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Lady's Magazine;


JANUARY, 1796.


DESCRIPTION of WINDSOR-Cas- ham, then the court architect, af.

terwards bishop of Winchester, who

caused these words : “ This made (With a View elegantly engraved.) Wickham,” to be cut in stone in the

inner wall of the little tower. This TINDSOR-Castle was first somewhat offended his majesty, who

built by William the Con- thought his architect by this in. queror, who was delighted with its scriprion arrogated to himself the convenient situation for hunting. whole honour of the building: but Henry I. fortified it, and, in the Vi'ickham pacified him by declartenth year of his reign, kept Whiting that all he meant was the funtide here, having fummoned all money and repatation he had gained the nobility of the realm to attend in building that castle. Henry VII. him. In the reign of Richard I. added the fine buildings adjoining to this was reckoned one of the strong. the king's lodge ; Henry VIII, the eft castles in the kingdom, next to great gate that opens to the outer the tower of London. Queen Elea- court ; Edward VI. and Queen for wife to king Edward I. had four Mary I. a curious fountain in the children born here ; and king Ed. inner court, into which they brought ward III. furnamed Edward of water from Blackmore Park that Windsor, because he was born here, served the whole castle. Queen enlarged and beautified the palace at Elizabeth added the whole terrace a vast expense, employing workmen faced with free-stone ramparts ; a from the 34th to the 430 year of sumptuous work, covered with a fine his reign. He built the palace royal gravel, and so contrived with caviand chapel, the tower in the mid-ties and drains that it will become dle, the houses for the dean and almost immediately dry, aste: the canons, with all the walls, towers, heaviest showers. It is so spacious, and gates, and added ditches, ram- especially on the North Side, that parts and several other places of none of the palaces in France or ftrength ; and in it the kings of Italy have any thing like it. The France and Scotland were both at terrace belonging to the grand fig. one time his prisoners. It is about nior's seraglio, in the outer court, a mile in compass; and the work is said to come the nearest to it. was carried on by William of Wick

St. George's Hall, which is paved with marble, and one of the finest for its neatness; and in particular rooms in Christendom, was design the stone-roof is esteemed an exceled, from the first institution of the lent piece of workmanship. It is Order of the Garter, for the enter- an ellipsis, supported by Gothic taining the knights at their instal. pillars, whose ribs and groins fustain ment; and the sovereign used to the whole cieling, every part of give them a banquet here every St. which has some different device George's day. This room has, by well finished, as the arms of Edward his present majesty, been consider the Confeffor, Edward IV. Henry ably improved, and the utmost VII. and VIII. also the arms of taste and suitable embellishments England and France, quarterly, the displayed in it. The royal chapel, cross of St. George, the rose, portat the west end of it, is also paved cullis, lion rampant, unicorn, &c. with marble, and adorned with The beautiful painted window by carved work, which exceeds any to Mr. Picket, after a design of Sir be met with in England.


Joshua Reynolds, was put up a few St. George's Chapel, in which years ago by his present majesty's the knights of the most noble Ouler direction; and the execution of it is of the Garter are installed, was be- beyond description. guin in the year 1337,

and is one But what appears most worthy of the moft beautiful and stately notice is the choir. On each side Gothic buildings in the world. As are the stalls of the sovereign and the knights die, their banners are knights companions of the most no. taken down, and their titles and coats ble Order of the Garter, with the of arms are engraved on little cop- helmet, mantling creft, and sword per-plates and nailed to the stalls, of each knight set up over his fall, from whence they are never re- on a canopy of ancient carving cumoved. By the registry of the riously wrought; and over the caGarter, of which the dean of Wind- nopy is affixed the banner or arms for is keeper, the bishop of Salisbu- of each knight properly blazoned ry, chancellor, and the bishop of on Gilk ; and on the back of the Winchester, prelate (which honours Italls are the titles of the knights, are annexed to their secs) it appears, with their arms neatly engraved and that, besides our own kings, who blazoned on copper. The Tovereign's have been sovereigns of this most fall is on the right hand of the noble order, ever since its institu- entrance into the choir, and is cotion by Edward III. there have been vered with purple velvet and cloth nine emperors of Germany, knights of gold, and has a canopy and companions of it, above thiry complete furniture of the fame vakings of foreign nations, eleven luable materials; his banner is electors of the empire, fixteen other likewise of velvet, and his mantling sovereign princes, seven princes of of cloth of gold. The prince's ftail Orange, two dukes of Brunswick is on the left, and has no distinction Lunenburgh, two princes of Heffe, from the rest of the knights coma margrave of Brandenburgh An- panions; the whole society, accord. spach, besides marthals, dukes, or ing to the statutes of the inftitution, peers of France, and grandees of being companions and colleagues Spain; while it is observed, to the equal in honour and power. The honour of the English inunarols, altar-piece was, soon after the resto. that they never accepted any of the ration, adorned with cloth of gold orders created by foreign sovereigns. and purple damak, by Charles II.

