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MESSRS BLACKWOOD'S PUBLICATIONS

In Two Volumes royal 8vo, price £3, handsomely bound in cloth,

A NEW EDITION OF THE BOOK OF THE FARM;

DETAILING THE LA BOURS OF THE

FARMER, FARM-STEWARD, PLOUGHMAN, SHEPHERD,
HEDGER, CATTLE - MAN, FIELD-WORKER,

AND DAIRY - MAID:

AND FORMING

A SAFE MONITOR FOR STUDENTS IN PRACTICAL AGRICULTURE.

BY

HENRY STEPHENS, F.R.S. E.

This Edition is entirely rewritten, and embraces every recent application of Science to Agriculture; it is Illustrated with PORTRAITS OF ANIMALS painted from the Life, engraved on Steel by THOMAS LANDSEER and others ; and with 600 ENGRAVINGS on WOOD by BRANSTON, representing the principal Field Operations, Implements, and Animals treated of in the Work.

SUBJECTS TREATED OF IN THE BOOK OF THE FARM.

INITIATION.

ON THE BEST OF THE EXISTING METHODS PERSONS REQUIRED TO CONDUCT AND

FOR ACQUIRING A THOROUGH EXECUTE THE LABOUR OF THE KNOWLEDGE OF PRACTICAL HUS

FARM. BANDRY

ON THE INSTITUTIONS OF EDUCATION DIFFICULTIES THE PUPIL HAS TO EN

BEST SUITED TO AGRICULTURAL COUNTER IN LEARNING PRACTICAL STUDENTS. HUSBANDRY, AND ON THE MEANS | ON THE EVILS ATTENDING THE NEGLECT OF OVERCOMING THEM,

OF LAN DOWNERS AND OTHERS TO THE DIFFERENT KINDS OF FARMING, LEARN PRACTICAL AGRICULTURE. AND ON SELECTING THE BEST.

ON OBSERVING THE DETAILS AND REON THE BRANCHES OF SCIENCE MOST CORDING THE FACTS OF FARMING APPLICABLE TO AGRICULTURE.

BY THE AGRICULTURAL STUDENT.

MESSRS BLACKWOOD'S PUBLICATIONS

21

THE BOOK OF THE FARM-Continued.

PRACTICE.

WINTER.

SUMMARY OF THE FIELD-OPERATIONS VARIETIES OF TURNIPS CULTIVATED.

AND OF THE WEATHER IN WINTER. CONSTRUCTION OF STABLES FOR FARMPLOUGH, SWING-TREES, AND PLOUGH

HORSES HARNESS.

TREATMENT OF FARM-HORSES IN PLOUGHING AND PLOUGHING-MATCHES. WINTER. PLOUGHING DIFFERENT FORMS OF TREATMENT OF THE FARMER'S SADDLE RIDGES.

AND HARNESS HORSE IN WINTER. PLOUGHING STUBBLE AND LEA GROUND. | FATTENING OF SWINE IN WINTER. OCCUPATION OF THE STEADING IN TREATMENT OF FOWLS IN WINTER. WINTER.

RATIONALE OF THE FEEDING OF ANIMALS PULLING AND STORING TURNIPS, MAN-ACCOMMODATION OF THE GRAIN CROPS

GOLD-WURZEL, CARROTS, PARSNIPS, IN THE STEADING.
AND CABBAGE, FOR CONSUMPTION THRASHING AND WINNOWING OF GRAIN.
IN WINTER.

FORMING OF DUNGHILLS AND COMPOSTS FEEDING OF SHEEP ON TURNIPS IN

IN WINTER. WINTER.

LIQUID MANURE, AND THE CONSTRUCACCOMMODATION AFFORDED TO CATTLE TION OF LIQUID-MANURE TANKS IN WINTER BY THE STEADING.

AND CARTS. REARING AND FATTENING OF CATTLE SEA-WEED AS MANURE. ON TURNIPS IN WINTER.

I GAULTING OR CLAYING THE SOIL.

SPRING SUMMARY OF THE FIELD-OPERATIONS TRANSPLANTING OF TURNIP-BULBS FOR

AND OF THE WEATHER IN SPRING. PRODUCING SEED.
ADVANTAGES OF HAVING FIELD-WORK | SAINFOIN.

