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[Jan. or mortar, and of as few and unwrought Usages of that country," 1 vol. 8vo. pp. stones as possible, and capable of holding 600, with fac-similes. one person. These little dwellings were their sacred cells, to which the people re- We have the satisfaction of extracting sorted for divination, or decision of contro- the following interesting details from a versy, or petition, but not their family habi- letter of M. Caillaud, the Egyptian traveltations, for these were large palaces. Caves ler, respecting the Antiquities of Ancient were winter habitations of the Britons, and Nubia. residences or places of protection for the “ I am come from the Desert, where I Celtic Highlanders. Fingal's Hall, an ex- have visited two places, in which there were cavation, was occupied, at least during numerous curiosities. M. Linant, a Frenchhunting seasons.
man, not having left the country of Senaar, EGYPTIAN ANTIQUITIES.
saw them some days before I did. Near the
village of Wetbeyt Naga are the ruins of The spirit of criticism and analysis with two small temples; in the Desert, about which the antiquities of Egypt are now in- eight leagues to the South-east, are the revestigated, daily conducts to the same goal mains of seven other small temples. The men of letters who follow the most different valley which leads to these ruins, and the routes. Thus M. Champollion, jun. who ruins themselves, are called Naga, and I applies with so much success to the investi- have no doubt are the remains of the angation of the ancient writing of Egypt, and cient city of Naka. Three of these temples M. Lehonne, who endeavours to explain are in tolerable preservation ; one of them the Greek and Latin inscriptions found in is highly interesting for the objects with that country, have both arrived at the same which it is ornamented. The figures are in results ; for the discovery of the phonetic costumes very different from those seen in hieroglyphics, which we owe to the former, Egypt: the garments are like those which I has only confirmed, with regard to the date have mentioned to you before as having seen of productions of Egyptian art, the conclu- in the pyramids. The second is larger than sions which the latter had drawn two years the first, with an avenue of sphynxes; the ago from the incriptions engraved on the third consists of an isolated portico, highly façade of certain temples, and which M. curious, and of a less ancient construction. Champollion discovers by the designs of the The architecture is a mixture of Greek and bas-reliefs of the great portico of Esné,- Egyptian, it having Corinthian capitals. that the Zodiac of that temple was carved The other temples are complete ruins. In under the reign of the Emperor Claudius. the great valley of the Desert, about six We are informed that M. Lahonne proves, hours' journey from the Nile, and eight from Greek inscriptions discovered in the hours' South-south-east from Chandy, there temple of Esné, that the Zodiac sculptured are other and more considerable ruins, on the ceiling of the pronaos of that edifice, which, I think, are the remains of a college was made in the reign of Antoninus. Now from Meroe. They consist of eight little this Zodiac, as well as that of the great temples, all joined in a line by galleries and temple, begins with the sign of the Virgin, terraces. It is altogether an immense conand the date of it had been also fixed at struction of numerous chambers, cells, three thousand years before the Christian courts, and galleries, surrounded with double
The temple itself, the erection of enclosures. I am unable to give you here which was assigned to that remote period, the slightest description of these ruins. The is not anterior to the reign Adrian. As central temple communicates with the others for the planisphere of Denderah, we know by these galleries or terraces, 185 French that M. Champollion reads on it in phonetic feet long. Each temple has particular hieroglyphies the word Autokrator, and as
apartments, which tand in a line. In the signs it to the reign of Nero. M. Lehonne eight temples are thirty-nine chambers or had also proved, from Greek inscriptions, habitations, twenty-six courts, and twelve that the rectangular Zodiae of the pronaos staircases. The ruins cover a space of 2500 must belong to the reign of Tiberius. It feet. But in this so great extent of ruins, may therefore be considered, as a fact re- all is in small proportion as to size, both as sulting from positive researches, that not it respects the monuments, ayd the stones one of the four famous Zodiacs discovered employed in them. The stones are placed in Egypt is anterior to the dominion of the in courses of twenty-five centimètres in Romans in that country. The important height, and are frequently square in form. facts connected with this question are laid The largest temple is eleven métres in length. down by M. Lebonne in a work which will On the
columns are figures in the Egyptian appear in a few days, under the following style : and on some columns of the same
“ Researches into the History of portico there are channellings (Autings) as Egypt during the domination of the Greeks in Greek architecture. On the base of one and Romans ; derived from Greek and Latin of them are the remains of a Zodiac. I inscriptions, relative to the Chronology, the could see the Twins and Sagittarius, and state of the Arts, the civil and religious have taken a faithful copy of it.”
