Italian Heilbron in 1500. He was created doctor at philosopher of considerable eminence. We find Cologne, and in 1526 was appointed confessor him filling the various posts of secretary to the to Ferdinand king of the Romans, who, when Academia de i Georgofili, director of the Museum he became emperor, gave him the see of Vienna. and Cabinet of Natural History at Florence, one He was called the mallet of heretics, and owed of the forty members of the Societa Italiana bis preferment to the zeal which he displayed in delle Scienze, Tuscan deputy for the new system opposition to Luther. He died in 1562. His of weights and measures, member of the depu- works were printed at Cologne, in 3 vols. folio. tation of finance under the government of the Faber, in ichthyology. See Zeus. queen regent of Etruria, a deputy to the corps FABIAN, or FABYAN (Robert), an alderman legislative in France, director, under the Impe- and sheriff of London at the close of the fifteenth rial government, of bridges and highways for the century, was a man of learning, and author of a departinent beyond the Alps, director of the Chronicle of England and France, entitled the mint at Florence, royal commissary of the iron Concordance of Histories, in 2 vols. folio, beworks and mines, and one of the commissioners ginning with Brute, and ending with the 20th of of taxes for the states of Tuscany. His writings Henry VII. 1504. He was a member of the best known are-Provedimenti Annonarj; his company of drapers, and resigned his gown in Discourses on National Prosperity; on the 1502 to avoid serving the office of lord mayor. Equilibrium of Commerce, and the Establish- Dying in 1511, or 1512, he was interred in the Vol. IX.-Part 1

B

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