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seven more at Nausit, and carried them to the Illand of Malaga, where he fold them for twenty pounds each, to be Naves for life. This conduct, which fixes an indelible ftigma upon the character of Hunt, excited in the breasts of the Indians such an inveterate hatred of the English, as that, for many years after, all commercial intercourse with them was rendered exceedingly dangerous.

Capt. Smith arrived at London the last of August, where he drew a map of the country, and called it New-England. From this time North-Virginia affumed the name of New England, and the name Vira ginia was confined to the southern colony.

Between the years 1614 and 1620, several attempts were made by the Plymouth Company to settle New-England, but by various means they were all rendered ineffectual. During this time, however, an advantageous trade was carried on with the natives.

1617.-In the year 1617, Mr. Robinson and his congregation, influenced by several weighty reasons, meditated a removal to America.

Various difficulties intervened to prevent the success of their de1620 signs, until the year 1620, when a part of Mr. Robinson's congre

gation came over and settled at Plymouth. At this time commenced the settlement of New England.

The particulars relating to the first emigrations to this northern part of America; the progress of its settlement, &c. will be given in the his. tory of New England, to which the reader is referred. In order to preserve the chronological order in which the several colo

nies, not grown into independent ftates, were first settled, it will be 1621 necessary that I should just mention, that the next year after the

settlement of Plymouth, Captain John Mason obtained of the

Plymouth council a grant of a part of the present state of New1623 Hampshire. Two years after, under the authority of this grant,

a small colony fixed down near the mouth of Piscataqua river. From this period we may date the settlement of New Hampshire.

1627.-In 1627, a colony of Swedes and Fins came over and landed at Cape Henlopen; and afterwards purchased of the Indians the land from Cape Henlopen to the Falls of Delaware on both sides the river, which they called New Swedeland Stream. On this river they built several forts, and made settlements.

1628. On the 19th of March, 1628, the council for New England fold to Sir Henry Roswell, and five others, a large tract of land, lying round Massachusetts Bay. The June following, Capt. John Endicot, with his wife and company, came over and settled at Naumkeag, now called Salem. This was the first settlement which was made in Mafia

chusetts,

chusetts Bay. Plymouth, indeed, which is now included in the Coma monwealth of Massachusetts, was settled eight years before, but at this time it was a separate colony, under a distinct government, and continued so until the second charter of Massachusetts was granted bý William and Mary in 1691; by which Plymouth, the Province of Main and Sagadahok were annexed to Massachusetts.

June 13, 1633.-In the reign of Charles the First, Lord Baltimore, a Roman Catholic, applied for and obtained a grant of a tract of land upon Chesapeck Bay, about one hundred and forty miles long and one hundred and thirty broad. Soon after this, in consequence of the rigor of the laws of England against the Roman Catholics, Lord Baltimore, with a number of his persecuted brethren, came over and settled it, and in honour of queen Henrietta Maria, they called it Maryland. The first grant of Connecticut was made by Robert, Earl of Warwick,

president of the council of Plymouth, to Lord Say and Seal, to 1631 Lord Brook and others, in the year 1631. In consequence of

feveral smaller grants made afterwards by the patentees to particu

lar persons, Mr. Fenwick made a settlement at the Mouth of Con1635 necticut river, and called it Saybrook. Four years after a number

of people from Massachusetts Bay came and began settlements at Hartford, Wethersfield, and Windsor on Connecticut river. Thus commenced the English settlement of Connecticut.

Rhode Ifand was first fettled in consequence of religious persecution. Mr. Roger Williams, who was among those who early came over to Massachusetts, not agreeing with some of his brethren in sentiment, was

very unjustifiably banished the colony, and went with twelve 1635 others, his adherents, and settled at Providence in 1635. From

this beginning arose the colony, now state of Rhode Island. 1664.-On the 20th of March, 1664, Charles the Second granted to the Duke of York, what is now called New-Jersey, then a part of a large tract of country by the name of New Netherland. Some

parts

of New Jersey were settled by the Dutch as early as about 1615.

1662.-In the year 1662, Charles the Second granted to Edward, Earl of Clarendon, and feven others, almost the whole territory of the

three Southern states, North and South Carolinas and Georgia. 1664 Two years after he granted a second charter, enlarging their

boundaries. The proprietors, by virtue of authority vested in them by their charter, engaged Mr. Locke to frame a system of laws for

the government of their intended colony. Notwithstanding these 1669 preparations, no effectual settlement was made until the year 1669,

(though one was attempted in 1667) when Governor Sayle came

over with a colony, and fixed on a neck of land between Ashley and Cooper Rivers. Thus commenced the settlement of Carolina, which then included the whole territory between the 29th and 36th 30' degrees, north latitude, together with the Bahama Islands, lying between latitude 22 and 27 north. 1681.- The Royal charter for Pennsylvania was granted to William

Penn on the 4th of March, 1681. The first colony came over the 1682 next year, and settled under the proprietor, William Penn, who

acted as Governor from October 1682 to August 1684. The first assembly in the province of Pennsylvania was held at Chester, on the 4th of December, 1682. Thus William Penn, a Quaker, juftly celebrated as a great and good man, had the honour of laying the foundation of the present populous and very flourishing State of PennfylvaniaThe proprietory government in Carolina, was attended with fo

many inconveniences, and occasioned such violent diffentions among the settlers, that the Parliament of Great-Britain was induced to take the

province under their immediate care. The proprietors (except Lord Granville) accepted of £.22,500 sterling, from the crown for the pro

perty and jurisdiction. This agreement was ratified by act of 1729 Parliament in 1729.

