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IND EX
To THE
CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK.
Art. Sec.
Acadamies, support of..................................-----------------------------. 9 1
Actions or suits, not to be affected.....................------------------------ 1 18
by or against corporations...................................................... 8 3
Adjournment, neither house to adjourn without consent of
the other................................. ----------------------------------------- ........ 3 11
Adjutant-general, appointment and tenure of office................... 11 3
Agricultural land, certain leases or grants to be void.................. 1 14
Alienation of lands, restraints upon, to be void........................... 1 15
Amendments to constitution, when to go into effect............ ...... 16
to bills, may be made in either house................................... 3
to the constitution [see Constitution]......................----------... 13
Appeals, court of [see court of Appeals]............------------------------... 6
Appropriation laws, to be passed within two years....................- 7
to specify distinctly sum appropriated................----------------- 7
bills, how to be passed.............................------- --------------------... 3 21
Assembly, number of members.................................................. 3. 2
members not to receive civil appointments........................... 3 7
who ineligible to .................................................................. . 3 8
number, when and how apportioned and chosen.............----- 3. 5
districts, how and when formed when reorganized.......-------- 3 G
compensation of members.............. ---------------------------------...... 3 6
members not to receive state civil appointments.................. 3 7
accepting U. S. office, vacates seat of inember...................... 3 8
election to be held in November.........................------------------... 3 9
to judge of qualifications, elections, etc...................... --------- 3 10
to choose its own officers........ ----------------------------------------....... 3 10
to keep a journal, and publish the same................................. 3 11
to sit with open doors, except, etc...........................------------ 3 11
not to adjourn without consent of the Senate........................ 3 11
members not to be questioned elsewhere for words said in
debate................................................................................ 3
majority of, necessary to pass bills....................................---- 3
has the power of impeachment............................................. 6
first election of members...................................................... 14

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Art. Sec. Assistant vice-chancellor, office abolished....... -----------------... 14 8 Attorney-general, election and tenure of office..............------------ 5 1 compensation, not to receive fees.......---------------------------------- 5 1 commissioner of land office................................................... 5 5 commissioner of the canal fund...................................--------- 5 5 member of the canal board................................................-- 5 5 when incumbent to go out of office...........................---------. 14 3 Attorney, district (see District attorney",....................------------... 10 1 Ayes and noes, on final passage of bills..................................---- 3 15 to be entered on journal............~~~~~------------------------ 3 15 on bills returned by governor with objections...................... 4 9 on removal of Judicial officers.............................................. 6 11 on certain bills to create debt............................................ 7 12 on tax and appropriation bills.................................---------- 7 14 on amendments to the constitution.....................-------------... 13 I Ball, excessive not to be required...............................--------------- 1 5 Ballot, elections to be by, except for town officers.................---- 2 5 Banking, no special charter for, to be granted............................ 8 4 suspension of specie payments not to be sanctioned............ 8 5 stockholders to be individually liable...................................- 8, 7 bill-holders preferred in cases of insolvency.................-------- 8 8 Bank notes or bills, to be registered, and security given............ 8 9 to be first paid in cases of insolvency.................................... 8 8 Wetting on elections, persons to be excluded from voting........ 2 2 Bills, laws to be passed by .......................................................... 3 16 private and local, title of................--------------------------------------- 3, 14 enacting clause of.........................................*------------------------ 3- 15 question on final passage....................................................- 3 15

reported by commissioners to revise the statutes, sections 17
and 18 of this title not to apply to................................... - 3 25
returned from governor with objections.........---------------------- 4 9

must be signed in thirty days after adjournment, or cannot
become a law.............................................................--------- 4 9

in bill appropriating money, governor may object to one or
more items.................. ------------------------------------------------------ 4- 9
to create debt.................................--------------------------------------- 7 12
for tax and appropriations, three-fifths quorum..........--------- 7 14
Black River canal, to be completed.................... “..............--------- 7 3
not to be sold or leased.......................................................... 7 - 6
Borrowing money, state may borrow for deficit in sinking fund 7 5
not exceeding $1,000,000......................................................... 7 10
to repel invasion.....--------------- --------------------------------------- 7 li
with assent of the people.............................-------------------- ... 7 12
cities and villages to be restricted in.................................... 8 9
Bribery, persons guilty of...............................------ -------------------- 2 2
attempt at....................-------------------------------------------------------. 15 2
person attempting not privileged from testifying................ . 15 2

