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tion. All this it has a perfect consti- yielded their judgment to the appeals of tutional right to do, if, in its broad dis- those more directly interested, nay, alcretion on the subject, it shall so deter- most solely interested. The Rule was mine. Whether in the actual case re- adopted and sustained. The conseferred to, that discretion has been wisely quence has been,not only that the Northexercised, not many are left now seri- ern Democrats have been to a consideously to contend-proving their sincer- rable extent forced into a position seriity by their practical conduct. The ously false, difficult, and hazardousalleged violation of the “right of peti- not only that they have had to bear, and tion,” like many a less plausible idea, has have generously and patiently borne, at least served as an excellent handle for a great deal of unjust obloquy, not easy influence on the public mind, in the sec- to repel without long and profound ex, tion of the Union against which it planations; but also that it has acted could be said to be directed. Follow- upon the Abolitionism of the North, as the ing on the heels of those former really spur to the horse, the whip to the top, unjustifiable modes of persecution, the fan to the flame, the dam to the acagainst the obnoxious doctrine and its cumulating weight of the waters. The advocates, which have been referred to consequence, in a word, has been that above, it was no difficult matter to at- the Abolitionists have not only been tach to it, in popular estimation, the be- converted into a political party strong queathed inheritance of the character enough to hold the balance of power in which had indeed belonged to them. the most important Presidential election
The famous “twenty-first,” after- perhaps held under our government, ward the “twenty-fifth rule," thus but that the country, South, North, and therefore naturally became the object of all, has escaped more narrowly than a prejudice by no means its just or we pray may ever again be the case, proper due. The Democratic party in the calamity of their deciding that Congress it was which stood by the long trembling balance against the South in the establishment and main- Democratic Party. tenance of that rule of internal proce- The unhappy Rule in question has dure, with no small difficulty and no now been rescinded. And the manner small danger, yet faithfully and firmly. in which it was done and acquiesced in, The secret of this resides simply in the both in Congress and throughout the fact of the State-Rights character of its country, proves undeniably the univergeneral doctrine, conduct and men. sal conviction of the impolicy of the They could regard the action sought by Rule, and the irresistible necessity of the petitions in question as indeed be- its abrogation. That it can ever again yond the true constitutional authority be re-enacted, there is probably no sinof Congress, while the party of Federal gle man, woman or child, in the Union, latitudinarianism could not. They who will even pretend to believe, whethcould therefore consistently and honor- er it be with the belief of hope or fear. ably sustain their habitual Southern This was a sad blunder on the part of friends on this point, especially when the South. , Would that it had been the equally clear in the conviction that last would that it had been the worst ! these petitions were practically as in- That which it has committed within the jurious to the very cause of that freedom past year, in the persons of some of its in whose name they purported to run, as peculiar representatires in the present they were theoretically at variance with administration, is a far worse one. the true principles of the sacred Con- We refer to the manner in which the stitutional Compact. It was the South's Texas question has been managed, and own peculiar attair. The position in the ground on which the policy of Anquestion was constitutional and legiti- nexation has been placed and so strenmate, however impolitic and dangerous, uously urged. and the Northern Democracy undertook For us to declare our exalted admiraserious risks of domestic popularity in tion, respect, and even attachment, for thus supporting the South in it. They, Mr. Calhoun, would be superfluous at the same time, gave the latter, both enough, after the evidences of it with publicly and privately, ample warning which former pages of this Review of the mistaken policy they were pur- have abounded-going back even to a suing, and of its probable tendency, at period before the general reception of the same time that they fraternally that great, powerful, and noble champion of some of the political principles least a very large minority among ourmost dear to us, back into that full com- selves !—the whole done, moreover, in a munion with the Democratic party, manner of most unusual volunteer prewhich he had for a time lost, by his long cipitation, soliciting even with threats protracted relation of opposition to it, the compliance of Texas itself !—and during General Jackson's administra- actually pledging the military intervention. No personal considerations are tion of the country, by simple unconentitled to any place in dealing with stitutional Executive promise, to plunge such questions as are involved in this directly into war with Mexico, if she subject, in such times as these. Mr. should execute her threat of immediate Calhoun has been led, by the too fixed invasion of Texas !