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Book Plates.-Christian Names.

199 means) was, I presume, for these rea. corruption of Eliza, and thus Isabella, sons discontinued.

(an Italian, French, and Spanish name) I lately had in my possession a copy signifies the beautiful Eliza. of Wither's Emblems, printed in 1635, Matilda, Saxon, noble lady. which contained two different Book Rachel, Hebrew, a sheep or lamb. Plates for the same owner, one for each end of the Book, a peculiarity Christian names :

I now proceed with my list of Male which I have only observed in this

Abraham, Hebrew. However little instance, and therefore meriting description. The plate at the beginning Abram and Abraham, we find in the

difference there may appear between is of the common size, bearing a shield

17th Chapter of Genesis the Almighty of Arms, and under it the


viz. “Sir Francis Fust, of Hill Couri, in talking with Abram, and saying, “Neithe county of Gloucester, Baronet,

ther shall thy naine any more be called created 21st August, 1662, the 14th Abram, but thy name shall be Abrayear of King Charles the Second.” – ham, for a father of many nations have The other plate at the end of the father, Abraham the father of a great

I made thee.” Abram means a high book is larger, being 4 by 6 inches, multitude, in short a Patriarch. with the name as on the other, and a shield of 40 quarterings, 20 on the Eadulph, happy help. a

Adolphus, Latinised from the Saxon dexter, and the same on the sinister, over which is inscribed— Marriages

Alexander, Greek, the defence of in the Male Line' Marriages in the Female Line,' with this appropriate brew Solomon, the Greek Irenæus

Alfred, Saxon, all peace, the Hemotto, Terrena per vices sunt aliena.'

meant peaceable. -This affords a splendid heraldic dis

Alphonso, from Gothic Helfuns, our play, and may be also interesting to the Bibliophilist, when he is inform

Andrew, Greek, manly. ed that this family (Fust), now extinct in this country, was said to be

Anthony, 'Artwy, signifies flourishthe same which produced the immor- ing, thus this name may be synonytal printer of Mentz.

mous with Thales and 'Euthalius of

the Greeks, Florentius of the Romans : I beg to add, that although Book

the Roman family might have come plates are engraved by an inferior from Antium, a town of Italy, said to class of artists, yet we have one or be so named from a son of Hercules. two extant by the hand of the cele

Archibald, German, a bold observer. brated Hogarth, which, from their The name is very common in Scotrarity, are eagerly sought after by the land; froin Archee Armstrong, the curious collector.

C. S. B.

fool of James the First, some have sup

posed the adjective arch, meaning wagMr. URBAN,

March 1.

gish, witty, to have originated; Mr.

Archdeacon Nares, however, believes Y present communication shall it to be of an earlier age. begin with some common Fe.

Arthur, British, mighty; or perhaps male names omitted in my last :

the name originated from the child Alice, from the German Adeliz, sig- being born under Arcturus' (a star in nifies noble.

the Great Bear). Amelia I conceive to be from the Augustus, Latin, increasing (in French Amie, and Latin Amata, be- wealth and honour); unless it come loved.

from the Greek, and mean splendid, Bertha, Saxon, bright, noble. illustrious. It was first given to OcBridget, the same, apparently Irish. tavius Cæsar, and has ever since been Emma is probably the same as Amie. common in princes' families; hence

Emily, either the same as Amelia, it almost becomes synonimous with or from the Roman Æmilia, meaning the Greek Basil, royal, which was in Greek, affable, pleasant.

formerly used. Frances, German, free.-It is con- Bartholomew, Hebrew, the son of venient that Frances be so spelt to dis- the raiser of the waters, that is pertinguish it from the male Francis, but haps of God, in allusion to the pasthere is no other reason for it.

sage of the Red Sea. I find from more than one authority, Benjamin, Hebrew, the son of the with respect to Isabella, that Isa is a right hand, see Gen. xxxv. 18.




