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Lady's Magazine;



DESCRIPTION of WINDSOR-CAS- | ham, then the court architect, af


was the

terwards bishop of Winchefter, who caufed these words: "This made Wickham," to be cut in stone in the inner wall of the little tower. This fomewhat offended his majesty, who thought his architect by this infcription arrogated to himself the whole honour of the building: but Wickham pacified him by declaring that all he meant money and reputation he had gained in building that caftle. Henry VII. added the fine buildings adjoining to the king's lodge; Henry VIII. the great gate that opens to the outer court; Edward VI. and Queen Mary I. a curious fountain in the inner court, into which they brought water from Blackmore Park that ferved the whole caftle. Queen Elizabeth added the whole terrace faced with free-ftone ramparts; a fumptuous work, covered with a fine gravel, and fo contrived with cavities and drains that it will become almost immediately dry, after the heavieft fhowers. It is fo fpacious, efpecially on the North Side, that Italy have any thing like it. The none of the palaces in France or nior's feraglio, in the outer court, terrace belonging to the grand figis faid to come the nearest to it.

St. George's Hall, which is paved with

(With a View elegantly engraved.)


was firft built by William the Conqueror, who was delighted with its convenient fituation for hunting. Henry I. fortified it, and, in the tenth year of his reign, kept Whitfuntide here, having fummoned all the nobility of the realm to attend him. In the reign of Richard I. this was reckoned one of the strongeft caftles in the kingdom, next to the tower of London. Queen Eleanor wife to king Edward I. had four children born here; and king Edward III. furnamed Edward of Windfor, because he was born here, enlarged and beautified the palace at a vast expense, employing workmen from the 34th to the 43d year of his reign. He built the palace royal and chapel, the tower in the middle, the houses for the dean and canons, with all the walls, towers, and gates, and added ditches, ramparts and feveral other places of ftrength; and in it the kings of France and Scotland were both at one time his prifoners. It is about a mile in compafs; and the work was carried on by William of Wick

for its neatnefs; and in particular the ftone-roof is esteemed an excellent piece of workmanship. It is an ellipfis, fupported by Gothic taining the knights at their inftal-pillars, whofe ribs and groins fuftain ment; and the fovereign used to the whole cieling, every part of give them a banquet here every St. which has fome different device George's day. This room has, by well finifhed, as the arms of Edward his prefent majefty, been confider- the Confeffor, Edward IV. Henry ably improved, and the utmost VII. and VIII. alfo the arms of tafte and fuitable embellishments England and France, quarterly, the difplayed in it. The royal chapel, crofs of St. George, the rofe, portat the weft end of it, is alfo paved cullis, lion rampant, unicorn, &c. with marble, and adorned with The beautiful painted window by carved work, which exceeds any to Mr. Picket, after a defign of Sir be met with in England. Jofhua Reynolds, was put up a few years ago by his prefent majefty's direction; and the execution of it is beyond defcription.


with marble, and one of the finest rooms in Chriftendom, was defign ed, from the fift inftitution of the Order of the Garter, for the enter

St. George's Chapel, in which the knights of the most noble Order of the Garter are inftalled, was begun in the year 1337, and is one of the most beautiful and stately Gothic buildings in the world. As the knights die, their banners are taken down, and their titles and coats

But what appears moft worthy notice is the choir. On each fide are the ftalls of the fovereign and knights companions of the most noble Order of the Garter, with the

of arms are engraved on little cop-helmet, mantling creft, and fword per-plates and nailed to the ftalls, of each knight set up over his stall, from whence they are never re- on a canopy of ancient carving cumoved. By the registry of the rioufly wrought; and over the caGarter, of which the dean of Wind- nopy is affixed the banner or arms for is keeper, the bishop of Salisbu- of each knight properly blazoned ry, chancellor, and the bishop of on filk; and on the back of the Winchester, prelate (which honours ftalls are the titles of the knights, are annexed to their fees) it appears, with their arms neatly engraved and that, befides our own kings, who blazoned on copper. The fovereign's have been fovereigns of this moft ftall is on the right hand of the noble order, ever fince its inftitu- entrance into the choir, and is cotion by Edward III. there have been vered with purple velvet and cloth nine emperors of Germany, knights of gold, and has a canopy and companions of it, above thirty complete furniture of the fame vakings of foreign nations, eleven luable materials; his banner is electors of the empire, fixteen other likewife of velvet, and his mantling fovereign princes, feven princes of of cloth of gold. The prince's ftall Orange, two dukes of Brunswick is on the left, and has no diftinction Lunenburgh, two princes of Heffe, from the reft of the knights coma margrave of Brandenburgh An- panions; the whole fociety, accordfpach, befides marfhals, dukes, or ing to the ftatutes of the inftiturion, peers of France, and grandees of being companions and colleagues Spain; while it is obferved, to the equal in honour and power. The honour of the English monarchs, altar-piece was, foon after the restothat they never accepted any of the 1ation, adorned with cloth of gold orders created by foreign fovereigns. and purple damaík, by Charles II. but on removing the wainscot of one of the chapels in 1707, a