—and this while and narrowed intensity of one leading Congress, the sole war-making authoridea, into a course fatally replete with ity under the Constitution, is in sesmischief, not only to the particular sion! Nay, more--what shall be said measure thus unhappily mismanaged— of our volunteer discussion of the esnot only to the country at large—but sential merits of this peculiar local inpeculiarly so to the South. As power- , stitution—through the peculiar organ of ful for ill, when unhappily in a path our collective nationality, for which, if of even the inost uprightly intended for anything, the Union, and the whole error, as he is for good, on those other Union, is emphatically responsible-in occasions which constitute the rule of public diplomatic papers, addressed to his life, the mistake being the exception, England, to France, to the whole civihe has thus done more, far more, to ex- lized world! tend and strengthen at the North that If all this can be done by great SouthAbolitionism against which his Demo- ern statesmen, on the avowed ground, cratic friends have so self-sacrificingly the almost exclusively avowed ground stood by the constitutional rights of the of strengthening and preserving the South, than Abolitionism could ever institution of Slavery; what, we repeat, have done for itself. We still look on becomes of the above stated position of with amazement! We cannot under the State-Rights party at North and stand—we can only deplore! What South—the Democratic party of Strict has become of the Southern doctrine- Constitutional Construction? Why, at what, of the Northern Democratic posi- one fell blow, we find our whole ground tion—that the institution of slavery, knocked from beneath our feet! What whether a good or an evil, was a local concern can be more national-more a and not a national, a municipal and not subject of collective and universal rea federal institution—with which the sponsibility—if such doctrine as this, Free States had nothing to do—for advanced from such quarters, and illuswhich they were in nowise responsible, trated by such formidable national exeeither to their own conscience or to the cutive action, is sound ? Cannot as judgment of the world, even though it much be done by indirect influence to existed on the common ground of the destroy, as by direct action to defend ?District of Columbia ? What has be- to argue for the one side as for the other come of this position, after a Southern of a confessedly two-sided question ? President and a Southern Secretary of --to shake off' national responsibility, as State--and that Secretary, John C. to assume and justify it? Such are Calhoun, of all men living !-have so some of the questions that immediately nationalized, so federalized, the ques- spring up out of the seeds scattered tion, as we have lately seen done ? broadcast by these late events. When that has been not only acted Why, such doctrine as this would aboupon, but avowed, argued, vehemently litionize three-fourths, at least, of the urged—that, and that almost exclusively population of every free State in the as the ground for a large and mo- Union, and abolish slavery in the Dismentous measure of national policy !- trict of Columbia, in two years from the involving the annexation of territory date of its promulgation in the South, enough for a kingdom!—the assumption and reception by the public mind of the of at least a menaced war!-a war pos- North ! sibly to be backed by England !--in an Let it not be forgotten that we are unascertained condition of the public sen- warm friends of the immediate annexatiment of our own country!-in certain tion of Texas (though on very different disregard of the earnest objection of at grounds !) recognizing no obligation to wait longer for Mexican consent-devot- will pour and press on the next Congress, ed in support of the State-Rights theo. in the form of a demand for action more ry of the Constitution-and little enough or less direct as the subject of Slavery disposed to favor Abolitionism. From in the District of Columbia. It will call this point of view, and in this capacity for its abolition there--for the abolition it is, that we look with so much aston- of the slave trade--for the prohibition ishment and regret on the unfortunate of the introduction of slaves into mistake we have here signalized ; and in the District. These demands will doing so we know full well, that we re- be urged with a force that has nevpresent nothing sectional, nothing par- er yet attached to them, in consetial, but not only the general Democra- quence of that collective national retic-nay, the general American senti- sponsibility for the institution, in the ment on the subject-but the general eyes of the whole world, which has Southern sentiment itself also.
lately been spread over the whole North, To repair the moral mischief which East and West, by the South itself. We has thus been wrought, will be no long see but one way of quieting or avoiding task. For the Democratic party of the this agitation, of which that miserable North to maintain its ground on a diffi- poverty-stricken little Ten Miles Square cult and delicate question, like the one must continue the fatal ground, opporunder consideration, when thus tripped tunity and excuse. Let it be given back up-disarmed-pinioned--by the very to Virginia and Maryland. It is perfriends for whom it has done so much, fectly useless to the Federal Governborne so much, perilled so much, and ment. If thought by any desirable, whose rights under the most favorable Congress could still retain sufficient circumstances it finds it so hard to de- contingent authority to serve for its own fend—to do it too in the face of a party protection againt mobs, if such danger elated and high-strung as Abolitionism should ever arise. It could retain the is by its recent demonstration of poli- ownership of all public buildings and tical power-is no child's play. Per- property, with ample guarantees of its severance in similar courses, in a similar own independence, against any possible spirit of administration, would inevita- dangers that could ever assail it. No bly result in arraying the Free and the constitutional amendment is needed for Slave States in irreconcilable antago- this purpose. The action of Congress, nism, and in a violent disruption of the in compact with the two States in quesUnion. God avert such consequences tion, is all that is needed. It would reof our own infatuation !