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Derivation of Male Christian Names. [March, Charles. Carl or Kerl is an ancient Horatia, Horace, is a Roman name, word, by which strong and brave men perhaps from the Greek ógatos, worth are called; it may thus answer to the looking at, sightly. Roman Valens (meaning prevailing, Hugh, Dutch, high; or Saxon, joy, valiant) whence Valentine; the Saxon comfort. ceopl méant a rustic, whence our Humfrey, Saxon, peace at home; churl; carle, derived from the same a lovely and happy name,” says source, is used by Spenser in nearly Camden," if it could turne homethe same sense, but with the Scotch warres between man and wife into it means an old man.

peace." Christopher, Greek, bearing Christ. Jacob, Hebrew, whence also our St. Christopher is said to have carried James

, a supplanter. Stackhouse in our Saviour on his back through the his History of the Bible, explains Jasea; he is supposed to be a fictitious cob as one that taketh bold of, and character-an allegorical representa- trippeth up another's heels ; see its tion of a true Christian. Paintings origin Gen. xxv. 26; and in Gen. of St. Christopher, on a large size, xxvii. 36, Esau says, “is he not rightly were frequent ornaments in our early named Jacob, for he hath supplanted churches.

me these two times,” &c. Daniel, Hebrew, God's judge, God Jeffrey, Geoffry, Saxon, either joyhath judged, see Gen. xxx. 6. ful peace, or, if from Godfrey, good

David, Hebrew, beloved, a friend. peace, or the peace of God.
Edgar, Saxon, happy honour.

Jeremiah, Hebrew, high of, or exEdmund, Saxon, happy peace.

alting the Lord. Edward, Saxon, happy guardian. Yours, &c.

Nepos. Edwin,' Saxon, happy winner or

(To le continued.) conqueror. Eugene, Greek, well or nobly born. Mr. URBAN,

March 7. Ferdinand is of disputed origin. Camden in his “Remaines" thinkit PREVIOUS to the first entry of

King James the Sixth of Scotmay come from the German words land into his English Dominions, in fred and rand, pure peace.

1603, it is stated by a contemporary Francis, German, free.

Writer, that he “ dispatched the BiFrederick, Saxon, rich peace. shop of Holyrood House to Berwick,

George, Greek, a tiller of the earth; that he might receive the Town to Agricola was a Roman, Urian a Da- his use.”—The title of Bishop, occurs nish name of the same meaning. Ge- in two other sentences ; and in a orgia may have been so called from its fourth, he is called “the Lord of being a country of husbandmen, as it Holyrood House.” is very fertile.

The. national Saint In the Chronicle of Howes, the probably brought George into repute Continuator of Stow, the same perin England; and the name of Ma- son is called “the Lord Abbot of jesty must have made it more com- Holyrood House." mon during the last century.

And in Gough’s Camden, vol. III. miserably disjointed,” says p. 316, we are informed, that “ John Camden, by the French from the La- Bothwell, one of the noble persons tin Ægidius, Greek asyidov, a kid; that attended James VI. into Engthis appears an unlikely name, but he land, had the title of Lord of Holymentions a man whose name was Ca- rood conferred upon him, but it is pella, meaning the same in Latin; it now extinct.” most probably, if from Ægidius, means Holyrood was not an Episcopal bearing an ægis, or breastplate, an- See ; and had long ceased to be an ciently made of goat's skin. Camden actual Abbey. And what is the histhinks, however, it may be derived tory of John Bothwell? from Julius, as Gillian from Juliana, It will be esteemed a considerable which appears more likely, from Jules favour, if the intelligent Continuator being used for Julius in French. of “Douglas's Peerage,” or any other

Gregory, Greek, watchful, vigilant. of your numerous correspondents,

Henry, if from the German #erric, versed in Heraldic lore, will solve the rich lord, synoniinous with the Greek difficulty arising from the apparent Plutarch.

confusion of title.