The architecture of the ioude of but on removing the wainscut of this chapel bas always been admired one of the chapels in 1707, a

fine painting of the Lord's Supcrape embroidered with gold, train per was found, which being approved gold tissue. of by sir James Thornhill, Verrio, and Princess Elizabeth.-- The Petticoat other eminent masters, was repaired crape, with oblique stripes of fable and placed on the altar. This has intermixed with gold ; train gold fince been replaced by a moft fuperb tissue, painting by Mr. Weft, in 1788. Princess Mary.—Petticoat crape, Near the altar is the queen's gallery, embroidered with guld and silver for the accommodation of the ladies, foil; train rich tissue. at an installation.

Princess Amelia.- The same. Windsor-castle is ftuated upon a · The Duchess of York. A white fahigh hill, which rises by a gentle tin petticoat trimmed with a drapery ascent, and commands a most de- of rich embroidered crape in stars, lightful prospect around it. In the bordered with a rich vandyke, and front is a vide and extensive vale, edged with a beautiful fable, banded adorned with corn-fields and mea- with rich embroidery across, and a dows, with groves on either side, rich gold and filver Mofaic fringe : and the calm smooth water of the the gown of a superb gold filk trimThames running through it; and med with fable, and the fleeves richbehind it are every where hills, co- ly drawn up with diamonds. vered with woods, as if nature had The Princess of Orange.- white peculiarly designed it for the plea- fatin petticoat trimmed with a rich fures of the chace,

embroidered crape in Greek pattern, a drapery thrown over, embroider

ed in coloured foils, and edged with DESCRIPTION a handsome gold plate fringe.

The Hereditary Princess of Orange.

Body and train of gold tissue ; LADIES' Dresses on her MAJESTY'S BIRTH-DAY.

petticoat of crape parsemé with gold,

and fancifully ornamented with felThe Queen.

toons of laurel, rich cord and taffels. TER majefty was drest with her Countess Chelmondeley. A petti

usual plainness on this day, coat of crape, covered with ziz-zag that is, without many diamonds. A stripes of lilver spangles, a border crape petticoat, richly einbroidered round the bottom, of coquelicot and in vandykes of purple velvet, co- black velvet. vered with gold net, a quillery of

Countess of Bute.-Petticoat crape, blond round the bottom, the train embroidered with gold foil; a superb of purple and black striped velvet, drapery of white fatin, covered with vandyked round the edge with gold an embroidery of gold intermixed niet; a festoon trimmed with rich with foil-ftones and peacock,' feablond.

thers, The Princess Rozal.--A crape pet- Countess of Chesterfield. A white ticoat super bly embroidered with fatin petticoat, trimmed with a crape gold foil, the train a most beautiful richly embroidered in gold, in tetgold brocaded tissue. We cannot toons, upon a beautitul painted ribhelp remarking the extreme richness bon and gold talleis. and brilliancy of the various tints Countess of Fauconberg.-- A rich displayed in this superb dress, which, embroidered crape petticoat in co. we understand, is of Persian manu: -quelicot velvet and stones: the gowu facture, being part of the presents gold and white. from the Ottoman ambassador. Lady Ans Fitzroy.--Body and Princess Augufa.-The petticoat 'train of white fatin, trimmed with


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maroon velvet, and gold at bottom. , form of acorns, and had a very pretThe tout ensemble of this dress was ty appearance. more simply elegant than any other that appeared at court. Lady Charlotte Campbell.- A white

SUMMER-House. fatin petticoat, puckered with a net richly embroidered in Mosaic, re- N the Fureteriana there is the de. lieved by a drapery thrown over, scription of a beautifully curi. and edged with a rich gold fillet : ous crystal summer-house, belonging the whole banded with maroon and to the king of Siam. Furetiere says, gold shells, and rich gold fringe: the he had the account of it from a hody of maroon fatin most superbly friend, who had the pleasure of út. embroidered in 'gold plate, and ting in it. wreaths of gold laurel to edge the The king of Siam has in one of whole.

his country palaces, a most fingular. Lady Augufa Clavering.-A white pavilion. The tables, the chairs, the Latin petticoat, puckered with a crape closets, &c. are all composed of cryembroidered in gold feathers, tied | stal. The walls, the ceiling, and the up with green foil leaves; a loose floors, are formed of pieces of plate drapery over an under drapery of glass, of about an inch thick, and sich gold fillet edged with a rich fix feet square, so nicely united by a gold fringe; the gown violet stripe ceinent, which is as transparent as ituff.