store the District to some degree of deWe have room in the present article cent local government. It would relieve for but a few words more. Now that the the Federal government from a constant Twenty-Fifth Rule has been rescinded drain upon its Treasury and its time. -now that Abolitionists feel themselves It would settle to general satisfaction thus strengthened and stimulated—now this whole question of national responthat the overthrow of the Whigs has dis- sibility for slavery in this common naengaged such vast numbers of persons tional territory. It would heal an issue from their former relations and objects, which will else long continue to bleed, who constitute natural recruiting ma- perhaps fatally; and it would do more terial for that party—and now that the than any other act that could be done, subject of Slavery has been thus nation- to quiet this weary and dangerous agialized by its own very friends, in a mode tation. It has often been talked of, obnoxious in so many ways to the pub- with more or less earnestness. The lic sentiment of the Free States—there time has now come to do it. Who can can be no doubt that more vehement and oppose any rational objection to the reapowerful agitation of Abolitionism will sons which now so powerfully recomtake place than has yet been known. It mend it ?
THE GHOST OF NEW YORK.
BY CORNELIUS MATHEWS.
WHOEVER has sailed up or down the mind, to obey it. Lankey Fogle had East Ri in a fog, or driven to Hal- the Shot-Tower in fear; but he must let's Cove, Long Island, on a dusty go. His hat pressed close upon his day, or walked on the Third Avenue in eyes-eye-brow and brim were part the moonlight, has been beset by the each of the other; a faded blue coat, out vision of a great white tower, rising, at elbows, the broad wrists hanging ghost-like, in the air, and holding all the over his hand; shuffling shoes; and neighborhood in subjection to its repose Lankey a little man, withal: he descendand supernatural port. The Shot-Tow- ed the steps slowly, struck across the er is a strange old fellow, to be sure! Park, by the angle of the Post-Office, and 'Spite of that incessant buzzing in his stood on the brow of Chatham street, head, he holds himself as high and towards the square. The Jews were as grandly, as though he hadn't the trouble thick, with their gloomy whiskers, as of making shot for the six-and-twenty blackberries ; the air smelt of old coats United States. He never dozes or nods, and hats, and the sideways were gluteven in the summer noon; nor does he ted with dresses and over-coats and fall asleep in the most crickety nights, but little, fat, greasy children. There were winks, with that iron top of his, at all countrymen moving up and down the the stars, as they come up, one by one; street, horribly harassed and perplexed, and outwatches them all. There he is, and every now and then falling into the gaunt and clean, as a ghost in a new hands of one of these fierce-whiskered shroud, every day in the year. Build as Jews, carried into a gloomy cavern, and you may, old Gotham! Hammer and presently sent forth again, in a garding and trowel on all sides of him, if ment, coat or hat or breeches, in which you choose, -you cannot stir him an he might dance and turn his partner, inch, nor sully the whiteness in which to-boot. he sees himself clothed, in that pure Lankey Fogle plunged down the deglass of his of Kipp's Bay! If you have clivity. seen him once, you know him always. “ A coat, sir ?” A sturdy Shot-Tower to be sure !—and “Wont you, now, a new under-tog ?” go where you will, you carry him with “ That 'ere hat!" you. He is the Ghost of New York, “ This way, sir, we're the No Miggone into the suburbs to meditate on take !" the wickedness of mankind, and haunt And as he slipped out of their handsthe Big City, in many a dream of war, Cotton-baggin', sir, to fill out ?” and gun-shot wounds, and pattering My eyes! there's holes for a ratcarnage, when she falls asleep.
ter!” And can you see him from the back “ He'll be a wreck, I say, 'fore he steps of the City-Hall? Not with the reaches the square-he'll never live past naked eye: but Lankey Fogle standing Roosevelt—my 'ord for it!" there, once on a time, had him present A soft strain of the flute floated from to him, and shook at the very thought. a back-room, as his figure passed the He had just come down from the wit- door, joined by a mellow, low whistle, ness-stand, within, and was pausing at which are, it is supposed, integral parts the porch, when he was of a sudden of speech in the dialect of Jewry. smitten on the shoulder, and he heard, Lankey glided along, wrapped up in audibly, a voice say to him:
his coat and inner meditations, for it “ Meet me by the Shot-Tower, at was nearing night; but it was of a truth twelve to-night!"
