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an attachment of the warmest friendthip (a friendship which in polifhed life would hazard being called extravagant and enthufiaftic); for all idea of difference of fortune or fituation vanished before it-infomuch that, as he had an only fon who was to be heir to all his large eftates, and Mr. Everard an only daughter who, befides poffeffing the most admirable and delicate beauty, appeared to be the heir to all her father's virtues and good qualities, he actually, not only admitted, but even pleafed himself with, the idea that a union might one day take place between them, which fhould enrich his family with the intelligence, the integri ty, and the beneficence, which, he doubted not, the daughter of Mr. Everard must inherit from her father.

imagined himself exhibiting an unexampled generofity; but as one foliciting a gift of fo invaluable a nature, that all the wealth he had to offer in return was contemptible when put in competition with it.

Nor, in thus highly rating the fu,ture accomplishments and virtues of mifs Lætitia Everard, did it appear, when time had more fully developed and matured her beauties both of body and mind, that he had in the leaft mifcalculated. Mifs Everard, as fhe grew up, difplayed the most powerful chains of perfonal attraction, combined with an uncommon ftrength of understanding, and equal goodness of heart. Sir Ralph gazed on her with delight, andapplauded his own forefight, which had informed

However pleafing, in more refpects than one, this project might appear to Mr. Everard, he was inclined to think it too fomantic, and too little likely to be realifed.Without, therefore, having recourse to the affected reserve and art with which cunning and little minds would have acted on fuch an occafion, he told fir Ralph, with his accustomed fincerity, that, in an engagement of fo important a kind, wealth fhould undoubtedly never be his primary object he certainly affected no fuch falfe philofophy as to refuse his eftate for his daughter, as a pofitive evil; but there were too many cafes in which it might ceafe to be a good; fympathy of heart, uniformity of inclinations and of manners, were indifpenfable to happiness in that state of union to which he alluded, and the more in. difpenfable, the more the mind had received cultivation, and was capable of fenfibility. "I muft, besides, remark, (faid Mr. Everard) that, however flattering your friendship to us muft appear, this project, from very many caufes, is fo liable to fail, him that the daughter of his excel-that it will be neceffary for you to act with more prudence in your attempt to advance it than you fometimes do. My daughter, whatever good opinion I may entertain of her good fenfe and early judgment, is fill but a girl, liable to turn giddy at such a profpe&t. She may form expectations which may be difappointed,-be led, infenfibly, to fix her heart on affluence, though born only to an humble competence, and thus become unfitted for the

lent friend could prove no other than the phoenix fhe appeared. He, on every occafion, recommended her to the notice of his fon, and dweit on her praises before him by the hour, to excite his attention, and fix her image in his heart.

To his friend, Mr. Everard, he had, from the very firft, intimated this histavourite project; and, as the beauty and accomplishments of Lætitia feemed every day to improve, he


almost every day repeated his inti-way of life to which he is probably mations: not, however with the fuperiority of a man who, conceiving Sir Ralph admitted the juftice of nothing equal in value to wealth, his friend's remarks; but he did


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not therefore abandon his favourite fcheme. To his fon Charles he, on every occafion, praifed Lætitia with a kind of rapture, and, whenever he found he had called at the parfonagehouse, reftified a more than ordinary fatisfaction.

But his fon Charles was not exactly of his own romantic turn of mind in cafes either of friendship or of love. The difinterested and generous maxims of his father made but a flight impreffion on him, compared with the doctrines more congenial to his nature, which he daily learned, and readily imbibed, from others of his family. Thefe taught him the fuperiority of wealth, the dignity of title, and inculcated the Pythagorean precept in a fenfe widely different from that in which it was first employed by the philofopher, that he hould efpecially "refpect himfelf." He had learned that his father withed him to admire, and at length contract the closest of unions with, mifs Everard: and though he confidered this as a very great act of condefcenion on his part, her beauty was fo agreeable to him that he found himself very well pleafed with her company, and fometimes even wifhed fhe had been born in his own rank of life, that he might not, as he feared he thould, have to encounter the ridicule of the world by marrying beneath himself. In general, however, he appeared very feldom to have forgotten his rank; the liberties he took were all manifeftly the freedoms of fuperiority, and his attentions fuch as were entirely confiftent with his dignity.

Mr. Everard foon perceived that the character and qualities of this youth were by no means the counterpart of thofe of his daughter, and he perceived it with no little anxiety; but he likewife obferved, to his no fmall pleasure, that Letitia appeared very little dazzled either with his wealth or expected title; her heart appeared perfectly at eafe, and he

even thought he faw, in her treatment of him, an inclination to ridicule his vanity and egotifm. Sir Ralph, however, ftill continued his friendly attentions and praffes of her whom he would his daughter; fo that, at laft, without any formal propofal on either fide, it became confidered as a fixed and certain engagement that he was to become the wife of Charles, imme, diately on his return from the univerfity.