Giles, «

S. N.

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Printed by C.Hullmandel

G. Scharf Lithog:



1928.] Church of St. Paul, Shadwell.--Liverpool.

201 Mr. URBAN,

Myddelton House, The Shadwell Water-works are dis-
Jan. 17.

used; the concern having been purN architectural friend having fa- chased by the Company of the East

H.C. B. drawing of the new Church of St. Paul, Shadwell, Middlesex, I send à lithographic representation of it (see

ANCIENT AND MODERN LIVERPOOL. Plate I.) The following judicious The Town in 1821 and 1761, presentremarks on its general character, and ing a contrast between the Coronaparticularly the steeple, are extracted tions of George III. und George IV. from your Memoir of its much lament

(Continued from p. 108.) ed designer and architect, the late John Walters, esq. who died Oct. 4,

Fifth. TRUCTURES devoted to 1821, aged 39 * :


the Arts and Sciences. We are not “Confined in the expenditure to a sum aware that, in 1761, there was any comparatively small and inadequate, and building exclusively devoted to these submitting his plans to parochial approba- objects. There was indeed a room in tion, he, nevertheless, produced a building John-street used for a library (now simply neat, and elegantly chaste. The steeple is peculiarly beautiful, and it is not forming the Lyceum Library), and too much to say, that in correctness of de

another room for drawing and paintsign, and in the simple harmony of its seve

ing. Now we have no nakedness of ral parts, it scarcely yields to the most ad- ornament in this respect. The usual mired object of the kind in the metropolis.” effects of commercial opulence are disInscription on the West front:

played in the number, magnitude, and

beauty of the structures devoted to the “ J. Walters, architect; re-built anno purposes of science, literature, and the Domini M.DCCCXX.-J. Streather, builder." fine arts. We have the Athenæum,

The whole expenditure, including Lyceum, Exchange, and Union News organ and furniture, was about 14,000i. Rooms, the Liverpool Royal InstituThis new Church was consecrated 'tion, and the Underwriters' Room, April 5, 1820.

which are conspicuous architectural Another specimen of Mr. Walters's ornaments. To the Athenæum and abilities as an architect, the beautiful Lyceum valuable and extensive libraGothic Chapel on the London Hospi- ries are attached. The Royal Institutal estate, has been ably and minutely tion contains a splendid collection of described by your Correspondent E. I. pictures, casts from the antiques (parC. in page 4 of your present volume.

ticularly from the Elgin Marbles, preShadwell was formerly called Chad- sented by his Majesty, its munificent welle, and took its name, as is supposed, patron), and a valuable and rapidly infrom a spring dedicated to St. Chad. creasing Museum of Natural History. It was a hamlet of Stepney till 1669, A flourishing Classical and Mathemawhen it was separated from that pa- tical School, under a Fellow of the rish by an Act of Parliament. It lies University of Cambridge, forms a part in the hundred of Ossulston.

of the same institution. The “Society, The old Church, dedicated to St. of Travellers into Foreign Countries," Paul, was built in the year 1656, consists chiefly of young men of a liteprincipally at the expense of Thomas rary and scientific turn of mind, who Neale, esq. There are various views meet to communicate to each other of it, viz. Maitland, vol. II. p. 1379; the observations made on their tours *. Booth's London Churches, &c. It Sixth. Structures for PLEASURE being very much out of repair, the in- and AMUSEMENT.-In 1761, the only habitants determined to erect a new place of amusement was a small The

atre in Drury-lane, now used as a The right of presentation is in the warehouse. We have now a spacious Dean of St. Paul's; and the present and elegant Theatre in WilliamsonRector is the Rev. Charles Webb Le square, with a handsome stone front; Bas, M. A.

the Wellington Rooms, a handsome



* See vol. xci. ii. p. 374; and Lysons's Environs of London. GENT. MAG. March, 1823.

* See an Account of their first Anniversary in vol. xch. i. p. 213.


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