as much as he was worth to get himA voice, but nobody; for he looked self clear of the young barbarians who about promptly, and down the steps, hung upon his skirts, as he passed and back through the Hall. No one vi- along, and nearly brought them away. sible ; but he knew the voice, and had It was a bad case certainly, for the sun a mind-yes, he was forced to have a getting toward a level, shot through and
through his apparel, passing in at an terious man and moved on; he had a elbow and coming out at the hand; or new motive for speed. piercing him through, from back to There was Doyer-street, yet; and if breast, as he turned; till every dusty he could get past that once, all would corner of Lankey was lighted up with a be well. But Doyer-street is a queer sort of dim splendor.
street, we all know ; so crooked, and And when he came by the theatre (the gad-about and whimsical. Ten chances Chatham), the case was worse than all, to one if a man enter it at one end with for he was set upon from the area of the his head on his shoulders it be not turntheatre by a swarm of fly-away boys, ed about by the time he is fairly out at with
the other. Doyer-street was not born, * Lankey! which way, now ?” like other streets, in the commissioner's
“ I say, Lankey Fogle, where are you office, but was laid, so to speak, at the larking to ??
door of the square, exposed to the tender “ Conie in, will you ? Kirby on the mercies, dependant on the charities of top round.”
chance-comers (for every man is father ** Yes, yes, he's in the big bellows to this disinterested little by-way,) to to-night. We'll treat you to a go!" give it a stone or a touch of a kerb ! “ And peanuts besides !”
The eye of the druggist's red bottle was “Keep off, will you, you young ser- bloodshot, at the corner, for one thing; pents !" And he glanced from under his and there was a melancholy old woman rim.
carrying in a bunch of eels with their “Why, what on earth's the matter, heads down for another! But Lankey now! Lankey in a huff!"
Fogle had a hope, and as sure as there's “Three cheers for Lankey in a huff!" white light from the moon, he cleared
The air was cracked with a small it at a moderate run. storm of cheers, which blowing over, When Lankey stood fairly at the they renewed their game; but Lankey mouth of the Bowery, he looked far stood firm; and when they had all run away up its broad path as if he could up to him with a question and a close see, looming up on its line, that ugly old look in his face, and twisted him round Shot-Tower; that everlasting ghost of a on his heels by the arm, he passed on, tower that, go where he would, was in and reached the square, thinking of the Lankey Fogle's eye, without an eyeold white Shot-Tower, and the figure it stone to take it out. But he saw inwould make by the time he got there, stead, this time, how, moved by a patoward the round hour of night. triotism out of bounds, the whole air
He was in the elbow, turning to cross about this other theatre was indescribathe long walk, when he was called by bly hung with flags; a general hanging name. He looked up; it was the little out, there seemed to be, of all the bunting Franklin Theatre, abutting the burying- of the country. The rope was strong; ground, you know, with all its golden the flags were thick; and they waved letters blotted out, its balcony for the away, shutting out the sky and making a pretty actresses to stand in razed away, better heaven for the East Bowery gazits little snug box-office crushed, and ers to look up at and live under. the heart and soul of it, in the shape of And Black Vulture, that marvellous foot-lights and curtains, taken out; it steed, how he came down the great, was a second-hand shop, when Lankey black, gaping precipice, upon the bills, looked up at it, and a mysterious little striking the printer's ink from his heels, man standing in an upper window wink- like fire! And the patriotic Putnam, ed at Lankey, and uttered in a low voice: how he held on and clinched his teeth “ All right!”
and set his hat fiercely a-cock! The Lankey looked at him with astonish- bills were huge and yellow, and the ment written out on his countenance in type ' uncommon' large ; and how the magnificent large text.
ragamuffins plunged down the steps, " I say, it's all right!"
and the muffin-eaters rushed up ! The devil it is, thought Lankey; and Lankey Fogle's resolution shook within looked again.
him; his feet quivered in his shoes with “I say, it's all right,” a third time; doubt; and he was on the eve of throwthis time with a knock on the crown of ing himself in the wake of a chimneyhis hat.
sweeper down the pit-entrance, when, Lankey smiled scornfully on the mys- looking straight before him, at the bill,