Census Equity Act: Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Census and Population of the Committee on Post Office and Civil Service, House of Representatives, One Hundred First Congress, First Session, on H.R. 2661 ... August 1 and September 7, 1989
United States. Congress. House. Committee on Post Office and Civil Service. Subcommittee on Census and Population
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1990 - 209 páginas
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14th amendment acceptable according addition American answer apportion apportionment base argued argument basis believe bill Census Bureau census count Chairman citizens citizenship clause Committee concerns conclusion Cong congressional considered consistent Constitution decennial Department dependents determined direct districts effect efforts enumeration equal estimate exclude illegal aliens exclude undocumented fact Federal Fourteenth Amendment Framers going hearing Hispanic House of Representatives illegal aliens immigration important included intent interpretation issue legal residents legislation LIBRARY OF CONGRESS meaning ment method military million NALEO Naturalization number of persons overseas personnel persons political population present problem proposed question reapportionment reason record representation requires responsibility result RIDGE SAWYER seats Senate Service slaves statement status Subcommittee suffrage Supreme Court term Thank tion undercount undocumented immigrants undocumented residents United usual residence vote voters
Página 137 - Resolved, therefore, that the rights of suffrage in the National Legislature ought to be proportioned to the quotas of contribution, or to the number of free inhabitants, as the one or the other rule may seem best in different cases.
Página 147 - While it may not be possible to draw congressional districts with mathematical precision, that is no excuse for ignoring our Constitution's plain objective of making equal representation for equal numbers of people the fundamental goal for the House of Representatives.
Página 129 - ... in the Constitution, and can, therefore, claim none of the rights and privileges which that instrument provides for and secures to citizens of the United States.
Página 121 - by the People of the several States" means that as nearly as is practicable one man's vote in a congressional election is to be worth as much as another's.
Página 50 - The debates at the Convention make at least one fact abundantly clear: that when the delegates agreed that the House should represent 'people' they intended that in allocating Congressmen the number assigned to each State should be determined solely by the number of the State's inhabitants. The Constitution embodied Edmund Randolph's proposal for a periodic census to ensure 'fair representation of the people...
Página 135 - Confederation, but according to some equitable ratio of representation ; namely, in proportion to the whole number of white and other free citizens and inhabitants, of every age, sex, and condition, including those bound to servitude for a term of years, and threefifths of all other persons, not comprehended in the foregoing description, except Indians not paying taxes in each state.
Página 129 - And for the same reason it cannot introduce any person, or description of persons, who were not intended to be embraced in this new political family, which the Constitution brought into existence, but were intended to be excluded from it.
Página 138 - That every person whose usual place of abode shall be in any family on the aforesaid first Monday in August next shall be returned as of such family...