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Lætitia had attained the age of feventeen years, when the fon of an old college acquaintance of Mr. Everard's, of the name of Mortimer, made a vifit to her father. He was a young gentleman poffeffed of a finall eftate, which had been left him by his uncle, and propofed to chufe fome profeffion. by the practice of which he might add to his income. With the company and converfation of Mr. Everard he was particularly pleafed; and Mr. Everard, who admired his fenfe, his learning, and other good qualities which he believed him to poffefs, was much pleafed with him, and invited him to lengthen his ftay, and confider the parfonage-houfe as his home. He, therefore, foon became like one of the family, and, by his good fenfe and affability, rendered himfelf highly agreeable to every perfon of whom it confifted.


Mr. Mortimer poffeffed a lively and ardent imagination; he had read much, and to much advantage; but he was fomewhat addicted to the building of fyftems, though only of fuch fyftems as fhowed the vigour of his mind and the goodness of his heart..

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fecrtly comparing him, in thefe refps, with the youth to whom the confidered herself as affianced; but thi, comparifon was fo much to the difadvantage of the latter, that the repreffed it as much as was in

difgrace a school-boy? In fhort, fir, if we have no other way of judg. ing of a man's talents, but by the quantity he publishes either from the prefs or from his mouth, are we not giving all the praise to mere say. her power. Mr. Mortimer like-ing; and never reflecting that an wife, in his turn, was very far from accumulation of words, without cor- being infenfible to the charms and refponding actions, is to all neceffary the merit of Lætitia; but he confi-purposes ufelefs and unprofitable? dered her only as the daughter of This being premifed, and, I hope, Iris friend, and devoted by right to allowed, we need difpute no longer another. about the fuperiority of the male fex. The talents of the fair fex, as to all the great and important events of human life, and all the

(To be continued.)

To the EDITOR of the LADY's leading tranfactions of kingdoms and MAGAZINE. ftates, have fo far tranfcended what has been attributed to us, that were I to compile a new Universal History, however I might avail myself of the valuable labours contained in the old, I fhould certainly entitle it, "A Hiftory of the Power and Influence of the Female Sex, from the Fall of Adam to the present Time." It is the pitiful jealoufy and envy of men which has deprived the fex of the honours due to them in history; and likewife fame part of the concealment of their influence arifes from the brevity of hiftories, their authors taking a fuperficial view of events, and feldom troubling them, felves to investigate the fecret fprings of human action; whereas, if we will only examine into the minute particulars of great events, the fecret intrigues of courts, kings and minifters, or even of republics, we shall always find that the women have had a great fhare in bringing about po litical changes, wars, treaties, negotiations, &c. although they, from modefty, probably, content themfelves with acting unfeen and unob. ferved, and the men, proud of the fuccefs of the affair, with to take all the merit to themselves. Now, fir, let me afk you a plain queftion": which of the two is likely to deferve moft fame, and to confer greater renown on the party, the publishing

a poem,



ERTAIN perfons have for fome time paft been carrying on a difpute relative to the talents of women, and the difpute I perceive has found its way into your mifcellany. I believe, fir, the queftion might be foon fettled to the fatisfaction of all parties, if we were first to agree in what is meant, or fhould be meant, by the word talents. Hither to, if I understand the controverfy, talents have been understood to mean the power or faculty of pubJifhing in profe and verfe; and if we limit it to this, we may easily decide, that women are inferior to men, because there have been probably - a thousand male authors for one female.

But, fir, with fubmiffion, I would beg leave to fuggeft, that we narrow human genius and ability very much, when we confine them to the bookfeller's fhop. Are there not many very able statefinen who never write any thing but treafury-warrants, and receipts for their fataries? Nay, do we not admire the vast genius of Lome members of parliament, whofe Jorte is entirely in fpeaking, and who, when compelled to draw up an ad. drefs to their independent conftituents, commit errors that would

a poem, or bringing about a revolution in a state or nation, perhaps with a few words? Which requires greater abilities,-to govern a kingdom, or to cajole a bookfeller?-to tickle the fancy of love-fick boys and girls by a novel, or to confound and ftun half the cabinets of Europe, by a bold stroke of invafion, a maffacre, and a partition?-to write a ballad about a man and woman who never exifted, or to make the existence of thousands of men and women miferable?