ALWAYS IN A STATE OF FOR- LAMBING OF EWES.
WARDNESS.

CROSS-PLOUGHING LAND.
CALVING OF COWS.

RIBBING LAND FOR THE SEED-FURROW, MILKING OF COWS.

SOWING OF GRASS-SEEDS. REARING OF CALVES.

SOWING OF BARLEY. SOWING OF SPRING WHEAT.

TURNING OF DUNGHILLS. DRILLING UP OF LAND.

PLANTING OF POTATOES. SOWING OF OATS, BEANS, PEASE, TARES. PARING AND BURNING THE SURFACE. ROLLING OF LAND.

FARROWING OF SOWS. LUCERNE.

HATCHING OF FOWLS.

SUMMER. SUMMARY OF THE FIELD-OPERATIONS | PASTURING OF SHEEP AND CATTLE IN

AND OF THE WEATHER IN SUMMER. SUMMER. ON THE HAY GIVEN TO FARM-HORSES. WEANING OF CALVES. SOWING AND SUMMER TREATMENT OF PASTURING OF FARM-HORSES IN SEMFLAX HEMP - HOPS-TURNIPS —

MER. KOHL-RABI — THE CABBAGE - SOILING OF STOCK ON FORAGE PLANTS. MANGOLD-WURZEL-THE CARROTS WASHING AND SHEARING OF SHEEP. --PARSNIPS-RAPE-BUCKWHEAT ROLLING OF FLEECES, AND ON THE SUNFLOWER-MADIA-AND MAIZE.

QUALITY OF WOOL.
THE RATIONALE OF THE GERMINATION SUMMER CULTURE OF BEANS AND
OF SEEDS.

PEASE.
ON SOWING BROADCAST, DRILLED, AND WEANING OF LAMBS.

DIBBLED-THICK AND THIN-AND DRAFTING OF EWES AND GIMMERS.
AT DIFFERENT DEPTHS.

MARKING OF SHEEP. REPAIRING THE FENCES OF PASTURE-HAY-MAKING. FIELDS.

SUMMER CULTURE OF WHEAT-BARLEY DISPOSAL OF THE FAT SHEEP-AND FAT -OATS-RYE-AND POTATOES. CATTLE.

SUMMER FALLOW. MARES FOALING.

REAPING OF TURNIP-SEED. TREATMENT OF BULLS IN SUMMER. I MAKING BUTTER AND CHEESE.

22

MESSRS BLACKWOOD'S PUBLICATIONS

THE BOOK OF THE FARM-Continued.

AUTUMN.

SUMMARY OF THE FIELD-OPERATIONS REAPING BUCKWHEAT, SUNFLOWER,

AND OF THE WEATHER IN AUTUMN. AND MAIZE.
SOWING OF THE STONE TURNIP, AND BJRDS DESTRUCTIVE TO THE GRAIN-

ON THE SOWING OF TURNIP FOR CROPS
SEED.

PUTTING THE TUPS TO THE EWES.
SOWING OF WINTER TARES-RAPE BATHING AND SMEARING OF SHEEP.

CRIMSON CLOVER-BOKHARA CLO LIFTING POTATOES.
VER - RED CLOVER FOR SEED STORING POTATORS.
AND ITALIAN RYB-GRASS.

SOWING WHEAT, BARLEY, AND PEASE
PICKING AND DRYING OF HOPS.

IN AUTUMN.
SOWING OF WINTER BEANS.

SOWING SEVERAL VARIETIES OF GRAIN
PULLING, STEEPING, AND DRYING OF TOGETHER.
FLAX AND HEMP.

PLANTING POTATOES IN AUTUMN.
REAPING WHEAT, BARLEY, OATS, RYE, THE EFFECTS OF SPECIAL MANURES.

BEANS, PEASE AND TARES WHEN ROTATION OF CROPS.
GROWN FOR SEED.

FERTILITY OF SOILS.
CARRYING AND STACKING OF WHEAT, I DISPOSAL OP THE FAT PIGS.

BARLEY, OATS, BEANS, AND PEASE. MANAGEMENT OF FOWLS.
THE COMMON JERUSALEM ARTICHOKE. ANIMALS DESTRUCTIVE TO POULTRY.