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Art. Sec. Bribery, person accused of, may be witness in his own behalf... 15 3 expenses incurred in investigating charges of...................... 15 4 (See Officers.) Bridges, providing for building of...............--------------------------------- 3 18 Brooklyn city court ..................................................................... 6 12 Judges, how chosen ......... ...............-------- ------------------------... 8 13 compensation................................. --------------------------------- 6 14 expenses, how defrayed......................................-----------... 6 14 official term of............................-------------------------------------- 6 13 to appoint chief Judge............................................------. 6 12 term of.office of chief Judge............................................. 6 12 vacancies in office of, how filled....................................... 6 12 Buffalo, superior court of city of................. -------------------------------. 6 12 Judges composing................................................................-- 6 12 Rompensation of..........................................................--------... 6 14 how chosen........................................................................... . 6 13 term of office of........................................-------------..... 6 12 -- ----------------------------------------------------------------. 6 13 to appoint chief judge from their uumber............................ 6 12 term of office of chief Judge..................................................... 6 2 vacancies, how filled.............................................................. 6 12 Canal board, of whom it shall consist....................---------: -------- - 5 5 its powers and duties......................--------------------------------------- 6 6 may cancel contract..............-------------------------------------------- 7 3 Canal commissioners, election and tenure of office..................... 5 3 term of office designated by lot............................................. 5 3 members of canal board........................ --------------------------------- 5 5 present, when to go out of office...........................---------------. 14 3. Canal fund commissioners [see commissioners of canal fund]. Canals, revenues [see Revenues of canals]. to be completed.......---------------"................--------------------...... 7 3 contractors, no extra compensation to be made to ............... 7 3 expenditures for repairs, limited..........--------------------------------- 7 6 funds from sale of, how to be applied.................................... 7 6 not to be sold, leased or disposed of..................--------------------- 7 5 Census of the state, when to be taken....................................... 3 4 Chancellor, office of, abolished........................--------------------------- 14 8 to hear causes till July, 1848..................................---------------- 14 6 eligible at first election...................................----------------------- 14 -9 vacancy in office supplied by governor and Senate................ 14 7 Chancery [see Court of chancery]. Circuit judge, office of, abolished................................------------------ . 14 3 eligible to office at first election............................................. 14 9 Cities may be created by special act......................................... ... 8 1 to be restricted in their powers............................................. 8 9 officers of, to be elected or appointed .................................... 10 2

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Cities; not to loan their money or credit...................................
not to become owners of stocks or bonds..............................
not to contract debts, except for city purposes.....................

Citizens, not to be disfranchised unless by law...........................
not to answer for crimes, except on indictments, etc............
met to be twice put in Jeopardy for same offense...................

City courts [see Courts in cities].

County seats, change ot.------------. --------------------------------------------
Crime, no one to answer except on presentments, etc................
Criminal cases, no one to be witness against himself..................

Clerk of court of appeals, compensation.....................................
to be paid out of public treasury...........................................
to be appointed by court .......................................................
to keep his office at seat of government...............................

Clerk of the supreme court, county clerks to be.......................

Clerks of counties [see County clerks].

Clerks and register of New York city, election and tenure.........
how removed; to be heard in defense..............................----
time of election..............-----------------------------------------------------
vacancy, how filled................................---------------------------------
to hold unexpired terms............................------------ ----------
credit of the state not to be loaned.........-------------------------- --
of cities and villages, to be restricted..................................
Code, commissioners to reduce laws into.....................................
Colonial acts, the law of this state ...................................-----------
Colored persons, what, entitled to vote.......................................
certain, not to be taxed..............................“....“
Commission of appeals, term of service may be extended.........-

Commissioners, canal [see Canal commissioners].
Commissioners of appeals, causes undetermined by, how dis-

decisions to be certified to......................................................
five to be appointed..........----------............................................

commission to continue no longer than three years .............
reporter of court of appeals to act for..................................---
when to enter upon duties .......---------------------------------------------
vacancies, to be filled by governor......----------------------------------
appointments to fill, when to expire.....................................
Commissioners of the canal fund, who shall be...........................
to determine by lot the terms of canal commissioners.........
powers and duties.....................................---------------------------
Commissioners of the land office, who shall be...........................
powers and duties..............----------------------------------------------------
may sell land contiguous to the salt springs..................... ------
Commissioners to form code and report to the legislature ..........
vacancies, how supplied, and compensation .........................

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of supreme court, office abolished..........................................

Commissary-general, appointment and tenure of office...------. to give security... -----Common law, part of the law of this state.--------------

Common pleas court, business transferred.-----------------------Judges of, abolished.------------------------------------------oCommon school fund, capital inviolate----------------------------income, how applied----------------------------------------------Compensation of menubers of the legislature.-----------------of the governor. - -of the lieutenant-governor---------------------------------------of judges of court of appeals and justices of supreme court. of county Judges.-----------------------------------------------------of Justices of city court--------------------------------------------------------Comptroller, election of, and tenure of office----------------------------compensation, not to receive fees............---------------------------commissioner of the land office........................------commissioner of the canal fund...................----------------------member of the canal board.......................................----------when present incumbent to go out of office.......................Congress, members of, ineligible to the legislature.....................

Conscience, liberty of, not to excuse acts of licentiousness Conscience, persons exempt from military duty......................... Constitution, how amended........----------------------------------------------majority of each house necessary to propose amendments to ...---------------------------------------------------------------- --------------*mendments to be published before election of senators....... majority of each house of next legislature must agree to

amendments......................................................................amendments to be approved by a majority of electors voting when to take effect ..........................................................----Contractors, no extra compensation to................---------------------granting privileges to.......................................---------------- Convention to revise the constitution, when question to be submitted ..........................................“...............-----majority of electors voting at the election, necessary............ delegates to be elected....................................--------------------Coroners, election and tenure of office.......................................... governor may remove, after hearing defense....................... time of election....................------------------- ----------------------------to hold unexpired term.........................---------------------------Corporate rights or charters not affected....................................Corporations, to be formed under general laws.................--------by special acts in certain cases............................................-general laws may be altered................................................... dues from, how secured............................---------------“..." d.fined, to sue and be sued in all courts................................. for banking, not to be created by special act........................

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