I repeat it, fir, let us bring the question home to ourselves. What is it that conftitutes the felicity of domeftic life? Is it the wealth we have acquired, the houfe we live in, the equipage that hespeaks our rank, or the fervants that bow at our command? No, fir: to use an expreffion of Mr. Burke, it is "the dignified obedience and proud fubmiffion" we owe and pay to the female fex. Our hearts confefs that they deferve it, and that we cannot help paying if, and cannot, therefore, help acknowledging their fuperiority.When we refufe to pay it, when our minds are in a ftate of rebellion against thofe lawful fovereigns, where is it that we dare to breathe fentiments of a feditious, tendency?— Is it in their prefence? No: a look, a word, awes us into fubmiffion; and when we conceive the thoughts of refiftance, we fly, like cowards, to fome fecret place, to fome neutral ground, to the defert heath of celibacy, and the infulated fociety of worn-out bachelors, where we may growl our complaints with impunity, and talk of refolutions which we have not the courage to carry into execution

But this is not all. It is not enough to appeal to the hiftory of ancient and modern nations, for proofs of the fuperiority of woman over man. This, perhaps, is not much in their favour; for a fuperiority of evil influence is not the prefent conteft, and would not be very honourable if it were established. No, fir, if we wish to afcertain the real and meritorious fuperiority of female talents, we need not confult the voluminous records of hiftory; we need only bring the question home to ourfelves. I fhall inftance but in one refpect, the power of perfuafion. This I take to be the great teft of genius and talents. He who poffetfes this, poffeffes every thing; and yet we know that what a man

Confcious of the fuperiority of the female fex, fome have lately questioncannot do by whole treatifes and vo-ed whether they ought not to be lumes, by a well-connected chain of admitted into the employments of argument, and the most convincing civil life, for which women feem fo calculations, is generally done by a admirably fitted on this fubject, I woman with a fmile, a glance of the mean, at fome future occafion, to eye, or a very few words. Sir, we offer my fentiments. As women may talk as we please of our vaft have been admitted to be queens, learning, of our voluminous produc- there furely can be no inferior office tions, of our many virtues for which to which they are inadequate. A we obtain credit in epitaphs and fu- very eminent judge lately decided neral fermons. But with what pain- that a woman might be chofen overful efforts do we accomplish the leaft feer. The office is but low, indeed : of our good actions and to do a but there have been queens, who great good is the bufinefs of a long perhaps wifhed, at fome period of life. What is all our power, com- their lives, that they had never filled pared, or (which is more dangerous) a higher station. put in competition with a tear or a fu?

I fhall not, however, anticipate what I have to offer hereafter on this fubject.

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fubject. My prefent defign was merely to hint, that great talents are not neceffarily fhown by much writing, and that they may be accounted to poffefs the greateft talents who accomplish the greateft purposes by few means, which, in my mind, eftablishes the fuperiority of the fair fex. QE. D.

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AMONG fome old papers, I found a manufcript copy of the following letter from bishop Hoadley to a friend, on the death of another friend: if you think proper, I fhould be glad to fee it inferted in your entertaining mifcellany. It may remind your literary read-lieve ers of a letter of fimilar elegance, on a fimilar occafion, in Pliny. A CONSTANT READER. Honiton, Sept. 7.


HE chain of lif, of which we have fometimes fpoke, has been very heavy ever fince I faw you; and my heart is now a good deal wounded with the news of fin William Willys' death. He had very good fenfe, great modefty, uncommon humanity, and a beneficence which fhewed itfelf in a way that but few knew any thing of (Let me go on, and pour out a little of my forrow, although I did not defign it when I fat down to write.) He had learning enough to make him acceptable to thofe who had opportunities of gaining more; but it was covered by the ease and unaffected behaviour of the gentleman.

Indeed, he had more excellencies than most of his rank take pains to fhew, or to pretend to. But, that which touched me moft, his heart was good, and he loved me. He loved me, I have reafon to fay it, in fo particular a manner, that he either could not or would not, hide it; and he had that lort of tenderness in fhewing of it, which, when I know it to be real, always captivates my heart. The last time I faw hin (which I little thought would have been the laft) after some of the most engaging difcourfe, in His eafy way, he promised himself, he, faid, to come much oftener to me than he ufed to do. fince I had affured him how agreeable an interruption it would always be to me. He was ever contriving how to get his friends about him in the most agreeable manner; and when they were fo, they were fure of being eafy and happy. I fay what I think literally true, when I fay that no one could be uneafy with him; nor do I be

that ever any one was. And though his numerous relations (fome not in affluence) will get a great deal by his death, I believe there is hardly one of them who would not gladly purchafe his prefence again with all they can get by lofing him. As to myfelf, I do not fay that he was to me in that rank of friendship, in which one other perfon is; no one ever was; no one, I think, ever can be; but if I had been afked whom of all my friends, next to that one, I would have chofen to

have ftaid longeft with me in this miferable planet, I believe, from the knowledge 1 had of him from his childhood, I fhould have faid fir William Willys. But he is fuddenly gone, and in a most painful manner. Forgive this from

Your faithful
B. S.


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