REALISATION.

DIFFERENCES IN THE PHYSICAL GEO- | TREATMENT OF DRAUGHT-STALLIONS.
GRAPHY OF FARMS.

BREAKING-IN OF YOUNG DRAUGHT-
CLIMATE AND ITS EFFECTS.

HORSES..
THE JUDGING OF LAND.

BREAKING-IN YOUNG SADDLE-HORSES.
ESTIMATING THE RENT OF A FARM. | TRAINING AND WORKING THE SHEP-
THE MODE OF OFFERING FOR A FARM. HERD'S DOG.
NEGOTIATING THE COVENANTS OF THE SLAUGHTERING OXEN, SHEEP, AND PIGS.
LEASE.

THE POINTS TO BE AIMED AT IN
ENTERING TO A FARM.

BREEDING THE MOST PERFECT
THE STOCKING OF A FARM.

FORMS IN LIVE STOCK.
CHOOSING THE SITE, ON BUILDING, DESCRIPTION OF THE ANIMALS WHOSE

AND ON THE EXPENSES OF ERECT PORTRAITS ARE GIVEN IN THE
ING THE STEADING.

PLATES.
THE FARM-HOUSE.

ACCOUNT OF SOME OTHER BREEDS OF
COTTAGES FOR FARM-SERVANTS.

CATTLE AND SHEEP.
INSURANCE AGAINST FIRE AND DISEASE. THE PRINCIPLES OF BREEDING.
THE PRINCIPLES OF ENCLOSURE, AND SELECTION OF PARENTS IN BREEDING.
ON SHELTER.

BREEDING IN-AND-IN.
THE PLANTING AND REARING OF CROSSING.
THORN-HEDGES.

HIRING OF FARM-SERVANTS.
THE BUILDING OF STONE-FENCES. WAGES OF FARM-SERVANTS.
WIRE-FENCES.

THE FARM SMITH, JOINER, AND SAD-
EMBANKING AGAINST RIVULETS.

DLER.
CONSTRUCTION OF FIELD-GATES.

THE CARE DUE TO THE IMPLEMENTS.
DRAINING OF LAND.

MAKING EXPERIMENTS ON THE FARM,
IMPROVING WASTE LAND.

CORN-MARKETS.
TRENCH AND SUBSOIL PLOUGHING. FARM BOOK-KEEPING.
LIMING OF LAND.

CONCLUDING EXHORTATIONS TO THE
FORMING WATER-MEADOWS.

YOUNG FARMER.
IRRIGATION.

1 INDEX.

MESSRS BLACKWOOD'S PUBLICATIONS

23

THE BOOK OF THE FARM-Continued.

EXTRACTS FROM NOTICES OF THE FIRST EDITION.

Professor Johnston. " The best practical book I have ever met with."

Times. “We assure agricultural students that they will derive both pleasure and profit from a diligent perusal of this clear directory to rural labour. The experienced farmer will perhaps think that Mr Stephens dwells upon some matters too simple or too trite to need explanation; but we regard this as a fault leaning to virtue's side in an instructional book. The young are often ashamed to ask for an explanation of simple things, and are too often discouraged by an indolent or supercilious teacher if they do. But Mr Stephens entirely escapes this error, for he indicates every step the young farmer should take, and, one by one, explains their several bearings. ... The business matter of a farm is divided by Mr Stephens into four parts, each bearing the name of the season that influences the operations that are performed in it. By this arrangement every operation is described as it takes its turn in the fields-described, we must in justice to the author observe, in so detailed and perspicuous a narrative, that no attentive reader can fail to comprehend the course he ought in practice to pursue. . . . . We have thoroughly examined these volumes ; but to give a full notice of their varied and valuable contents would occupy a larger space than we can conveniently devote to their discussion; we therefore, in general terms, commend them to the careful study of every young man who wishes to become a good practical farmer."

Editor of American Reprint. “No farmer who thirsts for knowledge himself, or who aspires to have his son rise to the true post of honour'-the dignified station of an intellectual and accomplished agriculturist-can justifiably deny himself such a work."

