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business, which shall not be departed from, except by unanimous consent of the house, shall be as follows, viz.:

1. Introduction of bills by counties, in alphabetical order. 2. Reports of standing committees in the order in which the committees are stated in rule fourteen.

3. Presentation of petitions by counties, in alphabetical order. 4. Motions and resolutions, to be called for by counties in reverse order. 5. Reports of select committees. 6. Third reading of bills. 7. The preferred calendar of general orders. 8. Unfinished business of the general orders. 9. Special orders of the day. 10. General orders. Messages from the governor and from the senate, communi

cations from state officers, and reports from the committees on engrossed bills and public printing, may be received under any order of business.



RULE 4. Petitions, memorials, and any other papers addressed to the house, shall be presented by the speaker, or by any member in his place.

RULE 5. Every member presenting a paper shall indorse the same; if a petition, memorial, or report to the legislature, with a brief statement of its subject or contents, adding his name ; if a notice or resolution, with his name; if a report of a committee, a statement of such report, with the name of the committee and members making the same; if a bill, a statement of its title, with his name.

RULE 6. Every member who shall be within the bar of the house when a question is stated from the chair, shall vote thereon, unless he be excused by the house, or unless he be directly interested in the question ; but no member shall be obliged to vote on any question unless within the bar when his name is called. The bar of the house shall be deemed to include the body of the assembly chamber.


OF ORDER AND DECORUM. RULE 7. No member rising to debate, to give a notice, make a motion or report, or to present a petition or other paper, shall proceed until he shall have addressed the speaker, and have been recognized by him.

RULE 8. While a member is speaking, no member shall entertain any private discourse or pass between him and the chair.

RULE 9. While the speaker is putting a question, or a count is being had, no member shall leave his place.

RULE 10. When a motion to adjourn is carried, the members and officers shall keep their seats and places until the speaker declares the house adjourned.



RULE 11. No member shall speak more than once to the same general question, without leave of the house, until every member desiring to speak on the question pending shall have spoken.

RULE 12. If any member, in speaking, transgress the rules of the house, the speaker, or any member, may call to order, in which case the member so called to order shall immediately sit down, and shall not rise unless to explain or proceed in order.

RULE 13. All questions relating to the priority of business, that is, the priority of one question or subject-matter over another, under the same order of business, shall be decided without debate.


ON COMMITTEES AND THEIR DUTIES. RULE 14. The standing committees shall be as follows. yiz. :

To consist each, of nine members:

1. Ways and means. 2. Judiciary. 3. General laws. 4. Canals. 5. Affairs of cities. 6. Railroads. 7. Commerce and navigation. 8. Insurance. 9. Banks. 10. Internal affairs. 11. Affairs of villages. 12. Roads and bridges. 13. Public printing. 14. Public health. 15. Charitable and religious societies. 16. Public education. 17. Militia. 18. Claims. 19. Federal relations.


To consist each, of seven members:

20. Game laws.
21. State prisons,
22. State charitable institutions.
23. Privileges and elections.
24. Civil divisions.
25. Trade and manufactures.
26. Manufacture of salt.
27. Public lands.
28. Agricultural.
29. Indian affairs.
30. Petitions of aliens.
31. Two-thirds and three-fifths bills.
32. Engrossed bills.
33. Grievances.
34. Expenditures of the house.

35. Expenditures of the executive department. To consist each, of five members:

36. Rules. 37. Joint library. 38. There shall be also, a committee on “general orders," to

be called the sub-committee of the whole," to consist of sixteen members, viz. : two from each judicial district of the state ; whose duties are defined in rule 40.

RULE 15. It shall be the duty of each of the several committees to consider and report without unnecessary delay, upon the respective bills and other matters referred to it by the house ; and also to inquire into the matters indicated by its name, and to report thereon to the house, any information, and any bill or resolution which it may deem conducive to the public interest.

RULE 16. It shall be the duty of the committee on ways and means to examine into all the departments of the government, whether executive, legislative, judicial or otherwise, where salaries or emoluments are given ; to examine, ascertain and report to the house what officers can be dispensed with, and what salaries or emoluments can be reduced, and how far consistent with the public good; and to take such action in regard to section eight of article seven of the constitution of this state as may be requisite.

RULE 17. It shall be the duty of the committee on twothirds and three-fifths bills to carefully examine all bills coming within the ninth section of the first article, and the twenty-first section of article three of the constitution of this State ; and when any bill shall have passed in committee of the whole house, on which the speaker may entertain doubts whether it comes within the provisions of either of the said sections, it shall be referred to the said committee to examine and report thereon, before the question on the final passage shall be taken.

RULE 18. It shall be the duty of the committee on general laws to consider and report upon all "bills and other matters which shall be referred to them. And they shall have authority to report such original general laws and such amendments to existing general laws as they shall deem in accordance with the requirements of the constitution. Every bill of a general character reported by them, shall be placed on a preferred calendar of the general

orders, which shall have precedence of the unfinished business of the general orders.

RULE 19 The committee on engrossed bills shall care. fully examine, in the order in which they shall be directed by the house to be engrossed for a third reading, all bills so engrossed, and see that the same are correctly engrossed, and they shall immediately report the same in like order to the house before they are read the third time,

RULE 20. It shall be the duty of the committee on public printing to examine and report on all questions of printing referred to them; to examine, from time to time, and ascertain whether the prices charged for printing are in conformity to the contract therefor, and whether it is done in conformity to the orders of the house and without unreasonable delay; to ascertain and report what number of copies ought usually to be printed, and how distributed; and to report to the house, from time to time, any measures they may deem useful for the economical and proper management of the public printing.

RULE 21. It shall be the duty of the committee on expenditures of the house, and in the executive department, severally to inquire into the said expenditures, and whether the same have been made in conformity tó law, and whether proper vouchers exist for the same, and whether the funds provided for the purpose are economically applied, and to report, from time to time, such provisions, laws and regulations as may conduce to economy, and to secure the faithful disbursement of the moneys appropriated by law.

RULE 22. All petitions, memorials and bills, relating to claims upon the State, shall be referred to the standing committee úpon claims for examination and report ; but such committee shall not report a bill in any case where provision is made by law for the determination of the claim by any officer, board or tribunal, established for that

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