The architecture of the inhide of this chapel has always been admired

fine painting of the Lord's Sup-crape embroidered with gold, train per was found, which being approved of by fir James Thornhill, Verrio, and other eminent mafters, was repaired and placed on the altar. This has fince been replaced by a moft fuperb painting by Mr. Weft, in 1788. Near the altar is the queen's gallery, for the accommodation of the ladies, at an inftallation.


gold tiffue.

Princess Elizabeth.--The Petticoat crape, with oblique ftripes of fable intermixed with gold; train gold tiffue.

Princess Mary.-Petticoat crape,. embroidered with gold and filver foil; train rich tiffue.

Windfor-castle is fituated upon a high hill, which rifes by a gentle afcent, and commands a moft delightful profpect around it. In the front is a wide and extenfive vale, adorned with corn-fields and meadows, with groves on either fide, and the calm fmooth water of the Thames running through it; and behind it are every where hills, co-ly vered with woods, as if nature had peculiarly defigned it for the pleafures of the chace.

The Queen.


ER majefty was dreft with her ufual plainnefs on this day, that is, without many diamonds. A crape petticoat, richly embroidered in vandykes of purple velvet, covered with gold net, a quillery of blond round the bottom, the train of purple and black ftriped velvet, vandyked round the edge with gold net; a feftoon trimmed with rich blond.

Princefs Amelia-The fame. The Duchefs of York.—A white fatin petticoat trimmed with a drapery of rich embroidered crape in ftars, bordered with a rich vandyke, and edged with a beautiful fable, banded with rich embroidery across, and a rich gold and filver Mofaic fringe: the gown of a fuperb gold filk trimmed with fable, and the fleeves rich

drawn up with diamonds. The Princefs of Orange.-white fatin petticoat trimmed with a rich embroidered crape in Greek pattern, a drapery thrown over, embroidered in coloured foils, and edged with a handfome gold plate fringe.

The Hereditary Princess of Orange.

08 THE

LADIES' DRESSES on her MAJES-Body and train of gold tiflue; petticoat of crape parfemé with gold, and fancifully ornamented with feftoons of laurel, rich cord and taffels.


Countess Cholmondeley.-A petticoat of crape, covered with ziz-zag ftripes of filver fpangles, a border round the bottom, of coquelicot and black velvet.

Countess of Bute.-Petticoat crape, embroidered with gold foil; a fuperb drapery of white fatin, covered with an embroidery of gold intermixed with foil-ftones and peacock,' feathers.

The Princess Royal.-A crape petticoat fuperbly embroidered with gold foil, the train a most beautiful gold brocaded tffue. We cannot help remarking the extreme richness and brilliancy of the various tints displayed in this fuperb drefs, which,

Countess of Fauconberg.--A rich embroidered crape petticoat in co

we understand, is of Perfian manu--quelicot velvet and ftones: the gowu facture, being part of the prefents from the Ottoman ambaffador. Princefs Augufta,-The petticoat

gold and white.

Lady Ann Fitzroy.-Body and train of white fatin, trimmed with


Countess of Chesterfield.-A white fatin petticoat, trimmed with a crape richly embroidered in gold, in tef toons, upon a beautiful painted ribbon and gold taffels.

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Lady Augufta Clavering.-A white fatin petticoat, puckered with a crape embroidered in gold feathers, tied up with green foil leaves; a loofe drapery over an under drapery of ich gold fillet edged with a rich gold fringe; the gown violet ftripe


form of acorns, and had a véry pretty appearance.

Mrs. Hate.-Body d train of royal purple, with a crape petticoat einbroidered in gold, and moft elegantly ornamented, with a drapery purple embroidered crefcents, and a rich border at bottom; gold cord and tafel...


N the Fureteriana there is the defcription of a beautifully curious cryftal fummer-house, belonging to the king of Siam. Furetiere fays, he had the account of it from a friend, who had the pleasure of fitting in it.