The Magnet. “It is one of the chief recommendations of this work that its instructions are both clear and comprehensive, so that they are quickly understood and their merits appreciated; whilst the profusion of excellent cuts with which the text is embellished, brings the subjects treated upon fairly under the farmer's observation. There are few books of so high a character, or so eminently useful as this."

Farmers' Magazine. A work, the excellence of which is too well known to need any remarks of

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Inverness Courler. “ Mr Stephens has tasked himself to produce a great work--the most splendid we possess on the subject; and his title hardly conveys the full extent of his plan, which is more comprehensive and highly finished than any other rural cyclopædia we possess.”

Bell's Messenger. "Exhibiting in every page the combination of large experience, extensive observation, and a cultivated mind. . . . . One of the most unique and valuable works to be found within the range of agricultural literature.”

Bell's Life. We know of no single agricultural work to be compared with this..... Nothing can be more disinterestedly earnest than our recommendation of the 'Book of the Farm.'"

Agricultural Gazette. * One of the completest works on agriculture of which our literature can boast."

Scottish Farmer. A most accurate and useful digest of all that has been ascertained by observation, experiment, and experience in relation to agriculture, more especially as conducted in our own country. By very many of the most enlightened and enterprising farmers and proprietors in Scotland, we know it has been held in the greatest estimation; and were we to seek information on any particular subject connected with rural affairs, it is certainly the book to which we should in the first instance refer.”

MESSRS BLACKWOOD'S PUBLICATIONS

A TREATISE ON LAND SURVEYING. By JOHN AINSLIE.

A New and Enlarged Edition, embracing Railway, Military, Marine, and
Geodetical Surveying, by WILLIAM GALBRAITH, M.A., F.R.A.S.
In demy 8vo, price 21s., with an Atlas of Thirty-two Engravings on
Steel by W. & A. K. JOHNSTON, and numerous Illustrations engraved

on Wood, by R. E. BRANSTON.
“ The best book on surveying with which I am acquainted."-WM. RUTHERFORD,
LL.D., F.R.A.S., Royal Military Academy, Woolwich.

"The work of one who knew his business well. . . . . The only one in our language from which all necessary information may be obtained."- London and Edin. Phil. Magazine.

"I hardly expected, from the title, to have found such complete directions for marine surveying, a branch of the subject that has been too little attended to,especially as to the proper observations on the rise and fall of the tides. I should like to see the book in every midshipman's berth in the Royal Navy."—CAPTAIN JOHN WASHINGTON, R.N., one of the Admiralty Marine Surveyors.

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TRIGONOMETRICAL SURVEYING, LEVELLING, AND RAIL

WAY ENGINEERING. By WILLIAM GALBRAITH, M.A. 8vo,
price 78. 6d.

AN INTRODUCTION TO METEOROLOGY. Wherein the Laws of

that important branch of Natural Science are explained by numerous in-
teresting Facts, methodically arranged and familiarly described. By
DAVID P. THOMSON, M.D. In Octavo, with numerous Illustrations.

Price 12s. 6d.
“I consider it a most valuable treatise, and one likely to become popular when its
merits are made known to the public."-Sir David Brewster.

It appears to me that you have grappled successfully with your subject, and produced a useful and valuable volume, and one which, I have no doubt, will have a great circulation, if only for the nuniber of curious and interesting facts described and collected in it."-Sir John Herschel, Bart.

" We borrow these refreshing passages from the Introduction to Meteorology of Dr Thomson-a work of a full and well-assorted mind to which we shall often refer in the department now engaging our attention."-Dublin University Magazine.

“A complete treatise on the subject, including all the latest discoveries, inventions, and improvements. It is a great storehouse of facts scientifically and carefully arranged."-The Economist.

STEPHENS ON DRAINING. A Manual of Practical Draining.

By HENRY STEPHENS, Esq., F.R.S. E., Author of the “Book of the

Farm." 68 Jllustrations on Wood. 8vo. Third Edition. 58. “A complete manual of draining in all its branches, clearly and concisely written; the various systems and practices in use are fairly discussed and commented upon, their peculiar advantages pointed out, and their applicability to the various descriptions of soil shown. The method of construction of the different drains is described, their relative cost summed carefully up, with plain and simple directions to the farmer to guide him in the choice of the particular system of draining he should adopt, as well as the mode in which it should be done." -Bolton Free Press.

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