One who soothes another's woe;
The desert drear,
When blest with those we loy'd below! Friendship! can'st thou e'er be cold? Can'st thou lose thy genial heat ?
Can'st thou ever,
From thee sever,
And ask assistance at thy feet?
By one like thee,
And dwelt with pleasure there?
Thy social influence thou wilt spread; The tortur'd mind thou’lt strive to ease,
The Widow cheer-the Infant lead. 'Tis now as Mem'ry calls thee back,
To scenes once blooming—now forlorn, Thou'lt scorn engagements to forsake,
Which on thy altar once were sworn!
Arrested in their silent course,
What tho' the melancholy view
This season has its social hours ;
[shine Where the blest Sun of Righteousness shall In all his Power of Plenitude divine.
Blandford. MASON CHAMBERLIN
THE SAILOR'S RETURN. METHINKS I hear the plashing oar,
And murm'ring voices meet mine ear, Of seamen, as they near the shore,
And by the beacon steer.
A mind long sunk in memory's grave,
Sweet freedom to the slave ;
In heaven, a ray more pure than this?
To seal a holier bliss
W. A. A.
HYMN FOR WINTER. WITH furious aspect issuing forth,
From the bleak regions of the North, Relentless Winter, clad in storms, The turbid Atmosphere deforms.
* Author of the “Path of Duty," &e.
In form, but not in purity and truth. Suggested while proceeding by Stanwell, to- That arm the dead can quicken with new
wards Richmond, and frequently looking life, back upon Elon College, after the Inter- And raise the mourner from extremest woe ment of an amiable Son*.
To comfort and to peace.--I know that He By his afflicted Father.
Who died for sinners, lives, - with head
one who travels o’er a lengthening By many crowns; and at the latter day
vale, Which his reluctant feet may cross no more,
Will stand upon the earth : wheu they who Oft to the hill where stands his much-lov'd
Within the confines of the silent dead, home, Casts a reverted glance thro' gushing tears ;
Again shall wake; and, leaving in the dust
Whate'er was mortal, be invested bright So, Eton ! as to such a scene, To thee my aching sight. For, lo! fast by May thy now-sorrowing Sire, enraptur’d,
With immortality.-Oh, then, my Son! The hallow'd walls of thy Collegiate fane, Which lifts its clust'ring pinnacles on high, Thee in his fond embrace to part no more!
clasp Sepulchred sleeps -of my worn remnant self
L. B. So lov'd a part, that scarce I seem to live. In the fresh-cover'd grave of thee, my Son!
LINES My EDWARD! lies any heart. And there, entranc'd,
[lie, On the Death of EDWARD-LUKE BOOKER, With thee; in Death's cold slumber must it
who was accidenially drowned, in the 11th Till he who clos'd, untimely, thy young be- Year of his Age, at Eton College, Dec. 9, ing,
1822. Restore me to the world, a world of woe ! Untimely! said my erring, impious tongue ?
By an affectionate Brother. Alas! not length of days forms life mature;
THERE is a tear of holy sorrow
When those it lov'd we try to save.
There is a sigh, the bosom rending,
When some fond spirit soars on high ; Adorn'd thy blossom'd Youth. And shall
And there's a soothing balm attending, not these,
To know that anxious friends were nigh. In brighter radiance, like a robe of light, Ah! yes; the tear for those that languish Clothe my now-sainted Child, where ruth- In Death's last speechless agonies,-. less Death
(tears, The sigh of grief,—the throb of anguish, No more can blight thy loveliness, nor Is sooth'd to watch the closing eyes. For such bereav'd perfections, e'er be shed ? Is the strong arm now shorten'd in its But, when away from friends that cherish'd might,
Hopes of joys they ne'er can see, That bore thy spotless spirit to the skies?