glafs itself, that the most fubtile Mrs. Ho.-Body and train of Nuid cannot penetrate. There is royal purple, with a crape petticoat but one door, which shuts so clotely, einbroidered in gold, and most ele- that it is as impenetrable to the gantly ornamented, with a drapery water as the rest of this fingular purple embroidered crescents, and building A Chinese engineer cona rich border at bottom; gold cord structed it thus as a certain remedy and tafel...

against the in/upportable heat of the The pericoats were mostly of climate. This pavilion is twenty. embroidered ciape, with velvet eight feet in length, and seventeen trains. The moit fashionable col- in breadth ; it is placed in the midst ogrs was maroon and black.. Tip: of a great basin, paved and orna. pets were generally worn, triinmed mented with marble of various col. with fine blond, and some with sil- ours. They fill this basin with water

in about a quarter of an hour, and The caps were in the turban fa- it is emptied as quickly. When you mhion, with profusion of high ostrich enter the pavilion, the door is imfeathers, and gold ornaments. Many mediately closed, and cemented with Jaslies' wore embroidered bande ans, mastick, to hinder the water from and bunches of leaves intermixed entering; it is then they open the with filver. The hair was dretfed sluices; and this great basin is soon rather high, turned up quite close filled with water, which is even fuf. bibind, and the ends talling down fered to overflow the land; fo that ue neck in curls. The waits were the pavilion is entirely under water, so mort, that the ladies had hardly except the top of the dome, which

is left untouched for the benefit of room to move their arms.

pearlear-rings and necklaces were respiration. Nothing is more charm. worn as usual, mixed with matted ing than the agrecable coolnefs of gold in various forms; but coral this delicious place, while the ex. and cornelian car-rings and neck creme ardour of the fun boils on the nes were the most in talhion, in the furface of the freshest fountains.




The ADVENTURES of EMMA. constantly calculated to improve the

morals and enlarge the understandA MORAL TALE.

ing. At the end of two years, death

stopped the progress of Emma's (From the Ranger.)

education, by suddenly depriving

her of this most excellent friend; (Continued from Vol. XXVI. p. 618.) her little income reverted to the

family of her husband, and she had E will now finish our digres- nothing to leave the child of her

fion, and return to Albert, adoption, but the simple furniture who soon gained that introduction of her little dwelling. Emma at the cottage of Bernard, which he mourned with affectionate regret i so anxious sought; and by fre- a loss fo great, but determined to quenting the fociety of this worthy persevere in those studies, for which old man, he had daily opportuni- The had acquired fo correct a taste, ties of seeing and converting with and which she was happily enabled his lovely daughter.- Powerfully to do, by becoming the poffeffor of charmed at first fight by her per- the valuable and select collection of fonal attractions, he now found, on books which formed the small liacquaintance, an irresistible fascina-brary of the deceased. By rising tion in the superior beauties of her very early in the morning, Emma mind. Nature had formed her was enabled to pur ve her favourite sentiments just, delicate, and vir-employment, without trespassing on tuous ; and her education had for those hours when her filial duties two years received great advantage or domestic cares demanded her from a frequent intercourse with a attention. lady of birth and distinguislied ta- Young Albert soon discovered, in lents, who had, on the decease of her the conversation of Bernard's love. hulband, retired into a small habi- ly daughter, a well-informed mind, tation, situated in a vale near Ber- and an understanding which blended nard's cottage. This amiable withe artless fimplicity of rural life dow had lived many years in the with the more refined sentiments of great world, and had partaken both cultivated education. of its prosperity and adversity, suf- The mental accomplishments of ficiently to thew her the instability Emma completed the conquest of fortune. With her beloved lord which her beauty had begun, in the she had lost the superfluities of life; heart of Albert; nor was it long but, satisfied with competence, the re iprocal and gentle fame devoted the remainder of her days was communicated to her bolom. to folitude and religion.

The young and ardent lover, in the She conceived for the young Em- first Huttering moinent of aspiring ma, then just fifteeen, a strong át. hope, declued his passion, and ottachment, and easily obtained Ber- fered at her fact his honourable nard's pel mission for his daughter's vows :

-he blushed modestly, and frequent visits. The good woman referred her aslent to her father's delighted in cultivating a mind will. The heart of Bernard, at whole capacity and genius promised this unexpected proposal, felt all a every succels: Emma read aloud, father's rapture : but the strict reệtifor hours uninterruptedly, to her rude of his sentiments checked the kind pationes, and read with an momentary joy ; and with that hoattentiou, that imprefled upon her nei fincerity which marked his chamenory every thing worthy to be racter, he declined to unequal an alretaiced ; and the subjects weré Iliance, and represented to his young Vol. XXVII,



ere a

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