The king of Siam has in one of his country palaces, a moft fingular. pavilion. The tables, the chairs, the clofets, &c. are all compofed of cryftal. The walls, the ceiling, and the floors, are formed of pieces of plate glafs, of about an inch thick, and fix feet fquare, fo nicely united by a cement, which is as tranfparent as glafs itself, that the moft fubtile fluid cannot penetrate. There is but one door, which shuts so closely, that it is as impenetrable to the water as the reft of this fingular building. A Chinese engineer conftructed it thus as a certain remedy against the infupportable heat of the climate. This pavilion is twentyeight feet in length, and feventeen in breadth; it is placed in the midst of a great bafin, paved and ornamented with marble of various col

The petticoats were moftly of embroidered cape, with velvet trains. The molt fashionable colours was maroon and black. Tippets were generally worn, trimmed


The caps were in the turban fafhion, with profufion of high oftrich feathers, and gold ornaments. Many ladies' wore embroidered bandeaus, and bunches of leaves intermixed with filver. The hair was dreffed rather high, turned up quite clofe behind, and the ends talling down the neck in curls. The waits were fo fhort, that the ladies had hardly room to move their arms.

with fine blond, and fome with fil-ours. They fill this bafin with water in about a quarter of an hour, and it is emptied as quickly. When you enter the pavilion, the door is immediately clofed, and cemented with maftick, to hinder the water from entering; it is then they open the fluices; and this great bafin is foon filled with water, which is even fuffered to overflow the land; fo that the pavilion is entirely under water, except the top of the dome, which is left untouched for the benefit of refpiration. Nothing is more charming than the agreeable coolnefs of

Pearl ear-rings and necklaces were worn as ufual, mixed with matted gold in various forms; but coral this delicious place, while the exand cornelian car-rings and neck-treme ardour of the fun boils on the es were the most in tashion, in the fur face of the fresheft fountains.




conftantly calculated to improve the
morals and enlarge the understand-
ing. At the end of two years, death
ftopped the progrefs of Emma's
education, by fuddenly depriving
her of this moft excellent friend;
her little income reverted to the
family of her husband, and she had
nothing to leave the child of her
of her little dwelling. Emma
mourned with affectionate regret i
a lofs fo great, but determined to
perfevere in thofe ftudies, for which
the had acquired fo correct a tafte,
and which he was happily enabled
to do, by becoming the poffeffor of
the valuable and felect collection of
books which formed the fmall li-

(From the Ranger.) (Continued from Vol. XXVI. p. 618.)

E will now finish our digref

who foon gained that introduction at the cottage of Bernard, which he fo anxiouf fought; and by fre-, quenting the fociety of this worthy old man, he had daily opportunities of feeing and converfing with his lovely daughter.-Powerfully charmed at first fight by her perfonal attractions, he now found, on acquaintance, an irrefiftible fafcina-brary of the deceafed. By rifing tion in the fuperior beauties of her very early in the morning, Emina mind. Nature had formed her was enabled to pursue her favourite fentiments juft, delicate, and vir- employment, without trefpaffing on tuous; and her education had for thofe hours when her filial duties two years received great advantage or domeftic cares demanded her from a frequent intercourfe with a lady of birth and diftinguished talents, who had, on the decease of her huband, retired into a small habi-ly tation, fituated in a vale near Bernard's cottage. This amiable widow had lived many years in the great world, and had partaken both of its profperity and adverfity, fufficiently to fhew her the inftability of fortune. With her beloved lord fhe had loft the fuperfluities of life; but, fatisfied with competence, the devoted the remainder of her days to folitude and religion.


Young Albert foon discovered, in the converfation of Bernard's love

daughter, a well-informed mind, and an understanding which blended the artlefs fimplicity of rural life with the more refined fentiments of cultivated education.

The mental accomplishments of Emma completed the conqueft which her beauty had begun, in the heart of Albert; nor was it long ere a reiprocal and gentle flame was communicated to her bofom. The young and ardent lover, in the first flattering moment of afpiring

She conceived for the young Emma, then just fifteeen, a ftrong at-hope, declared his paffion, and oftachment, and easily obtained Ber-fered at her feet his honourable nard's permiffion for his daughter's vows:--he blufhed modeftly, and frequent vifits. The good woman referred her aflent to her father's delighted in cultivating a mind will. The heart of Bernard, at whole capacity and genius promifed this unexpected propofal, felt all a every fuccels: Emma read aloud, father's rapture: but the strict rectifor hours uninterruptedly, to her tude of his fentiments checked the kind patronefs, and read with an momentary joy; and with that hoattention, that impreffed upon her ned fincerity which marked his chamemory every thing worthy to be racter, he declined to unequal an alretained; and the fubjects, were liance, and reprefented to his young ⚫friend



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