A clause in this act reserved to Lord Granville his eighth share of the property and arrears of quitrents, which continued legally vested in his family till the revolution in 1776. Lord Granville's share made a part of the present state of North-Carolina. About the year 1729, the extensive territory belonging to the proprietors, was divided into North and South Carolina, They remained separate royal governments until they became independent States.

For the relief of poor indigent people of Great Britain and Ireland, and for the security of Carolina, a project was formed for planting a colony between the rivers Savannah and Alatamaha. Accordingly appli

cation being made to king George the Second, he issued letters 1732 patent, bearing date June 9th, 1732, for legally carrying into ex

tion the benevolent plan. In honour of the king, who greatly encouraged the plan, they called the new province Georgia. Twenty-one trustees were appointed to conduct the affairs relating to the settlement of the province. The November following, one hundred and fifteen perfons, one of whom was General Oglethorpe, embarked for Georgia, where they arrived, and landed at Yamacraw. In exploring the country, they found an elevated pleasant spot of ground on the bank of a navigable river, upon which they marked out a town, and from the

Z

Indian

Vol. I,

Indian name of the river which passed by it, called it Savannah. From this period we may date the settlement of Georgia.

The country now called Kentucky, was well known to the Indian traders many years before its settlement. They gave a description of it

to Lewis Evans, who published his first map of it as early as the 1752 year 1752. James Macbride, with some others, explored this 1754 country in 1754. Col. Daniel Boon visited it in 1769.

1773.--Four years after Col. Boon and his family, with five other families, who were joined by forty men from Powle’s valley, began the settlement of Kentucky *, which is now one of the most growing colonies, perhaps, in the world, and was erected into an independent state, by act of Congress, December 6th, 1790, and received into the Union, June ift, 1792.

The tract of country called Vermont, before the late war, was claim

both by New-York and New Hampshire. When hoftilities commenced between Great-Britain and her Colonies, the inhabitants confidering themselves as in a state of nature, as to civil government, and not within any legal jurisdiction, aísociated and formed for themselves a constitution of government. Under this constitution, they have ever fince continued to exercise all the powers of an independent State. Vermont was not admitted into union with the other states till March

4, 1791, yet we may venture to date her political existence as a 1777 separate government, from the year 1777, because, since that

time, Vermont has, to all intents and purposes, been a sovereign and independent State. The first settlement in this state was made at Bennington as early as about 1764.

The extensive tract of country lying north-west of the Ohio River, within the limits of the United States, was erected into a separate tempo

rary government by an Ordinance of Congress passed the 13th of 1787 July, 1787. Thus we have given a summary view of the first discoveries and

progressive settlement of North America in their chronological order. The following recapitulation will comprehend the whole in one view.

* This settlement was made in violation of the Treaty, in 1768, at Fort Stanwix, which expressly ftipulates, that this tract of country should be reserved for the western nations to hunt upon, until they and the crown of England should otherwise agree, This has been one great cause of the enmity of those Indian nations to the Virginians.

Names

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1628

1633

Names of places.
When fettled.

By whom,
Quebec,

1608

By the French. Virginia, June 10, 1610 By Lord De la War. Newfoundland,

June, 1610

By Governor John Guy. New-York

about 1614

By the Dutch.
New Jersey,
Plymouth,

By part of Mr. Robinson's congre1620

gation. New Hampshire,

1623

By a small English colony near the

mouth of Pifcataqua river. Delaware,

1627 By the Swedes and Fins. Pennsylvania, Massachusett's Bay,

By Capt. John Endicotand company.

ByLord Baltimore, with a colony of Maryland,

Roman Catholics.

By Mr. Fenwick, at Saybrook, near Connecticut,

1635

the mouth of Connecticut river. Rhode Island,

1635

By Mr. Roger Williams and his per

fecuted brethren. Granted to the Duke of York by

Charles II. and made a diftinct New Jersey,

1664

government, and settled some

time before this by the English. South Carolina,

1669 By Governor Sayle.

By William Penn, with a colony of Pennfylvania,

Quakers. North-Carolina, about 1728

Erected into a separate government,

fettled before by the English. Georgia,

1732

By General Oglethorpe. Kentucky,

1773 By Col. Daniel Boon. Vermont,

about 1764 { By emigrants from Connecticut and Territory N. W. of Ohio river,

1787 By the Ohio and other companies.

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The above dates are from the periods, when the first permanent settle. Aints were made

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