Such hopes as, EDWARD! now have perish'd,
Whelm'd in the ruthless wave, with theeNo; I again shall see thee lovelier far
Tho' amid smiles and joy surrounding, * See our Obituary, for Dec. 1822, p. 571. The ghastly monster mark'd his prey ; Inscription for his Monument When, while thy heart with glee was bound“ To the Memory of
The soul was summon'd swift away EDWARD Luke, Son of the Rev. Luke Booker, LL.D. Tho’ short the pains, the pangs of dying, who was accidentally drowned
And quickly every struggle o'er, on the 9th day of December, A.D. 1822, Tho' wrapt in smiles, thy spirit flying, in the 11th year of his age.
Soar'd spotless to its blissful shore His much beloved and lamented Body
Yet, oh! the thought that, torn for ever reposes near,
From hearts that shar'd thy weal and woeg while his pure Spirit
rejoices That lov'd thee, EDWARD! and which never in the presence of his Redeemer.
Will let thy fond Remembrance go. May this plain memorial, recording his virtues and disastrous fate, Ah! who his bosom's grief can smother? prove a salutarywARNING to incautious youth, Or who would check the hallow'd tear? to avoid the Dangers of that element, Not he who mourns thee as a Brother, which deprived him of life,
Who loy'd thee as thou lov'dst him dear, and overwhelmed his friends in sorrow!
Velindra House, S. Wales, T.W.B. Yά Πατης.
Addressed by a Daughter to her deceased Relieves the drear of waking dreams,
Mother. And that begem3 life's thorny vale WHAT tho' ten years are past and gone, With bright altho' reflected beams.
Since to the grave thou wert convey'd,
And the green moss creeps o'er the stone Then thro' all this tearful scene may
Which on thy mould'ring bones is laid ; Hope be the inmate of the breast, T'illume the mind with light serene,
Yet, still thy Memory, ever dear, And guide to everlasting rest.
Lives deep impress'd upon my mind,
And still I shed the silent tear,
And mourn, to inward grief resign'd.
For thou, when first in childhood's days And ev'ry thought 's replete with pain.
I heedless rang'd from flower to flower,
Did'st cheer my infant mind with praise, Night succeeds night, but not one ray
And lead me forth from hour to hour.
And when maturity of years,
s. Thy long anxieties and fears,
Gave promise of my youthful prime ;
Thy soft persuasive Voice repress’d,
Since then from infancy. I owe
To thy protecting hand and love,
Without a verse, and this recording And hopes of future joys above, .
I duly still, whilst Heaven shall doom 'Twas his, in youth, o'er distant lands to
This ever grateful heart to beat, Danger and Death, companions of his way:
Will bend with reverence o'er thy tonab, Here in his native village, drooping age
And pour my Sorrows at thy feet.
Z. Clos'd the long evening of his pilgrimage. Speak of the past, -of names of high re
By BERNARD BARTON, the Quaker Poet. Or his brave comrades long to dust gone His look with instant animation glow'd, THOU hast thy beauties ; sterner ones, I Tho' ninety winters on his head had snow'd.
Than those of thy precursors ; yet to thee His Country, whilst he liv’d, a buon supplied,
[died. Belong the charms of solemn majesty And Faith her shield held o'er him when he And naked grandeur. Awful is the tone Hope, Christian, that his spirit lives with Of thy tempestuous nights, when clouds are God,
[sky; And pluck the wild weeds from the lowly
By hurrying winds across the troubled Where dust to dust, beside the chancel's
Pensive, when softer breezes faintly sigh shade,
[laid. Through leafless
boughs, with ivy overgrown.
Thou hast thy decorations too; although Till the last trump, a brave Man's bones are
Thou art austere; thy studded mantle, gay With icy brilliants, which as proudly glow
As erst Golconda's; and thy pure array THE CHARM.
Of regal ermine, when the drifted snow (From the Spanish.)
Envelopes nature; till her features seem
Like pale, but lovely ones, seen when we WIND the shell, bind the spell;
dream. What is in it ? Fond farewell! Wreath'd with drops from azure eyes,
The Old Man's Triumph over Time. Twilight vows, and midnight sighs.
" TIME has not thinn’d my flowing hair," Bind it on the Maiden's soul !
Nor laid, as yet, my temples bare : Suns may set, and years may roll;
But he has played the barber's part, Yet beneath that tender twine
And powder'd me with wond'rous art. All the spirit shall be thine.
To show, no doubt, that 'tis his aim Oceans may between you sweep;
To pulverize this mortal frame. But the spell 's as strong and deep :
But let him know, that, on a day, Anguish, distance, time are vain
God will reanimate this clay; Death alone can loose the chain.
And life unchangeable will give
PULCI. When Time himself shall cease to live.
[ 74 ]
order of the world. The legitimate antho. CONGRESS OF Verona.
rity fettered, and changed into a forced inThe Sovereigns of Austria, Russia, and strument of the overthrow of all rights, and Prussia, lately assembled at Verona, have all legal privileges; all classes of the people addressed to their Ministers at the several hurried away by the stream of revolutionary European Courts a most important Circular. movement; violence and oppression exerThis document commences with announcing cised under the forms of law; a whole kingthat the Austrian troops are to be with- dom given up a prey to disorders and condrawn from the territory of Sardinia by vulsions of every kind; rich colonies, which successive draughts, the last of which is to justify their separation by the very same have evacuated that kingdom before the end maxims on which the mother country has of September 1823.- It also states that the founded its public law, and which it would Austrian army which now occupies Naples, willingly, but in vain, condemn in another is, in the shortest period possible, to be re- hemisphere; the last resources of the State duced by 17,000.' In announcing these consumed by civil war : this is the picture arrangements, the Sovereigns say, “ They which the present state of Spain presentsrejoice at being able to leave the security such are the evils by which a generous peoand tranquillity of the people to the Princes ple, deserving of a better fate, is visited to whom Providence has intrusted them, such, in fine, are the grounds of the just and to deprive calumny of its last remaining apprehensions which such an assemblage of pretext to disseminate doubts respecting
the elements of trouble and confusion must exindependence of the Italian Princes."
--The cite in the countries more nearly in contact affairs of the Greeks are next alluded to, with the Peninsula. If ever, in the bosom and the Princes lament that the “firebrand of civilization, a power arose hostilely of rebellion has been thrown into the Otto- alienated from the principles of preservaman Empire." They denounce the conduct tion, from the principles in which the Euroof the Greeks as being "rash and culpable." pean Confederation reposes, such a power
The state of affairs in Spain is thus is Spain, in its present state of dissolution. noted:-“Spaip now endures the fate which "Could the Sovereigns have contemplated awaits all States that are so unfortunate as with indifference so many evils heaped upon to seek what is good in a way in which it one country, accompanied with so many never can be found. It passes through the dangers to the others? Depending, in this fateful circle of its revolution-a revolution important affair, only on their own judgwhich deluded or ill-disposed men would ment and their own consciences, they have willingly have represented as a blessing, been obliged to ask themselves, whether nay, as the triumph of an enlightened age. they were longer allowed to remain calm All Governments are witnesses of the zeal spectators of an evil which every day with which these men have endeavoured to threatens to become more terrible and danpersuade their contemporaries that this re
gerous, and even, by the presence of their volution was the necessary and wholesome representatives, to lend the false colouring fruit of the progress of civilization; and the of a tacit sanction to the measures of a facmeans by which it has been effected and tion which is ready to undertake everything supported, the noblest essay of generous for the maintenance of its destructive sway. patriotism. If it could be the object of The decision of the Monarchs could not be civilization to overthrow human society--if doubtful. The Legations have received it were possible to suppose that the armed orders to quit the Peninsula. force, which has no other vocation than
“ All Europe must at length acknowledge that of maintaining the internal and exter- that the system pursued by the Monarchs nal peace of the State, might with impu- is in the most perfect harmony with the nity assume the supreme dominion over it well-understood interests of the people, as the Spanish revolution might certainly pre- well as with the independence and strength tend to the admiration of all ages, and the of the Governments. They recognize no military insurrection in the island of Leon enemies but those who conspire against the serve as a model for reformers. But truth legal authority of the one, and the simplihas soon asserted her rights, and Spain, at city of the others, to plunge both into one the expense of her happiness and glory, has common abyss of destruction. The wishes only furnished a new and melancholy ex- of the Monarchs are directed to peace alone; ample of the inevitable consequence of every but this peace, though fully established betransgression of the eternal laws of the moral tween the Powers, cannot diffuse its bless